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Margaret Eleanor Atwood, CC OOnt FRSC (born November 18, 1939) is a Canadian poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist, inventor, and environmental activist. She has published seventeen books of poetry, sixteen novels, ten books of non-fiction, eight collections of short fiction, eight children’s books, and one graphic novel, as well as a number of small press editions in poetry and fiction. Atwood has been shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize
Booker Prize
five times, winning in 2000 for The Blind Assassin. [2] She is a winner of the Arthur C. Clarke Award,[3] Prince of Asturias Award
Prince of Asturias Award
for Literature[4] and the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade.[5] She has been a finalist for the Governor General's Award 10 times, winning in 1966 for The Circle Game and 1985 for The Handmaid's Tale.[6] In 2001, she was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame.[7] Atwood is the 2016 recipient of The National Book Critics Circle’s Ivan Sandrof Lifetime Achievement Award[8] and the 2017 recipient of the PEN Center USA’s Lifetime Achievement Award.[9] Among innumerable contributions to Canadian literature, Atwood was a founding trustee of the Griffin Poetry Prize,[10] as well as a founder of the Writers' Trust of Canada, a non-profit literary organization that seeks to encourage Canada's writing community.[11] Atwood is also the inventor and developer of the LongPen and associated technologies that facilitate the remote robotic writing of documents.[12] She is the Co-Founder and Director of Syngrafii Inc. (formerly Unotchit Inc.), a company that she started in 2004 to develop, produce and distribute the LongPen technology.[13] She holds various patents related to the LongPen technologies.[14] As a novelist and poet, Atwood's works encompass a variety of themes including the power of language, gender and identity, religion and myth, climate change, and "power politics."[15] Many of her poems are inspired by myths and fairy tales which interested her from a very early age.[16] Atwood has published short stories in Tamarack Review, Alphabet, Harper's, CBC Anthology, Ms., Saturday Night, and many other magazines.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 1960s 2.2 1970s 2.3 1980s 2.4 1990s 2.5 2000s

2.5.1 Novels 2.5.2 Invention of the LongPen 2.5.3 Non-fiction 2.5.4 Chamber opera 2.5.5 Graphic Fiction

3 Recurring themes and cultural contexts

3.1 Contribution to the theorizing of Canadian identity 3.2 Feminism 3.3 Speculative and Science Fiction 3.4 Animals 3.5 Political involvement

4 Adaptations 5 Future Library project 6 Personal life 7 Awards and honours

7.1 Awards 7.2 Honorary degrees

8 Works

8.1 The MaddAddam
MaddAddam
Trilogy 8.2 Novels 8.3 Short fiction collections 8.4 Poetry collections 8.5 E-books 8.6 Anthologies edited 8.7 Children's books 8.8 Non-fiction 8.9 Drawings 8.10 Graphic novels 8.11 Television scripts 8.12 Libretti 8.13 Audio recordings 8.14 Filmography

