HOME
The Info List - Martha's Vineyard





Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
(Wampanoag: Noepe; often called just "the Vineyard"[1]) is an island located south of Cape Cod
Cape Cod
in Massachusetts that is known for being an affluent summer colony. It includes the smaller Chappaquiddick
Chappaquiddick
Island
Island
which is usually connected to the Vineyard, though storms and hurricanes have been known to separate the two. The last such separation of the islands was in 2007 and the two islands are again connected as of April 2, 2015.[2][3] It is the 58th largest island in the United States, with a land area of 100 square miles (260 km2), and the third largest on the East Coast of the United States, after Long Island
Island
and Mount Desert Island. The island constitutes the bulk of Dukes County, Massachusetts, which also includes the Elizabeth Islands
Elizabeth Islands
and the island of Nomans Land. The Vineyard was home to one of the earliest known deaf communities in the United States; consequently, a special sign language developed on the island called Martha's Vineyard Sign Language (MVSL).[4] The 2010 census reported a year-round population of 16,535 residents,[5] although the summer population can swell to more than 100,000 people. About 56% of the Vineyard's 14,621 homes are seasonally occupied.[6] Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
is primarily known as a summer colony, and it is only accessible by boat and air. However, its year-round population has considerably increased since the 1960s. The island's year-round population increased about a third each decade from 1970 to 2000, for a total of 145% or about 3 to 4% per year (46%, 30%, and 29% in each respective decade). The population of the Vineyard was 14,901 in the 2000 Census and was estimated at 15,582 in 2004. (Dukes County was 14,987 in 2000 and 15,669 in 2004).[6] Dukes County includes the six towns on Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
and Gosnold; it increased by more than 10 percent between 2000 and 2010, according to Census data released in 2011, gaining nearly 1,548 residents. The Island's population increased from 14,987 to 16,535.[5] A study by the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60% higher than the national average, and housing prices are 96% higher.[7] A study of housing needs by the Commission found that the average weekly wage on Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
was "71% of the state average, the median home price was 54% above the state's and the median rent exceeded the state's by 17%".[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Exploration 1.2 Colonial era 1.3 19th century 1.4 Modern era 1.5 Hereditary deafness and sign language

2 Climate 3 Towns 4 Transportation

4.1 Water 4.2 Air 4.3 Mass transit

5 Education 6 Tourism and culture

6.1 Island
Island
life and residents 6.2 Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
television and radio 6.3 Local newspapers

7 See also 8 Bibliography 9 References 10 External links

History[edit]

Edgartown
Edgartown
Harbor Light

Exploration[edit] Originally inhabited by the Wampanoag, Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
was known in their language as Noepe, or "land amid the streams". In 1642, the Wampanoag numbered somewhere around 3,000 on the island. By 1764, that number had dropped by around 90% to 313.[9] A smaller island to the south was named "Martha's Vineyard" by the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold, who sailed to the island in 1602. The name was later transferred to the main island. It is thus the eighth-oldest surviving English place-name in the United States.[10] The island's namesake is not definitively known, but it is thought that the island was named after Gosnold's mother-in-law or his daughter, both named Martha. His daughter was christened in St. James' Church (now St. Edmundsbury Cathedral), Bury St. Edmunds
Bury St. Edmunds
in Suffolk, England and is buried in the Great Churchyard which lies in front of the Abbey ruins between St. Mary's Church and the Cathedral.[11] The island was also known as Martin's Vineyard (perhaps after the captain of Gosnold's ship, John Martin); many islanders up to the 18th century called it by this name.[12] The United States Board on Geographic Names worked to standardize placename spellings in the late 19th century, including the dropping of apostrophes. Thus for a time Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
was officially named Marthas Vineyard, but the Board reversed its decision in the early 20th century, making Martha's Vineyard one of the five[13][14] placenames in the United States today with a possessive apostrophe.[15] Colonial era[edit]

Old Whaling
Whaling
Church, Edgartown
Edgartown
Village Historic District

Classicist house next to the Whaling
Whaling
Church

English settlement began with the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands
Elizabeth Islands
by Thomas Mayhew
Thomas Mayhew
of Watertown, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
from two English "owners". He had friendly relations with the Wampanoags on the island, in part because he was careful to honor their land rights. His son, also named Thomas Mayhew, began the first English settlement in 1642 at Great Harbor (later Edgartown, Massachusetts).[citation needed] The younger Mayhew began a relationship with Hiacoomes, a Native American neighbor, which eventually led to Hiacoomes' family converting to Christianity. Ultimately, many of the tribe became Christian, including the pow-wows (spiritual leaders) and sachems (political leaders). During King Philip's War
King Philip's War
later in the century, the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
band did not join their tribal relatives in the uprising and remained armed, a testimony to the good relations cultivated by the Mayhews as the leaders of the English colony.[citation needed] In 1657, the younger Thomas Mayhew
Thomas Mayhew
was drowned when a ship he was travelling in was lost at sea on a voyage to England. Mayhew's grandsons Matthew Mayhew (1648-), John Mayhew (1652-), and other members of his family assisted him in running his business and government.[16] In 1665, Mayhew's lands were included in a grant to the Duke of York. In 1671, a settlement was arranged which allowed Mayhew to continue in his position while placing his territory under the jurisdiction of the Province of New York. In 1682, Matthew Mayhew succeeded his grandfather as Governor and Chief Magistrate, and occasionally preached to the Native Americans. He was also appointed judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Dukes county in 1697, and remained on the bench until 1700. He was judge of probate from 1696 to 1710.[17] In 1683, Dukes County, New York was incorporated, including Martha's Vineyard. In 1691, at the collapse of rule by Sir Edmund Andros and the reorganization of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
as a royal colony, Dukes County was transferred back to the Province of Massachusetts Bay, and split into the county of Dukes County, Massachusetts
Dukes County, Massachusetts
and Nantucket
Nantucket
County, Massachusetts.[citation needed] Native American literacy in the schools founded by Thomas Mayhew
Thomas Mayhew
Jr. and taught by Peter Folger, the grandfather of Benjamin Franklin, was such that the first Native American graduates of Harvard were from Martha's Vineyard, including the son of Hiacoomes, Joel Hiacoomes. "The ship Joel Hiacoomes was sailing on, as he was returning to Boston from a trip home shortly before the graduation ceremonies, was found wrecked on the shores of Nantucket
Nantucket
Island. Caleb Cheeshahteaumauk, the son of a sachem of Homes Hole, did graduate from Harvard in the class of 1665."[18] Cheeshahteaumauk's Latin address to the corporation (New England Corporation), which begins "Honoratissimi benefactores" (most honored benefactors), has been preserved.[19] In addition to speaking Wampanoag and English, they studied Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. All of the early Native American graduates died shortly after completing their course of study. Many native preachers on the island, however, also preached in the English churches from time to time.[citation needed]

