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Marsiya (Persian: مرثیه‎) is an elegiac poem written to commemorate the martyrdom and valour of Hussain ibn Ali
Hussain ibn Ali
and his comrades of the Karbala. Marsiyas are essentially religious.[1]The marsiyas written on these events are called classical marsiyas.

Contents

1 Background 2 Where to Find Marsiyas 3 Modern World 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Background[edit] The word Marsiya is derived from the Arabic word marthiyya (root R-TH-Y), meaning a great tragedy or lamentation for a departed soul.[2] This form found a specially congenial soil in Lucknow, chiefly because it was one of the centres of Shia Muslim
Shia Muslim
communities in South Asia, which regarded it an act of piety and religious duty to eulogies and bemoan the martyrs of the battle of Karbala. The form reached its peak in the writing of Mir Babar Ali Anis. Marsiya is a poem written to commemorate the martyrdom of Ahl al-Bayt, Imam Hussain
Imam Hussain
and Battle of Karbala. It is usually a poem of mourning.[3] The famous marsiya writers in Urdu
Urdu
are Mir Babar Ali Anis, Mir Moonis, Mirza Salamat Ali Dabeer, Mir Zameer, Ali Haider Tabatabai. Najm Afandi, Mir nafees, Mir rais,mir Qadeem, Mir Arif, Syed Husain Taashuq, Mir Ishq, Moaddab lucknavi Adab Lucknavi Mohazzab Lucknavi Syed Sajjad Husain "Shadeed" Mohammed Askari "Jadeed" Sadaq Husain "Shaheed" , Syed Karrar Hyder, Syed Yadullah Haider, Nawab Baqar Ali "Ravish Lucknavi" , Allama Dr.Syed Ali Imam Zaidi "Gauhar Lucknavi" (Great Grand Son of Mir Baber Ali "Anees" MIr "waheed" Dulha sahab "Uruj" Laddan Sahab "Faiz" Mir "Fareed" Mir "Arif" sarfaraz husain "khabeer" syed Abbas Hiader Muzter jaunpuri, Tayyab Kazmi, Ishrat Lucknavi, Syed Mohammad Ali" Mowassir Jaunpuri" Mir Babar Ali Anis, a renowned Urdu
Urdu
poet, composed salāms, elegies, nohas and quatrains. While the length of elegy initially had no more than forty or fifty stanzas, it now was beyond one hundred fifty or even longer than two hundred stanzas or bunds, as each unit of marsiya in musaddas format is known. Mir Anis has drawn upon the vocabulary of Arabic, Persian, Urdu/Hindi/Awadhi in such a good measure that he symbolizes the full spectrum of the cultural mosaic that Urdu
Urdu
has come to be.[2][4] Mir Anis has become an essential element of Muharram for Urdu-lovers of the South Asia. The first major and still current critical articulation about Mir Anis was Muazna-e-Anis-o-Dabir (1907) written by Shibli Nomani
Shibli Nomani
in which he said "the poetic qualities and merits of Anis are not matched by any other poet". Chhannu Lal Dilgeer (c 1780 – c 1848) was born during the reign of Nawab Asaf-ud Daulah. He was initially poet of Ghazal
Ghazal
and ‘Tarab’ was his takhallus. He focused on Marsiya at a later stage and he himself put his diwan of ghazal's name Goomti in Moti-Jheel, Lucknow. He converted to Islam and changed his name as Ghulam Hussain. His most popular marsiya is گھبراۓ گی زینبؑ ‘ گھبراۓ گی زینبؑ بھیا تمہيں گھر جا کے کہاں پاۓ گی زینبؑ. Where to Find Marsiyas[edit] www.emarsiya.com is World Largest Repository of Urdu
Urdu
Marsiyas. A project started by Asghar Mehdi Rizvi, a renowned marsiya recitor, a Professional Engineer who has uploaded more than 1500 marsiyas and more are being added as we speak. Also, his Tehtul lafz volume, Kis Sher Ki Aamad Hai, with 12 famous marsiyas was released in 2016 & Charagh e Khoon e Hussaini, with 14 marsiyas was released in 2017 in both India
India
and Pakistan and was very well received by Marsiya Lovers. www.emarsiya.com Modern World[edit] The world's first 36 marsiya audio released this year 2013-2014 by Mafss Noha
Noha
Academy (India) with the title "Az madina ta madina" consist marsiya on all major event during 28 Rajab to 8 Rabiul Awwal, Kalam of Mir Anis, Mirza Dabeer, Naseem Amrohi, Recited by Sayyed Rahil Abbas Rizvi from India.[5] See also[edit]

List of Marsiya writers in Urdu Urdu
Urdu
literature Urdu
Urdu
poetry Rekhta History of Urdu Waheed Akhtar Karbala
Karbala
Ta Karbala www.emarsiya.com

References[edit]

^ A History of Urdu
Urdu
literature by T. Grahame Bailey; Urdu
Urdu
Poetry in Lucknow
Lucknow
in the 19th century ^ a b "Poetry: Urdu
Urdu
Marsiya, Anees and his Poetry". Archived from the original on August 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-15. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ The Masters of Marsiya – Anees and Dabeer ^ Marsiya by Shiraz e Hind on May 15th, 2010 Archived 2010-12-21 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Old Marsiya reciters still reciting marsiya before majlis, and young generation also attract towards soul of marsiya and soazkhwani in India, Pakistan, and other western countriesworlds first bunch of 36 marsiya collection based on events by Mafss Noha
Noha
Academy - India, Recited by Sayyed Rahil Abbas Rizvi (India)

External links[edit]

Rauf Parekh (2013-11-11). "Karbalai marsiya in Urdu
Urdu
and Persian". Dawn.Com. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  Rauf Parekh (2013-11-25). "Dabeer, new marsiya and the 'praise-me' virus". Dawn.Com. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  Rana Safvi (2013-11-12). "RANA's SPACE: The Art of Marsiya Writing and Reciting". Rana-safvi.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  "The Making of the Awadh Culture - Madhu Trivedi - Google Books". Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  Madhu Trivedi. Appropriating an Iranian Literary Tradition: Marsiya in the Indian Context (PDF). great-iran.com. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  Amy Bard. "Value and Vitality in a Literary Tradition: Female Poets and the Urdu
Urdu
Marsiya" (PDF). Columbia University. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 

v t e

Mourning of Muharram

Events

Battle of Karbala

Figures

Husayn ibn Ali Ali Akbar ibn Husayn Ali Asghar ibn Husayn al-Abbas ibn Ali Zaynab bint Ali Sukayna bint Husayn Muslim ibn Aqeel

Places

Imam Husayn Shrine Hussainiya

Holidays

Day of Ashura Arba'een

Customs

Majlis-e-Aza Marsia Noha Maddahi Soaz Ta'zieh Tatbir Tabuik Hosay Chup Tazia Rawda Khwani Hosseini infancy conference

Related portals

Ashura Shia Islam

v t e

Urdu
Urdu
poetry

Bait Bait-ul-Ghazal Beher Diwan Kulliyat Husn-E-Matla Kalam Kulyat Maqta Matla Mavra Misra Mushaira Qaafiyaa Radif Sher Shayar Shayari Tah-Tul-Lafz Takhallus Tarannum Triveni Doha Fard Geet Ghazal Hamd Hazal Hijv Kafi Madah Manqabat Marsiya Masnavi Munajat Musaddas Mukhammas Naat Nazm Noha Qasida Qat'ã Qawwali Rubai Salam Sehra Shehr a'ashob Soz Wasokht Tazkira Poets Yak

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