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Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
(formerly known as Mayavaram or Mayuram) is a town in Nagapattinam district
Nagapattinam district
in Tamil Nadu. It is the headquarters of the Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
taluk. The town is located at a distance of 60 km (37 mi) from the district headquarters Nagapattinam
Nagapattinam
and 281 km (175 mi) from the state capital Chennai. Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is known for the Mayuranathaswami Temple, a prominent Shaivite
Shaivite
shrine. Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
was ruled by Medieval Cholas
Medieval Cholas
and subsequently ruled by various dynasties including the Vijayanagar Empire, Delhi Sultanate, Thanjavur
Thanjavur
Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas
Thanjavur Marathas
and the British Empire. Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
was a part of the erstwhile Tanjore district until India's independence in 1947 and Thanjavur district
Thanjavur district
until 1991 and subsequently a part of the newly formed Nagapattinam
Nagapattinam
district. The town is known for agriculture, metal working and weaving. The region around Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
has considerable mineral deposits. Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is administered by a municipality established in 1865. As of 2008, the municipality covered an area of 11.27 km2 (4.35 sq mi) and had a population of 85,632. Mayiladuthurai comes under the Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
assembly constituency which elects a member to the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Legislative Assembly once every five years and it is a part of the Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
constituency which elects its Member of Parliament (MP) once in five years. Roadways are the major mode of transportation to the town and it also has rail connectivity. The nearest seaport, Karaikal port, is located 40 km (25 mi) from Mayiladuthurai, while the nearest airport, Tiruchirappalli International Airport, is located 130 km (81 mi) from the town.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography and climate 4 Administration and politics 5 Utility Services 6 Demographics 7 Economy 8 Education 9 Transportation 10 Culture 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links

Etymology[edit] Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
gets its name from the Mayura or Mayil (peacock) form in which the Hindu goddess Parvathi
Parvathi
worshipped the Hindu god Shiva
Shiva
at this place.[1][2] While previously known by its Sanskrit name Mayuram meaning "peacock town", the town has been recently de-Sanskritized to its Tamil translation Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
as a result of a petition by the Mayuram municipality to the Government of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
in the wake of the Dravidian Movement.[3] The Mayuranathaswami Temple dedicated to the goddess Parvathi
Parvathi
is one of the most important Hindu temples in the town. There is a statue depicting goddess Parvathi
Parvathi
in a peahen form worshipping a linga, the symbol of the god Shiva
Shiva
to the west of the eastern wall of the temple.[1] History[edit]

Mayuranathaswami temple tank filled with water from the Kaveri
Kaveri
River

Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is of significant antiquity, its oldest extant temples dating to the time of the Medieval Cholas. The region, however, is known to have been inhabited since the 3rd millennium BC. Sherds of megalithic black and red ware have been found at Akkur, 14 km (8.7 mi) to the east of Mayiladuthurai.[4] In 2006, artifacts with Indus Valley signs dated between 2000 and 1500 BC were found at the nearby village of Sembiyankandiyur.[5][6] There have been references to Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
in the works of the 7th century Saivite saint Sambandar.[7] The Thanjavur Nayak
Thanjavur Nayak
king Raghunatha Nayak constructed mandapams in Mayiladuthurai.[8] During the 17th and 18th centuries AD, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
was ruled by the Thanjavur Marathas
Thanjavur Marathas
who invited Brahmins from the Telugu, Kannada and Maratha countries to settle in the region and gave large extents of land to them.[9] In 1799, Mayiladuthurai, was ceded to the British East India
India
Company, along with the rest of the Thanjavur
Thanjavur
Maratha kingdom, by the Thanjavur Maratha ruler Serfoji II.[10] Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
prospered under British rule emerging as an important town in Tanjore district. Carnatic musicians Madurai Mani Iyer and Gopalakrishna Bharathi and Samuel Vedanayagam Pillai, who wrote the first Tamil novel Prathapa Mudaliar Charithram were connected with Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
while Tamil writer Kalki Krishnamurthy, M.S.Udhaya Moorthy studied at the Municipal High School in Mayiladuthurai.[11] When the Tanjore district was trifurcated in 1991, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
was transferred to the newly formed Nagapattinam district.[12] According to local folklore, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
was associated with Hindu holy men called "Siddhars".[11] To this day, a neighbourhood of Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is called Siddharkaadu.[11] Geography and climate[edit]