Hon. Leavitt Thaxter, Edgartown
Edgartown
educator.

Mayhew's successor as leader of the community was the Hon. Leavitt Thaxter,[20] who married Martha
Martha
Mayhew, a descendant of Thomas Mayhew, and was an Edgartown
Edgartown
educator described by Indian Commissioner John Milton Earle as "a long and steadfast friend to the Indians."[21] After living in Northampton, Thaxter, a lawyer,[22] returned home to Edgartown, where he took over the school founded by his father, Rev. Joseph Thaxter,[23][24] and served in the State House and the Senate, was a member of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Governor's Council and later served as U. S. Customs Collector for Martha's Vineyard.[25] Having rechristened his father's Edgartown
Edgartown
school Thaxter Academy, Hon. Leavitt Thaxter was granted on Feb. 15, 1845, the sum of $50-per-year for "the support of William Johnson, an Indian of the Chappequiddic tribe." By this time, Leavitt Thaxter[26] had taken on the role, described in an act passed by the General Court of Massachusetts, as "guardian of the Indians and people of color resident at Chappequiddic and Indiantown in the County of Dukes County."[27] Thaxter Academy, founded by Leavitt Thaxter as first principal in 1825, became known for educating both white and Native American youth.[28] 19th century[edit] Like the nearby island of Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
was brought to prominence in the 19th century by the whaling industry, during which ships were sent around the world to hunt whales for their oil and blubber. The discovery of petroleum in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
gave rise to a cheaper source of oil for lamps and led to an almost complete collapse of the industry by 1870. After the Old Colony railroad came to mainland Woods Hole in 1872, summer residences began to develop on the island, such as the community of Harthaven
Harthaven
established by William H. Hart, and later, the community of Ocean Heights, developed near Sengekontacket Pond in Edgartown
Edgartown
by the prominent island businessman, Robert Marsden Laidlaw.[29] Although the island struggled financially through the Great Depression, its reputation as a resort for tourists and the wealthy continued to grow. There is still a substantial Wampanoag population on the Vineyard, mainly located in the town of Aquinnah. Aquinnah means "land under the hill" in the Wampanoag language.[citation needed] The island was the last refuge of the Heath Hen, a once common game bird. Despite 19th Century efforts to protect the hen, by 1927, the population of birds had dropped to 13. The last known Heath Hen perished on Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
in 1932.[30] Modern era[edit] See also: Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
in World War II

Gay Head Cliffs on Martha's Vineyard.

The linguist William Labov wrote his MA essay on changes in the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
dialect of English.[31] The 1963 study is widely recognized as a seminal work in the foundation of sociolinguistics.[32] The island received international notoriety after the July 18, 1969, Chappaquiddick
Chappaquiddick
incident, in which Mary Jo Kopechne
Mary Jo Kopechne
was killed in a car driven off the Dike Bridge by U.S. Senator Edward "Ted" Kennedy. The bridge crossed Poucha Pond on Chappaquiddick
Chappaquiddick
Island
Island
(a smaller island formerly connected to the Vineyard and part of Edgartown). As a foot bridge, it was intended for people on foot and bicycles, as well as the occasional emergency vehicle when conditions warranted. Currently, 4×4
4×4
vehicles with passes are allowed to cross the reconstructed bridge.[citation needed] On November 23, 1970, in the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
just west of Aquinnah, Simas Kudirka, a Soviet seaman of Lithuanian nationality, attempted to defect to the United States by leaping onto a United States Coast Guard cutter from a Soviet ship. The Coast Guard allowed a detachment of KGB
KGB
agents to board the cutter, and subsequently arrested Kudirka, taking him back to the Soviet Union.[citation needed] In 1974, Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
filmed the movie Jaws
Jaws
on Martha's Vineyard, most notably in the fishing village of Menemsha
Menemsha
and the town of Chilmark. Spielberg selected island natives Christopher Rebello as Chief Brody's oldest son, Michael Brody; Jay Mello as the younger son, Sean Brody; and Lee Fierro as Mrs. Kintner.[33] Scores of other island natives appeared in the film as extras. Later, scenes from Jaws 2
Jaws 2
and Jaws: The Revenge were filmed on the island, as well. In June 2005 the island celebrated the 30th anniversary of Jaws
Jaws
with a weekend-long Jawsfest.[citation needed] In 1977, distressed over losing their guaranteed seat in the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
General Court, inhabitants of Martha's Vineyard considered the possibility of secession from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, either to become part of another state (having received offers from both Vermont
Vermont
and Hawaii), reincorporating as a separate U.S. territory, or as the nation's 51st state. The separatist flag, consisting of a white seagull over an orange disk on a sky-blue background, is still seen on the island today. Although the idea of separation from Massachusetts
Massachusetts
eventually proved impracticable, it did receive attention in the local, regional, and even national media.[34] On March 5, 1982, John Belushi
John Belushi
died of a drug overdose in Los Angeles, California, and was buried four days later in Abel's Hill Cemetery in Chilmark. Belushi often visited the Vineyard and his family felt it fitting to bury him there. On his gravestone is the quote: "Though I may be gone, Rock 'N' Roll lives on." Because of the many visitors to his grave and the threat of vandalism, his body was moved somewhere nearby the grave site. His grave remains a popular site for visitors to Chilmark and they often leave tokens in memory of the late comedian.[35][36] In the television show The X-Files, Fox Mulder's parents live on the island of Martha's Vineyard.[37]

