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Mary Virginia Martin (December 1, 1913 – November 3, 1990) was an American actress, singer, and Broadway star. A muse of Rodgers and Hammerstein, she originated many leading roles over her career including Nellie Forbush in South Pacific and Maria von Trapp in The Sound of Music. She was named a Kennedy Center Honoree in 1989. She was the mother of actor Larry Hagman.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Marriage 3 Apprenticeship 4 Radio 5 Broadway 6 Awards and honors 7 Personal life

7.1 Death

8 Work

8.1 Stage 8.2 Film 8.3 Television

9 Radio appearances 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Early life[edit] Martin was born in Weatherford, Texas. Her life as a child as she describes it in her autobiography My Heart Belongs was secure and happy. She had close relationships with both her mother and father as well as her siblings. Her autobiography details how the young actress had an instinctive ear for recreating musical sounds. Martin's father, Preston Martin, was a lawyer, and her mother, Juanita Presley, was a violin teacher.[1] Although the doctors told Juanita that she would risk her life if she attempted to have another baby, she was determined to have a boy. Instead, she had Mary, who became quite a tomboy. Her family had a barn and orchard that kept her entertained. She played with her elder sister Geraldine (whom she called "Sister"), climbing trees and riding ponies. Martin adored her father. "He was tall, good-looking, silver-haired, with the kindest brown eyes. Mother was the disciplinarian, but it was Daddy who could turn me into an angel with just one look." (p. 19) Martin, who said "I’d never understand the law" (p. 19), began singing outside the courtroom where her father worked every Saturday night at a bandstand. She sang in a trio with her sister and Marion Swofford, dressed in bellhop uniforms. "Even in those days without microphones, my high piping voice carried all over the square. I have always thought that I inherited my carrying voice from my father." (p. 19) She remembered having a photographic memory as a child. School tests were not a problem, and learning songs was easy. She got her first taste of singing solo at a fire hall, where she soaked up the crowd's appreciation. "Sometimes I think that I cheated my own family and my closest friends by giving to audiences so much of the love I might have kept for them. But that's the way I was made; I truly don't think I could help it." (p. 20) Martin's craft was developed by seeing movies and becoming a mimic. She would win prizes for looking, acting and dancing like Ruby Keeler
Ruby Keeler
and singing exactly like Bing Crosby. "Never, never, never can I say I had a frustrating childhood. It was all joy. Mother used to say she never had seen such a happy child—that I awakened each morning with a smile. I don't remember that, but I do remember that I never wanted to go to bed, to go to sleep, for fear I'd miss something." (p. 20) Marriage[edit] During high school, Martin dated Benjamin Hagman before she was packed off to finishing school at Ward–Belmont in Nashville, Tennessee. During that time, she enjoyed imitating Fanny Brice
Fanny Brice
at singing gigs, but she found school dull and felt confined by its strict rules. She was homesick for Weatherford, her family and Hagman. During a visit, Mary and Benjamin persuaded Mary's mother to allow them to marry.[2] They did, and by the age of 17, Martin was legally married, pregnant with her first child (Larry Hagman) and forced to leave Ward–Belmont. She was, however, happy to begin her new life, but she soon learned that this life as she would later say was nothing but "role playing" (p. 39). Their honeymoon was at her parents' house, and Martin's dream of life with a family and a white-picket fence faded. "I was 17, a married woman without real responsibilities, miserable about my mixed-up emotions, afraid there was something awfully wrong with me because I didn't enjoy being a wife. Worst of all, I didn't have enough to do." (p. 39) It was "Sister" who came to her rescue, suggesting that she should teach dance. "Sister" taught Martin her first real dance—the waltz clog. Martin perfectly imitated her first dance move, and she opened a dance studio. Here, she created her own moves, imitated the famous dancers she watched in the movies and taught "Sister's" waltz clog. As she later recalled, "I was doing something I wanted to do—creating." (p. 44) Apprenticeship[edit] Wanting to learn more moves, Martin went to California to attend the dance school at the Franchon and Marco School of the Theatre and opened her own dance studio in Mineral Wells, Texas. She was given a ballroom studio with the premise that she would sing in the lobby every Saturday. There, she learned how to sing into a microphone and how to phrase blues songs. One day at work, she accidentally walked into the wrong room where auditions were being held. They asked her in what key she would like to sing "So Red Rose". Having absolutely no idea what her key was, she sang regardless and got the job. She was hired to sing "So Red Rose" at the Fox Theater in San Francisco followed by the Paramount Theater in Los Angeles. There would be one catch—she had to sing in the wings. She scored her first professional gig unaware that she would soon be center stage. Soon after, Martin learned that her studio had been burnt down by a man who thought dancing a sin.[3] She began to express her unhappiness. Her father gave her advice saying that she was too young to be married. Martin left everything behind including her young son, Larry, and went to Hollywood
Hollywood
while her father handled the divorce for her. In Hollywood, Martin plunged herself into auditions—so many that she became known as "Audition Mary". Her first professional audition and job was on a national radio network.[4] Among Martin's first auditions in Hollywood, she sang, "Indian Love Call". After her singing the song, "a tall, craggly man who looked like a mountain" told Martin that he thought she had something special. It was Oscar Hammerstein II (pp. 58–59). This marked the start of her career. Radio[edit] Martin began her radio career in 1939 as the vocalist on a short-lived revival of The Tuesday Night Party on CBS. In 1940, she was a singer on NBC's Good News of 1940, which was renamed Maxwell House Coffee Time during that year.[5] In 1942, she joined the cast of Kraft Music Hall on NBC, replacing Connie Boswell.[6] She was also one of the starts of Stage Door Canteen on CBS, 1942–1945.[5] Broadway[edit]