Bridge across the Cauvery River connecting Uttara Mayuram with Mayuram proper

Mayliladuthurai is situated at a distance of 281 kilometres (175 mi) from Chennai
Chennai
and 130 kilometres (81 mi) from Tiruchirappalli.[13] The town is located at 11°06′N 79°39′E / 11.10°N 79.65°E / 11.10; 79.65.[14] Situated at a distance of 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
coast, the town is situated at an altitude of barely 10 metres (33 ft) above mean sea level.[13] The Kaveri River
Kaveri River
runs through the town bisecting it into Uttara Mayuram and Mayuram proper. Most of the town lies to the north of the river while the Mayuranathaswami Temple lies a mile to its south. There is a bathing ghat on the Cauvery river. Agriculture is the most widely practised occupation. The climate of Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is similar to the climate prevailing in the rest of the Cauvery Delta. The average maximum temperature is 39.4 degrees Celsius while the average minimum temperature is 32.8 degrees Celsius.[13] The average annual rainfall is 1,125 mm.[13] Administration and politics[edit]

Municipality
Municipality
Officials

Chairman Bhavani Srinivasan[15]

Commissioner K. Parthiban[16]

Vice Chairman N. Selvaraj[17]

Elected Members

Member of Legislative Assembly V.Ratha Krishan[18]

Member of Parliament R. K. Bharathi Mohan[19]

The town of Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is administered by a municipal council which was created in 1866 as per the Town
Town
Improvements Act 1865. The council initially had eleven members.[20] This was increased to 18 in 1883 and currently stands at 36.[20][21] As of 2008, the municipality covered an area of 11.27 km2 (4.35 sq mi) and had a total of 36 members. The functions of the municipality is devolved into six departments: General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town
Town
planning and the Computer Wing. All these departments are under the control of a Municipal Commissioner who is the supreme executive head.[22] The legislative powers are vested in a body of 36 members, one each from the 36 wards.[23] The legislative body is headed by an elected Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson.[24] There are a total of four revenue villages with Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
- Thiruvilandur, Dharmapuram, Nanchildu and Kornad.[25] The municipality has allocated a budget of ₹2,183,350,000 for the year 2010–11.[26] Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is represented in the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Legislative Assembly by the Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
state assembly constituency seat.[27] N. Kittappa of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
served as member for the Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
legislative constituency for four consecutive terms from 1967 to 1984.[28][29][30][31] The Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
has won the seat four times (1957,[32] 1962,[33] 1991[34] and 2006[35]), the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, five times (1967,[28] 1971,[29] 1977,[30] 1980,[31] 1989); the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam,[36] Tamil Maanila Congress
Tamil Maanila Congress
(Moopanar)[37] and the Bharatiya Janata Party,[38] once each. Mayuram assembly constituency is part of Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituency.[39] In the national parliament, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is a part of the Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
( Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituency), which has six assembly constituencies – Mayiladuthurai, sirkali (SC), Poompuhar, Thiruvidaimarudur (SC), Kumbakonam
Kumbakonam
and Papanasam. The constituency was constituted during the third Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(lower house) as Mayuram until the 1980 elections, when it was renamed Mayiladuthurai.[40][41] During the first elections in 1957, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
was part of Chidambaram constituency and was held by the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
party.[42] The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is R.K. Bharathi Mohan of the AIADMK party.[19] From 1962, the Mayiladuthurai parliament seat was held by the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
(DMK) twice between 1967 and 1971,[43][44] and from 1971 to 1977,[45] Tamil Maanila Congress for two terms between 1998 and 1999,[46] [47] and 1996 to 1998,[48] Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
twice during 2009 and 2014, Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
for eight terms during 1962–67,[40] 1977–80,[45] 1980–84,[41] 1984–89,[49] 1989–91,[50] 1991–96,[51] 1999–2004,[47] and 2004–09.[52] Popular Communist leader K. Ananda Nambiar represented Mayiladuthurai in the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
from 1951 to 1957.[53] Mani Shankar Aiyar
Mani Shankar Aiyar
who served as a minister in India's cabinet was elected to the Parliament from the Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituency in the 1991,[54] 1999[55] and 2004 elections.[56] The Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituency was enlarged in 1977 and the Assembly segments of the abolished Kumbakonam Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituency were included in it as per the deliberations of the delimitation committee. Utility Services[edit] Potable water is provided by the municipality. Mayiladuthurai's main source of water in the Kollidam River.[57] A total of 7.50 MLD are pumped out every day from five water tanks located in various parts of the town.[57] About 104 metric tonnes of solid waste is generated everyday, while 85 metric tonnes are collected from the town every day by door-to-door collection and subsequently the source segregation and dumping is carried out by the sanitary department of the municipality.[58] There is limited underground drainage system in the town and the major sewerage system for disposal of sullage is through septic tanks, open drains and public conveniences.[59] The municipality maintains a total of 39 km (24 mi) of surfaced storm water drains and 4 km (2.5 mi) kutcha drains in Mayiladuthurai.[59][60] There are five government hospitals that include a maternity and a veterinary hospital and seventeen private hospitals and clinics that take care of the health care needs of the citizens.[61] There are a total of 3,262 street lamps in Mayiladuthurai: 2 high mast lamps, 2 mini high mast lamps, 624 sodium lamps, 2,334 tube lights and 47 CFL lamps.[62] The municipality operates four markets, namely a vegetable market, weekly market, farmer's market (uzhavar santhai) and fish market that cater to the needs of the town and the rural areas around it.[63] Demographics[edit]