Gingerbread cottages at Wesleyan Grove

Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
spent vacation time on the island during and after his presidency, along with his wife, Hillary Clinton, and their daughter, Chelsea. Clinton was not the first president to visit the islands; Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
visited the vacation residence of his friend, Bishop Gilbert Haven
Gilbert Haven
on August 24, 1874. As a coincidental footnote in history, Bishop Haven's gingerbread cottage was located in Oak Bluffs at 10 Clinton Avenue. The avenue was named in 1851 and was designated as the main promenade of the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Campmeeting Association campgrounds.[38] On August 23, 2009, Barack Obama
Barack Obama
arrived in Chilmark with his family for a week's vacation at a rental property known as Blue Heron Farm.[39] On July 16, 1999, a small plane crashed off the coast of Martha's Vineyard, claiming the lives of pilot John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette
Carolyn Bessette
and her sister Lauren Bessette. Kennedy's mother, former U.S. first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, maintained a home in Aquinnah (formerly "Gay Head") until her death in 1994.[citation needed] In the summer of 2000, an outbreak of tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, resulted in one death and piqued the interest of the CDC, which wanted to test the island as a potential investigative ground for aerosolized Francisella
Francisella
tularensis. Over the following summers, Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
was identified as the only place in the world where documented cases of tularemia resulted from lawn mowing.[40] The research could prove valuable in preventing bioterrorism.[citation needed] Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
was the setting for Robert Harris' 2007 novel, the political thriller The Ghost.[41] Hereditary deafness and sign language[edit] A high rate of hereditary deafness was documented on Martha's Vineyard for almost two centuries. The island's deaf heritage cannot be traced to one common ancestor and is thought to have originated in the Weald, a region that overlaps the borders of the English counties of Kent
Kent
and Sussex, prior to immigration. Researcher Nora Groce estimates that by the late 19th century, 1 in 155 people on the Vineyard was born deaf (0.7 percent), about 37 times the estimate for the nation at large (1 in 5,728, or 0.02 percent), attributed to local inbreeding.[42] Deaf
Deaf
Vineyarders generally earned an average or above average income, proved by tax records, and they participated in church affairs with passion. [43] The Deafness on the island affected both females and males in an approximately same way.[44] Mixed marriages between deaf and hearing spouses comprised 65% of all deaf marriages on the island in the late 19th century, higher than the mainland average of 20%,[45] and Martha's Vineyard Sign Language (MVSL) was commonly used by hearing residents as well as deaf ones until the middle of the 20th century.[46] This allowed deaf residents to integrate into society smoothly.[citation needed] In the 20th century, tourism became a mainstay in the island economy. However, jobs in tourism were not as deaf-friendly as fishing and farming had been. Consequently, as intermarriage and further migration joined the people of Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
to the mainland, the island community more and more resembled the wider community there.[47] The last deaf person born into the island's sign language tradition, Katie West, died in 1952, but a few elderly residents were able to recall MVSL as recently as the 1980s when research into the language began.[42][48] Climate[edit] According to the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system, the climate of the island borders between a humid continental climate (Dfa/Dfb), a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), and an oceanic climate (Cfb), the latter a climate type rarely found on the east coast of North America.[49] Martha's Vineyard's climate is highly influenced by the surrounding Atlantic Ocean, which moderates temperatures throughout the year, albeit this moderation is nowhere as strong as on opposite sides of the Atlantic (Porto, Portugal) or the Pacific coast of the United States (Crescent City) at similar latitudes. As a result, winter temperatures tend to be a few degrees warmer while summer temperatures tend to be cooler than inland locations. Winters are cool to cold with a January average of just slightly below 32 °F (0.0 °C).[50] Owing to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean, temperatures below 0 °F (−17.8 °C) are rare, occurring at least 1 day per year and most days during the winter months rise above freezing.[50] The average annual snowfall is 25.3 inches (643 mm). Summers are warm and mild with temperatures rarely exceeding 90 °F (32.2 °C), with only 1 or 2 days reaching or exceeding it.[50] During the summer months, the island's warmest months (July and August) average around 71.5 °F (21.9 °C). Spring and fall are transition seasons with spring being cooler than fall. Martha`s Vineyard receives 46.94 inches (1,192 mm) of precipitation per year, which is evenly distributed throughout the year. The highest daily maximum temperature was 99 °F (37.2 °C) on August 27, 1948, and the highest daily minimum temperature was 76 °F (24.4 °C) on September 4, 2010. The lowest daily maximum temperature was 7 °F (−13.9 °C) on December 26, 1980, and the lowest daily minimum temperature was −9 °F (−22.8 °C) on February 2 and 3, 1961.[50]

Climate data for Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
(Edgartown, Massachusetts)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 65 (18) 64 (18) 79 (26) 90 (32) 91 (33) 95 (35) 95 (35) 99 (37) 92 (33) 88 (31) 74 (23) 67 (19) 99 (37)

Average high °F (°C) 39.5 (4.2) 41.0 (5) 46.7 (8.2) 55.5 (13.1) 65.0 (18.3) 74.1 (23.4) 80.0 (26.7) 79.3 (26.3) 73.3 (22.9) 63.4 (17.4) 54.4 (12.4) 44.8 (7.1) 59.8 (15.4)