9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Early life and education[edit] Atwood was born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, as the second of three children[17] of Carl Edmund Atwood, an entomologist[18][19] and Margaret Dorothy (née Killam), a former dietitian and nutritionist from Woodville, Nova Scotia.[20] Because of her father’s ongoing research in forest entomology, Atwood spent much of her childhood in the backwoods of northern Quebec
Quebec
and travelling back and forth between Ottawa, Sault Ste. Marie, and Toronto. She did not attend school full-time until she was eight years old. She became a voracious reader of literature, Dell pocketbook mysteries, Grimm's Fairy Tales, Canadian animal stories and comic books. She attended Leaside
Leaside
High School in Leaside, Toronto, and graduated in 1957.[18] Atwood began writing plays and poems at the age of six.[21] Atwood realized she wanted to write professionally when she was sixteen.[22] In 1957, she began studying at Victoria College in the University of Toronto, where she published poems and articles in Acta Victoriana, the college literary journal. Her professors included Jay Macpherson and Northrop Frye. She graduated in 1961 with a Bachelor of Arts in English (honours) and minors in philosophy and French.[18] In late 1961, after winning the E. J. Pratt
E. J. Pratt
Medal for her privately printed book of poems, Double Persephone, she began graduate studies at Radcliffe College
Radcliffe College
of Harvard University, with a Woodrow Wilson fellowship.[23] She obtained a master's degree (MA) from Radcliffe in 1962 and pursued doctoral studies for two years, but did not finish her dissertation, "The English Metaphysical Romance".[24] Career[edit] 1960s[edit] Atwood's first book of poetry, Double Persephone, was published as a pamphlet by Hawskhead Press in 1961. While continuing to write, Atwood was a lecturer in English at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver
Vancouver
from 1964 to 1965, Instructor in English at the Sir George Williams University in Montreal
Montreal
from 1967 to 1968, and taught at the University of Alberta
University of Alberta
from 1969 to 1970. In 1966, The Circle Game was published, winning the Governor General's Award.[25] This collection was followed by three other small press collections of poetry: Kaleidoscopes Baroque: a poem, Cranbrook Academy of Art (1965); Talismans for Children, Crankbrook Academy of Art (1965); and Speeches for Doctor Frankenstein, Cranbrook Academy of Art (1966); as well as, The Animals in That Country (1968). Atwood's first novel, The Edible Woman, was published in 1969. As a social satire of North American consumerism, many critics have often cited the novel as an early example of the feminist concerns found in many of Atwood's works.[26] 1970s[edit] Atwood taught at York University
York University
in Toronto
Toronto
from 1971 to 1972 and was a writer-in-residence at the University of Toronto
Toronto
during the 1972 - 1973 academic year. A prolific period for her poetry, Atwood published six collections over the course of the decade: The Journals of Susanna Moodie (1970), Procedures for Underground (1970), Power Politics (1971), You Are Happy (1974), Selected Poems 1965-1975 (1976), and Two-Headed Poems
Two-Headed Poems
(1978). Atwood also published three novels during this time: Surfacing (1972); Lady Oracle
Lady Oracle
(1976); and Life Before Man (1979), which was a finalist for the Governor General's Award.[27] As with The Edible Woman, Surfacing, Lady Oracle, and Life Before Man explore identity and social constructions of gender as they relate to topics such as nationhood and sexual politics. In particular, Surfacing, along with her first non-fiction monograph, Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature (1972), helped establish Atwood as an important and emerging voice in Canadian literature.[28] In 1977 Atwood published her first short story collection, Dancing Girls, which was the winner of the St. Lawrence Award for Fiction and the award of The Periodical Distributors of Canada for Short Fiction.[29] By 1976 interest in Atwood, her works, and her life were high enough that Maclean's declared her to be "Canada's most gossiped-about writer."[30] 1980s[edit] Atwood's literary reputation continued to rise in the 1980s with the publication of Bodily Harm (1981); The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
(1985), winner of the Arthur C. Clarke Award[31] and 1985 Governor General's Award[32] (finalist for the 1986 Booker Prize[33]); and Cat's Eye (1988), finalist for both the 1988 Governor General's Award[34] and the 1989 Booker Prize.[35] Although The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
was a bestseller and would go on to much literary praise and acclaim, early reviews were mixed,[36] with Mary McCarthy writing for The New York Times, "that it lacks imagination."[37] Despite her distaste for literary labels, Atwood has since conceded to referring to The Handmaid's Tale as a work of science fiction or, more accurately, speculative fiction.[38][39] As she has repeatedly noted, “There’s a precedent in real life for everything in the book. I decided not to put anything in that somebody somewhere hadn’t already done."[40] While reviewers and critics have been tempted to read autobiographical elements of Atwood's life in her work, particularly Cat's Eye,[41] in general Atwood resists the desire of critics to read too closely for an author's life in their writing.[42] Filmmaker Michael Rubbo's Margaret Atwood: Once in August (1984)[43] details the filmmaker's frustration in uncovering autobiographical evidence and inspiration in Atwood's works.[44] During the 1980s, Atwood continued to teach, serving as the M.F.A. Honorary Chair the University of Alabama
University of Alabama
in Tuscaloosa,1985; the Berg Professor of English, New York University, 1986; Writer-In-Residence, Macquarie University, Australia, 1987; and Writer-In-Residence, Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas, 1989.[45] Regarding her stints with teaching, she has noted, "Success for me meant no longer having to teach at university.”[46] 1990s[edit] Atwood's reputation as a writer continued to grow with the publication of the novels The Robber Bride
The Robber Bride
(1993), finalist for the 1994 Governor General's Award[47] and shortlisted for the James Tiptree, Jr. Award,[48] and Alias Grace
Alias Grace
(1996), winner of the 1996 Giller Prize, finalist for the 1996 Booker Prize,[49] finalist for the 1996 Governor General's Award,[50] and shortlisted for the 1997 Orange Prize for Fiction.[51] Although vastly different in context and form, both novels use female characters to question good and evil and morality through their portrayal of female villains. As Atwood noted about The Robber Bride, "I'm not making a case for evil behavior, but unless you have some women characters portrayed as evil characters, you're not playing with a full range."[52] The Robber Bride
The Robber Bride
takes place in contemporary Toronto, while Alias Grace
Alias Grace
is a work of historical fiction detailing the 1843 murders of Thomas Kinnear and his housekeeper Nancy Montgomery. Atwood had previously written the 1974 CBC made-for-TV film The Servant Girl, about the life of Grace Marks, the young servant who, along with James McDermott, was convicted of the crime.[53] 2000s[edit] Novels[edit] In 2000 Atwood published her tenth novel, The Blind Assassin, to critical acclaim, winning both the Booker Prize[54] and the Hammett Prize[55] in 2000. The Blind Assassin
The Blind Assassin
was also nominated for the Governor General's Award in 2000,[56] Orange Prize for Fiction, and the International Dublin Literary Award
International Dublin Literary Award
in 2002.[57] Atwood followed this success with the publication of Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
in 2003, the first novel in a series that also includes The Year of The Flood (2009) and MaddAddam
MaddAddam
(2013), which would collectively come to be known as the MaddAddam
MaddAddam
Trilogy. The apocalyptic vision in the MaddAddam
MaddAddam
Trilogy engages themes of genetic modification, pharmaceutical and corporate control, and man-made disaster. As a work of speculative fiction, Atwood notes of the technology in Oryx and Crake, "I think, for the first time in human history, we see where we might go. We can see far enough into the future to know that we can’t go on the way we’ve been going forever without inventing, possibly, a lot of new and different things.”[58] She later cautions in the acknowledgements to MaddAddam, "Although MaddAddam
MaddAddam
is a work of fiction, it does not include any technologies or bio-beings that do not already exist, are not under construction or are not possible in theory."[59] In 2005 Atwood published the novella The Penelopiad
The Penelopiad
as part of the Canongate Myth Series. The story is a re-telling of The Odyssey
Odyssey
from the perspective of Penelope
Penelope
and a chorus of the twelve maids murdered at the end of the original tale. The Penelopiad
The Penelopiad
was made into a theatrical production in 2007. In 2016 Atwood published the novel Hag-Seed, a modern-day re-tellig of Shakespeare's The Tempest, as part of Penguin Random House's Hogarth Shakespeare Series. Invention of the LongPen[edit] In early 2004, while on the paperback tour in Denver for her novel Oryx and Crake, Atwood conceived the concept of a remote robotic writing technology, what would later be known as the LongPen, that would enable a person to remotely write in ink anywhere in the world via tablet PC and the Internet, thus allowing her to conduct her book tours without being physically present. She quickly founded a company, Unotchit Inc., to develop, produce and distribute this technology. By 2011, Unotchit Inc. shifted its market focus into business and legal transactions and was producing a range of products, for a variety of remote writing applications, based on the LongPen technologies and renamed itself to Syngrafii Inc. As of September 2014, Atwood is still Co-founder and a Director of Syngrafii Inc. and holder of various patents related to the LongPen technology.[60][61][62][63][64][65] Non-fiction[edit] In 2008 Atwood published Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth, a collection of five lectures delivered as part of the Massey Lectures from October 12 to November 1, 2008. The book was released in anticipation of the lectures, which were also recorded and broadcast on CBC Radio One's Ideas. The Economist
The Economist
called her a "scintillating wordsmith" and an "expert literary critic," but commented that her logic does not match her prose in Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth,[66] a book which commences with the conception of debt and its kinship with justice. Chamber opera[edit] In March 2008, Atwood accepted her first chamber opera commission. Pauline, a chamber opera in two acts composed by Tobin Stokes with libretto by Atwood, premiered on May 23, 2014 at Vancouver's York Theatre. Commissioned by City Opera of Vancouver, the opera is set in Vancouver
Vancouver
in March 1913 during the final days of the life of Canadian writer and performer Pauline Johnson.[67][68] Graphic Fiction[edit] In 2016 Atwood began writing the superhero comic book series Angel Catbird, with co-creator and illustrator Johnnie Christmas. As with her other works, Atwood notes of the series, "The kind of speculative fiction about the future that I write is always based on things that are in process right now. So it's not that I imagine them, it's that I notice that people are working on them and I take it a few steps further down the road. So it doesn't come out of nowhere, it comes out of real life."[69] Recurring themes and cultural contexts[edit] Contribution to the theorizing of Canadian identity[edit] Atwood’s contributions to the theorizing of Canadian identity have garnered attention both in Canada and internationally. Her principal work of literary criticism, Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature, is considered outdated in Canada but remains the standard introduction to Canadian literature
Canadian literature
in Canadian Studies programs internationally.[70] In Survival, Atwood postulates that Canadian literature, and by extension Canadian identity, is characterized by the symbol of survival.[71] This symbol is expressed in the omnipresent use of “victim positions” in Canadian literature. These positions represent a scale of self-consciousness and self-actualization for the victim in the “victor/victim” relationship.[72] The "victor" in these scenarios may be other humans, nature, the wilderness or other external and internal factors which oppress the victim.[72] Atwood’s Survival
Survival
bears the influence of Northrop Frye’s theory of garrison mentality; Atwood instrumentalizes Frye’s concept to a critical tool.[73] Atwood continued her exploration of the implications of Canadian literary themes for Canadian identity in lectures such as Strange Things: The Malevolent North in Canadian Literature (1995). The continued reprinting of Survival
Survival
by Anansi Press and Atwood has been criticized as a disservice to students of Canadian Literature. (Pivato 2015) Atwood's contribution to the theorizing of Canada is not limited to her non-fiction works. Several of her works, including The Journals of Susanna Moodie, Alias Grace, The Blind Assassin
The Blind Assassin
and Surfacing, are examples of what postmodern literary theorist Linda Hutcheon calls “Historiographic metafiction”.[74] In such works, Atwood explicitly explores the relation of history and narrative and the processes of creating history. Ultimately, according to her theories in works such as Survival
Survival
and her exploration of similar themes in her fiction, Atwood considers Canadian literature
Canadian literature
as the expression of Canadian identity. According to this literature, Canadian identity has been defined by a fear of nature, by settler history, and by unquestioned adherence to the community.[75] Feminism[edit] Atwood's work has been of interest to feminist literary critics, despite Atwood's unwillingness at times to apply the feminist label to her works.[76] Starting with the publication of her first novel, The Edible Woman, Atwood asserted, "I don’t consider it feminism; I just consider it social realism."[77] Despite her rejection of the label at times, critics have analyzed the sexual politics, use of myth and fairytale, and gendered relationships in her work through the lens of feminism.[78] She later clarified her discomfort with the label feminism by stating, "I always want to know what people mean by that word [feminism]. Some people mean it quite negatively, other people mean it very positively, some people mean it in a broad sense, other people mean it in a more specific sense. Therefore, in order to answer the question, you have to ask the person what they mean."[79] In January 2018 Atwood penned the op-ed "Am I A Bad Feminist" for The Globe and Mail.[80] The piece was in response to social media backlash related to Atwood's signature on a 2016 petition calling for an independent investigation into the firing of Steven Galloway, a former University of British Columbia professor accused of sexual harassment and assault by a student.[81] While feminist critics denounced Atwood for her support of Galloway, Atwood asserts that her signature was in support of due process in the legal system. She has been criticized for her comments surrounding the #MeToo movement, particularly that it is a "symptom of a broken legal system."[82] Speculative and Science Fiction[edit] Atwood has resisted the suggestion that The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
and Oryx and Crake are science fiction, suggesting to The Guardian
The Guardian
in 2003 that they are speculative fiction instead: " Science fiction
Science fiction
has monsters and spaceships; speculative fiction could really happen."[83] She told the Book of the Month Club: " Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
is a speculative fiction, not a science fiction proper. It contains no intergalactic space travel, no teleportation, no Martians."[84] On BBC Breakfast, she explained that science fiction, as opposed to what she herself wrote, was "talking squids in outer space." The latter phrase particularly rankled advocates of science fiction and frequently recurs when her writing is discussed.[84] In 2005, Atwood said that she does at times write social science fiction and that The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
and Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
can be designated as such. She clarified her meaning on the difference between speculative and science fiction, admitting that others use the terms interchangeably: "For me, the science fiction label belongs on books with things in them that we can't yet do... speculative fiction means a work that employs the means already to hand and that takes place on Planet Earth." She said that science fiction narratives give a writer the ability to explore themes in ways that realistic fiction cannot.[85] Animals[edit] Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
has repeatedly made observations about our relationships to animals in her works. In Surfacing, one character remarks about eating animals: "The animals die that we may live, they are substitute people...And we eat them, out of cans or otherwise; we are eaters of death, dead Christ-flesh resurrecting inside us, granting us life." Some characters in her books link sexual oppression to meat-eating and consequently give up meat-eating. In The Edible Woman, Atwood's character Marian identifies with hunted animals and cries after hearing her fiancé's experience of hunting and eviscerating a rabbit. Marian stops eating meat but then later returns to it.[86] In Cat's Eye, the narrator recognizes the similarity between a turkey and a baby. She looks at "the turkey, which resembles a trussed, headless baby. It has thrown off its disguise as a meal and has revealed itself to me for what it is, a large dead bird." In Atwood's Surfacing, a dead heron represents purposeless killing and prompts thoughts about other senseless deaths.[86] A large portion of the dystopia Atwood creates in Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
rests upon the genetic modification and alteration of animals and humans, resulting in hybrids such as pigoons, rakunks, wolvogs, and Crakers, which function to raise questions on the limits and ethics of science and technology, as well as questions on what it means to be human.[87] Political involvement[edit] In her dystopian novel, The Handmaid's Tale, all the developments take place in the United States near Boston, while Canada is portrayed as the only hope for an escape. To some this reflects her status of being "in the vanguard of Canadian anti-Americanism of the 1960s and 1970s."[88] Critics have seen Gilead (the US) as a repressive regime and the mistreated Handmaid as Canada.[89] During the debate in 1987 over a free trade agreement between Canada and the United States, Atwood spoke out against the deal and wrote an essay opposing the agreement.[90] Atwood has indicated in interviews that she considers herself a Red Tory in the historical sense of the term.[91] Atwood and her partner Graeme Gibson are strong supporters of Green Party of Canada
Green Party of Canada
leader, Elizabeth May. Atwood has strong views on environmental issues, and she and Gibson are the joint honorary presidents of the Rare Bird Club within BirdLife International. She has been chair of the Writers' Union of Canada and helped to found the Canadian English-Speaking chapter of PEN International, a group originally started to free politically imprisoned writers. She held the position of PEN Canada president in the mid 80's, during which she held meetings in her house and attended PEN International
PEN International
conferences to help the organization grow from an unknown entity with a non-existent budget into a nationally recognized cause. She currently holds the position of vice president of PEN International. In the 2008 federal election, she attended a rally for the Bloc Québécois, a Quebec
Quebec
separatist party, because of her support for their position on the arts, and stated that she would vote for the party if she lived in a riding in Quebec
Quebec
in which the choice was between the Bloc and the Conservatives.[92] In a Globe and Mail
Globe and Mail
editorial, she urged Canadians to vote for any other party to stop a Conservative majority.[93] Atwood celebrated her 70th birthday at a gala dinner at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario, marking the final stop of her international tour to promote The Year of the Flood. She stated that she had chosen to attend the event because the city has been home to one of Canada's most ambitious environmental reclamation programs: "When people ask if there's hope (for the environment), I say, if Sudbury can do it, so can you. Having been a symbol of desolation, it's become a symbol of hope."[94]

A member of the political action group The Handmaid's Coalition.