Religious census

Religion

Percent(%)

Hindu

88.69%

Muslim

6.38%

Christian

4.19%

Sikh

0.04%

Buddhist

0.03%

Jain

0.32%

Other

0.35%

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1871 21,165 —    

1881 23,044 +8.9%

1891 23,766 +3.1%

1901 24,276 +2.1%

1911 27,121 +11.7%

1921 28,617 +5.5%

1931 31,887 +11.4%

1941 32,670 +2.5%

1951 43,436 +33.0%

1961 51,393 +18.3%

1971 60,195 +17.1%

1981 70,019 +16.3%

1991 76,837 +9.7%

2001 84,290 +9.7%

2011 85,632 +1.6%

* 1871-1931:[64]

1941-1991:[65] 2011:[66]

According to 2011 census, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
had a population of 85,632 with a sex-ratio of 1,045 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[67] A total of 7,720 were under the age of six, constituting 3,883 males and 3,837 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 5.87% and .57% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 83.55%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[67] The town had a total of 21929 households. There were a total of 29,855 workers, comprising 321 cultivators, 707 main agricultural labourers, 734 in house hold industries, 23,004 other workers, 5,089 marginal workers, 74 marginal cultivators, 485 marginal agricultural labourers, 246 marginal workers in household industries and 4,284 other marginal workers.[66] As of 2001, there are 26 slums in Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
with a total population of 32,381.[25] The density of population is higher in the core areas along the banks of river Cauvery compared to the peripheral areas.[68] As of 1996, a total 498.84 ha (4.9884 km2) (44.27%) of the land was used for residential, 68.87 ha (0.6887 km2) (6.11%) for commercial, 6.33 ha (0.0633 km2) (0.56%) for industrial, 22.35 ha (0.2235 km2) (1.98%) for educational, 24.27 ha (0.2427 km2) (2.16%) for public & semi public purposes and 506.35 ha (5.0635 km2) (44.92%) of agricultural area.[69] As of 2008, there were a total of 26 notified slums, with 16,434 comprising 13% of the total population residing in those.[70] The municipal data, however, pointed out an increase in population in slum areas.[68] Hinduism
Hinduism
is the major religion followed in Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
and Tamil is the major language spoken.[71] A vast majority of the populace is engaged in agriculture.[25] About 15 percent of the total working population is engaged in trade while 25 percent is engaged in other commercial activities.[25] As per the religious census of 2011, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
had 88.69% Hindus, 6.38% Muslims, 4.19% Christians, 0.04% Sikhs, 0.03% Buddhists, 0.32% Jains and 0.35% following other religions.[72] Economy[edit]