Daily mean °F (°C) 31.8 (−0.1) 33.4 (0.8) 39.0 (3.9) 47.4 (8.6) 56.6 (13.7) 65.8 (18.8) 71.8 (22.1) 71.3 (21.8) 65.3 (18.5) 55.2 (12.9) 46.7 (8.2) 37.3 (2.9) 51.9 (11.1)

Average low °F (°C) 24.2 (−4.3) 25.9 (−3.4) 31.2 (−0.4) 39.3 (4.1) 48.2 (9) 57.6 (14.2) 63.6 (17.6) 63.3 (17.4) 57.3 (14.1) 47.0 (8.3) 39.1 (3.9) 29.7 (−1.3) 44.0 (6.7)

Record low °F (°C) −6 (−21) −9 (−23) −7 (−22) 12 (−11) 28 (−2) 37 (3) 45 (7) 41 (5) 32 (0) 22 (−6) 14 (−10) −5 (−21) −9 (−23)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.85 (97.8) 3.20 (81.3) 4.92 (125) 4.27 (108.5) 3.54 (89.9) 3.74 (95) 3.04 (77.2) 3.98 (101.1) 3.69 (93.7) 4.09 (103.9) 4.32 (109.7) 4.30 (109.2) 46.94 (1,192.3)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.7 (14.5) 8.3 (21.1) 3.4 (8.6) 0.2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.2 (0.5) 7.5 (19.1) 25.3 (64.3)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12 10 11 12 12 10 8 9 9 10 12 12 125

Source: Western Regional Climate Center (normals 1981–2010, extremes and snow 1946-2012)[50]

Towns[edit]

Ocean Park bandstand Oak Bluffs

Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
is divided into six towns. Each town is governed by a board of selectmen elected by town voters, along with annual and periodic town meetings. Each town is also a member of the Martha's Vineyard Commission, which regulates island-wide building, environmental, and aesthetic concerns.[citation needed] Some government programs on the island have been regionalized, such as the public school system, emergency management and waste management. There is a growing push for further regionalization areas of law enforcement, water treatment, and possible government regionalization.[citation needed] Each town also follows certain regulations from Dukes County. The towns are:[citation needed]

Tisbury, which includes the main village of Vineyard Haven, and the West Chop
West Chop
peninsula. It is the island's primary port of entry for people and cargo, supplemented by the seasonal port in Oak Bluffs. Edgartown, which includes Chappaquiddick
Chappaquiddick
island and Katama. Edgartown is noted for its rich whaling tradition, and is the island's largest town by population and area. It is one of the island's "wet" towns. Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages, open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue. Oak Bluffs enjoys a reputation as one of the more active night-life towns on the island for both residents and tourists, and is also a "wet" town. It was known as "Cottage City" from its separation from Edgartown
Edgartown
in 1880 until its reincorporation as Oak Bluffs in 1907. Oak Bluffs includes several communities that have been popular destinations for affluent African Americans since the early 20th century.[51] It also includes the East Chop peninsula, Lagoon Heights and Harthaven. West Tisbury is the island's agricultural center, and hosts the well known Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Agricultural Fair in late August each year. Chilmark, including the fishing village of Menemsha. Chilmark is also rural and features the island's hilliest terrain. It is the birthplace of George Claghorn, master shipbuilder of the USS Constitution, a.k.a. "Old Ironsides". Aquinnah, Aquinnah is home to the Wampanoag Indian tribe and clay cliffs.

Transportation[edit] Water[edit] Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
is located approximately seven miles off the southern coast of Cape Cod. It is reached by a ferry that departs from Woods Hole, Massachusetts, and by several other ferries departing from Falmouth, New Bedford, Hyannis, Quonset Point, Rhode Island, and the East 35th Street ferry terminal in Manhattan. The Steamship Authority operates most of the shorter routes, while other, smaller ferry services run faster, longer distance ferries to Rhode Island
Island
and Hyannis. There are direct ferries to each place. SeaStreak
SeaStreak
operates the seasonal, weekend New York City
New York City
to Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
route. One ferry departs New York City
New York City
on Friday afternoon and returns on Sunday night. The trip through Long Island
Island
Sound and along the shoreline of Rhode Island
Island
and Massachusetts
Massachusetts
takes about four and a half hours (270 minutes).[citation needed] Air[edit] Main article: Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Airport The commuter airline, Cape Air
Cape Air
offers frequent service to Martha's Vineyard via the Martha's Vineyard Airport
Martha's Vineyard Airport
(MVY). Cape Air
Cape Air
provides service year-round to islanders and visitors to Boston, Hyannis, New Bedford, Providence, and Nantucket. Cape Air
Cape Air
also provides seasonal services to White Plains, New York. Additional air service is provided which serves New York-LaGuardia, as well as Philadelphia and Washington-Reagan
Washington-Reagan
seasonally. JetBlue
JetBlue
services the island out of New York's Kennedy Airport. Delta Connection
Delta Connection
also operates seasonal service to New York-LaGuardia
New York-LaGuardia
and New York-JFK
New York-JFK
Airports in New York City. The airport also handles much general aviation traffic. There is also Katama
Katama
airpark, with grass runways, that is popular with private pilots. It is located near South Beach.[citation needed] Mass transit[edit] Bus service is provided on the island year-round by the Martha's Vineyard Transit Authority (VTA).[52] Education[edit]

Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Regional High School

Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
is served by Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Public Schools:

Edgartown
Edgartown
School (Grades K-8)[53] West Tisbury School (Grades K-8)[54] Oak Bluffs School (Grades K-8)[55] Tisbury School (Grades K-8)[56] Chilmark School (Grades K-5)[57] Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Public Charter School (Grades K-12)[58] Martha's Vineyard Regional High School
Martha's Vineyard Regional High School
(Grades 9-12) [59]

