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Masaryk University
University
(Czech: Masarykova univerzita; Latin: Universitas Masarykiana Brunensis) is the second largest university in the Czech Republic, a member of the Compostela Group
Compostela Group
and the Utrecht Network. Founded in 1919 in Brno
Brno
as the second Czech university (after Charles University
University
established in 1348 and Palacký University
University
existent in 1573–1860), it now consists of nine faculties and 35,115 students.[1] It is named after Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the first president of an independent Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
as well as the leader of the movement for a second Czech university.[2] In 1960 the university was renamed Jan Evangelista Purkyně
Jan Evangelista Purkyně
University after Jan Evangelista Purkyně, a Czech biologist. In 1990, following the Velvet Revolution
Velvet Revolution
it regained its original name.[3] Since 1922, over 171,000 students have graduated from the university.

Contents

1 History 2 Academics

2.1 Education 2.2 Research 2.3 Rankings

3 Notable alumni 4 Notable faculty 5 See also 6 Footnotes 7 External links

History[edit] Masaryk University
University
was founded on 28 January 1919 with four faculties: Law, Medicine, Science, and Arts. The founding of the second Czech university was possible only after the fall of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy because of the resistance of the German-controlled city council, which feared giving power to the Czech residents of Brno.[2] Brno
Brno
was at that time a bilingual city. A notable demonstration in favour of establishing a university in Brno
Brno
happened in 1905.[3] From the beginning, the university suffered from a lack of money for development. The fragile state of public finances in 1923–1925 and 1933–1934 led to proposals to abolish both the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Science. Both faculties eventually survived until 17 November 1939 when the whole university was closed following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia. A number of professors of Masaryk University
University
were executed or tortured; for example, the Faculty of Science lost one quarter of its teaching staff.[2] Many of the executions took place in the Mauthausen concentration camp in 1942.[3]

Faculty Year founded

Faculty of Medicine 1919

Faculty of Law 1919

Faculty of Science 1919

Faculty of Arts 1919

Faculty of Education 1946

Pharmaceutical Faculty 1952*

Faculty of Economics and Administration 1991

Faculty of Informatics 1994

Faculty of Social Studies 1998

Faculty of Sports Studies 2002

* Pharmaceutical Faculty was closed down in 1960.

The renewal of university life after the end of World War II was interrupted by the Communist takeover. The percentage of students expelled in various faculties ranged from 5 percent at the Faculty of Education to 46 percent at the Faculty of Law, which was completely closed in 1950. In 1953, the Faculty of Education (founded in 1946) was separated from the university. In August 1960, a government decree abolished the Pharmaceutical Faculty and the University
University
was renamed Jan Evangelista Purkyně
Jan Evangelista Purkyně
University
University
in Brno.[2] Relaxation occurred in 1964 with the reintegration of the Faculty of Education into the university and with the reestablishment of the Faculty of Law in 1969. But conditions changed again rapidly with the Normalization of the 1970s after the 1968 invasion of Warsaw Pact troops into Czechoslovakia.[2] The University
University
was renamed Masaryk University
University
in Brno
Brno
in 1990, then regaining its original name by dropping the "in Brno" from the title in 2006. A new era of development began after the Velvet Revolution
Velvet Revolution
of 1989 and the establishment of the Faculty of Economics and Administration in 1991, the Faculty of Informatics in 1994, the Faculty of Social Studies in 1998, and the Faculty of Sports Studies in 2002.[3] A new University
University
campus has been under construction in Brno-Bohunice since 2002. The last stage of development should be completed in 2015.[4] Campus houses most Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Sports Studies, part of Faculty of Sciences as well as several research facilities such as Central European Institute of Technology
Central European Institute of Technology
and Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment Cetocoen. In 2013, university signed a long term lease with the city of Brno, creating University
University
cinema Scala in place of movie theatre with over 80 years tradition which was closed down in 2011. The place has various academic functions, hosting official university ceremonies as well as lectures and conferences. Cinema's programming is managed by Aeropolis, which shares the costs with the university.[5] Academics[edit]

Faculty of Medicine

Education[edit] As of 2014, Masaryk University
University
has over 35,000 students and over 2,200 pedagogical staff[1] and offers over 200 bachelor, 290 masters and 130 doctoral full-time study programs, some of them being offered in English or German as well as in combined form. The Office of International Studies helps facilitate incoming and outgoing student mobility.[6] In the 2012/13 academic year the university hosted over 1,000 international students. Students with special needs are assisted by the Teiresiás centre.[7] The university opened the Mendel Museum in 2007, creating an exhibition ground dedicated to the popularization of the scientific work and life of Gregor Johann Mendel who conducted his experiments in the Augustinian abbey where the museum is now located.[8] The Mendel Lectures given by the world´s top scientists in genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology and medicine have been held in the Mendel Museum.[9] The University
University
Cinema Scala has been operated by the Masaryk University
University
since October 2013 as the first university cinema in the Czech Republic.[10] The Freedom Lecture, a public debate on a current social topic with outstanding personalities has been held annually at the cinema on the occasion of International Students´ Day (Student Seventeen) since 2014.[11][12][13] Research[edit]

A building in campus VI

Masaryk University
University
together with other institutions of higher education participate in CEITEC – a research centre for both basic and applied research in the field of life sciences. The university owns and operates Mendel Polar Station
Mendel Polar Station
in Antarctica. The station facilitates basic biological, geological and climatological research. The station was built in 2005 and 2006 and is staffed during Antarctic summers.[14] The Technology Transfer Office of Masaryk University
University
was established in 2005 and aims to put research results into practice and support and facilitate cooperation between the scientific community and industry.[15] Rankings[edit] The university is a highly research-intensive institution[16]. It puts "a great deal of emphasis on international cooperation with prestigious foreign universities and [other] research institutions"[17]. The university has maintained its position within the world best 600 universities for years 2016-2018[16].