Mary Martin
Mary Martin
with child actors in the original production of The Sound of Music

Martin struggled for nearly two years to break into show business. As a struggling young actress, Martin endured humorous and sometimes frightful luck trying to make it in the world, from car crashes leading to vocal instruction, unknowingly singing in front of Oscar Hammerstein II, to her final break on Broadway granted by the very prominent producer, Lawrence Schwab. Using her maiden name, Martin began pursuing a performing career singing on radio in Dallas and in nightclubs in Los Angeles. Her performance at one club impressed a theatrical producer, and he cast her in a play in New York, but that production did not open. She was then cast in Cole Porter's Leave It to Me!, making her Broadway debut in November 1938 in that production. She became popular on Broadway and received attention in the national media singing "My Heart Belongs to Daddy". With that one song in the second act, she became a star 'overnight'.[7] Martin reprised the song in Night and Day, a Hollywood
Hollywood
film about Cole Porter, in which she played herself auditioning for Porter (Cary Grant). "My Heart Belongs to Daddy" catapulted her career and became very special to Martin—she even sang it to her ailing father in his hospital bed while he was in a coma. Martin did not learn immediately that her father had died. Headlines read "Daddy Girl Sings About Daddy as Daddy Dies". Because of the show’s demanding schedule, Martin was unable to attend her father’s funeral.[8] In 1943 she starred in the new Kurt Weill musical One Touch of Venus
One Touch of Venus
and then Lute Song in 1946. She auditioned for the lead in Porter's Kiss Me, Kate but chose to star in another show instead that opened three months after, South Pacific.[9] As nurse Nellie Forbush, Martin opened on Broadway in South Pacific on April 7, 1949. Her performance was called "memorable...funny and poignant in turns", and she earned a Tony Award.[10] Richard Watts Jr. of the New York Post
New York Post
wrote: "nothing I have ever seen her do prepared me for the loveliness, humor, gift for joyous characterization, and sheer lovableness of her portrayal of Nellie Forbush.... Hers is a completely irresistible performance."[11] She opened in the West End production on November 1, 1951. Her next major success was in the role of Peter in the Broadway production of Peter Pan
Peter Pan
in October 1954 with Martin winning the Tony Award. Martin opened on Broadway in The Sound of Music
The Sound of Music
as Maria on November 16, 1959 and stayed in the show until October 1961. She won the Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress in a Musical. The musical gave Martin "the chance to display her homespun charm."[10] In 1966, she appeared on Broadway in the two-person musical I Do! I Do!
I Do! I Do!
with Robert Preston and was nominated for the Tony Award
Tony Award
(Leading Actress in a Musical). A national tour with Preston began in March 1968 but was cancelled early due to Martin's illness.