Despite calls for a boycott by Gazan students, Atwood visited Israel and accepted the $1,000,000 Dan David Prize
Dan David Prize
along with Indian author Amitav Ghosh
Amitav Ghosh
at Tel Aviv University
Tel Aviv University
in May 2010.[95] Atwood commented that "we don't do cultural boycotts."[96] In the Wake of the Flood, a documentary film by Canadian director Ron Mann released in October 2010, followed Atwood on the unusual book tour for her novel The Year of the Flood. During this innovative book tour, Atwood created a theatrical version of her novel, with performers borrowed from the local areas she was visiting. The documentary is described as "a fly-on-the-wall film vérité."[97] Since February 2013, Atwood made it clear via Twitter
Twitter
that she strongly opposed the University of Toronto
Toronto
putting in an artificial turf field and hinted that she might write the university out of her will if it proceeded with the plan. This was not the first time she had openly challenged the university.[98] Atwood claims that the 2016 US presidential election led to an increase in sales of The Handmaid's Tale.[99] Inspired by The Handmaid's Tale, the political action group The Handmaid's Coalition was formed in 2017 in response to legislation and actions aimed at limiting the rights of women and marginalized groups. Activists, dressed in red cloaks and white hats as described in The Handmaid's Tale, lobby and protest in order to bring awareness to politicians and laws that discriminate against women and women's rights.[100] Adaptations[edit] The novel Surfacing (1972) was adapted into an eponymous 1981 film, written by Bernard Gordon and directed by Claude Jutra.[101] The novel The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
(1985) was adapted into several eponymous works: a 1990 film, directed by Volker Schlöndorff, with a screenplay by Harold Pinter,[102] a 2000 opera, and a 2017 television series by Bruce Miller, with episodes airing on the streaming service Hulu.[103] Atwood appears in a cameo in the first episode as one of the Aunts at the Red Center.[104] Atwood's 2008 Massey Lectures
Massey Lectures
were adapted into the documentary Payback (2012), by director Jennifer Baichwal.[105] The novel Alias Grace
Alias Grace
(1996) was adapted into an eponymous six-part 2017 miniseries directed by Mary Harron and adapted by Sarah Polley. It premiered on CBC on September 25, 2017, and the full series was released on Netflix
Netflix
on November 3, 2017.[106][107][108] Atwood makes a cameo in the fourth episode of the series as a disapproving church-goer.[109] Atwood's children's book Wandering Wenda and Widow Wallop’s Wunderground Washery (2011) was adapted into the children's television series The Wide World of Wandering Wenda, broadcast on CBC beginning in the spring of 2017.[110] Director Darren Aronofsky
Darren Aronofsky
had been slated to direct an adaption of the MaddAddam
MaddAddam
trilogy for HBO, but it was revealed in October 2016 that HBO
HBO
had dropped the plan from its schedule. In January 2018, it was announced that Paramount Television
Paramount Television
and Anonymous Content
Anonymous Content
had bought the rights to the trilogy and would be moving forward without Aronofsky.[111] In the Wake of the Flood (released in October 2010), a documentary film by Canadian director Ron Mann, followed Atwood on the unusual book tour for her novel The Year of the Flood
The Year of the Flood
(2009). During this innovative book tour, Atwood created a theatrical version of her novel, with performers borrowed from the local areas she was visiting. The documentary is described as "a fly-on-the-wall film vérité."[112] Future Library project[edit] With her novel Scribbler Moon, Atwood is the first contributor to the Future Library project.[113] The work, completed in 2015, was ceremoniously handed over to the project on 27 May of the same year.[114] The book will be held by the project until its eventual publishing in 2114. She thinks that readers will probably need a paleo-anthropologist to translate some parts of her story.[115] In an interview with the Guardian newspaper, Atwood said, “There’s something magical about it,” says Atwood. “It’s like Sleeping Beauty. The texts are going to slumber for 100 years and then they’ll wake up, come to life again. It’s a fairytale length of time. She slept for 100 years.”[116] Personal life[edit] In 1968, Atwood married Jim Polk; they were divorced in 1973.[117] She formed a relationship with fellow novelist Graeme Gibson soon afterward and moved to a farm near Alliston, Ontario, where their daughter, Eleanor Jess Atwood Gibson, was born in 1976.[83] The family returned to Toronto
Toronto
in 1980.[118] Atwood is a humanist, and, in 1987, she was named Humanist of the Year by the American Humanist Association.[119] Awards and honours[edit] Atwood holds numerous honorary degrees (e.g., from Oxford University, Cambridge University, and the Sorbonne),[120] and has won more than 55 awards in Canada and internationally.

Awards[edit]

Governor General's Award, (1966, 1985)[121] Companion of the Order of Canada, 1981[122] Guggenheim fellowship, 1981[123] Los Angeles Times Fiction Award, 1986[124] American Humanist Association
American Humanist Association
Humanist of the Year, 1987 [119] Nebula Award, 1986 and Prometheus Award, 1987 nominations, both science fiction awards.[125][126] Arthur C. Clarke Award
Arthur C. Clarke Award
for best Science Fiction, 1987[127] Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1988[128] Canadian Booksellers Association Author of the Year, 1989 Trillium Book Award, 1991, 1993, 1995[129] Government of France's Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, 1994[130] Helmerich Award, 1999, by the Tulsa Library Trust.[131] Booker Prize, 2000[132] Kenyon Review Award for Literary Achievement, 2007[133] Prince of Asturias Award
Prince of Asturias Award
for Literature, 2008[134] Nelly Sachs Prize, Germany, 2010[135] Dan David Prize, Israel, 2010[136] Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, Canada, 2012[137] Los Angeles Times Book Prize
Los Angeles Times Book Prize
"Innovator's Award", 2012[138] Gold medal of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society, 2015[139] Golden Wreath of Struga Poetry Evenings, Macedonia, 2016[140] Franz Kafka Prize, Czech Republic, 2017[141] Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, Germany, 2017[142]

Honorary degrees[edit]

Trent University, 1973[143] Queen's University, 1974[144] Concordia University, 1979[145] Smith College, 1982[146] University of Toronto, 1983[147] University of Waterloo, 1985[148] University of Guelph, 1985[149] Mount Holyoke College, 1985[150] Victoria College, 1987[151] Université de Montréal, 1991[152] University of Leeds, 1994[130] McMaster University, 1996[153] Lakehead University, 1998[154] University of Oxford, 1998[155] Algoma University, 2001[156] University of Cambridge, 2001[157] Dartmouth College, 2004[158] Harvard University, 2004[159] Université de la Sorbonne
Sorbonne
Nouvelle, 2005[160] National University of Ireland, Galway, 2011[161] Ryerson University, 2012[162] Royal Military College of Canada
Royal Military College of Canada
(LL.D), 16 November 2012 [163] University of Athens, 2013[164] University of Edinburgh, 2014[165]

Works[edit]

The MaddAddam
MaddAddam
Trilogy[edit]

Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
(2003, finalist for the 2003 Booker Prize
Booker Prize
and the 2003 Governor General's Award and shortlisted for the 2004 Orange Prize for Fiction.) The Year of the Flood
The Year of the Flood
(2009, Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
companion, longlisted for the 2011 IMPAC Award) MaddAddam
MaddAddam
(2013) (Third novel in Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
trilogy, Goodreads Choice for Best Science Fiction 2013)

Novels[edit]

The Edible Woman
The Edible Woman
(1969) Surfacing (1972) Lady Oracle
Lady Oracle
(1976) Life Before Man
Life Before Man
(1979, finalist for the Governor General's Award) Bodily Harm (1981) The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
(1985, winner of the 1987 Arthur C. Clarke Award and 1985 Governor General's Award, finalist for the 1986 Booker Prize) Cat's Eye (1988, finalist for the 1988 Governor General's Award and the 1989 Booker Prize) The Robber Bride
The Robber Bride
(1993, finalist for the 1994 Governor General's Award and shortlisted for the James Tiptree, Jr. Award) Alias Grace
Alias Grace
(1996, winner of the 1996 Giller Prize, finalist for the 1996 Booker Prize
Booker Prize
and the 1996 Governor General's Award, shortlisted for the 1997 Orange Prize for Fiction) The Blind Assassin
The Blind Assassin
(2000, winner of the 2000 Booker Prize
Booker Prize
and finalist for the 2000 Governor General's Award, shortlisted for the 2001 Orange Prize for Fiction.) The Penelopiad
The Penelopiad
(2005, nominated for the 2006 Mythopoeic Fantasy Award for Adult Literature and longlisted for the 2007 IMPAC Award) Scribbler Moon (2114; written in 2014 as part of the Future Library project)[116] The Heart Goes Last (2015) Hag-Seed (2016) [166]

Short fiction collections[edit]

Dancing Girls (1977, winner of the St. Lawrence Award for Fiction and the award of The Periodical Distributors of Canada for Short Fiction) Murder in the Dark
Murder in the Dark
(1983) Bluebeard's Egg
Bluebeard's Egg
(1983) Wilderness Tips (1991, finalist for the Governor General's Award) Good Bones
Good Bones
(1992) Good Bones
Good Bones
and Simple Murders (1994) The Labrador Fiasco (1996) The Tent (2006) Moral Disorder
Moral Disorder
(2006) Stone Mattress (2014)

