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Master of the Mint is a title within the Royal Mint given to the most senior person responsible for its operation. It was an important office in the governments of Scotland and England, and later Great Britain, between the 16th and 19th centuries. Until 1699, appointment was usually for life. Its holder occasionally sat in the cabinet.

During the interregnum (1643-1660) the last Master of the Mint to King Charles, Sir Robert Harley, transferred his allegiance to Parliament and remained in office. After his death in 1656 Aaron Guerdon was appointed.

In 1870 the role was amalgamated into the office of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, making the Chancellor, by virtue of their position, the Master of the Mint. The duty of running the mint was given to the Deputy Master of the Mint; who is now the mint's Chief Executive.[1]

Masters of the Mint in England

  • 1331 Richard de Snowshill and Richard of Grimsby [2]
  • 1351-? Henry de Bruselee and John Chichester [3]
  • 1361-1361 Walter dei Bardi [3]
  • 1365-1367 John Chichester [3]
  • 1375-1391 Walter dei Bardi [3]
  • 1391-1391 John Wildeman [3]
  • 1411-1414 Richard Garner [3]
  • 1413-1414 Sir Lewis John [3]
  • 1418–1420 Sir Lewis John [3]
  • 1421-1432 Bartholomew Goldbeter [4]
  • 1435–1446 John Paddesley [4]
  • 1446–1459 Robert Manfield [4]
  • 1459-1461 Sir Richard Tonstall [3]
  • 1461-1483 William Hastings (executed 1483) [3]
  • 1483-1485 Sir Robert Brackenbury (killed at Bosworth,1485) [3]
  • 1485–1490 Sir Giles Daubeney [4]
  • 1492-1493 Sir Bartholomew Reed and Sir John Shaa [3]
  • 1493–1494 Sir Bartholomew Reed and Robert Fenrother [4]
  • 1495–1498 Sir Bartholomew Reed and Sir John Shaa [4]
  • 1509–1534 William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy [4]
  • 1543 Ralph Rowlet and Sir Martin Bowes [4]
  • 1544 Sir Martin Bowes [4]
  • 1547–1553 Sir John York [5]
  • 1553–1555 Thomas Egerton [4]
  • 1560–1571 Sir Thomas Stanley interregnum (1643-1660) the last Master of the Mint to King Charles, Sir Robert Harley, transferred his allegiance to Parliament and remained in office. After his death in 1656 Aaron Guerdon was appointed.

    In 1870 the role was amalgamated into the office of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, making the Chancellor, by virtue of their position, the Master of the Mint. The duty of running the mint was given to the Deputy Master of the Mint; who is now the mint's Chief Executive.[1]

    Now a private company; the job of Deputy Master is held by the Royal Mint's Chief Executive.

    • Anthony Garratt
    • 1999–2001 Roger Holmes
    • 2001–2007 Gerald Sheehan[7]
    • 2007–2010 Andrew Stafford
    • 2010–2018 Adam Lawrence

    See also

    Notes

    1. ^ Succeeded as 3rd Viscount Chetwynd in 1767.
    2. ^ Succeeded as 3rd Baron Cadogan in 1776.
    1. ^ "THE RECORDS OF THE ROYAL MINT" (PDF). National Archive. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
    2. ^ Mints and Money in Medieval England By Martin Allen
    3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l craig, John (1953). The Mint: A History of the London Mint from A.D. 287 to 1948. Google Books
    4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Ruding, Rogers (1840). Annals of the coinage of Great Britain and its dependencies. J. Hearne. p. 34. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
    5. ^ Dictionary of National Biography[full citation needed]
    6. ^ Challis 1992, p. 259.
    7. ^ "Royal Mint Annual Report 2005-06" (PDF). Royal Mint. Retrieved 5 October 2019.

    References