Martyrs' Square, Tripoli
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The Martyrs' Square ( ar, ميدان الشهداء '); known as Green Square ( ') under the Gaddafi government; Independence Square ( ') during the Kingdom of Libya, monarchy; and originally (during Italian Libya, Italian colonial rule) known as ''Piazza Italia'' ("Italy Square") is a downtown landmark at the bay in the city of Tripoli, Libya. The main commercial center of the city surrounds the square. The Square is also a main tourist attraction in Tripoli.It has a large legendary fountain done by an Italian architect at the centre of the square. The square is the meeting point of many different avenues. Omar Mukhtar Avenue is one of the longest in North Africa, it was built by Italians in the colonial time, and Libyans during the era of King Idris of Libya, Idris I. Independence Street branches from the square too, and it leads to the Palace of King Idris I. 24 December Avenue is also an Italian built avenue. Mizran Street is the last street that branches from the Martyrs' Square.


History

The square was originally constructed by the Italian Libya, Italian colonial rulers on the site of the old bread market (''sūq al-khubs''), and it was expanded on several occasions during the 1930s. During the Italian colonial period, it was called ''Piazza Italia'' ("Italy Square"). After Libyan independence in 1951, it was known as "Independence Square" during the Kingdom of Libya, Libyan monarchy (1951–1969). After the 1969 revolution by Gaddafi, the square was renamed again to "Green Square" to mark his political philosophy in his ''The Green Book (Libya), Green Book''.


2011 Libyan civil war

On the night of 21–22 August, Libyan rebel groups took control of the area during the Battle of Tripoli (2011), 2011 Battle of Tripoli and started referring to it as Martyrs' Square to dissociate the square from the History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi, Gaddafi government and to commemorate those who died in the fight against his government. On Eid ul-Fitr (31 August) and again on 2 September, tens of thousands of Tripoli residents, including many women and children, gathered on Martyrs' Square to celebrate the end of Gaddafi's rule.


Facilities

It features the Red Castle of Tripoli, Red Castle (''As-Serai al-Hamra''), which hosts Libya's Antiquities Department and the Red Castle Museum, National Museum with a collection of Phoenician, Greek and Roman artefacts. The museum also exhibits a statue of Venus from the Hadrianic Society, Hadrianic Baths at Leptis Magna, Leptis, a complete Libyan-Roman tomb from the Ghirza region, and a colourful Volkswagen Beetle used by Colonel Gaddafi leading up to the revolution. On the other side, a wide avenue leading towards the seafront with two tall pillars. On top of the pillars are an iron-cast, miniature wooden ship; the other one features a horseback rider. The Royal Miramare Theatre used to be located across from the Red Castle of Tripoli, Red Castle, but it was demolished by Gaddafi's government after the 1960s to create space for large demonstrations.


See also


References


External links

* {{2011 Libyan civil war, state=uncollapsed National squares Squares in Libya Tripoli First Libyan Civil War