Poetry collections[edit]

Double Persephone
Double Persephone
(1961) The Circle Game (1964, winner of the 1966 Governor General's Award) Expeditions (1965) Speeches for Doctor Frankenstein
Speeches for Doctor Frankenstein
(1966) The Animals in That Country (1968) The Journals of Susanna Moodie
The Journals of Susanna Moodie
(1970) Procedures for Underground (1970) Power Politics (1971) You Are Happy (1974) Includes the poem Song of the Worms Selected Poems (1976) Two-Headed Poems
Two-Headed Poems
(1978) True Stories (1981) Love Songs of a Terminator (1983) Snake Poems (1983)[167] Interlunar
Interlunar
(1984) Selected Poems 1966–1984 (Canada) Selected Poems II: 1976–1986 (US) Morning in the Burned House, McClelland & Stewart (1995) Eating Fire: Selected Poems, 1965–1995 (UK,1998)

"You Begin." (1978) – as recited by Margaret Atwood; included in all three most recent editions of her "Selected Poems" as listed above (US, CA, UK)

The Door (2007)

E-books[edit]

I'm Starved For You: Positron, Episode One (2012) Choke Collar: Positron, Episode Two (2012) Erase Me: Positron, Episode Three (2013) The Heart Goes Last: Positron, Episode Four (2013)

Anthologies edited[edit]

The New Oxford Book of Canadian Verse (1982) The Canlit Foodbook (1987) The Oxford Book of Canadian Short Stories in English (1988) The Best American Short Stories 1989 (1989) (with Shannon Ravenel) The New Oxford Book of Canadian Short Stories in English (1995)

Children's books[edit]

Up in the Tree (1978) Anna's Pet (1980) (with Joyce C. Barkhouse) For the Birds (1990) (with Shelly Tanaka) Princess Prunella and the Purple Peanut (1995) Rude Ramsay and the Roaring Radishes (2003) Bashful Bob and Doleful Dorinda (2006) Wandering Wenda and Widow Wallop’s Wunderground Washery
Wandering Wenda and Widow Wallop’s Wunderground Washery
(2011)[168] In 2016 this inspired a cartoon series called Wandering Wenda.

Non-fiction[edit]

Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature (1972) Days of the Rebels 1815–1840 (1977) Second Words: Selected Critical Prose (1982) Through the One-Way Mirror (1986) Strange Things: The Malevolent North in Canadian Literature (1995) Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing (2002) Moving Targets: Writing with Intent, 1982–2004 (2004) Writing with Intent: Essays, Reviews, Personal Prose--1983-2005 (2005) Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth (2008) In Other Worlds: SF and the Human Imagination (2011)

Drawings[edit]

Kanadian Kultchur Komix featuring "Survivalwoman" in This Magazine under the pseudonym, Bart Gerrard 1975–1980 Others appear on her website.

Graphic novels[edit]

Angel Catbird, with Johnnie Christmas (2016)

Television scripts[edit]

The Servant Girl (1974) Snowbird (1981) Heaven on Earth (1987)

Libretti[edit]

The Trumpets of Summer (1964) (with composer John Beckwith) Frankenstein Monster Song (2004, with rock band One Ring Zero)[169] "Pauline", a chamber opera in two acts, with composer Tobin Stokes for City Opera Vancouver
Vancouver
(2014)

Audio recordings[edit]

The Poetry and Voice of Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
(1977) Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
Reads “Unearthing Suite” (1985) Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
Reading From Her Poems (2005) Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
as herself in Zombies, Run, as a surviving radio operator in themes.

Filmography[edit] 2017 she is credited as playing herself in all 26 episodes of Wandering Wenda where she wears funny hats to match the various themes

References[edit]

