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James Martin Hannett[1] (31 May 1948[2][3] – 18 April 1991), initially credited as Martin Zero, was an English record producer and an original partner/director at Tony Wilson's Factory Records. Hannett produced albums by a range of artists, including Joy Division, the Durutti Column, Magazine, John Cooper Clarke, New Order, Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark, and Happy Mondays. His distinctive production style utilized unorthodox sound recording and technology, and has been described as sparse, spatial, and cavernous.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early years 1.2 Career

2 Death 3 Fictional portrayals 4 Selected discography

4.1 Albums produced 4.2 Singles and EPs produced 4.3 Compilations

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Biography[edit] Early years[edit] Born in Manchester,[4] Hannett was raised in a working class, Catholic[5] family in Miles Platting, Manchester;[4] he attended Corpus Christi school[6] and Xaverian College
Xaverian College
in Rusholme. In 1967,[6] he went to the University of Manchester
Manchester
Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), where he earned a degree in chemistry but chose not to pursue the profession.[5] Career[edit] Hannett's uncle was a bass player and gave his nephew a bass guitar when he was 14. Hannett played bass with Spider Mike King and as member in a band called Paradox, in 1973, alongside Paul Young, later of Sad Café and Mike + The Mechanics.[6][2] His production work began with the animation film soundtrack All Kinds of Heroes, written by Steve Hopkins (with whom Hannett later worked again). By this time, he also began to mix live sound at pub gigs. Other early production works included Greasy Bear material, Belt & Braces Road Show Band's eponymous album in 1975 and five songs from Pete Farrow's repertoire recorded at Pennine Studios, Oldham, later included on Farrow's compilation album Who Says There's No Beach in Stockport. He attracted more musical attention in 1977, when, as Martin Zero, he produced the first independent punk record,[7] Buzzcocks' Spiral Scratch EP. Under the same moniker he produced early records by punk poet John Cooper Clarke, whose Salford monotone was complemented by drum machines, simple synthesiser motifs and Hannett's bass playing. Jilted John's first single (Jilted John) was Hannett's first hit single.[8] Hannett became closely associated with Joy Division; Hannett's production incorporated looping technology to treat musical notes with an array of filters, echoes and delays. Hannett had a collection of BBD echo devices which he had amassed and called his "bluetop echo and delay boxes". The first synthesizers Hannett and Joy Division guitarist Bernard Sumner
Bernard Sumner
used were Transcendent 2000s and then ARP Omnis. Hannett also owned and used several Jen SX1000s and an International 4600 synthesiser modular synth on many early recordings. Later in his career he owned a Minimoog
Minimoog
and several ARP 2600 synths.[citation needed] Legend has it that he once forced Joy Division
Joy Division
drummer Stephen Morris to take apart his drum kit during a recording session and reassemble it, with parts from a toilet. He reputedly had Morris set up his kit on a first floor flat roof outside the fire escape at Cargo Recording Studios, Rochdale. The studio was used for the recording of Digital, Glass, Atmosphere, Dead Souls and Ice Age. Hannett's unorthodox production methods resulted in drum sounds mixed with synthesisers that were complex and highly distinctive. According to Hannett: "There was a lot of space in [Joy Division's] sound. They were a gift to a producer, because they didn't have a clue. They didn't argue. A Factory Sample was the first thing I did with them. I think I'd had the new AMS delay line for about two weeks. It was called 'Digital'. It was heaven sent."[9] Hannett produced U2's first international single, "11 O'Clock Tick Tock", which was released in May 1980.[10] He was set to produce their debut album, Boy, but after the suicide of Joy Division
Joy Division
singer Ian Curtis, Hannett was too distraught to work and backed out.[11] A rift developed with Factory and he sued them in 1982 over various financial matters. The dispute was eventually settled out of court; the lawsuit is listed as part of the Factory Records
Factory Records
catalog as FAC61.[1] When Hannett returned to produce the Happy Mondays
Happy Mondays
he worked as a freelance producer and was not reinstated as a Factory director.[citation needed] Susanne O'Hara was his partner from 1972 until 1984. They lived together from 1975 in Chorlton and Didsbury, in Manchester. O'Hara worked with Hannett at Music Force, a musicians' cooperative in Manchester, until it closed when Hannett's production career began to develop, around 1979. Death[edit] After Factory, Hannett's career declined due to his heavy drinking and drug use, especially heroin; his weight eventually reached 26 stone (165 kilogrammes, 363 pounds).[citation needed] Hannett died on 18 April 1991 at the age of 42 in Manchester, as a result of heart failure. Hannett is survived by a wife, son and stepdaughter. His headstone at Manchester
Manchester
Southern Cemetery pays him tribute as the creator of The Manchester
Manchester
Sound. A film documentary – looking at Hannett's life and featuring many of the people he was in bands with, engineered or produced – was released on DVD on the 23rd anniversary of his death on 10 April 2014. A book was released the same day, Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
– Pleasures of the Unknown by Chris Hewitt.[12] Another book by Hewitt, "Martin Hannett, His Equipment and Strawberry Studios", was published 26th January 2016 to coincide with the 50th anniversary of Strawberry Recording Studios. Several weeks after his death, Factory Records
Factory Records
released "Martin: The Work of Martin Hannett" (FACT325) as a tribute.[13] Fictional portrayals[edit] Hannett was portrayed by Andy Serkis
Andy Serkis
in the 2002 film 24 Hour Party People, which was based on Tony Wilson's career as the co-founder of Factory Records
Factory Records
and The Haçienda nightclub. In the DVD commentary, Wilson notes a review that described Hannett as Serkis' "strangest role" and points out that Serkis is best known for his portrayal of Gollum
Gollum
in Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Wilson concludes that the reviewer's implication is correct, that indeed, Hannett was far stranger than the Lord of the Rings character. Hannett was portrayed by Ben Naylor in Anton Corbijn's film Control (2007). Selected discography[edit] Albums produced[edit]