Five of the six towns have their own elementary schools, while Aquinnah residents usually attend nearby Chilmark's elementary school. The Chilmark school serves only grades pre-K to 5, so students in grades 6–8 must attend another middle school—usually the West Tisbury school.[60] The Martha’s Vineyard Public Charter School, located in West Tisbury, serves the entire island and provides grades K-12. Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Regional High School, which is located in Oak Bluffs, serves the entire island.[61] Tourism and culture[edit] The Vineyard grew as a tourist destination primarily because of its very pleasant summer weather (during summers, the temperature rarely breaks 32 °C / 90 °F) and many beautiful beaches. It is primarily a place where people go to relax. Most social life and activity takes place at people's houses, not in the very small towns.[citation needed] During the whaling era, wealthy Boston
Boston
sea captains and merchant traders often created estates on Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
with their trading profits. Today, the Vineyard has become one of the Northeast's most prominent summering havens, having attracted numerous celebrity regulars.[citation needed] The island now has a year-round population of about 15,000 people in six towns; in summer, the population increases to 100,000 residents, with more than 25,000 additional short-term visitors coming and going on the ferries during the summer season. The most crowded weekend is July 4, followed by the late-August weekend of the Agricultural Fair. In general, the summer season runs from June through Labor Day weekend, coinciding with the months most American children are not in school.[citation needed] In 1985, the two islands of Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
and Chappaquiddick Island
Island
were included in a new American Viticultural Area
American Viticultural Area
designation for wine appellation of origin specification: Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
AVA. Wines produced from grapes grown on the two islands can be sold with labels that carry the Martha's Vineyard AVA
Martha's Vineyard AVA
designation. Martha's Vineyard was the home to the winemaker Chicama Vineyards in West Tisbury, though it closed after 37 years on August 10, 2008.[62] Other popular attractions include the annual Grand Illumination in Oak Bluffs; the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Film Center, an arthouse cinema which the non-profit Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Film Society,[63] and which screens independent and world cinema all year long; the historic Capawock and Strand theatres, also run by the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Film Society, the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Film Festival,[64] which runs a winter film festival in March, a Summer Film Series and Cinema Circus every Wednesday in July and August, the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
African-American Film Festival,[65] which showcases the works of independent and established African-American filmmakers in August, and Martha's Vineyard International Film Festival in September; the Farm Institute at Katama Farm in Edgartown;[66] and the Flying Horses Carousel
Flying Horses Carousel
in Oak Bluffs, the oldest operating platform carousel in the United States.[citation needed] Island
Island
life and residents[edit]

This section is written like a personal reflection or opinion essay that states a editor's personal feelings about a topic. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Its relatively small year-round population has led to a very activist citizenry who are highly involved in the island's day-to-day activities. Tourism, overdevelopment, politics, and environmentalism are of keen interest to the community. Keeping the balance between the much needed tourist economy and the ecology and wildlife of the island is of paramount importance to residents. In contrast to the seasonal influx of wealthy visitors, Dukes County remains one of the poorest in the state. Residents have established resources to balance the contradictions and stresses that can arise in these circumstances, notably the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Commission[67] and Martha's Vineyard Community Services,[68] founded by the late Dr. Milton Mazer, author of People and Predicaments: Of Life and Distress on Martha's Vineyard.[69] The majority of the Vineyard's residents during the summer are well-established seasonal residents from up and down the Northeast coast of the United States. While many of these summer residents come from all over the United States and abroad, the island tends to be a destination for those within close proximity. Many communities around the island tend to have deep family roots in the island that have matured over the years to create hamlets of good friends and neighbors. Nevertheless, many visitors are summer renters and weekenders, for whom the island is simply a "home away from home".[citation needed] Many high-profile residents, movie stars, politicians, writers, and artists contribute to fundraisers and benefits that raise awareness of the fragile ecosystem of the Vineyard and support community organizations and services. The largest of these is the annual Possible Dreams Auction.[70] Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
has also been or is home to a number of artists and musicians, including Albert Alcalay, Evan Dando, Tim "Johnny Vegas" Burton of the Mighty Mighty Bosstones, James Taylor, Carly Simon, Livingston Taylor, Kate Taylor, Alex Taylor, Tom Rush, Geoff Muldaur, Maria Muldaur, Willy Mason, Unbusted and Mike Nichols. Historian and author David McCullough
David McCullough
is also an island resident, as are the young-adult books authors: Judy Blume
Judy Blume
and Norman Bridwell, and crime/political intrigue novelist Richard North Patterson. Late authors Shel Silverstein
Shel Silverstein
and William Styron
William Styron
also lived on the Vineyard, as did writer, journalist and teacher John Hersey, poet and novelist Dorothy West
Dorothy West
and artist Thomas Hart Benton. Various writers have been inspired by the island—including the mystery writer Philip R. Craig who set several novels on the island. On related note, Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Poet Laureate, Lee H. McCormack, has written many poems about the island. The Academy Award-winning Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
owned a home on South Water St in Edgartown, and James Cagney, Lillian Hellman (who is buried in Abel's Hill Cemetery near the site of Belushi's grave), and Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
all found the Vineyard an exciting, rewarding place to live.[citation needed] In addition the famous Life Magazine photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt
Alfred Eisenstaedt
was a fifty-year summer resident of the Vineyard until his death in 1995. Since 2006 the Australian born author Geraldine Brooks, writer of the Pulitzer Prize winning novel[71] March, has lived there with her husband, Tony Horwitz, himself a Pulitzer Prize winner and successful novelist, and their two sons.[citation needed]

Barack Obama
Barack Obama
playing basketball while on vacation on Martha's Vineyard, August 2009