Clock tower in M. G. Road, Mayiladuthurai

The economy of Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is primarily agro-based.[73] The main products of Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
are rice, coconuts and plaintains.[74] Confectioneries, printing presses, vehicle manufacturing units and rice mills are the major industries in Mayiladuthurai.[73] Industrial workers form barely 27.14 percent of the town's population.[73] Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is known for a unique variety of cloth known as the " Kornad cloths" which derives its name from the suburb of Kornad where they are manufactured.[74][75] These cloths are made up of a mixture of cotton and silk and dyed in bright colours.[75] The municipality runs a vegetable market and fish market in the town.[76] There are many departmental stores in Mayiladuthurai. The only shopping complex is the Kittappa commercial complex which is maintained by the municipality.[76] The Indian Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, State Bank of India, Bank of India, Central Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Canara Bank, City Union Bank, Vijaya Bank, Lakshmi Vilas Bank, Karur
Karur
Vysya Bank, HDFC Bank, Tamilnad Mercantile Bank, ICICI Bank, Punjab National Bank, Axis Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Kumbakonam Central Cooperative Bank and the Kumbakonam
Kumbakonam
Mutual Benefit Fund have their branches in Mayiladuthurai.[77] Education[edit] The first schools in Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
were founded by Christian missionaries in April 1819.[78] The Municipal High School constructed by the municipality between 1885 and 1893, was considered to be one of the premium educational institutions in the erstwhile Tanjore district.[21] As of 2011, there were 16 municipal elementary schools, five nursery & primary schools, five middle schools, one high school, two municipal higher secondary schools, two private higher secondary schools, one government higher secondary school, one government arts college, eight matriculation schools, one industrial training institute, one school for blind and one school for handicapped.[79] The A. V. C. College, A. V. C. College
A. V. C. College
of Engineering, A. R. C. Vishwanathan College, C.I.I.T. Community College, Dharmapuram
Dharmapuram
Adhinam Arts College, D. G. Government Arts College for Women, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Meenakshi Ramasamy Arts & Science College and Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Community Centre are some of the important colleges in Mayiladuthurai.[80][81] All these colleges are affiliated to the Bharathidasan University
Bharathidasan University
in Tiruchirappalli.[81] Transportation[edit]

Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Junction

The nearest international airport is the Tiruchirapalli
Tiruchirapalli
International Airport, located 130 km (81 mi) from Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
while the nearest seaport is the Karaikal located 40 km (25 mi) away. As of 2007, Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
municipality accommodated 87.54 km (54.39 mi) of roads: 5.6 km (3.5 mi) of cement roads, 75.8 km (47.1 mi) of bituminous roads, 3.46 km (2.15 mi) of WBM roads and 2.6 km (1.6 mi) of earthern roads. Additionally, there were 20.85 km (12.96 mi) of highways in the town.[82] The State Highways SH-23 and SH-64 pass through Mayiladuthurai.[83] The principal bus stand is located on the Kumbakonam- Sirkazhi
Sirkazhi
SH-64 State Highway.[84][85] It has a total of 12 bus bays and rated class B as it has basic restaurant, toilet and lighting facilities.[84][85] There are regular bus services to important cities in Tamil Nadu.[83] There are also regular services to other South Indian cities as Bengaluru, Tirupati
Tirupati
and Thiruvananthapuram.[83] Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
forms a part of the Division 1 of the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
State Transport Corporation which is headquartered at Kumbakonam.[86] Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
is connected by rail with most important towns and cities in South India. Mayiladuthurai Junction railway station
Mayiladuthurai Junction railway station
is located on the Main line connecting the state capital Chennai
Chennai
with Thanjavur. There are lines to Tiruvarur
Tiruvarur
and Karaikudi, making it one of the major junctions in the region. The Mysuru
Mysuru
- Mayiladuthurai Express connects Kumbakonam
Kumbakonam
with Mysuru
Mysuru
and Bengaluru. There are regular express trains that connect the city with major cities in the state like Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai
Madurai
and Tiruchirappalli.[87] There are passenger trains that connect Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
with Thanjavur, Tiruchirapalli, Thiruvarur,[88] Chidambaram
Chidambaram
and Viluppuram.[87][89] Culture[edit]

