James Martin Hannett (31 May 1948 – 18 April 1991),
initially credited as Martin Zero, was an English record producer and
an original partner/director at Tony Wilson's Factory Records. Hannett
produced albums by a range of artists, including Joy Division, the
Durutti Column, Magazine, John Cooper Clarke, New Order, Orchestral
Manoeuvres in the Dark, and Happy Mondays. His distinctive production
style utilized unorthodox sound recording and technology, and has been
described as sparse, spatial, and cavernous.
1.1 Early years
3 Fictional portrayals
4 Selected discography
4.1 Albums produced
4.2 Singles and EPs produced
5 See also
7 External links
Born in Manchester, Hannett was raised in a working class,
Catholic family in Miles Platting, Manchester; he attended
Corpus Christi school and
Xaverian College in Rusholme. In 1967,
he went to the University of
Manchester Institute of Science and
Technology (UMIST), where he earned a degree in chemistry but chose
not to pursue the profession.
Hannett's uncle was a bass player and gave his nephew a bass guitar
when he was 14. Hannett played bass with Spider Mike King and as
member in a band called Paradox, in 1973, alongside Paul Young, later
of Sad Café and Mike + The Mechanics.
His production work began with the animation film soundtrack All Kinds
of Heroes, written by Steve Hopkins (with whom Hannett later worked
again). By this time, he also began to mix live sound at pub gigs.
Other early production works included Greasy Bear material, Belt &
Braces Road Show Band's eponymous album in 1975 and five songs from
Pete Farrow's repertoire recorded at Pennine Studios, Oldham, later
included on Farrow's compilation album Who Says There's No Beach in
Stockport. He attracted more musical attention in 1977, when, as
Martin Zero, he produced the first independent punk record,
Buzzcocks' Spiral Scratch EP. Under the same moniker he produced early
records by punk poet John Cooper Clarke, whose Salford monotone was
complemented by drum machines, simple synthesiser motifs and Hannett's
bass playing. Jilted John's first single (Jilted John) was Hannett's
first hit single.
Hannett became closely associated with Joy Division; Hannett's
production incorporated looping technology to treat musical notes with
an array of filters, echoes and delays. Hannett had a collection of
BBD echo devices which he had amassed and called his "bluetop echo and
delay boxes". The first synthesizers Hannett and Joy Division
Bernard Sumner used were Transcendent 2000s and then ARP
Omnis. Hannett also owned and used several Jen SX1000s and an
International 4600 synthesiser modular synth on many early recordings.
Later in his career he owned a
Minimoog and several ARP 2600
Legend has it that he once forced
Joy Division drummer Stephen Morris
to take apart his drum kit during a recording session and reassemble
it, with parts from a toilet. He reputedly had Morris set up his kit
on a first floor flat roof outside the fire escape at Cargo Recording
Studios, Rochdale. The studio was used for the recording of Digital,
Glass, Atmosphere, Dead Souls and Ice Age. Hannett's unorthodox
production methods resulted in drum sounds mixed with synthesisers
that were complex and highly distinctive. According to Hannett: "There
was a lot of space in [Joy Division's] sound. They were a gift to a
producer, because they didn't have a clue. They didn't argue. A
Factory Sample was the first thing I did with them. I think I'd had
the new AMS delay line for about two weeks. It was called 'Digital'.
It was heaven sent."
Hannett produced U2's first international single, "11 O'Clock Tick
Tock", which was released in May 1980. He was set to produce their
debut album, Boy, but after the suicide of
Joy Division singer Ian
Curtis, Hannett was too distraught to work and backed out.
A rift developed with Factory and he sued them in 1982 over various
financial matters. The dispute was eventually settled out of court;
the lawsuit is listed as part of the
Factory Records catalog as
FAC61. When Hannett returned to produce the
Happy Mondays he worked
as a freelance producer and was not reinstated as a Factory
Susanne O'Hara was his partner from 1972 until 1984. They lived
together from 1975 in Chorlton and Didsbury, in Manchester. O'Hara
worked with Hannett at Music Force, a musicians' cooperative in
Manchester, until it closed when Hannett's production career began to
develop, around 1979.
After Factory, Hannett's career declined due to his heavy drinking and
drug use, especially heroin; his weight eventually reached 26 stone
(165 kilogrammes, 363 pounds). Hannett died on 18
April 1991 at the age of 42 in Manchester, as a result of heart
failure. Hannett is survived by a wife, son and stepdaughter. His
Manchester Southern Cemetery pays him tribute as the
creator of The
Manchester Sound. A film documentary – looking at
Hannett's life and featuring many of the people he was in bands with,
engineered or produced – was released on DVD on the 23rd anniversary
of his death on 10 April 2014. A book was released the same day,
Martin Hannett – Pleasures of the Unknown by Chris Hewitt.
Another book by Hewitt, "Martin Hannett, His Equipment and Strawberry
Studios", was published 26th January 2016 to coincide with the 50th
anniversary of Strawberry Recording Studios. Several weeks after his
Factory Records released "Martin: The Work of Martin Hannett"
(FACT325) as a tribute.
Hannett was portrayed by
Andy Serkis in the 2002 film 24 Hour Party
People, which was based on Tony Wilson's career as the co-founder of
Factory Records and The Haçienda nightclub. In the DVD commentary,
Wilson notes a review that described Hannett as Serkis' "strangest
role" and points out that Serkis is best known for his portrayal of
Gollum in Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Wilson
concludes that the reviewer's implication is correct, that indeed,
Hannett was far stranger than the Lord of the Rings character. Hannett
was portrayed by Ben Naylor in Anton Corbijn's film Control (2007).