Belt & Braces Road Show Band – Belt & Braces Road Show Band LP 1975 private pressing – rare- tracks issued on Hannett Maverick Producer compilation CD Pete Farrow, Who Says There's No Beach in Stockport? recorded 1977 issued 2001 on CD by Ozit Morpheus and on Maverick Producer Hannett compilation CD John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke
Disguise in Love
Disguise in Love
1978 Jilted John
Jilted John
– True Love Stories 1978 The Durutti Column
The Durutti Column
The Return of the Durutti Column
The Return of the Durutti Column
1979 Joy Division
Joy Division
Unknown Pleasures
Unknown Pleasures
1979 Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls
Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls
– Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls 1979 Basement 5
Basement 5
– 1965–1980 and In Dub 1980 John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke
– Snap, Crackle & Bop 1980 Joy Division
Joy Division
– Closer 1980 Magazine – The Correct Use of Soap
The Correct Use of Soap
1980 The Psychedelic Furs
The Psychedelic Furs
The Psychedelic Furs
The Psychedelic Furs
1980 (songs "Susan's Strange" and "Soap Commercial") A Certain Ratio To Each...
To Each...
1981 Joy Division
Joy Division
– Still 1981 Magazine – Magic, Murder and the Weather
Magic, Murder and the Weather
(1981) – mixed New Order – Movement 1981 Section 25 Always Now
Always Now
(1981) John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke
Zip Style Method (1982) The Names – Swimming (1982) Orchestre Rouge – Yellow Laughter 1982 Armande Altaï – Nocturne Flamboyant (1983) Blue in Heaven – All the Gods Men (1985) The Stone Roses
The Stone Roses
– The Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
album (1985) (Finally released as Garage Flower, coupled with the single "So Young" in 1996) Walk the Walk – Walk the Walk (1987) Happy Mondays
Happy Mondays
Bummed
Bummed
(1988) The High – Somewhere Soon (1990) Joy Division
Joy Division
Martin Hannett's Personal Mixes
Martin Hannett's Personal Mixes
(2007) Joy Division
Joy Division
– In the Studio with Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
(2008) Johnny and the Cold Demons – Walk the Walk (2014)

Singles and EPs produced[edit]