Entrance to the Dakshinamoorthi temple in Mayiladuthurai

The Mayuranathaswami and Dakshinamoorthi temples are built in the Dravidian style of architecture. The Mayuranathaswami Temple was built during the time of the Medieval Cholas
Medieval Cholas
and is 719 ft (219 m) long and 520 ft (160 m) wide. The gopuram, the temple gateway tower, at the eastern entrance is 164 ft (50 m) high. Within the Mayuranathaswami temple, there is a carving of a devotee of Shiva
Shiva
trying to cut off his own head as an offering to the God.[90] The oldest inscriptions in the shrine date back to the reign of Kulothunga Chola I
Kulothunga Chola I
(1070–1120 CE).[91] The temple is maintained and administered by the Thiruvaduthurai Adheenam, a South Indian monastic institution.[92] The Dakshinamoorthi shrine houses an idol of the God Dakshinamoorthi mounted on a Nandhi. There is another idol of Nandhi at the bathing ghat on the Cauvery River. The Punukeeswarar Temple at Kornad and Sri Kasi Viswanathaswami Temple are the other important Shiva
Shiva
temples in Mayiladuthurai.[93] Anandathandavapuram Panchavatiswarar Shiva
Shiva
Temple is located 5 km (3.1 mi) from Mayiladuthurai.[94] The other prominent temples in the town are Parimala Rangnathar Vishnu temple of lord Vishnu
Vishnu
at Thiruvilandur
Thiruvilandur
on the northern banks of the Cauvery[95] and Kolikutti Vanamutti Perumal temple. All the Hindu holy rivers in India
India
are believed to converge in Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
every year on New moon day in the Tamil month of Aippasi (November–December). A bathe at the bathing ghats on the banks of the river Cauvery on this day, according to Hindu belief, relieves a man of all his sins and misdeeds as the waters of the holy Ganges
Ganges
river mix with the Cavery on this day.[1][96] Other important festivals celebrated at the temple are Navarathri, Adi Pooram, Avani Moolam, Karthigai Deepam
Karthigai Deepam
and Vaikashi Brahmavotsavam [90] An yearly dance festival called the Mayura Natyanjali is conducted within the precincts of the Mayuranathaswami Temple by the Saptasvarangal Trust during Maha Shivaratri on the pattern of the Chidambaram
Chidambaram
Natyanjali festival.[97][98] The town is considered the gateway to the Navagraha temple, the nine temples associated with planetary deities. The Periya Pallivasal mosque and TELC Church are other prominent worship places in the town. Tharangambadi, Pichavaram
Pichavaram
mangrove forest, Tirumullaivasal, Palaiyar and Karaikkal
Karaikkal
are the most prominent tourist attractions located around the town.[99] Notes[edit]