Belt & Braces Road Show Band – Belt & Braces Road Show Band
LP 1975 private pressing – rare- tracks issued on Hannett Maverick
Producer compilation CD
Pete Farrow, Who Says There's No Beach in Stockport? recorded 1977
issued 2001 on CD by Ozit Morpheus and on Maverick Producer Hannett
John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke –
Disguise in Love
Disguise in Love 1978
Jilted John – True Love Stories 1978
The Durutti Column
The Durutti Column –
The Return of the Durutti Column
The Return of the Durutti Column 1979
Joy Division –
Unknown Pleasures 1979
Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls
Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls – Pauline Murray and the
Invisible Girls 1979
Basement 5 – 1965–1980 and In Dub 1980
John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke – Snap, Crackle & Bop 1980
Joy Division – Closer 1980
The Correct Use of Soap
The Correct Use of Soap 1980
The Psychedelic Furs
The Psychedelic Furs –
The Psychedelic Furs
The Psychedelic Furs 1980 (songs "Susan's
Strange" and "Soap Commercial")
A Certain Ratio –
To Each... 1981
Joy Division – Still 1981
Magic, Murder and the Weather
Magic, Murder and the Weather (1981) – mixed
New Order – Movement 1981
Section 25 –
Always Now (1981)
John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke –
Zip Style Method (1982)
The Names – Swimming (1982)
Orchestre Rouge – Yellow Laughter 1982
Armande Altaï – Nocturne Flamboyant (1983)
Blue in Heaven – All the Gods Men (1985)
The Stone Roses
The Stone Roses – The
Martin Hannett album (1985) (Finally released
as Garage Flower, coupled with the single "So Young" in 1996)
Walk the Walk – Walk the Walk (1987)
Happy Mondays –
The High – Somewhere Soon (1990)
Joy Division –
Martin Hannett's Personal Mixes
Martin Hannett's Personal Mixes (2007)
Joy Division – In the Studio with
Martin Hannett (2008)
Johnny and the Cold Demons – Walk the Walk (2014)
Singles and EPs produced
Buzzcocks, Spiral Scratch 1976 as Martin Zero
Jilted John, "Jilted John" 1978
Joy Division, "Transmission" 1979
Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark, "Almost" 1979 as Martin Zero
A Certain Ratio, "Flight" 1979/1980
A Certain Ratio, Do the Du EP 1980
Kevin Hewick, "Haystack" 1980
Joy Division, "Love Will Tear Us Apart" 1980
U2, "11 O'Clock Tick Tock" 1980
Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls, "Mr X" 1980
Pauline Murray and the Invisible Girls, "Searching for Heaven" 1981
Crispy Ambulance, "Live on a Hot August Night" 1981
ESG, ESG 1981
Kissing the Pink, "Don't Hide in the Shadows" 1981
New Order, "Ceremony" 1981
New Order, "Everything's Gone Green" 1981
New Order, "Procession" 1981
Minny Pops , "Dolphin's spurt" 1981
Tunnelvision, "Watching the hydroplanes" 1981
Stockholm Monsters, "Fairy Tales" 1981
The Names, "Nightshift" 1980
The Names, "Calcutta" 1981
The Names, "The Astronaut" 1982
Blue in Heaven, "Across My Heart" (version) 1984
The Stone Roses, "So Young" / "Tell Me" 1985
Kit, "Overshadowing Me" 1990
Kitchens of Distinction, "Quick as Rainbows" 1990
New Fast Automatic Daffodils, "Get Better" 1991
World of Twist, "She's a Rainbow" 1991
Wasted Youth, "Rebecca's Room" 1981
Martin: The Work of
Martin Hannett (Factory Records, 1991)
And Here is the Young Man (Debutante, 1998)
Martin Hannett Story 1977–1991' (Big Beat, 2006)
Martin Hannett- Maverick Producer, Genius and Musician 2-CD set ( Ozit
Morpheus Records Sept 2011)
Music of Manchester
^ a b "FAC 61
Martin Hannett Lawsuit Cerysmatic Factory".
Cerysmaticfactory.info. Retrieved 2014-07-13.
^ a b Simmonds, Jeremy (2008). The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars.
Chicago Review Press. p. 272. ISBN 1-55652-754-3.
Manchester – Entertainment – In a lonely place". BBC. Retrieved
^ a b "
Martin Hannett / Biography by James Nice". Ltmrecordings.com.
^ a b "martin hannett". martin hannett. Archived from the original on
13 September 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
^ a b c "
Martin Hannett / Interview with Jon Savage". Archived from
the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
^ Perry, A. Mojo (95): 90. Missing or empty title= (help)
Martin Hannett biography". Martinhannett.co.uk. Archived from the
original on 26 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
^ Savage, Jon (May 2006). "Faster, but slower". Mojo.
^ McGee, Matt (2008). U2: A Diary. London: Omnibus Press.
pp. 29–31. ISBN 978-1-84772-108-2.
^ U2 (2006). McCormick, Neil, ed. U2 by U2. London: HarperCollins.
p. 96. ISBN 0-00-719668-7.
Martin Hannett – Pleasures of the Unknown: Amazon.co.uk: Chris
Hewitt: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-13.
^ "Factory Records: FACT 325 Martin, The Work of Martin Hannett".
Blog.factoryrecords.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014.
Martin Hannett biography project
Martin Hannett biography at LTM
Interview with Jon Savage (last archived version)
Martin Hannett page.
The work of record producer Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett and
Tony Wilson in Strawberry Studios, July 1980 on
Martin Hannett explaining his production of Pauline Murray and
the Invisible Girls' "The Visitor" song.
A page about working with Martin in the early 1980s
The Invisible Girls
Disguise in Love
Snap, Crackle & Bop
Pauline Murray and The Invisible Girls
Zip Style Method
"Searching for Heaven"