Other well-known celebrities who live on or have regularly visited the island: Famously renowned Harlem Renaissance artist Lois Mailou Jones, former U.S. President Barack Obama,[39] former president Bill Clinton and his wife, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton; comedian and talk show host David Letterman; Bill Murray; Tony Shalhoub; Quincy Jones; Ted Danson
Ted Danson
and wife Mary Steenburgen; Peng Zhu; Larry David; the Farrelly brothers; Meg Ryan; Chelsea Handler. Mike Wallace
Mike Wallace
of 60 Minutes was a summer resident of Martha's Vineyard. Late anchorman Walter Cronkite
Walter Cronkite
was a prominent summer resident as well. Other regularly appearing celebrities include film writer/director Spike Lee, attorney Alan Dershowitz, comedians Dan Aykroyd
Dan Aykroyd
and James Belushi, politico Vernon Jordan, and television news reporters Diane Sawyer, former Ambassador and President of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, William H. Luers and Charlayne Hunter-Gault. Despite popular perceptions of the Vineyard as "Hollywood East", the island is very low-key and quiet; celebrities go to the Vineyard to enjoy the atmosphere, and not to be seen. Locals tend to be protective of celebrity privacy, though recent coverage of celebrity sightings (most notably in the two local newspapers on the Island) has begun to erode that respect for privacy through more frequent reporting on celebrity sightings and famous visitors.[72] In August 2014, both President Obama and Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
planned to have overlapping visits to the island, where the presence of security details that create traffic challenges is becoming an annual affair.[73] Vineyard social life often occurs in private, down country roads, and not in the small towns, and until 2017 only two of which sold alcohol (Oak Bluffs and Edgartown). Many of the country's most affluent African-American families have enjoyed a century-old tradition of summering on the island. Concentrated primarily in and around the town of Oak Bluffs, and the East Chop area, these families have historically represented the black elite from Boston; Washington, D.C.; and New York City. Today, affluent families from around the country have taken to the Vineyard, and the community is known as a popular summer destination for judges, physicians, business executives, surgeons, attorneys, writers, politicians, and professors. The historic presence of African-American residents in Oak Bluffs resulted in its Town
Town
Beach being pejoratively called "The Inkwell", a nickname which was reappropriated as an emblem of pride.[74] The Inkwell (1994), directed by Matty Rich, dealt with this close-knit Vineyard community.[citation needed]. The Run&Shoot Filmworks Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
African-American Film Festival held every second week in August, highlights the works of independent and established filmmakers from across the globe. This annual event draws attendees from all across the world.[citation needed] Since the 19th century, the island has had a sizable community of Portuguese-Americans, concentrated primarily in the three down-Island towns of Oak Bluffs, Tisbury, and Edgartown; they have traditionally worked alongside other island residents in whaling and fishing. It also has a large community of Brazilian immigrants who work mainly in the maintenance of the island’s vacation facilities.[75] The island's permanent residents were profiled in a London Telegraph article showing "the dark side of Martha's Vineyard".[76] In the same month an article titled "Edgartown's Darker Side" appeared in the Boston
Boston
Globe detailing the extremely poor working conditions suffered by Irish and Serbian students in a newly built private members club in Edgartown.[citation needed] The year-round working population of Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
earns 30% less on average than other residents of the state while keeping up with a cost of living that is 60% higher than average.[77] Many people are moving to more affordable areas.[citation needed] Schools have seen a successive drop in enrollment over the past few years.[citation needed] Typically home to artists, musicians, and other creative types, the Island
Island
has many residents who manage by working several jobs in the summer and taking some time off in the winter.[citation needed] The lack of affordable housing on the island has forced many families to move off-island.[citation needed] Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
television and radio[edit]

MVTV - Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Community Television Comcast Channels 13, 14, 15 Community Television[78] WVVY-LP - 96.7 FM, Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Community Radio, Inc. WCAI - 90.1 FM, 91.1 FM, 94.3 FM, Cape and Islands NPR station, radio WBUA
WBUA
- 92.7 FM, affiliate of WBUR 90.9 FM, Boston's NPR news station, radio; WMVY - stylized as "Mvyradio" and formerly on 92.7 FM, is now on 88.7 FM and available online WYOB-LP - 105.5, The Rhythm of the Rock, Reggae format

Most Vineyard residents also have access to FM and AM radio broadcasting from the Greater Boston
Boston
Area, along with television stations from Boston
Boston
via both US satellite providers ( DirecTV
DirecTV
& Dish Network), Comcast Xfinity
Comcast Xfinity
cable, and RCN Cable. With reception methods powerful enough, it is also possible to receive Boston
Boston
TV stations, along with Providence stations, over-the-air. Local newspapers[edit]

Vineyard Gazette The Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Times

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Martha's Vineyard.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Martha's Vineyard.

Outer Lands Dukes County, Massachusetts
Dukes County, Massachusetts
(for towns and villages of Martha's Vineyard)

Elizabeth Islands

Cuttyhunk Naushon Island

Nomans Land (Massachusetts)

Nantucket
Nantucket
Island Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Regional High School Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Sign Language The Steamship Authority Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Magazine Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
in World War II Vineyard Golf Club

Bibliography[edit]

Gookin, Historical Collections, 53; Railton, "Vineyard's First Harvard men", 91-112. Monaghan, E.J.(2005). Learning to Read and Write in Colonial America University of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Press. Boston: MA

References[edit]