^ a b c Ayyar 1920, p 271 ^ Knapp 2011, p. 76 ^ Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Legislative Council 1971, p. 868 ^ Archaeological Survey of India
India
1969, p. 23 ^ T. S. Subramanian (May 1, 2006). "Significance of Mayiladuthurai find". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ T. S. Subramanian (April 27, 2008). "Megalithic pottery found". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ Swami 1939, p. 317 ^ Aiyangar 1919, p. 324 ^ Trivedi 1971, p. 53 ^ S. S. 1996, p. 125 ^ a b c "Historical Moments: History of Mayuram". Mayiladuthurai Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ " Nagapattinam
Nagapattinam
District Home Page". Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ a b c d K. 1974 ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Madurai, India". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ "Chairman of Mayiladuthurai". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ "Commissioner of Mayiladuthurai". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ "Vice Chairman of Mayiladuthurai". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ "MLA of Mayiladuthurai". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2012. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ a b "Members of Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
from Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.  ^ a b "About Us". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ a b Hemingway, p. 213 ^ "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration". Commissionerate of Municipal Administration. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ "Councillors of municipality". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
municipality. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ Economic and political weekly 1995, p. 2396 ^ a b c d "General Information". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ "Budget 2010–11" (PDF) (in Tamil). Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ " Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Legislative Assembly Constituency map". Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ a b "Statistical Report of 1967 Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Assembly Elections" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1967. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ a b "Statistical Report of 1971 Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Assembly Elections" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1971. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ a b "Statistical Report of 1977 Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Assembly Elections" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1977. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ a b "Statistical Report of 1980 Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Assembly Elections" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1980. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ "Statistical Report of 1957 Madras Assembly Elections" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1957. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ "Statistical Report of 1962 Madras Assembly Elections" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1962. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ "Statistical Report of 1991 Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Assembly Elections" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1991. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ "Statistical Report of 2006 Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
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Mayiladuthurai
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ "Solid waste management". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ a b Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, pp. 8-9 ^ "Storm water drainage". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ " Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
hospitals". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ "Street lights in Mayiladuthurai". Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.  ^ " Mayiladuthurai
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Legislative Council. 1971.  P. V. Jagadisa Ayyar (1920). South Indian shrines: illustrated. Madras Times Printing and Pub. Co.  Urban Infrastructure report (2007). Conversion of City Corporate Plan into Business Plan (PDF) (Report). Tamil Nadu
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Urban Infrastructure Financial Services Limited. 

v t e

 State of Tamil Nadu

Capital: Chennai

State symbols

Seal: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Gopuram Animal: Nilgiri tahr Bird: Emerald dove Flower: Gloriosa lily Fruit: Jackfruit Tree: Palm tree

Governance

Governors Chief Ministers Legislative Assembly Political parties Raj Bhavan High Court Police

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Economy Government History Language Literature Music People Education Politics Temples Protected areas Highest point Wildlife Sexual Minorities Tourism

Districts

Ariyalur Chennai Coimbatore Cuddalore Dharmapuri Dindigul Erode Kanchipuram Kanyakumari Karur Krishnagiri Madurai Nagapattinam Namakkal Perambalur Pudukkottai Ramanathapuram Salem Sivaganga Thanjavur The Nilgiris Theni Thoothukudi Tiruchirapalli Tirunelveli Tiruppur Tiruvallur Tiruvannamalai Tiruvarur Vellore Viluppuram Virudhunagar

Major cities

Chennai Coimbatore Madurai Tiruchirapalli Tiruppur

Tamil Nadu

v t e

Nagapattinam
Nagapattinam
district

District Headquarters

Nagapattinam

Country

India

State

Tamil Nadu

Region

Chola Nadu

Divisions

Mayiladuthurai Nagapattinam

Taluks

Kilvelur Kuthalam Mayiladuthurai Nagapattinam Sirkazhi Tharangambadi Thirukkuvalai Vedaranyam

Revenue blocks

Keelaiyur Kilvelur Kollidam Kuthalam Mayiladuthurai Nagapattinam Sembanar Koil Sirkazhi Talanayar Thirumarugal Vedaranyam

Municipalities

Mayiladuthurai Nagapattinam Sirkazhi Vedaranyam

Rivers

Addapar Kaveri Kollidam Thirumalairajan Vettar Veera Chozhan

History

Early Cholas Kalabhras Pallavas Medieval Cholas Later Cholas Later Pandyas Delhi Sultanate Madurai
Madurai
Sultanate Vijayanagar Empire Thanjavur
Thanjavur
Nayaks Thanjavur
Thanjavur
Marathas Company Raj British Raj