^ "Margaret Atwood". Front Row. July 24, 2007. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved January 18, 2014.  ^ "The Man Booker Prize
Booker Prize
for Fiction Backlist The Man Booker Prizes". themanbookerprize.com. Retrieved 2018-01-28.  ^ "Award Winners". Arthur C. Clarke Award. 2011-04-21. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ Tecnologías, Developed with webControl CMS by Intermark. "Margaret Atwood - Laureates - Princess of Asturias Awards - The Princess of Asturias Foundation". The Princess of Asturias Foundation. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "friedenspreis - home". www.friedenspreis-des-deutschen-buchhandels.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Past GGBooks winners and finalists". Governor General's Literary Awards. Retrieved 2018-01-28.  ^ " Canada's Walk of Fame
Canada's Walk of Fame
Inducts Margaret Atwood". Canada's Walk of Fame.  ^ "National Book Critics Circle: sandrof". bookcritics.org. Retrieved 2018-01-28.  ^ French, Agatha. " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
has a few wry comments about being a PEN Center USA lifetime achievement honoree". latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-01-28.  ^ "Griffin Poetry Prize: The Griffin Trust: Trustees". Retrieved June 8, 2014.  ^ "About Us: The Writers' Trust of Canada". Retrieved February 18, 2014.  ^ "Atwood sign of the times draws blank".  ^ "Company Overview of Syngrafii Inc".  ^ "ABSTRACT & PATENT DETAILS".  ^ Marion., Wynne-Davies, (2010). Margaret Atwood. British Council. Horndon, Tavistock, Devon, UK: Northcote, British Council. ISBN 9780746310366. OCLC 854569504.  ^ Oates, Joyce Carol. 'Margaret Atwood: Poet', The New York Times, May 21, 1978 ^ Margaret Atwood: Queen of CanLit. CBC Archives. Retrieved April 6, 2011. ^ a b c Anniina Jokinen (February 7, 2007). "Luminarium Margaret Atwood Page". Luminarium.org. Retrieved October 26, 2009.  ^ "Carl E. Atwood Graduate Scholarship in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology". University of Toronto. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ Hazel Foote, The Homes of Woodville, M.A. Jorgenson, Woodville, NS (1997), p. 109 ^ Daley, James (2007). Great Writers on the Art of Fiction: From Mark Twain to Joyce Carol Oates. Courier Corporation. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-486-45128-2.  ^ Margaret Atwood: The Art of Fiction No.121. The Paris Review. Retrieved December 4, 2016. ^ "University of Toronto
Toronto
Alumni Website  » Margaret Atwood". alumni.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-24.  ^ "On Being a Poet: A Conversation With Margaret Atwood". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-24.  ^ "Past GGBooks winners and finalists". Governor General's Literary Awards. Retrieved 2018-02-05.  ^ Nathalie., Cooke, (2004). Margaret Atwood : a critical companion. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313328060. OCLC 145520009.  ^ "Past GGBooks winners and finalists". Governor General's Literary Awards. Retrieved 2018-02-05.  ^ Cinda., Gault, (2012). National and Female Identity in Canadian Literature, 1965-1980 : the Fiction of Margaret Laurence, Margaret Atwood, and Marian Engel. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press. ISBN 9780773426221. OCLC 799769643.  ^ "Awards & Recognitions - Margaret Atwood". Margaret Atwood. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ " Maclean's — September 1976". Maclean's The Complete Archive. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Award Winners". Arthur C. Clarke Award. 2011-04-21. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Past GGBooks winners and finalists". Governor General's Literary Awards. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "The Man Booker Prize
Booker Prize
for Fiction Backlist The Man Booker Prizes". themanbookerprize.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Past GGBooks winners and finalists". Governor General's Literary Awards. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "The Man Booker Prize
Booker Prize
for Fiction Backlist The Man Booker Prizes". themanbookerprize.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ Fallon, Claire (2017-04-13). "What Critics Said About 'The Handmaid's Tale' Back In The 1980s". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Book Review". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ Atwood, Margaret (2005-06-17). "'Aliens have taken the place of angels'". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ 1939-, Atwood, Margaret, (2012). In other worlds : SF and the human imagination (1st Anchor books ed ed.). New York, NY: Anchor Books. ISBN 0307741761. OCLC 773021848. CS1 maint: Extra text (link) ^ " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
on Why The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
Resonates in the Trump Era: It's 'No Longer a Fantasy Fiction'". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "What Little Girls Are Made Of". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ Mead, Rebecca (2017-04-10). "Margaret Atwood, the Prophet of Dystopia". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ Michael Rubbo
Michael Rubbo
(1984). Margaret Atwood: Once in August (Documentary film). National Film Board of Canada.  ^ The Cambridge companion to Margaret Atwood. Howells, Coral Ann. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University
Cambridge University
Press. 2006. ISBN 9780521839662. OCLC 61362106.  ^ VanSpanckeren, Kathryn; Castro, Jan Garden (1988). Margaret Atwood : vision and forms (3. [Dr.]. ed.). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. pp. xxix – xxx. ISBN 9780809314089. Retrieved 28 November 2016.  ^ "Reflected in Margaret Atwood's Cat's Eye, Girlhood Looms as a Time of Cruelty and Terror". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Past GGBooks winners and finalists". Governor General's Literary Awards. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "1993 Honor List « James Tiptree, Jr. Literary Award". James Tiptree, Jr. Literary Award. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "The Man Booker Prize
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for Fiction Backlist The Man Booker Prizes". themanbookerprize.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Past GGBooks winners and finalists". Governor General's Literary Awards. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Women's Prize for Fiction". https://www.womensprizeforfiction.co.uk/about/previous-winners/1997.  External link in website= (help) ^ "Margaret Atwood's New Book Explores Power's Duality". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Full Bibliography - Margaret Atwood". Margaret Atwood. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "The Man Booker Prize
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for Fiction Backlist The Man Booker Prizes". themanbookerprize.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ Sciandra, Mary Frisque and Lisa. "IACW/NA: Hammett Prize: Past Years". www.crimewritersna.org. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Past GGBooks winners and finalists". Governor General's Literary Awards. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ "Publisher's page on The Blind Assassin". McClelland and Stewart. Archived from the original on 25 March 2014.  ^ " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
on the Science Behind 'Oryx and Crake' - Science Friday". Science Friday. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ 1939-, Atwood, Margaret,. MaddAddam : a novel (First United States edition ed.). New York. ISBN 0307455483. OCLC 825733384. CS1 maint: Extra text (link) ^ "Atwood sign of the times draws blank".  ^ "Company Overview of Syngrafii Inc".  ^ "ABSTRACT & PATENT DETAILS".  ^ " LongPen Finds Short Path to Success".  ^ "Robotic arm extend authors' signatures over cyberspace". Archived from the original on September 2, 2014.  ^ "Syngrafii Corp". Archived from the original on October 18, 2014.  ^ "Premium content". The Economist. October 16, 2008. Retrieved October 26, 2009.  ^ Vancouver
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Sun (March 11, 2008). "Atwood pens opera piece about Vancouver
Vancouver
first nations writer-performer" Archived February 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved July 1, 2014. ^ CBC News
CBC News
(May 23, 2014). "Margaret Atwood's opera debut Pauline opens in Vancouver". Retrieved July 1, 2014. ^ "Margaret Atwood: 'I Finally Got To Do My Cat With Wings'". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ Moss, Laura (2006). John Moss; Tobi Kozakewich, eds. "Margaret Atwood: Branding an Icon Abroad" in Margaret Atwood: The Open Eye. Ottawa: University of Ottawa
Ottawa
Press. p. 28.  ^ Atwood, Margaret (1972). Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature. Toronto: Anansi. p. 32.  ^ a b Atwood, M. (1972), 36–42. ^ Pache, Walter (2002). Reingard M. Nischik, Ed., ed. "A Certain Frivolity: Margaret Atwood's Literary Criticism" in Margaret Atwood: Works and Impact. Toronto: Anansi. p. 122.  ^ Howells, Coral Ann (2006). John Moss; Tobi Kozakewich, eds. "Writing History from The Journals of Susanna Moodie
The Journals of Susanna Moodie
to The Blind Assassin" in Margaret Atwood: The Open Eye. Ottawa: University of Ottawa
Ottawa
Press. p. 111.  ^ 1939-, Atwood, Margaret, (1996) [1972]. Survival : a thematic guide to Canadian literature
Canadian literature
(1st McClelland & Stewart ed.). Toronto, Ont.: M & S. ISBN 9780771008320. OCLC 35930298.  ^ Fiona., Tolan, (2007). Margaret Atwood : feminism and fiction. Amsterdam: Rodopi. ISBN 9781435600799. OCLC 173507440.  ^ Kaminski, Margaret, “Preserving Mythologies”, Margaret Atwood: Conversations, ed. Earl G. Ingersoll, Princeton, 1990, 27-32. ^ Rose., Wilson, Sharon (1993). Margaret Atwood's fairy-tale sexual politics. Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9780585227153. OCLC 44959649.  ^ McNamara, Mary. " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
answers the question: Is 'The Handmaid's Tale' a feminist book?". latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ "Am I a bad feminist?". Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
faces feminist backlash". BBC News. 2018. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com, The Washington Times. "Margaret Atwood rips 'rape-enabling Bad Feminist' attacks over #MeToo scrutiny". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2018-02-08.  ^ a b Potts, Robert (April 26, 2003). "Light in the wilderness". The Guardian. Retrieved May 30, 2013.  ^ a b Langford, David, "Bits and Pieces" SFX magazine No. 107, August 2003 [1] ^ Atwood, Margaret. "Aliens have taken the place of angels: Margaret Atwood on why we need science fiction," The Guardian, June 17, 2005. ^ a b Carol J. Adams. 2006. The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory. The Continuum International Publishing Group. p141-142, 152, 195, 197. ^ Sanderson, Jay. "Pigoons, Rakunks and Crakers: Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
and Genetically Engineered Animals in a (Latourian) Hybrid World". Law and Humanities. 7 (2): 218–239. doi:10.5235/17521483.7.2.218.  ^ Reingard M. Nischik (2000). Margaret Atwood: Works and Impact. Camden House. pp. 6, 143.  ^ Tandon, Neeru; Chandra, Anshul (2009). Margaret Atwood: A Jewel in Canadian Writing. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. pp. 154–55.  ^ "The Handmaid's Tale". World Literatures in English. Archived from the original on January 28, 2016.  ^ Mother Jones:Margaret Atwood: The activist author of Alias Grace
Alias Grace
and The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
discusses the politics of art and the art of the con. July/August 1997 ^ "Canada Votes — Atwood backs Bloc on arts defence". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 4, 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2015.  ^ Margaret, Atwood. Anything but a Harper majority Archived January 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. The Globe and Mail. October. 6, 2008. ^ "Sudbury a symbol of hope: Margaret Atwood". Northern Life, November 23, 2009. ^ "Gaza students to Margaret Atwood: reject Tel Aviv U. prize". ei.  ^ Ackerman, Gwen (May 9, 2010). "Atwood Accepts Israeli Prize, Defends 'Artists Without Armies': Interview". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 19, 2010.  ^ "In the Wake of the Flood". The Year of the Flood. Retrieved March 30, 2011.  ^ Kalinowski, Tess (March 24, 2013). " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
tweets opposition to U of T's plan for artificial turf". The Toronto
Toronto
Star. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Marsh, Sarah. " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
says Trump win boosted sales of her dystopian classic". Reuters. Retrieved 11 February 2017.  ^ "About". Handmaid Coalition. Retrieved 2018-02-08.  ^ Walsh, Michael. "Lost in the north woods: Film adaptation lacks directiion". Reeling Back. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ "Review/Film; 'Handmaid's Tale,' Adapted From Atwood Novel". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ "Bruce Miller – Hulu
Hulu
Press Site". Hulu. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
has a small but violent cameo in 'The Handmaid's Tale' premiere". INSIDER. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ Canada (2012). "Payback". National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ "CBC, Netflix
Netflix
to screen miniseries based on Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
novel Alias Grace". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. June 21, 2016.  ^ " Netflix
Netflix
Debuts First Look Images from New Miniseries based on Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
novel, Alias Grace". Netflix
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Media Center. Retrieved May 19, 2017.  ^ " Alias Grace
Alias Grace
Teaser Netflix". YouTube. Retrieved July 24, 2017.  ^ " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
had a cameo in 'Alias Grace'". EW.com. Retrieved 2018-03-10.  ^ "Alliterative adventures ahead as Atwood's Wandering Wenda set for TV". CBC News. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ Otterson, Joe (2018-01-24). "Margaret Atwood's 'MaddAddam' Trilogy Series Adaptation in Works From Anonymous Content, Paramount TV". Variety. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ "In the Wake of the Flood". The Year of the Flood. Retrieved March 30, 2011.  ^ " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
submits 'Scribbler Moon,' which won't be read until 2114, to Future Library". EW.com. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ Flood, Alison (2015-05-27). "Into the woods: Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
reveals her Future Library book, Scribbler Moon". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ Flood, Alison (September 5, 2014). "Margaret Atwood's new work will remain unseen for a century". The Guardian. Retrieved September 7, 2014.  ^ a b Alison Flood, Into the woods: Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
reveals her Future Library book, Scribbler Moon, The Guardian, 27 May 2015. ^ Thomas, Paul Lee (2007). Reading, Learning, Teaching Margaret Atwood. Peter Lang Publishing. p. 7. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Sutherland, John (2012). Lives of the Novelists: A History of Fiction in 294 Lives. Yale University Press. p. 721. ISBN 978-0-300-18243-9.  ^ a b "Humanists of the Year list". American Humanist Association. Retrieved October 16, 2013.  ^ "Awards & Recognitions - Margaret Atwood". Margaret Atwood. Retrieved 2017-01-24.  ^ "CBC books page". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. Order of Canada
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citation. Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved May 24, 2010 ^ "How Atwood became a writer". Harvard University
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Gazette. November 8, 2001. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2010.  ^ " LA Times
LA Times
Book Prize winners". The LA Times. 2012. Archived from the original on April 5, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ "Margaret Atwood". Nebula Awards. Retrieved January 24, 2016.  ^ " Prometheus Award for Best Novel -- Nominees". Libertarian Future Society. Retrieved January 24, 2016.  ^ Rinehart, Dianne (January 24, 2014). "Arthur C. Clarke move raises questions of sci-fi author equality". The Toronto
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Star. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 27, 2011.  ^ " Trillium Book Award Winners". Ontario
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Media Development Corporation. 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ a b "Awards and Recognitions". Margaret Atwood. Retrieved January 24, 2016.  ^ " Helmerich Award page". Tulsa Library Trust. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ " Booker Prize
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page". Booker Prize
Booker Prize
Foundation. Archived from the original on December 25, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ "Kenyon Review for Literary Achievement". KenyonReview.org.  ^ "FPA Award page". Fundación Príncipe de Asturias. 2008. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ " Nelly Sachs Prize page". City of Dortmund. 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
Talks About Nobel Prizewinner Alice Munro". Dan David Foundation. December 11, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ "Diamond Jubilee Gala toasts exceptional Canadians". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. June 18, 2012. Retrieved June 19, 2012.  ^ Staff writer (April 19, 2013). "Announcing the 2012 Los Angeles Times Book Prize winners". LA Times. Retrieved April 21, 2013.  ^ "Gold Medal 2015 Recipients - Dr. Jacob Verhoef, Graeme Gibson and Margaret Atwood". Royal Canadian Geographical Society. Retrieved 21 November 2015.  ^ " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
is laureate of the "Golden Wreath" Award for 2016". Struga Poetry Evenings. March 21, 2016. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved March 23, 2016.  ^ "The Franz Kafka International Literary Prize 2017" (PDF). May 29, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.  ^ Germany, Spiegel Online
Spiegel Online
Hamburg. "Ehrung des Buchhandels: Margaret Atwood erhält Friedenspreis". Retrieved 2017-06-13.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 14, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2016.  "Trent University, Past Honorary Degree Recipients" Retrieved on July 8, 2016. ^ http://queensu.ca/encyclopedia/h/honorary-degrees "The Queen's Encyclopedia, Honorary Degrees" Retrieved on July 8, 2016. ^ https://www.concordia.ca/offices/archives/honorary-degree-recipients/1979/12/margaret-atwood.html "Concordia University, Honorary degree citation - Margaret Atwood" Retrieved on August 30, 2016. ^ https://www.smith.edu/about-smith/smith-history/honorary-degrees "Smith College, Honorary Degrees" Retrieved on August 30, 2016 ^ http://alumni.utoronto.ca/portrait/margaret-atwood "University of Toronto, Alumni Portraits" Retrieved on August 30, 2016/ ^ https://uwaterloo.ca/secretariat-general-counsel/committees-and-councils/honorary-degrees-committee/honorary-degrees-granted/1980-1989 "University of Waterloo, Honorary Degree Granted" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ https://uoguelph.civicweb.net/filepro/documents/2273?preview=2272 "University of Guelph, Honorary Degree Recipients" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ https://www.mtholyoke.edu/archives/history/honorary_year "Mount Holyoke College, Honorary Degree Recipients" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ http://alumni.utoronto.ca/portrait/margaret-atwood/ "Alumni Portraits - Margaret Atwood" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ http://collation.umontreal.ca/fileadmin/collations_des_grades/documents/DHC/Listes/Liste_alpha_dhc.pdf "Université de Montréal, Liste des Doctorats Honorifiques" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ http://www.mcmaster.ca/univsec/reports_lists/S_HD_Recipients.pdf "McMaster University, Honorary Degree Recipients" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ https://www.lakeheadu.ca/current-students/graduation/past-honorary-degree-recipients "Lakehead University, Past Honorary Degree Recipients" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ https://www.ox.ac.uk/gazette/1997-8/weekly/020798/news/story_1.htm "University honours nine at Encaenia" Oxford University
Oxford University
Gazette. July 2, 1998. Retrieved August 30, 2016. ^ https://www.algomau.ca/about/administration/senate/honourary-degrees/ "Algoma University, Honourary Degrees" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ http://www.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521548519&ss=fro "The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood" Cambridge University Press. Retrieved August 30, 2016. ^ http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2004/05/04b.html "Dartmouth College, Honorary Degrees 2004" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ http://www.harvard.edu/on-campus/commencement/honorary-degrees "Harvard University, Honorary Degrees" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ http://www.univ-paris3.fr/les-docteurs-honoris-causa-de-la-sorbonne-nouvelle--90298.kjsp 'Université de la Sorbonne
Sorbonne
Nouvelle, Les docteurs Honoris Causa" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ Walsh, Caroline. " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
to be honoured by NUI Galway". The Irish Times. Retrieved on June 18, 2011. ^ http://www.ryerson.ca/calendar/2014-2015/pg1511.html "Ryerson University, Honorary Doctorates and Fellowships" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ Bennett, Pete (July 19, 2016). "Royal Military College of Canada Honorary Degree Recipients". www.rmcc-cmrc.ca.  ^ http://www.newgreektv.com/news-in-english-for-greeks/entertainment/item/2084-athens-university-honors-margaret-atwood "Athens University Honors Margaret Atwood", New Greek TV. December 10, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ http://www.ed.ac.uk/about/annual-review/1314/honorary "University of Edinburgh, Honorary Graduates" Retrieved August 30, 2016 ^ "VINTAGE". www.vintage-books.co.uk.  ^ Margaret, Atwood. "Snake Poems by Margaret Atwood". Biblio.com. Retrieved August 27, 2011.  ^ Wandering Wenda and Widow Wallop’s Wunderground Washery. Quill & Quire, December 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2012. ^ " One Ring Zero with Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
in Toronto". YouTube. August 26, 2006. Retrieved August 27, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

