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Mary Soames, Baroness Soames, LG, DBE, FRSL (née Spencer-Churchill; 15 September 1922 – 31 May 2014) was the youngest of the five children of Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
and his wife, Clementine.[1] She was the wife of Christopher Soames.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Family 3 Titles from birth 4 Arms 5 Bibliography 6 References 7 External links

Biography[edit]

1945 photo at Potsdam
Potsdam
Conference

Lady Soames' Garter banner at St Martin's Church, Bladon

Churchill and Soames grave at St Martin's Church, Bladon

Mary Spencer-Churchill was born and brought up at Chartwell, and educated at the Manor House
Manor House
at Limpsfield. She worked for the Red Cross and the Women's Voluntary Service
Women's Voluntary Service
from 1939 to 1941, and joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service
Auxiliary Territorial Service
in 1941[2] with whom she served in London, Belgium
Belgium
and Germany
Germany
in mixed anti-aircraft batteries, rising to the rank of Junior Commander (equivalent to Captain). She also accompanied her father as aide-de-camp on several of his overseas journeys, including his post-VE trip to Potsdam, where he met with Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
and Joseph Stalin. In 1945, she was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(MBE), in recognition of meritorious military services.[3] She served many public organisations, such as the International Churchill Society, as a Patron; Church Army
Church Army
and Churchill Houses; and chaired the Royal National Theatre
Royal National Theatre
Board of Trustees between 1989 and 1995.[4] She was Patron of the National Benevolent Fund for the Aged. A successful author, Lady Soames wrote an acclaimed biography of her mother, Clementine Churchill, in 1979. She offered insights into the Churchill family to various biographers, prominently including Sir Martin Gilbert, who became the authorised biographer of Sir Winston Churchill after the death of Churchill's son, Randolph, in 1968. Additionally, she published a book of letters between Sir Winston and Lady Churchill, editing the letters as well as providing bridging material that placed the letters in personal, family, and historical context.[5] In 1980, Lady Soames was promoted to Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) for her public service, particularly in Rhodesia.[6] One of her more notable public appearances came on 29 April 2002 when she dined with the Queen at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
as part of the Golden Jubilee celebrations, alongside Prime Minister Tony Blair, and the four surviving former prime ministers at the time, as well as several relatives of other deceased prime ministers.[7] She was made a Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter
Order of the Garter
(LG) on 23 April 2005,[8] and was invested on 13 June at Windsor Castle.[9] On 31 May 2014, Lady Soames died at her home in London
London
at the age of 91 following a short illness.[10][11] Her ashes are buried next to those of her husband within the Churchill plot at St Martin's Church, Bladon, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire. Six months after her death, on 17 December 2014, Sotheby's
Sotheby's
London auctioned 255 items out of her collection on behalf of her heirs, including paintings by and memorabilia attached to her father, Winston S. Churchill. The sale far exceeded pre-auction estimates.[12] Family[edit] Mary Soames
Mary Soames
married the Conservative politician Christopher Soames (later created Baron Soames) in 1947 and they had five children:[13]

The Rt. Hon. Sir Nicholas Soames
Nicholas Soames
(12 February 1948). He married Catherine N. Weatherall on 4 June 1981 and they were divorced in 1988. They have one son. He remarried Serena Mary Smith on 21 December 1993. They have two children, a son and a daughter. The Hon. Emma Mary Soames
Mary Soames
(6 September 1949). She married James MacManus on 4 July 1981 and they were divorced in 1989. The Hon. Jeremy Bernard Soames (25 May 1952). He married Susanna Keith in 1978. They have three children. The Hon. Charlotte Clementine Soames (17 July 1954). She married Richard Hambro in 1973 and they were divorced in 1982. They have one daughter. She remarried William Peel, 3rd Earl Peel
William Peel, 3rd Earl Peel
on 15 April 1989. They have one daughter. The Hon. Rupert Christopher Soames
Christopher Soames
(18 May 1959). He married Camilla Rose Dunne in 1988. They have three children.

Titles from birth[edit] A list of the titles Lady Soames held in chronological order from birth:

15 September 1922 – 6 April 1945: Miss Mary Spencer-Churchill 6 April 1945 – 11 February 1947: Miss Mary Spencer-Churchill, MBE[3] 11 February 1947 – May 1965: Mrs. Christopher Soames, MBE[13] 17 May 1965 – 1 January 1972: The Hon. Mrs. Soames, MBE[14] 1 January 1972 – 19 April 1978: The Hon. Lady Soames, MBE[15] 19 April 1978 – 14 June 1980: The Rt Hon. The Lady Soames, MBE[16] 14 June 1980 – 23 April 2005: The Rt Hon. The Lady Soames, DBE[6] 23 April 2005 – 31 May 2014: The Rt Hon. The Lady Soames, LG, DBE[8]

Arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Mary Soames

This box:

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Notes Lady of the Garter since 2005 Coronet A coronet of a Baroness Escutcheon Gules, a chevron Or, between in chief two hammers of the last and in base two wing Argent; impaled with quarterly, first and fourth Sable a Lion rampant Argent, overall on a quarter of the last a cross Gules; second and third grandquarterly 1st and 4th Argent 2nd and 3rd Gules a fret Or overall a bend Sable charged with three escallops Argent; in chief an escutcheon Argent a cross Gules thereon an inescutcheon Azure three fleurs-de-lys Or. Supporters Dexter: A winged lion Argent gorged Gules. Sinister: a falcon Or holding a cord Gules and Argent. Motto FIEL PERO DESDICHADO Spanish: Faithful but Unfortunate Orders The Order of the Garter
Order of the Garter
circlet. The Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
Commander's neck badge (Civil).[17]

Bibliography[edit] Books written by Mary Soames
Mary Soames
(titles may vary between UK and US editions):

Clementine Churchill: The Biography of a Marriage (1979) Family Album: A Personal Selection from Four Generations of Churchills (1982) The Profligate Duke: George Spencer Churchill, Fifth Duke of Marlborough, and His Duchess (1987)[18] Winston Churchill: His Life as a Painter (1990) Speaking For Themselves: The Private Letters of Sir Winston and Lady Churchill (1999) Clementine Churchill: The Revised and Updated Biography (2005) A Daughter's Tale: The Memoir of Winston and Clementine Churchill's Youngest Child (2012)

References[edit]

^ "Lady Mary Soames, Winston Churchill's daughter, dies". BBC. 1 June 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.  ^ Wrigley, Chris. (2002). Winston Churchill: A biographical companion. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. pp. 123–125. ISBN 978-0-87436-990-8.  ^ a b "No. 37025". The London
London
Gazette (Supplement). 6 April 1945. p. 1903.  ^ David Reynolds Obituary: Lady Soames, The Guardian, 1 June 2014 ^ "Mary Soames: biography". Random House Group. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  ^ a b "No. 48212". The London
London
Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 1980. p. 8.  ^ "Queen dines with her prime ministers". BBC News. 29 April 2002.  ^ a b "No. 57622". The London
London
Gazette. 25 April 2005. p. 5363.  ^ "The Queen [...] today held a Chapter of the Most Noble Order of the Garter [...] Her Majesty invested the Baroness Soames with the Insignia of a Lady Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter." The Court Circular 13 June 2005. ^ Mary Soames, daughter of Winston Churchill, dies at 91 - The Washington Post ^ "Lady Soames, Winston Churchill's last surviving child, dies aged 91". The Daily Telegraph. 1 June 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.  ^ "Auction Results: Daughter of History: Mary Soames
Mary Soames
and the Legacy of Churchill". Sotheby's. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2016.  ^ a b "Person Page 10626". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 20 February 2018.  ^ Ennoblement of her mother Clementine Churchill
Clementine Churchill
as "Baroness Spencer-Churchill" on 17 May 1965 ^ Knighthood for her husband Christopher Soames
Christopher Soames
on 1 January 1972. ^ Her husband Christopher Soames
Christopher Soames
was created a life peer on 19 April 1978 as "Baron Soames", of Fletching in the County of East Sussex. ^ The Heraldry Gazette. New Series 105 (September 2007), pp.1-2. ISSN 0437-2980 ^ This book engages itself with the gardens in Blenheim and Whiteknights.

External links[edit]

Mary Soames
Mary Soames
on IMDb Appearances on C-SPAN

Booknotes interview with Soames on Winston & Clementine: The Personal Letters of the Churchills, 2 May 1999.

A film clip ALLIES TAKE KISKA ETC. (1943) is available at the Internet Archive

v t e

Winston Churchill

Life

Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
as historian Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
as painter Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
as writer Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
in politics, 1900–1939

Timeline War Rooms conferences Percentages agreement Quebec Agreement

Statement on Atrocities

European Advisory Commission

Honours of Winston Churchill Later life of Winston Churchill

funeral gravesite

The Other Club Blenheim Palace Chartwell

Writings

The Story of the Malakand Field Force
The Story of the Malakand Field Force
(1898) Savrola
Savrola
(1899 novel) The River War
The River War
(1899) London
London
to Ladysmith via Pretoria (1900) Ian Hamilton's March
Ian Hamilton's March
(1900) Lord Randolph Churchill
Randolph Churchill
(1906) The World Crisis
The World Crisis
(1923–1931, five volumes) My Early Life
My Early Life
(1930) Marlborough: His Life and Times (1933–1938, four volumes) Great Contemporaries
Great Contemporaries
(1937) Arms and the Covenant
Arms and the Covenant
(1938) The Second World War (1948–1963, six volumes) A History of the English-Speaking Peoples
A History of the English-Speaking Peoples
(1956–1958, four volumes)