Places of interest

Chudamani Vihara Ganapathi Temple, Thiruchengattankudi Kayarohanaswami Temple, Nagapattinam Kazheesirama Vinnagaram Mayuranathaswami Temple, Mayiladuthurai Nagannathaswamy Temple, Keezhaperumpallam Nangur Vishnu
Vishnu
Temples Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Puhar Punjai Siva Temple Sattainathar Temple, Sirkazhi Sayavaneswarar Temple Sembanarkoil Sikkal Singaravelan Temple Sri Sivalokanathar Temple, Tirupunkur Subrahmanya Temple, Perambur Swetharanyeswarar Temple Tharangambadi Therazhundur Thirukkadaiyur Thiruvenkadu Vaitheeswaran Koil Valampurinathar Temple Vanjinatha Temple Vedaranyeswarar Temple Viratteswara Temple, Vazhuvur

Religious and monastic institutions

Dharmapuram
Dharmapuram
Adheenam Thiruvaduthurai Adheenam

Cities and towns People Villages

v t e

Mayiladuthurai

Neighborhoods

Revenue Division Taluk Block Town Puhar Sembanarkoil Tharangambadi Therizhundur Thirukkadaiyur Thiruvenkadu

Temples

Amritaghateswarar Dharmapuram
Dharmapuram
Adheenam Mayuranathaswami Nagannathaswamy Nangur Vishnu Punjai Siva Sattainathar Sayavaneswarar Sivalokanathar Swetharanyeswarar Thiruarimeya Vinnagaram Thiruchsemponsey Thirukkavalampadi Thirumanikkoodam Thirumanimadam Thiruppaarththanpalli Thiruthetriyambalam Thiruthevanartthogai Thiruvaduthurai Adheenam Thiruvaikunda Vinnagaram Thiruvanpurushothamam Thiruvellakkulam
Thiruvellakkulam
or Annan Koil Vaitheeswaran Koil Viratteswara

v t e

Municipalities of Tamil Nadu

Municipal Corporations

Greater Chennai · Coimbatore · Madurai · Erode · Salem · Thoothukudi · Tiruchirappalli  · Tirunelveli · Thanjavur
Thanjavur
 · Tiruppur
Tiruppur
 · Vellore  · Dindigul

Municipalities

Special
Special
grade

Avadi Cuddalore Hosur Kancheepuram Karaikudi Karur Kodaikanal Kovilpatti Kumbakonam Maraimalainagar Nagercoil Pallavapuram Pollachi Rajapalayam Sivakasi Tambaram Thiruvannamalai Udhagamandalam

Selection grade

Ambur Alandur Attur Chidambaram Coonoor Dharmapuri Gobichettipalayam Mannargudi Mayiladuthurai Mettupalayam Mettur Nagapattinam Namakkal Palani Pammal Pattukkottai Pudukkottai Ranipet Theni Allinagaram Thiruverkadu Thuraiyur Tindivanam Tiruchengode Tiruppattur Udumalaipettai Valparai Vaniyambadi Viluppuram Virudhunagar

First grade

Arakkonam Arani Aranthangi Arcot Aruppukkottai Bodinayakanur Chengalpattu Colachel Cumbum Devakottai Dharapuram Edappadi Gudiyatham Kadayanallur Kallakurichi Komarapalayam Krishnagiri Manapparai Palladam Panruti Paramakudi Poonamallee Ramanathapuram Rasipuram Sankarankovil Sembakkam Sathyamangalam Sivagangai Srivilliputhur Thiruthangal Tiruvallur tenkasi Tiruvarur Virudhachalam

Second grade

Ambasamudram Anakaputhur Ariyalur Bhavani Chinnamanur Gudalur (Nilgiris district) Gudalur (Theni district) Jayankondam Jolarpet Kangeyam Kayalpattinam Keelakarai Koothanallur Kulithalai Kuzhithurai Maduranthakam Melur Melvisharam Nellikuppam Nelliyalam Oddanchatram Padmanabhapuram Pallipalayam Perambalur Periyakulam Pernampattu Puliyankudi Punjai Puliampatti Rameswaram Sattur Sengottai Sirkazhi Thiruthani Thiruthuraipoondi Thiruvathipuram Thuvakudi Tirumangalam Usilampatti Vandavasi Vedaranyam Vellakoil Vikramasingapuram Walajapet

External links[edit]

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