Bauch, Marc (2012). Canadian Self-perception and Self-representation in English-Canadian Drama After 1967. Köln, Germany : WiKu-Wissenschaftsverlag Dr. Stein. ISBN 978-3-86553-407-1.  Carrington, Ildikó de Papp (1986). Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
and Her Works. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: ECW Press. ISBN 978-0-920763-25-4.  Clements, Pam. " Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
and Chaucer: Truth and Lies," in: Cahier Calin: Makers of the Middle Ages. Essays in Honor of William Calin, ed. Richard Utz and Elizabeth Emery (Kalamazoo, MI: Studies in Medievalism, 2011), pp. 39–41. Cooke, Nathalie (1998). Margaret Atwood: A Biography. ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-308-8.  Hengen, Shannon; Thomson, Ashley (May 22, 2007). Margaret Atwood: A Reference Guide, 1988-2005. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6668-3.  Howells, Coral Ann (1996). Margaret Atwood. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-12891-3.  Howells, Coral Ann (March 30, 2006). The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Cambridge University
Press. ISBN 978-0-521-54851-9.  Nischik, Reingard M. (2002). Margaret Atwood: Works and Impact. Rochester, NY: Camden House. ISBN 978-1-57113-269-7.  Nischik, Reingard M. (2009). Engendering Genre: The Works of Margaret Atwood. Ottawa: University of Ottawa
Ottawa
Press. ISBN 978-0-7766-0724-5.  Rigney, Barbara Hill (November 1987). Margaret Atwood. Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble. ISBN 978-0-389-20742-9.  Rosenberg, Jerome H. (1984). Margaret Atwood. Boston: Twayne Pub. ISBN 978-0-8057-6586-1.  Grace, Sherrill; Weir, Lorraine (1983). Margaret Atwood, Language, Text, and System. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. ISBN 978-0-7748-0170-6.  Weir, Lorraine (1981), "Meridians of Perception: A Reading of The Journals of Susanna Moodie", in Davidson, Arnold E.; Davidson, Cathy N., The Art of Margaret Atwood: essays in criticism, Toronto: Anansi, pp. 69–79, ISBN 978-0-88784-080-7  Sullivan, Rosemary (1998). The Red Shoes: Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
Starting Out. Toronto: HarperFlamingoCanada. ISBN 978-0-00-255423-7.  Cooke, Nathalie (January 1, 2004). Margaret Atwood: A Critical Companion. Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-32806-0.  Tolan, Fiona (2007). Margaret Atwood: Feminism
Feminism
and Fiction. Netherlands: Rodopi. ISBN 90-420-2223-X.  VanSpanckeren, Kathryn; Castro, Jan Garden, eds. (1988). Margaret Atwood: Vision and Forms. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 978-0-8093-1408-9.  Wrethed, Joakim. ‘‘‘I am a place’: Aletheia as Aesthetic and Political Resistance in Margaret Atwood’s Surfacing.” Journal of Aesthetics & Culture [Online], 7 (2015): n. pag. Web. 13 Jul. 2015. Available at: https://dx.doi.org/10.3402/jac.v7.28020 Pivato, Joseph. "Atwood's Survival: A Critique (2015) online canadian-writers.athabascau.ca/english/writers/matwood/survival.php

External links[edit]

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Works by Margaret Atwood

Novels

The Edible Woman
The Edible Woman
(1969) Surfacing (1972) Lady Oracle
Lady Oracle
(1976) Life Before Man
Life Before Man
(1979) Bodily Harm (1981) The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
(1985) Cat's Eye (1988) The Robber Bride
The Robber Bride
(1993) Alias Grace
Alias Grace
(1996) The Blind Assassin
The Blind Assassin
(2000) Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
(2003) The Penelopiad
The Penelopiad
(2005) The Year of the Flood
The Year of the Flood
(2009) MaddAddam
MaddAddam
(2013) The Heart Goes Last (2015) Hag-Seed (2016)

Short fiction collections

Dancing Girls (1977) Murder in the Dark
Murder in the Dark
(1983) Bluebeard's Egg
Bluebeard's Egg
(1983) Wilderness Tips (1991) Good Bones
Good Bones
(1992) Good Bones
Good Bones
and Simple Murders (1994) The Labrador Fiasco (1996) The Tent (2006) Moral Disorder
Moral Disorder
(2006) Stone Mattress (2014)

Short stories

"Rape Fantasies" (1977) "The Resplendent Quetzal" (1977) "Happy Endings" (1983) "Unearthing Suite" (1983) "Freeforall" (1986)

Poetry collections

Double Persephone
Double Persephone
(1961) The Circle Game (1964) Expeditions (1965) Speeches for Doctor Frankenstein
Speeches for Doctor Frankenstein
(1966) The Animals in That Country (1968) The Journals of Susanna Moodie
The Journals of Susanna Moodie
(1970) Procedures for Underground (1970) Power Politics (1971) Two-Headed Poems
Two-Headed Poems
(1978) True Stories (1981) Interlunar
Interlunar
(1984) Morning in the Burned House
Morning in the Burned House
(1995) The Door (2007)

Non-fiction

Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature (1972) Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing (2002) Writing with Intent: Essays, Reviews, Personal Prose—1983–2005 (2005) Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth (2008)

Awards for Margaret Atwood

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Winners of the Governor General's Award for English-language fiction

1930s

Bertram Brooker, Think of the Earth (1936) Laura Salverson, The Dark Weaver (1937) Gwethalyn Graham, Swiss Sonata (1938) Franklin D. McDowell, The Champlain Road (1939)

1940s

Ringuet, Thirty Acres (1940) Alan Sullivan, Three Came to Ville Marie (1941) G. Herbert Sallans, Little Man (1942) Thomas Head Raddall, The Pied Piper of Dipper Creek (1943) Gwethalyn Graham, Earth and High Heaven
Earth and High Heaven
(1944) Hugh MacLennan, Two Solitudes (1945) Winifred Bambrick, Continental Revue (1946) Gabrielle Roy, The Tin Flute
The Tin Flute
(1947) Hugh MacLennan, The Precipice (1948) Philip Child, Mr. Ames Against Time (1949)