Martin as Peter Pan
Peter Pan
in 1954, "the actress still most identified with the starring role" according to famoustexans.com[12]

Although she appeared in nine films in her career all between 1938 and 1943, she was generally passed over for the filmed version of the musical plays, in which she starred. She herself once explained that she did not enjoy making films because she did not have the "connection" with an audience that she had in live performances. The closest she ever came to preserving her stage performances were her famous television appearances as Peter Pan. The Broadway production from 1954 was subsequently performed on NBC
NBC
television in RCA's compatible color in 1955, 1956, and 1960. Martin also preserved her 1957 stage performance as Annie Oakley in Annie Get Your Gun when NBC television broadcast the production live that year. While Martin did not enjoy making theatrical films, she apparently did enjoy appearing on television as she did frequently. Her last feature film appearance was a cameo as herself in MGM's Main Street to Broadway in 1953.[13] Martin made an appearance in 1980 in a Royal Variety Performance in London performing "Honeybun" from South Pacific. Martin appeared in the play Legends with Carol Channing
Carol Channing
in a one-year US national tour opening in Dallas on January 9, 1986.[14] Awards and honors[edit]

Star for "Recording" on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame at 1560 Vine Street, Hollywood: She also has one for "Radio" at 6609 Hollywood Blvd.

Martin was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame in 1973.[15] She received the Kennedy Center Honors, an annual honor for career achievements, in 1989. She received the Donaldson Award in 1943 for One Touch of Venus. A special Tony was presented to her in 1948 while she appeared in the national touring company of Annie Get Your Gun for "spreading theatre to the rest of the country while the originals perform in New York." In 1955 and 1956, she received, first, a Tony Award
Tony Award
for Peter Pan, and then an Emmy
Emmy
for appearing in the same role on television. She also received Tonys for South Pacific and in 1959 for The Sound of Music. Personal life[edit] After Martin's divorce from Benjamin Hagman, she married Richard Halliday, who was eight years her senior. Early in their marriage, he worked as a drama critic for the New York World-Telegram
New York World-Telegram
and a movie critic for the New York Daily News. Eventually, Halliday became producer or co-producer of at least two of his wife's projects. In the early 1970s, the couple lived, according to his 1973 obituary in the Connecticut Sunday Herald, "on a vast ranch they own near Anápolis" in the state of Goiás, Brazil, the ranch called "Nossa Fazenda Halliday" (our Halliday Farm). Mary was called "Dona Maria" by the locals. The couple had a great love for that land.[16], A project of restoration by local Intuitute Jan Magalinski is running to make the farm and all the structure the Cinema Museum of Goias, and preserve the memory, it all includes Janet Gaynor
Janet Gaynor
and her husband, Adrian and actors/ actresses as Cary Grant
Cary Grant
and Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
that were interested on Anapolis local lands. Cultural scholar Lillian Faderman has written that Martin and actress Janet Gaynor
Janet Gaynor
often traveled together along with Martin's husband Halliday and with Gaynor's husband.[17] While living in San Francisco
San Francisco
in 1982, Martin was involved in a traffic accident that left her with two fractured ribs, a fractured pelvis, and a punctured lung. Also in the accident were Janet Gaynor, who died two years later from complications from her injuries; Gaynor's husband Paul Gregory, who survived; and Martin's press agent Ben Washer, who died in the accident.[18][19] Death[edit]

