Mayerling
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Mayerling is a small village (pop. 200) in
Lower Austria Lower Austria (german: Niederösterreich; Austro-Bavarian Austro-Bavarian (also known as Austrian or Bavarian; or ; german: Bairisch ) is a West Germanic language spoken in parts of Bavaria and most of Austria. Before 1945, Austro-Bavarian w ...
belonging to the municipality of
Alland Alland is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the ...
in the district of
Baden __notoc__ Baden (; ) is a historical territory in South Germany Southern Germany () as a region has no exact boundary but is generally taken to include the areas in which Upper German dialects are spoken. This corresponds roughly to the h ...
. It is situated on the
Schwechat Schwechat () is a town southeast of Vienna Vienna ( ; german: Wien ; bar, Wean, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian ) is the Capital city, national capital, largest city, and one of States of Austria, nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austri ...

Schwechat
river, in the Wienerwald (''Vienna woods''), southwest of
Vienna Vienna ( ; german: Wien ; bar, Wean, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian ) is the Capital city, national capital, largest city, and one of States of Austria, nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's List of cities and towns in Austria, mos ...

Vienna
. From 1550, it was in the possession of the abbey of Heiligenkreuz.


The Mayerling incident

In 1886,
Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria Archduke Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (Rudolf Franz Karl Josef; 21 August 1858 – 30 January 1889), was the only son and third child of Franz Joseph I of Austria, Emperor Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth in Bavaria. He was heir apparent to the Impe ...

Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria
, only son of Emperor
Franz Joseph I of Austria Franz Joseph I or Francis Joseph I (german: Franz Josef Karl, hu, Ferenc József Károly, hr, Franjo Josip Karlo, cs, František Josef Karel, 18 August 1830 – 21 November 1916) was Emperor of Austria The Emperor of Austria ( German: '' Kaise ...

Franz Joseph I of Austria
and Empress Elisabeth, and heir to the
Austro-Hungarian Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises authority in accordance with a writte ...

Austro-Hungarian
crown, acquired the manor and transformed it into a
hunting lodge ''Jagdschloss'' is the German language, German term for a hunting lodge. It is a ''schloss'' set in a wildlife park or a hunting area (such as a forest, field or by a lake) that served primarily as accommodation for a ruler or aristocrat and his ...

hunting lodge
. It was in this hunting lodge that, on 30 January 1889, he was found dead with his mistress,
Baroness Mary Vetsera Marie Alexandrine ''Freiin (; male, abbreviated as ), (; his wife, abbreviated as , literally "free lord" or "free lady") and (, his unmarried daughters and maiden aunts) are designations used as titles of nobility in the German-speaking ...

Baroness Mary Vetsera
, apparently as a result of
suicide Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death Death is the permanent, irreversible cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living Living or The Living may refer to: Common meanings *Life, a condition t ...

suicide
. Exactly what happened is unknown, but on 31 July 2015, the
Austrian National Library The Austrian National Library (german: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek) is the largest library A library is a collection of materials, books or media that are easily accessible for use and not just for display purposes. It is responsible ...
issued copies of Vetsera's letters of farewell to her mother and other family members. The letters — written in Mayerling shortly before the deaths — state clearly and unambiguously that Mary Vetsera was preparing to commit suicide alongside Rudolf, out of love. After the deaths of Rudolf and Vetsera, Emperor Franz Joseph, who wanted to endow a new church building, had the hunting lodge changed into a convent which then was settled by nuns of the
Discalced Carmelite Order The Discalced Carmelites, known officially as the Order of the Discalced Carmelites of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel ( la, Ordo Fratrum Carmelitarum Discalceatorum Beatae Mariae Virginis de Monte Carmelo) or the Order of Discalced Carmel ...
. The church was dedicated to
Our Lady of Mount Carmel Our or OUR may refer to: * The possessive form of "we" * Our (river) The Our (; , ) is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river ...

Our Lady of Mount Carmel
, the convent to
Saint Joseph Joseph (; el, Ἰωσήφ, translit=Ioséph) was a 1st-century Jewish Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 , Israeli pronunciation ) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites Israelit ...

Saint Joseph
. A statue of the Virgin Mary in the
Lady Chapel A Lady chapel or lady chapel is a traditional term for a dedicated to "Our Lady", , particularly those inside a or other large . The chapels are also known as a Mary chapel or a Marian chapel, and they were traditionally the largest of a cathe ...
has the facial features of the Empress Elisabeth, a dagger pierces the
Immaculate Heart of Mary The Immaculate Heart of Mary is a Roman Catholic devotional name used to refer to the Catholic view of the interior life of Mary, mother of Jesus, her joys and sorrows, her virtues and hidden perfections, and, above all, her virginal love for ...

Immaculate Heart of Mary
. The position of the main cross in the chapel is supposed to be where the bed of Rudolf of Austria and Mary Vetsera were situated. Prayers are still said daily by the nuns for the repose of the souls of Rudolf and Mary. A visitor center nearby the convent was opened in 2014.https://noe.orf.at/v2/news/stories/2674387/ This center, the restored tea pavilion and some other rooms with objects from the 19th century now form the exhibition of the "Museum Altes Jagdschloss Mayerling".


References


External links


Travel to Austria

The Mayerling-Information-Center
Populated places in Lower Austria {{Austria-struct-stub