1950s

Germaine Guèvremont, The Outlander (1950) Morley Callaghan, The Loved and the Lost (1951) David Walker, The Pillar (1952) David Walker, Digby (1953) Igor Gouzenko, The Fall of a Titan (1954) Lionel Shapiro, The Sixth of June
The Sixth of June
(1955) Adele Wiseman, The Sacrifice (1956) Gabrielle Roy, Street of Riches
Street of Riches
(1957) Colin McDougall, Execution (1958) Hugh MacLennan, The Watch That Ends the Night
The Watch That Ends the Night
(1959)

1960s

Brian Moore, The Luck of Ginger Coffey (1960) Malcolm Lowry, Hear Us O Lord from Heaven Thy Dwelling Place (1961) Kildare Dobbs, Running to Paradise (1962) Hugh Garner, Hugh Garner's Best Stories (1963) Douglas LePan, The Deserter (1964) [no award] (1965) Margaret Laurence, A Jest of God
A Jest of God
(1966) [no award] (1967) Alice Munro, Dance of the Happy Shades
Dance of the Happy Shades
(1968) Robert Kroetsch, The Studhorse Man (1969)

1970s

Dave Godfrey, The New Ancestors (1970) Mordecai Richler, St. Urbain's Horseman
St. Urbain's Horseman
(1971) Robertson Davies, The Manticore
The Manticore
(1972) Rudy Wiebe, The Temptations of Big Bear (1973) Margaret Laurence, The Diviners
The Diviners
(1974) Brian Moore, The Great Victorian Collection
The Great Victorian Collection
(1975) Marian Engel, Bear (1976) Timothy Findley, The Wars
The Wars
(1977) Alice Munro, Who Do You Think You Are? (1978) Jack Hodgins, The Resurrection of Joseph Bourne (1979)

1980s

George Bowering, Burning Water (1980) Mavis Gallant, Home Truths: Selected Canadian Stories (1981) Guy Vanderhaeghe, Man Descending
Man Descending
(1982) Leon Rooke, Shakespeare's Dog (1983) Josef Skvorecky, The Engineer of Human Souls (1984) Margaret Atwood, The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
(1985) Alice Munro, The Progress of Love
The Progress of Love
(1986) M. T. Kelly, A Dream Like Mine (1987) David Adams Richards, Nights Below Station Street (1988) Paul Quarrington, Whale Music (1989)

1990s

Nino Ricci, Lives of the Saints (1990) Rohinton Mistry, Such a Long Journey (1991) Michael Ondaatje, The English Patient
The English Patient
(1992) Carol Shields, The Stone Diaries
The Stone Diaries
(1993) Rudy Wiebe, A Discovery of Strangers (1994) Greg Hollingshead, The Roaring Girl (1995) Guy Vanderhaeghe, The Englishman's Boy
The Englishman's Boy
(1996) Jane Urquhart, The Underpainter (1997) Diane Schoemperlen, Forms of Devotion (1998) Matt Cohen, Elizabeth and After (1999)

2000s

Michael Ondaatje, Anil's Ghost
Anil's Ghost
(2000) Richard B. Wright, Clara Callan
Clara Callan
(2001) Gloria Sawai, A Song for Nettie Johnson (2002) Douglas Glover, Elle (2003) Miriam Toews, A Complicated Kindness
A Complicated Kindness
(2004) David Gilmour, A Perfect Night to Go to China (2005) Peter Behrens, The Law of Dreams
The Law of Dreams
(2006) Michael Ondaatje, Divisadero (2007) Nino Ricci, The Origin of Species (2008) Kate Pullinger, The Mistress of Nothing (2009)

2010s

Dianne Warren, Cool Water (2010) Patrick deWitt, The Sisters Brothers (2011) Linda Spalding, The Purchase (2012) Eleanor Catton, The Luminaries
The Luminaries
(2013) Thomas King, The Back of the Turtle (2014) Guy Vanderhaeghe, Daddy Lenin and Other Stories (2015) Madeleine Thien, Do Not Say We Have Nothing
Do Not Say We Have Nothing
(2016) Joel Thomas Hynes, We'll All Be Burnt in Our Beds Some Night (2017)

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Recipients of the Giller Prize

1990s

M. G. Vassanji, The Book of Secrets (1994) Rohinton Mistry, A Fine Balance
A Fine Balance
(1995) Margaret Atwood, Alias Grace
Alias Grace
(1996) Mordecai Richler, Barney's Version (1997) Alice Munro, The Love of a Good Woman
The Love of a Good Woman
(1998) Bonnie Burnard, A Good House
A Good House
(1999)

2000s

Michael Ondaatje, Anil's Ghost
Anil's Ghost
/ David Adams Richards, Mercy among the Children (2000) Richard B. Wright, Clara Callan
Clara Callan
(2001) Austin Clarke, The Polished Hoe
The Polished Hoe
(2002) M. G. Vassanji, The In-Between World of Vikram Lall
The In-Between World of Vikram Lall
(2003) Alice Munro, Runaway (2004) David Bergen, The Time in Between
The Time in Between
(2005) Vincent Lam, Bloodletting & Miraculous Cures (2006) Elizabeth Hay, Late Nights on Air
Late Nights on Air
(2007) Joseph Boyden, Through Black Spruce (2008) Linden MacIntyre, The Bishop's Man
The Bishop's Man
(2009)

2010s

Johanna Skibsrud, The Sentimentalists (2010) Esi Edugyan, Half-Blood Blues (2011) Will Ferguson, 419 (2012) Lynn Coady, Hellgoing (2013) Sean Michaels, Us Conductors
Us Conductors
(2014) André Alexis, Fifteen Dogs (2015) Madeleine Thien, Do Not Say We Have Nothing
Do Not Say We Have Nothing
(2016) Michael Redhill, Bellevue Square (2017)

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Recipients of the Booker Prize

List of winners and shortlisted authors Booker of Bookers The Best of the Booker The Golden Man Booker Man Booker International Prize

P. H. Newby (1969) Bernice Rubens
Bernice Rubens
(1970) J. G. Farrell
J. G. Farrell
(Lost Man Booker Prize, 1970) V. S. Naipaul
V. S. Naipaul
(1971) John Berger
John Berger
(1972) J. G. Farrell
J. G. Farrell
(1973) Nadine Gordimer
Nadine Gordimer
/ Stanley Middleton
Stanley Middleton
(1974) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1975) David Storey (1976) Paul Scott (1977) Iris Murdoch
Iris Murdoch
(1978) Penelope
Penelope
Fitzgerald (1979) William Golding
William Golding
(1980) Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
(1981) Thomas Keneally
Thomas Keneally
(1982) J. M. Coetzee
J. M. Coetzee
(1983) Anita Brookner (1984) Keri Hulme (1985) Kingsley Amis
Kingsley Amis
(1986) Penelope
Penelope
Lively (1987) Peter Carey (1988) Kazuo Ishiguro
Kazuo Ishiguro
(1989) A. S. Byatt
A. S. Byatt
(1990) Ben Okri
Ben Okri
(1991) Michael Ondaatje
Michael Ondaatje
/ Barry Unsworth
Barry Unsworth
(1992) Roddy Doyle
Roddy Doyle
(1993) James Kelman (1994) Pat Barker
Pat Barker
(1995) Graham Swift (1996) Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
(1997) Ian McEwan
Ian McEwan
(1998) J. M. Coetzee
J. M. Coetzee
(1999) Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
(2000) Peter Carey (2001) Yann Martel
Yann Martel
(2002) DBC Pierre
DBC Pierre
(2003) Alan Hollinghurst
Alan Hollinghurst
(2004) John Banville
John Banville
(2005) Kiran Desai
Kiran Desai
(2006) Anne Enright
Anne Enright
(2007) Aravind Adiga (2008) Hilary Mantel (2009) Howard Jacobson (2010) Julian Barnes (2011) Hilary Mantel (2012) Eleanor Catton
Eleanor Catton
(2013) Richard Flanagan
Richard Flanagan
(2014) Marlon James (2015) Paul Beatty
Paul Beatty
(2016) George Saunders
George Saunders
(2017)

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Recipients of the Mondello Prize

Single Prize for Literature: Bartolo Cattafi (1975) • Achille Campanile (1976) • Günter Grass
Günter Grass
(1977)

Special
Special
Jury Prize: Denise McSmith (1975) • Stefano D'Arrigo (1977) • Jurij Trifonov (1978) • Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz
Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz
(1979) • Pietro Consagra (1980) • Ignazio Buttitta, Angelo Maria e Ela Ripellino (1983) • Leonardo Sciascia
Leonardo Sciascia
(1985) • Wang Meng (1987) • Mikhail Gorbaciov (1988) • Peter Carey, José Donoso, Northrop Frye, Jorge Semprún, Wole Soyinka, Lu Tongliu (1990) • Fernanda Pivano
Fernanda Pivano
(1992) • Associazione Scrittori Cinesi (1993) • Dong Baoucum, Fan Boaci, Wang Huanbao, Shi Peide, Chen Yuanbin (1995) • Xu Huainzhong, Xiao Xue, Yu Yougqnan, Qin Weinjung (1996) • Khushwant Singh
Khushwant Singh
(1997) • Javier Marías
Javier Marías
(1998) • Francesco Burdin (2001) • Luciano Erba (2002) • Isabella Quarantotti De Filippo (2003) • Marina Rullo (2006) • Andrea Ceccherini (2007) • Enrique Vila-Matas
Enrique Vila-Matas
(2009) • Francesco Forgione (2010)

First narrative work: Carmelo Samonà (1978) • Fausta Garavini (1979)

First poetic work: Giovanni Giuga (1978) • Gilberto Sacerdoti (1979)