Peter Pan
Peter Pan
statue in Martin's hometown of Weatherford in Parker County, Texas

Martin died four weeks before her 77th birthday of cancer at her home in Rancho Mirage, California, on November 3, 1990.[20][21] She is buried in City Greenwood Cemetery in Weatherford, Texas.[22] Work[edit] Stage[edit]

Leave It to Me!
Leave It to Me!
(1938) Nice Goin'! (1939) One Touch of Venus
One Touch of Venus
(1943–1945) Pacific 1860 (1946) Lute Song (1946) Annie Get Your Gun (1947) South Pacific (1949–1951) Kind Sir (1953) Peter Pan
Peter Pan
(1954) The Skin of Our Teeth
The Skin of Our Teeth
(1955) Annie Get Your Gun (1957) 10 Weeks Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Francisco South Pacific (1957) 10 Weeks touring Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Francisco Music with Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1958) The Sound of Music
The Sound of Music
(1959) Jennie (1963) Hello, Dolly! (1965–1966) US Tour, Asia and for 6 months in London I Do! I Do!
I Do! I Do!
(1966–1969) One year on Broadway, nearly one year on tour A Celebration of Richard Rodgers (1972) Together on Broadway: Mary Martin
Mary Martin
& Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1977) Do You Turn Somersaults? (1978) Our Heart Belongs To Mary (1985); 1 performance only at the Shubert Theater on Broadway Legends (1985–1987)

Film[edit]

The Rage of Paris
The Rage of Paris
(1938) The Shopworn Angel
The Shopworn Angel
(1938) (dubbed singing voice of Margaret Sullavan) Battle of Broadway (1938) (dubbed singing voice of Gypsy Rose Lee) The Great Victor Herbert
The Great Victor Herbert
(1939) Fashion Horizons (1940) (short subject) Rhythm on the River
Rhythm on the River
(1940) Love Thy Neighbor (1940) Kiss the Boys Goodbye (1941) New York Town
New York Town
(1941) Birth of the Blues (1941) Star Spangled Rhythm
Star Spangled Rhythm
(1942) Happy Go Lucky (1943) True to Life (1943) Night and Day (1946) Main Street to Broadway (1953)

Television[edit]

America Applauds: An Evening for Richard Rodgers (1951) The Ford 50th Anniversary Show (1953) General Foods 25th Anniversary Show: A Salute to Rodgers and Hammerstein (March 28, 1954) (aired on all networks) Noël Coward & Mary Martin
Mary Martin
– Together With Music (1955) Producers' Showcase: Peter Pan
Peter Pan
(twice, in 1955 and 1956) Annie Get Your Gun (1957) Magic with Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1959) Peter Pan
Peter Pan
(1960) The Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
Show for Clairol (1962) Mary Martin: Hello, Dolly! Round the World (1966) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
at Eastertime (1966) Valentine (1979) Over Easy (host from 1981–1983) Rodgers and Hammerstein: The Sound of American Music (1985)

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source

1943 Stage Door Canteen Curtain Up for Victory[23]

1943 Philip Morris Playhouse Roberta[24]

References[edit]

