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Maryland
Maryland
Day is a legal holiday in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Maryland.[1] It is observed on the anniversary of the March 25, 1634, landing of the first European settlers in the Province of Maryland, the third English colony to be settled in British North America.[2] On this day settlers from "The Ark" and the smaller "The Dove" first stepped foot onto Maryland
Maryland
soil, at St. Clement's Island
St. Clement's Island
in the Potomac River. The settlers were about 150 in number, departed from Gravesend on the Thames River downstream from London. Three Jesuit priests were collected from Cowes
Cowes
on the Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
in England
England
where they avoided having to give the oath of allegiance and supremacy to the King.[3] The colony's grant was renewed to Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, (1605-1675), two years prior by Charles I of England, after first being given to his father Sir George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, (1574-1632), along with the title of "Lord Baltimore", and a first grant in Acadia, in Newfoundland, (modern Canada), (title named after lands and town Baltimore, in Ireland) who had served the King in many official and personal capacities as Secretary of State, 1619-1625 (despite his conversion to Roman Catholicism). In thanksgiving for the safe landing, Jesuit Father Andrew White celebrated the Mass for the colonists led by the younger brother of Lord Baltimore, Leonard Calvert, (1606-1647), who served as the first governor, and perhaps for the first time ever in this part of the world on the first landing at Blackistone Island, later known as St. Clement's Island off the northern shore of the Potomac River, which was the new border between the new colony and the earlier English settlements in Virginia) and erected a large cross. The landing coincided with the Feast of the Annunciation, a holy day honoring Mary, and the start of the new year in England's legal calendar (prior to 1752). Maryland
Maryland
Day on 25 March celebrates the 1634 landing at St Clements. Later the colonists and their two ships sailed further back down river to the southeast to settle a capital at St. Mary's City near the point where the Potomac flows into the Chesapeake Bay. The holiday began its official observance in 1903, the date chosen by the State's Board of Education to honor Maryland
Maryland
history and to increase the teaching of state and local histories in the public schools. In 1916, the General Assembly (state legislature) authorized " Maryland
Maryland
Day" as a legal holiday (Chapter 633, Acts of 1916). Ceremonies, activities, historical pageants and other commemorative events are held annually in Historic St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, the first colonial capital of the province and the site of several reconstructed provincial and colonial structures including the first State House with a tourism/historical agency which runs operations and provides interpretative information. This was where the first sessions of the General Assembly of Maryland
Maryland
were held, over 375 years ago. An annual ceremony is held at the base of the 1908 statue of Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, (1605-1675), on the steps of the west front of the Baltimore City Circuit Courthouse (renamed 1985 after national civil rights leader Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr., 1911-1984) facing St. Paul Street with the ceremony continuing further inside in a ceremonial courtroom. The annual Maryland
Maryland
Day weekend celebration is held in the Four Rivers Heritage Area of Maryland
Maryland
(from the State Capital in the City of Annapolis to Southern Anne Arundel County). This Maryland
Maryland
Day celebration highlights Maryland's history, heritage, culture and environment at approximately 20 sites with over 40 events during Maryland's Birthday weekend. References[edit]

^ Maryland
Maryland
Annotated Code, General Article section 1-111(a)(5) ^ White, S.J., Father Andrew (1995). Voyage to Maryland
Maryland
(1633) Relatio Itineris In Marylandiam. Maryland
Maryland
Historical Trust, Crownsville, MD: Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Inc. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-86516-279-2.  ^ see father Blounts diary of the voyage

External links[edit]

Maryland
Maryland
Day Maryland
Maryland
Day in the Four Rivers Heritage Area Catholic Encyclopedia: Maryland St. Clement's Island
St. Clement's Island
State Park Geographical coordinates of St. Clement's Island: 38°12′33″N 76°44′36″W / 38.20917°N 76.74333°W / 38.20917; -76.74333

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Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States

January

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Maryland
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March–April

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Father's Day (36)

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July

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September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

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(36)

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Varies (year round)

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Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Vir

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