 ()

Notable alumni[edit] Masaryk University
University
has over 170,000 alumni, some of the notable ones are listed here. The most accomplished scientists include astronomer Jiří Grygar
Jiří Grygar
and Luboš Kohoutek, mathematician Otakar Borůvka, psychiatrist Leo Eitinger, sociologist Miloslav Petrusek, paediatric geneticist Renata Laxova and anthropologist Jaroslav Malina. Paleontologist Josef Augusta, who together with illustrator Zdeněk Burian created accurate reconstructions representing all forms of prehistoric life, also attended the university. Alumni politicians include former Prime Minister of the Czech Republic Petr Nečas, Governor of South Moravian Region
South Moravian Region
Michal Hašek, former Minister of Health Tomáš Julínek
Tomáš Julínek
or as of 2014, the leader of Czech Green Party Ondřej Liška. Politician, dissident, human rights activist Jaroslav Šabata also studied there. Martin Palouš
Martin Palouš
is Permanent Representative to the United Nations of the Czech republic (2006– ), before he was Ambassador
Ambassador
to the United States for the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
between 2001 and 2005. Alumni also include Marketa Lazarová
Marketa Lazarová
director František Vláčil, playwright Milan Uhde, composer Antonín Tučapský and poets Jan Skácel and Ivan Blatný. Athlete Šárka Kašpárková
Šárka Kašpárková
and ice hockey players Jiří Holík and Josef Augusta also attended the university. Notable faculty[edit]

Roman Jakobson
Roman Jakobson
(1896–1982) - linguist and literary theorist Jaroslav Krejčí
Jaroslav Krejčí
(1892–1956) - lawyer and Prime Minister of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia Matyáš Lerch (1860–1922) - mathematician Arne Novák
Arne Novák
(1880–1939) - literary historian Antonín Bartoněk (b. 1926) - linguist (ancient Greek) Albert Kutal (1904–1976) - Art historian Karel Skoupý (1886–1972) - Diocesan bishop
Diocesan bishop
of Brno, respected scholar, political prisoner Felix Maria Davídek (1921–1988) - Secret bishop (underground catholic church) František Vláčil 1924-1999) - Film director Bohuslav Sobotka
Bohuslav Sobotka
(1971) - Lawyer, Prime Minister Petr Horálek
Petr Horálek
(1986) - Astronomer, Astrophotographer, Artist Tomáš Špidlík
Tomáš Špidlík
(1919 - 2010) - cardinal, theologian-important thinker in 20th Catholicism, personal spiritual exercist of Pope John Paul II. Zdeněk Měřínský (1948 - 2015) - archeologist

See also[edit]

List of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945) List of Czech universities

Footnotes[edit]

^ a b c d "Detailed Statistical Data". Masaryk University. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 5 May 2014.  ^ a b c d e "MU Brief History". Masaryk University. Retrieved 2016-01-06.  ^ a b c d "MU Important Dates in the History". Masaryk University. Retrieved 2008-12-13.  ^ "Podprogram 233 332 – Výstavba univerzitního kampusu MU v Brně-Bohunicích (UKB)" (in Czech). Masaryk University. Retrieved 2007-01-31.  ^ " University
University
Cinema Scala". Retrieved 2014-05-05.  ^ Amal Al Khatib. "Home". Retrieved 21 July 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ "Teiresiás MU - Intro". Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ "Mendelovo muzeum - Home". Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ Malachová, A. "MENDEL LECTURES AND JOHANN GREGOR MENDEL - A CONSTANT CHALLENGE". library.iated.org. Retrieved 2016-02-11.  ^ "Scala v Brně se otevře v říjnu jako první univerzitní kino v Česku". iDNES.cz. Retrieved 2016-02-11.  ^ Editor. "Student Seventeen 2015 – Freedom Lecture 2015 – discussion". Rok smíření. Retrieved 2016-02-11.  ^ "Grandson of infamous Nazi spends lifetime making amends for namesake's atrocities". The Jerusalem Post JPost.com. Retrieved 2016-02-11.  ^ Masarykova univerzita (2015-11-19), Freedom Lecture 2015: Humanity vs. Barbarity, retrieved 2016-02-11  ^ "Intro - Polar research at Masaryk University". Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ "Technology Transfer Office - Home". Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ a b "Masaryk University". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 2017-11-30.  ^ "Masaryk University". Top Universities. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2017-11-30. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Masaryk University.

Masaryk University
University
website Masaryk University
University
News Portal

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Masaryk University

Facilities

Mendel Museum of Masaryk University Mendel Polar Station Milovice Nature Reserve

Events

Film Festival of Faculty of Informatics Freedom Lecture Text, Speech and Dialogue

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Jan Evangelista Purkyně
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University

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Coordinates: 49°11′55″N 16°36′18″E / 49.19861°N 16.60500°E / 49.19861; 16.60500

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 125988812 ISNI: 0000 0001 2194 0956 GND: 36123-9 SUDOC: 066919142 NKC:

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