^ "GenealogyMagazine.com - larryhagman". genealogymagazine.com.  ^ Davis, p. 16 ^ Davis, p. 24 ^ Davis, pp. 26–29, 31 ^ a b Dunning, John. (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. Pp. 287, 633, 684. ^ "Program Reviews: 'Kraft Music Hall'" (PDF). Billboard. 54 (2). January 10, 1942. p. 8. Retrieved 15 July 2017.  ^ Davis, p. 41 ^ Davis, pp. 44–45 ^ Block, Geoffrey (1997). Enchanted Evenings. Oxford University Press. p. 180. ISBN 978-0195167306.  ^ a b "Broadway Stars.Mary Martin". Pbs.org, accessed July 16, 2012 ^ Suskin, Steven. Opening Night on Broadway: A Critical Quotebook of the Golden Era of the Musical Theatre, pp. 639–43. Schirmer Books, New York, 1990. ISBN 0-02-872625-1 ^ "Mary Martin". Famoustexans.com. Retrieved 2012-04-27.  ^ Crowther, Bosley. "Movies: About Main Street to Broadway". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010.  ^ Davis, pp. 272–278 ^ "15 Inducted into Theater Hall of Fame". The Blade. Toledo. January 17, 1974.  ^ "Richard Halliday Dead at 67". Connecticut Sunday Herald. March 4, 1973. Retrieved 2016-04-22.  ^ Faderman, Lillian and Stuart Timmons (2006). Gay L.A.: A History of Sexual Outlaws, Power Politics, and Lipstick Lesbians. New York: Basic Books. p. 55. ISBN 978-0465022885. Retrieved 20 March 2015.  ^ "Hospitalized". Time. September 20, 1982. Retrieved 2008-06-25. Janet Gaynor, 73, winner of the first Oscar for Best Actress (1929), in serious condition with eleven broken ribs, a fractured collarbone, pelvic fractures, an injured bladder and a damaged kidney; and Mary Martin, 68, star of Broadway's original South Pacific and TV's first Peter Pan, in good condition with two fractured ribs, a fractured pelvis and a punctured lung; after a vehicular accident; in San Francisco. Gaynor and her husband Paul Gregory, 61, and Martin and her press agent, Ben Washer, 76, were riding in a taxi when they were struck broadside by a van. Washer was killed. Gregory is in good condition.  ^ Carter, E. Graydon (October 18, 1982). "People: Milestones". Time. Retrieved 2008-06-25. Just nine days after the cab she was riding in was hit broadside by a van, Mary Martin, 68, with a plucky smile and the help of a walker, left San Francisco
San Francisco
General Hospital.  ^ Gussow, Mel. "Mary Martin, 76, First Lady of Musicals, Dies". Mary Martin, America's favorite leading lady of musical comedy, as Ens. Nellie Forbush in "South Pacific," Maria von Trapp in "The Sound of Music" or the title role in "Peter Pan," died Saturday afternoon at her home in Rancho Mirage, Calif. She was 76 years old.  ^ "Milestones". Time. November 5, 1990. Retrieved 2008-06-25.  ^ Mary Martin
Mary Martin
at Find a Grave ^ "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 38 (3): 32–39. Summer 2012.  ^ "Air Ya Listenin?". The Mason City Globe-Gazette. May 14, 1943. p. 2. Retrieved July 21, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 

Davis, Ronald L. (2008). Mary Martin, Broadway Legend. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-3905-0.  Free preview at Amazon.com

Further reading[edit]

Martin, Mary (1976). My Heart Belongs. New York: Morrow. ISBN 0-688-03009-2.  Kirkwood, James, Jr. (1989). Diary of a Mad Playwright: Perilous Adventures on the Road with Mary Martin
Mary Martin
and Carol Channing, about production of the play "Legends" (Dutton) Kaufman, David (2016). Some Enchanted Evenings: The Glittering Life and Times of Mary Martin. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-1-250-03175-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mary Martin.

Mary Martin
Mary Martin
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Mary Martin
Mary Martin
on IMDb Photos of Mary Martin, hosted by the Portal
Portal
to Texas
Texas
History Desert Islands Discs appearance 26 March 1977