Buzzcocks, Spiral Scratch 1976 as Martin Zero Jilted John, "Jilted John" 1978 Joy Division, "Transmission" 1979 Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark, "Almost" 1979 as Martin Zero A Certain Ratio, "Flight" 1979/1980 A Certain Ratio, Do the Du EP 1980 Kevin Hewick, "Haystack" 1980 Joy Division, "Love Will Tear Us Apart" 1980 U2, "11 O'Clock Tick Tock" 1980 Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls, "Mr X" 1980 Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls, "Searching for Heaven" 1981 Crispy Ambulance, "Live on a Hot August Night" 1981 ESG, ESG 1981 Kissing the Pink, "Don't Hide in the Shadows" 1981 New Order, "Ceremony" 1981 New Order, "Everything's Gone Green" 1981 New Order, "Procession" 1981 Minny Pops , "Dolphin's spurt" 1981 Tunnelvision, "Watching the hydroplanes" 1981 Stockholm Monsters, "Fairy Tales" 1981 The Names, "Nightshift" 1980 The Names, "Calcutta" 1981 The Names, "The Astronaut" 1982 Blue in Heaven, "Across My Heart" (version) 1984 The Stone Roses, "So Young" / "Tell Me" 1985 Kit, "Overshadowing Me" 1990 Kitchens of Distinction, "Quick as Rainbows" 1990 New Fast Automatic Daffodils, "Get Better" 1991 World of Twist, "She's a Rainbow" 1991 Wasted Youth, "Rebecca's Room" 1981

Compilations[edit]

Martin: The Work of Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
(Factory Records, 1991) And Here is the Young Man (Debutante, 1998) Zero: A Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
Story 1977–1991' (Big Beat, 2006) Martin Hannett- Maverick Producer, Genius and Musician 2-CD set ( Ozit Morpheus Records Sept 2011)

See also[edit]

Music of Manchester

References[edit]

^ a b "FAC 61 Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
Lawsuit Cerysmatic Factory". Cerysmaticfactory.info. Retrieved 2014-07-13.  ^ a b Simmonds, Jeremy (2008). The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars. Chicago Review Press. p. 272. ISBN 1-55652-754-3.  ^ " Manchester
Manchester
– Entertainment – In a lonely place". BBC. Retrieved 2014-07-13.  ^ a b " Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
/ Biography by James Nice". Ltmrecordings.com. Retrieved 2014-07-13.  ^ a b "martin hannett". martin hannett. Archived from the original on 13 September 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2014.  ^ a b c " Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
/ Interview with Jon Savage". Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-20.  ^ Perry, A. Mojo (95): 90.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ " Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
biography". Martinhannett.co.uk. Archived from the original on 26 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.  ^ Savage, Jon (May 2006). "Faster, but slower". Mojo.  ^ McGee, Matt (2008). U2: A Diary. London: Omnibus Press. pp. 29–31. ISBN 978-1-84772-108-2.  ^ U2 (2006). McCormick, Neil, ed. U2 by U2. London: HarperCollins. p. 96. ISBN 0-00-719668-7.  ^ " Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
– Pleasures of the Unknown: Amazon.co.uk: Chris Hewitt: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-13.  ^ "Factory Records: FACT 325 Martin, The Work of Martin Hannett". Blog.factoryrecords.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-20. 

External links[edit]

The Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
biography project Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
biography at LTM Interview with Jon Savage (last archived version) Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
page. The work of record producer Martin Hannett Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
and Tony Wilson
Tony Wilson
in Strawberry Studios, July 1980 on YouTube
YouTube
Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett
explaining his production of Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls' "The Visitor" song. A page about working with Martin in the early 1980s

v t e

The Invisible Girls

Martin Hannett Steve Hopkins Paul Burgess Lyn Oakey John Scott Robert Blamire Vini Reilly Dave Rowbotham John Maher Dave Hassell Wayne Hussey

Studio albums

Disguise in Love Snap, Crackle & Bop Pauline Murray and The Invisible Girls Zip Style Method

Singles

"Searching for Heaven"

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 33189380 LCCN: no98035409 GND: 133494756 MusicBrainz: 2e5ac008-f48e-4ae6

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