^ "Martha's Vineyard". Capecodchamber.org.  ^ "Spring Gale Roars Through Island, Norton Point Is Breached". Retrieved 2015-04-03.  ^ "Land Meets Land; Norton Point Breach Closes". Retrieved 2015-04-03.  ^ Groce, Nora Ellen (2009). Everyone Here Spoke Sign Language. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674037953. Retrieved 2015-08-12.  ^ a b State House News Service. " Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
population grew in last decade, Census shows - Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Times". Martha's Vineyard Times. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Profile of Martha's Vineyard" (PDF). Mvcommission.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "Cost of Living Found Shockingly High Here". The Vineyard Gazette
Vineyard Gazette
- Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
News. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "Highlights of the Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Housing Needs Assessment" (PDF). Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Commission. Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Commission. May 6, 2014. Retrieved July 20, 2016.  ^ A People's History of the United States. Books.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Stewart, George (1945). Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States. New York: Random House. pp. 26, 27.  ^ "Unique signature found by town researcher". Buryfreepress.co.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Charles Edward Banks. The History of Martha's Vineyard. Published by George H. Dean: Boston
Boston
(1911), Volume I, p. 73. ^ The others are Carlos Elmer's Joshua View, Arizona; Clarke's Mountain, Oregon; Ike's Point, New Jersey; and John E's Pond, Rhode Island. "Gardens". QI. Season 7. Episode 1. 26 November 2009.  (BBC Television) ^ Geonames.usgs.gov Archived July 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ George R. Stewart. Names on the Land. Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston
Boston
(1967), pg. 345 ^ Thomas Mayhew ^ Davis, William. Bench and Bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Volume 2. Boston
Boston
History Company.  ^ Moneghan, E.J., 2005, p. 59. ^ Gookin, as quoted in Monaghan, 2005, p. 60. ^ Contemporaneous writings from Thaxter describe his increasing affinity for the Native Americans and their customs. Books.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015. They are kind and considerate to one another and especially to the poor, Leavitt noted  ^ After King Philip's War. Books.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ The Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Register and United States Calendar for the Year of Our ... Books.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Annals of the American Unitarian Pulpit. Books.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ One of the first chaplains in the Continental Army, Rev. Thaxter was wounded at the Battle of Bunker Hill. On June 17, 1835, Thaxter returned to the battleground and officiated as chaplain at ceremonies laying the cornerstone for the Bunker Hill Monument ^ Memorials of Elder John White, One of the First Settlers of Hartford, Conn ... Books.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "Reed Digital Collections : Item Viewer". Cdm.reed.edu. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Acts and Resolves Passed by the General Court. Books.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "The History of Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
by Henry Franklin Norton, 1923". History.vineyard.net. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Martha's Vineyard, Summer Resort
Resort
After 100 Years. Books.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Shukla, Arvind N.; Rajiv Tyagi (2001). Encyclopaedia of Birds. Anmol Publications. p. 52. ISBN 81-261-0967-X.  ^ "Nonstandard verb forms in the dialect of Tristan Da Cunha". Let.leidenuniv.nl. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Albuquerque.bioinformatics.uottawa.ca Archived June 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ eht5y (20 June 1975). " Jaws
Jaws
(1975)". IMDb. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Seccombe, Mike (2007). "Talkin' About a Revolution". Martha's Vineyard Magazine. pp. September–October issue. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2009-09-10.  ^ Pissano, Judith Belushi (2007). Belushi.  ^ "Top 10 Celebrity Grave Sites". Time. September 3, 2009.  ^ Maslin, Janet (2007-10-25). "The Ghost - Robert Harris - Books - Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-26.  ^ Jones, Peter A. (2007). Oak Bluffs: The Cottage City Years on Martha's Vineyard. Arcadia Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-7385-4977-4.  ^ a b Seccombe, Mike (2009-08-25). "President Obama and Family Arrive". Vineyard Gazette. Retrieved 2009-09-09.  ^ " Tularemia
Tularemia
on Martha's Vineyard: Seroprevalence and Occupational Risk - Vol. 9 No. 3 - March 2003 - Emerging Infectious Disease journal - CDC". Cdc.gov. 2010-12-07. Retrieved 2012-04-23.  ^ Maslin, Janet (2007-10-25). "The Ghost - Robert Harris - Books - Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-26.  ^ a b Groce, Nora Ellen (1985). Everyone Here Spoke Sign Language: Hereditary Deafness on Martha's Vineyard. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-27041-X. Retrieved 2010-10-21.  ^ Groce, Nora Ellen (1985), "The Island
Island
Adaption to Deafness", Everyone Here Spoke Sign Language: Hereditary Deafness On Martha's Vineyard: 50–75, retrieved 14 March 2018  ^ content1 ^ Lane, Harlan L., Richard C. Pillard and Mary French (2000), "Origins of the American Deaf-World: Assimilating and Differentiating Societies and Their Relation to Genetic Patterning", Sign Language Studies 1.1: 17–44, retrieved 21 October 2010 CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Bahan, B., and J. Poole-Nash. "The Signing Community on Martha's Vineyard". Unpublished address to the Conference on Deaf
Deaf
Studies IV. Haverhill, Mass. 1995. Quoted in Lane 28 ^ Russell, Cormac (August 14, 2014). "Fantasy Island: Is disability just a construct?". Nurture Development. Retrieved August 4, 2017.  ^ Sacks, Oliver (1989). Seeing Voices: A Journey Into the World of the Deaf. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-06083-0. Retrieved 21 October 2010.  ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ a b c d e "General Climate Summary Tables". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved 2013-02-22.  ^ Ci-oak-bluffs.ma.us[dead link] ^ Vineyard Transit. "The Official Site of Vineyard Transit". Vineyardtransit.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "The Edgartown
Edgartown
School on Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
- a nationally-recognized blue ribbon school of excellence". Edgartownschool.org. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Wtisbury.mv.k12.ma.us Archived March 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Oakbluffs.mv.k12.ma.us Archived April 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Tisbury.mv.k12.ma.us Archived March 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Chilmarkschool.mv.k12.ma.us Archived June 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "MVPCS Home". Mvpcs.org. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ " Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Regional High School". Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Regional High School. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "Chilmark, Massachusetts". City-data.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "Welcome to Martha's Vineyard Regional High School
Martha's Vineyard Regional High School
- MVRHS". MVRHS. Retrieved 2018-01-26.  ^ "News in Brief : The Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Times". Mvtimes.com. 2008-08-14. Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2012-04-23.  ^ " Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Film Center". Mvfilmsociety.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "The Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Film Festival". The Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Film Festival. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "MARTHA'S VINEYARD AFRICAN-AMERICAN FILM FESTIVAL". Mvaaff.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "The Farm Institute -". Farminstitute.org. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ " Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Commission - Dukes County, Marthas Vineyard Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Regional Planning". Mvcommission.org. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ " Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
Community Services". Mvcommunityservices.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ Milton Mazer, M.D. People and Predicaments: Of Life and Distress on Martha's Vineyard. Published by Harvard University Press (1976), Cambridge, MA. ^ Possibledreamsauction.org Archived June 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Brooks, Geraldine (2005). March. London: Fourth Estate. p. 280. ISBN 0-00-716586-2.  ^ Williamson, Elizabeth (29 August 2009). "Newspaper War Disturbs the Peace In a Summer Haven". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on May 10, 2013.  ^ Zezima, Katie. "Is Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
big enough for both Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 August 2014.  ^ Jefferson, Alison Rose. "Inkwell, Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard
(1890s– )". BlackPast.org. Retrieved 3 February 2017.  ^ "Obama island's Brazilian 'engine'". BBC News. August 23, 2009.  ^ Leonard, Tom (2009-08-28). "The dark side of Martha's Vineyard". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2009-09-12.  ^ "Community Reinvestment Act Performance Evaluation" (PDF). December 9, 2008. p. 3. Retrieved 2015-08-21.  ^ MVTV.org