v t e

Primetime Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
(1956) Polly Bergen
Polly Bergen
(1957) Julie Harris (1959) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1960) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1961) Julie Harris (1962) Kim Stanley
Kim Stanley
(1963) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1964) Lynn Fontanne
Lynn Fontanne
(1965) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1966) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1967) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1968) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1969) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1970) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1971) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1972) Susan Hampshire
Susan Hampshire
/ Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1973) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
/ Mildred Natwick
Mildred Natwick
(1974) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Jessica Walter
Jessica Walter
(1975) Susan Clark
Susan Clark
/ Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1976) Sally Field
Sally Field
/ Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1977) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
/ Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1978) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1979) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1980) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1981) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1982) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1983) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1984) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1985) Marlo Thomas
Marlo Thomas
(1986) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1987) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1988) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1989) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1990) Lynn Whitfield
Lynn Whitfield
(1991) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Kirstie Alley
Kirstie Alley
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1996) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1997) Ellen Barkin
Ellen Barkin
(1998) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1999) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2000) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(2001) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2002) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) S. Epatha Merkerson
S. Epatha Merkerson
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2007) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2008) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2009) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2010) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2011) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2012) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2013) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2014) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2015) Sarah Paulson
Sarah Paulson
(2016) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical

Grace Hartman (1948) Nanette Fabray
Nanette Fabray
(1949) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1950) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1951) Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1952) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1953) Dolores Gray
Dolores Gray
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1956) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1957) Thelma Ritter
Thelma Ritter
/ Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1958) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1959) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1960) Elizabeth Seal (1961) Anna Maria Alberghetti
Anna Maria Alberghetti
/ Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
(1962) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1963) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1964) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1966) Barbara Harris (1967) Patricia Routledge / Leslie Uggams
Leslie Uggams
(1968) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1969) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1970) Helen Gallagher
Helen Gallagher
(1971) Alexis Smith
Alexis Smith
(1972) Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
(1973) Virginia Capers (1974) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1975) Donna McKechnie
Donna McKechnie
(1976) Dorothy Loudon
Dorothy Loudon
(1977) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1978) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1979) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1980) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova
Natalia Makarova
(1983) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1984) No Award (1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) Maryann Plunkett (1987) Joanna Gleason
Joanna Gleason
(1988) Ruth Brown
Ruth Brown
(1989) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1990) Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
(1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1993) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1996) Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1998) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1999) Heather Headley (2000) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2001) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur
Marissa Jaret Winokur
(2003) Idina Menzel
Idina Menzel
(2004) Victoria Clark
Victoria Clark
(2005) LaChanze
LaChanze
(2006) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Alice Ripley
Alice Ripley
(2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2010) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Patina Miller
Patina Miller
(2013) Jessie Mueller
Jessie Mueller
(2014) Kelli O'Hara
Kelli O'Hara
(2015) Cynthia Erivo (2016) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(2017)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (1980s)

1980

Leonard Bernstein James Cagney Agnes de Mille Lynn Fontanne Leontyne Price

1981

Count Basie Cary Grant Helen Hayes Jerome Robbins Rudolf Serkin

1982

George Abbott Lillian Gish Benny Goodman Gene Kelly Eugene Ormandy

1983

Katherine Dunham Elia Kazan Frank Sinatra James Stewart Virgil Thomson

1984

Lena Horne Danny Kaye Gian Carlo Menotti Arthur Miller Isaac Stern

1985

Merce Cunningham Irene Dunne Bob Hope Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
& Frederick Loewe Beverly Sills

1986

Lucille Ball Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
& Jessica Tandy Yehudi Menuhin Antony Tudor Ray Charles

1987

Perry Como Bette Davis Sammy Davis Jr. Nathan Milstein Alwin Nikolais

1988

Alvin Ailey George Burns Myrna Loy Alexander Schneider Roger L. Stevens

1989

Harry Belafonte Claudette Colbert Alexandra Danilova Mary Martin William Schuman

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

New York Drama Critics Award for Best Femme Performance in a Musical

Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1943) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1944) Beatrice Lillie
Beatrice Lillie
(1945) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1946) Marlon Bell (1947) Beatrice Lillie
Beatrice Lillie
(1948)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 311602006 LCCN: n50040943 ISNI: 0000 0001 1078 4468 GND: 134194233 SUDOC: 160201632 BNF: cb12310390s (data) MusicBrainz: 727fed20-2b04-442e-92ca-50b969831595 SN

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