A Master of Fine Arts (MFA or M.F.A.) is a graduate degree that typically requires two to three years of postgraduate study after a bachelor's degree (Bachelor of Fine Arts), though the term of study varies by country or university. The MFA is a creative degree in fine arts, including visual arts, creative writing, graphic design, photography, filmmaking, dance, theatre, other performing arts—or in some cases, theatre management  or arts administration. The MFA is a terminal degree. Coursework is primarily of an applied or performing nature with the program often culminating in a major work or performance.
1 Requirements 2 Comparison with related degrees 3 Development of PhD programs 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading
Requirements Entry to an MFA program generally requires a bachelor's degree prior to admission, but many institutions do not require that an undergraduate major be exactly the same as the MFA field of study. The most important admissions requirement has often been a sample portfolio of artworks or a performance audition. Comparison with related degrees The Master of Fine Arts differs from the Master of Arts in that the MFA, while still an academic program, centers around professional artistic practice in the particular field, whereas programs leading to the MA usually center on the scholarly, academic, or critical study of the field. Additionally, in the United States, an MFA is typically recognized as a terminal degree for practitioners of visual art, design, dance, photography, theatre, film/video, new media, and creative writing—meaning that it is considered the highest degree in its field, and is the qualification to become a professor at the university level in these disciplines. Development of PhD programs The PhD in Practice Based Research, and/or the PhD in Practice Led Research has gained some popularity recently. This type of PhD is found mostly in the UK. See also
Bachelor of Fine Arts Doctor of Fine Arts National Association of Schools of Art and Design
College Art Association Standards and Guidelines Document: MFA
Standards - Adopted by the CAA Board of Directors on April 16, 1977;
revised on October 12, 1991, and October 26, 2008". College Art
Association. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
^ "Association of Writers & Writing Programs Standards and
Guidelines Document: AWP Hallmarks of a Successful MFA Program in
Creative Writing". Association of Writers & Writing Programs.
Retrieved March 16, 2013.
Master of Fine Arts Degree and Faculty Policies" (PDF).
Co-published by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design
(NASAD), the National Association of Schools of
Improving Institutional Circumstances for Graduate Students in Languages and Literatures: Recommendations for Best Practices and Evaluative Questions (MLA Committee on the Status of Graduate Students in the Profession)
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Levels of academic degree
ISCED level 5
Associate degree Foundation degree Higher National Diploma/Diploma of Higher Education/Certificate of Higher Education
ISCED level 6
Bachelor's degree Honours degree
ISCED level 7
ISCED level 8
Doctorate Candidate of Sciences Magister degree
Higher doctorate Doktor nauk Habilitation Docent Tenure Fellow
No dominant classification
Laurea Licentiate Professional degree Graduate certificate/diploma Terminal degree