Speeches

"Blood, toil, tears, and sweat" "Be ye men of valour" "We shall fight on the beaches" "This was their finest hour" "Never was so much owed by so many to so few" "Iron Curtain"

Legacy and depictions

Palace of Westminster statue Parliament Square statue Washington, DC, statue Epstein bust Memorial Trusts Churchill College, Cambridge Churchill Archives Centre The Churchill Centre US Churchill Museum Cultural depictions Churchillian Drift

Related

Norway Debate Terminological inexactitude Siege of Sidney Street Tonypandy riots May 1940 War Cabinet Crisis Sword of Stalingrad Operation Unthinkable

Family

Lord Randolph Churchill
Randolph Churchill
(father) Jennie Jerome, Lady Randolph Churchill
Randolph Churchill
(mother) Jack Churchill (brother) Clementine Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill (wife) Diana Churchill
Diana Churchill
(daughter) Randolph Churchill
Randolph Churchill
(son) Sarah Churchill (daughter) Marigold Churchill
Marigold Churchill
(daughter) Mary Soames, Baroness Soames (daughter) Descendants John Spencer-Churchill (grandfather) Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill (grandmother) Leonard Jerome
Leonard Jerome
(grandfather) Clarissa Eden
Clarissa Eden
(niece)

v t e

Winners of the Wolfson History Prize

1970s

Michael Howard / Keith Thomas (1972) W. L. Warren / Frances Yates
Frances Yates
(1973) Moses Finley / Theodore Zeldin (1974) Frances Donaldson / Olwen Hufton (1975) Nikolaus Pevsner
Nikolaus Pevsner
/ Norman Stone (1976) Denis Mack Smith / Simon Schama
Simon Schama
(1977) Alistair Horne (1978) Richard Cobb
Richard Cobb
/ Quentin Skinner / Mary Soames
Mary Soames
(1979)

1980s

Robert Evans / F. S. L. Lyons (1980) John Wyon Burrow (1981) John McManners (1982) Martin Gilbert
Martin Gilbert
/ Kenneth Rose (1983) Antonia Fraser
Antonia Fraser
/ Maurice Keen (1984) Richard Davenport-Hines / John Grigg (1985) J. H. Elliott / Jonathan Israel (1986) Rees Davies / John Pemble (1987) Richard Evans / Paul Kennedy
Paul Kennedy
(1988) Richard A. Fletcher / Donald Cameron Watt
Donald Cameron Watt
(1989)

1990s

Colin Platt (1990) John Bossy / Allan Bullock
Allan Bullock
(1991) Linda Colley / Robert Skidelsky
Robert Skidelsky
(1992) Robert Bartlett / Barbara Harvey (1993) Fiona MacCarthy / John C. G. Röhl (1994) H. C. G. Matthew (1995) Orlando Figes (1996) John Brewer / Patricia Hollis
Patricia Hollis
(1997) Antony Beevor
Antony Beevor
/ Amanda Vickery (1998) Joanna Bourke / Andrew Roberts (1999)

2000s

Ian Kershaw
Ian Kershaw
/ Mark Mazower / Roy Porter (2000) Barry Cunliffe
Barry Cunliffe
/ Jerry White (2001) William Dalrymple / Robert Gildea
Robert Gildea
(2002) Frances Harris / Julian T. Jackson / Diarmaid MacCulloch
Diarmaid MacCulloch
(2003) Richard Overy
Richard Overy
/ David Reynolds (2004) Evelyn Welch / Christopher Wickham (2005) Chris Clark / Vic Gatrell
Vic Gatrell
/ Adam Tooze (2006) John Darwin / Rosemary Hill (2007) Mary Beard / Margaret M. McGowan (2008) Dominic Lieven
Dominic Lieven
/ Jonathan Sumption
Jonathan Sumption
(2009)

2010s

Ruth Harris / Nicholas Thomas (2010) Susie Harries / Alexandra Walsham (2011) Susan Brigden / Christopher Duggan (2012) Cyprian Broodbank / Catherine Merridale
Catherine Merridale
(2013) Richard Vinen / Alexander Watson (2014) Robin Lane Fox
Robin Lane Fox
/ Nikolaus Wachsmann (2015) Christopher de Hamel (2016)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 69092594 LCCN: n79067835 ISNI: 0000 0001 0983 910X GND: 1017049289 SUDOC: 075436647 BNF: cb15948807s (data) SN

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