External links[edit]

Official website

v t e

 Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Boston
Boston
(capital)

Topics

Index Administrative divisions Congressional districts Elections Geography Geology Government History Images Law Music People State symbols Transportation Villages Tourist
Tourist
attractions Windmills

Society

Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Politics Sports

Regions

The Berkshires Blackstone Valley Cape Ann Cape Cod Central Massachusetts Greater Boston Housatonic Valley The Islands Merrimack Valley MetroWest Montachusett-North County North Shore Pioneer Valley Quabbin-Swift River Valley South Coast South County South Shore Southeastern Massachusetts Western Massachusetts

Counties

Barnstable Berkshire Bristol Dukes Essex Franklin Hampden Hampshire Middlesex Nantucket Norfolk Plymouth Suffolk Worcester

Cities

Agawam Amesbury Attleboro Barnstable Beverly Boston Braintree Bridgewater Brockton Cambridge Chelsea Chicopee East Longmeadow Easthampton Everett Fall River Fitchburg Framingham Franklin Gardner Gloucester Greenfield Haverhill Holyoke Lawrence Leominster Lowell Lynn Malden Marlborough Medford Melrose Methuen New Bedford Newburyport Newton North Adams Northampton Palmer Peabody Pittsfield Quincy Randolph Revere Salem Somerville Southbridge Springfield Taunton Waltham Watertown Westfield West Springfield Weymouth Winthrop Woburn Worcester Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government (see all municipalities)

v t e

Islands and Peninsulas of Massachusetts

Islands

Abiels Ledge Abnecotants Island Adams Island Alden Island Aldridge Ledge Alleghany Rock Allen Rock (Edgartown) Allen Rock (Salisbury) Amrita Island Angelica Rock Anuxanon Island Apple Island Archer Rock Averills Island Babson Ledge Bachelor Island Badgers Rock Bagwell Island Bailey Flat Bakers Island Bar Rock (Westport) Bar Rock (Scituate) Baret Island Barrel Rock Barstow Rock Bartletts Island Barton Island Bass Ledge Bass Rock (Ipswich) Bass Rock (Lynn) Bassetts Island Bates Island Beaver Island Big Pine Island Big Quamino Rock Billingsgate Island Bird Island Black Rock Blueberry Island Boston
Boston
Ledge Brant Island Brant Rock Bumpkin Island Busta Rhymes Island Button Island Calf Island Carrick Island Castle Island Castle Rock Cemetery Island Chappaquiddick
Chappaquiddick
Island Children's Island Childs Island Choate Island Chubb Island Clark Island Clark's Island Cleveland Island Cobble Island Commissioners Ledge Coney Island Conspiracy Island Cormorant Rock (Marblehead) Cormorant Rock (Mattapoisett) Corn Island Cove Ledge Crow Island Crowninshield Island Cuttyhunk
Cuttyhunk
Island Decatur Rock Deer Island
Island
(Amesbury) Dole Island Egg Rock
Egg Rock
(Concord) Egg Rock
Egg Rock
(Nahant) Elizabeth Islands Fish Island Gallops Island Georges Island Gooseberry Island Governors Island Grand Island Grape
Grape
Island
Island
(Weymouth) Grape
Grape
Island
Island
(Ipswich) Great Brewster Island Green Island Gull Island Hales Island Hangman Island Holy Island House Island Langlee Island Little Brewster Island Long Island Lovells Island Marblehead Rock Martha's Vineyard Martin Ledge Middle Brewster Island Misery Islands Monomoy Island Moon Island Muskeget Island Nahant Nantucket Nashawena Island Naushon Island Nixes Mate Noddle's Island Nomans Land Nonamesset Island Nut Island Onset Island Outer Brewster Island Pasque Island Peddocks Island Penikese Island Plum Island Popponesset Island Raccoon Island Ragged Island Rainsford Island Roaring Bulls Sampsons Island Sarah Island Shag Rocks Snake Island Spectacle Island Spinnaker Island Stall Hill Island Tewksbury Rock Thacher Island The Graves Thompson Island Three and One-half Fathom Ledge Tinker's Island Tuckernuck Island Uncatena Island Veckatimest Island Washburn Island Weepecket Islands West Island Wickets Island Winter Island

Peninsulas

Cape Ann Cape Cod Charles River Peninsula Charlestown Neck Columbia Point Deer Island Houghs Neck Humarock Pemberton Point Popponesset Peninsula Ram Head Rocky Point Rose Point Salem Neck Shawmut Peninsula Wings Neck World's End

Coordinates: 41°24′N 70°37′W / 41.400°N 70.617°W / 41.

.