Prize for foreign literature: Milan Kundera
Milan Kundera
(1978) • N. Scott Momaday (1979) • Juan Carlos Onetti (1980) • Tadeusz Konwicki (1981)

Prize for foreign poetry: Jannis Ritsos (1978) • Josif Brodskij (1979) • Juan Gelman
Juan Gelman
(1980) • Gyula Illyés
Gyula Illyés
(1981)

First work: Valerio Magrelli
Valerio Magrelli
(1980) • Ferruccio Benzoni, Stefano Simoncelli, Walter Valeri, Laura Mancinelli
Laura Mancinelli
(1981) • Jolanda Insana (1982) • Daniele Del Giudice (1983) • Aldo Busi
Aldo Busi
(1984) • Elisabetta Rasy, Dario Villa (1985) • Marco Lodoli, Angelo Mainardi (1986) • Marco Ceriani, Giovanni Giudice (1987) • Edoardo Albinati, Silvana La Spina (1988) • Andrea Canobbio, Romana Petri (1990) • Anna Cascella (1991) • Marco Caporali, Nelida Milani (1992) • Silvana Grasso, Giulio Mozzi (1993) • Ernesto Franco (1994) • Roberto Deidier (1995) • Giuseppe Quatriglio, Tiziano Scarpa (1996) • Fabrizio Rondolino (1997) • Alba Donati (1998) • Paolo Febbraro (1999) • Evelina Santangelo (2000) • Giuseppe Lupo (2001) • Giovanni Bergamini, Simona Corso (2003) • Adriano Lo Monaco (2004) • Piercarlo Rizzi (2005) • Francesco Fontana (2006) • Paolo Fallai (2007) • Luca Giachi (2008) • Carlo Carabba (2009) • Gabriele Pedullà (2010)

Foreign author: Alain Robbe-Grillet
Alain Robbe-Grillet
(1982) • Thomas Bernhard
Thomas Bernhard
(1983) • Adolfo Bioy Casares
Adolfo Bioy Casares
(1984) • Bernard Malamud
Bernard Malamud
(1985) • Friedrich Dürrenmatt
Friedrich Dürrenmatt
(1986) • Doris Lessing
Doris Lessing
(1987) • V. S. Naipaul (1988) • Octavio Paz
Octavio Paz
(1989) • Christa Wolf
Christa Wolf
(1990) • Kurt Vonnegut (1991) • Bohumil Hrabal
Bohumil Hrabal
(1992) • Seamus Heaney
Seamus Heaney
(1993) • J. M. Coetzee
J. M. Coetzee
(1994) • Vladimir Vojnovič (1995) • David Grossman (1996) • Philippe Jaccottet
Philippe Jaccottet
(1998) • Don DeLillo
Don DeLillo
(1999) • Aleksandar Tišma (2000) • Nuruddin Farah
Nuruddin Farah
(2001) • Per Olov Enquist (2002) • Adunis
Adunis
(2003) • Les Murray (2004) • Magda Szabó (2005) • Uwe Timm
Uwe Timm
(2006) • Bapsi Sidhwa
Bapsi Sidhwa
(2007) • Viktor Erofeev (2009) • Edmund White
Edmund White
(2010) • Javier Cercas
Javier Cercas
(2011) • Elizabeth Strout
Elizabeth Strout
(2012) • Péter Esterházy
Péter Esterházy
(2013) • Joe R. Lansdale (2014) • Emmanuel Carrère
Emmanuel Carrère
(2015) • Marilynne Robinson (2016) • Cees Nooteboom
Cees Nooteboom
(2017)

Italian Author: Alberto Moravia
Alberto Moravia
(1982) • Vittorio Sereni
Vittorio Sereni
alla memoria (1983) • Italo Calvino
Italo Calvino
(1984) • Mario Luzi (1985) • Paolo Volponi (1986) • Luigi Malerba (1987) • Oreste del Buono (1988) • Giovanni Macchia (1989) • Gianni Celati, Emilio Villa (1990) • Andrea Zanzotto (1991) • Ottiero Ottieri (1992) • Attilio Bertolucci (1993) • Luigi Meneghello (1994) • Fernando Bandini, Michele Perriera (1995) • Nico Orengo (1996) • Giuseppe Bonaviri, Giovanni Raboni
Giovanni Raboni
(1997) • Carlo Ginzburg
Carlo Ginzburg
(1998) • Alessandro Parronchi (1999) • Elio Bartolini (2000) • Roberto Alajmo (2001) • Andrea Camilleri
Andrea Camilleri
(2002) • Andrea Carraro, Antonio Franchini, Giorgio Pressburger
Giorgio Pressburger
(2003) • Maurizio Bettini, Giorgio Montefoschi, Nelo Risi
Nelo Risi
(2004) • pr. Raffaele Nigro, sec. Maurizio Cucchi, ter. Giuseppe Conte (2005) • pr. Paolo Di Stefano, sec. Giulio Angioni (2006) • pr. Mario Fortunato, sec. Toni Maraini, ter. Andrea Di Consoli (2007) • pr. Andrea Bajani, sec. Antonio Scurati, ter. Flavio Soriga (2008) • pr. Mario Desiati, sec. Osvaldo Guerrieri, ter. Gregorio Scalise (2009) • pr. Lorenzo Pavolini, sec. Roberto Cazzola, ter. (2010) • pr. Eugenio Baroncelli, sec. Milo De Angelis, ter. Igiaba Scego
Igiaba Scego
(2011) • pr. Edoardo Albinati, sec. Paolo Di Paolo, ter. Davide Orecchio (2012) • pr. Andrea Canobbio, sec. Valerio Magrelli, ter. Walter Siti (2013) • pr. Irene Chias, sec. Giorgio Falco, ter. Francesco Pecoraro (2014) • pr. Nicola Lagioia, sec. Letizia Muratori, ter. Marco Missiroli (2015) • pr. Marcello Fois, sec. Emanuele Tonon, ter. Romana Petri (2016) • pr. Stefano Massini, sec. Alessandro Zaccuri, ter. Alessandra Sarchi (2017)

"Five Continents" Award: Kōbō Abe, Tahar Ben Jelloun, Germaine Greer, Wilson Harris, José Saramago
José Saramago
(1992) • Kenzaburō Ōe
Kenzaburō Ōe
(1993) • Stephen Spender
Stephen Spender
(1994) • Thomas Keneally, Alberto Arbasino (1996) • Margaret Atwood, André Brink, David Malouf, Romesh Gunesekera, Christoph Ransmayr
Christoph Ransmayr
(1997)

"Palermo bridge for Europe" Award: Dacia Maraini
Dacia Maraini
(1999), Premio Palermo ponte per il Mediterraneo Alberto Arbasino
Alberto Arbasino
(2000)

"Ignazio Buttitta" Award: Nino De Vita (2003) • Attilio Lolini (2005) • Roberto Rossi Precerotti (2006) • Silvia Bre (2007)

Supermondello Tiziano Scarpa (2009) • Michela Murgia (2010) • Eugenio Baroncelli (2011) • Davide Orecchio (2012) • Valerio Magrelli (2013) • Giorgio Falco (2014) • Marco Missiroli (2015) • Romana Petri (2016) • Stefano Massini (2017)

Special
Special
award of the President: Ibrahim al-Koni (2009) • Emmanuele Maria Emanuele (2010) • Antonio Calabrò (2011)

Poetry prize: Antonio Riccardi (2010)

Translation Award: Evgenij Solonovic (2010)

Identity and dialectal literatures award: Gialuigi Beccaria e Marco Paolini (2010)

Essays Prize: Marzio Barbagli (2010)

Mondello for Multiculturality Award: Kim Thúy
Kim Thúy
(2011)

Mondello Youths Award: Claudia Durastanti (2011) • Edoardo Albinati (2012) • Alessandro Zaccuri (2017)

"Targa Archimede", Premio all'Intelligenza d'Impresa: Enzo Sellerio (2011)

Prize for Literary Criticism: Salvatore Silvano Nigro (2012) • Maurizio Bettini (2013) • Enrico Testa (2014) • Ermanno Cavazzoni (2015) • Serena Vitale (2016) • Antonio Prete (2017)

Award for best motivation: Simona Gioè (2012)

Special
Special
award for travel literature: Marina Valensise (2013)

Special
Special
Award 40 Years of Mondello: Gipi
Gipi
(2014)

v t e

Los Angeles Times Book Prize
Los Angeles Times Book Prize
Innovator's Award winners

2009: Dave Eggers 2010: Powell's Books 2011: Figment 2012: Margaret Atwood 2013: John Green

v t e

Struga Poetry Evenings
Struga Poetry Evenings
Golden Wreath Laureates

Robert Rozhdestvensky
Robert Rozhdestvensky
(1966) Bulat Okudzhava
Bulat Okudzhava
(1967) László Nagy (1968) Mak Dizdar
Mak Dizdar
(1969) Miodrag Pavlović (1970) W. H. Auden
W. H. Auden
(1971) Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda
(1972) Eugenio Montale
Eugenio Montale
(1973) Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca
Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca
(1974) Léopold Sédar Senghor
Léopold Sédar Senghor
(1975) Eugène Guillevic (1976) Artur Lundkvist
Artur Lundkvist
(1977) Rafael Alberti
Rafael Alberti
(1978) Miroslav Krleža
Miroslav Krleža
(1979) Hans Magnus Enzensberger
Hans Magnus Enzensberger
(1980) Blaže Koneski (1981) Nichita Stănescu
Nichita Stănescu
(1982) Sachchidananda Vatsyayan 'Ajneya' (1983) Andrei Voznesensky
Andrei Voznesensky
(1984) Yiannis Ritsos
Yiannis Ritsos
(1985) Allen Ginsberg
Allen Ginsberg
(1986) Tadeusz Różewicz
Tadeusz Różewicz
(1987) Desanka Maksimović
Desanka Maksimović
(1988) Thomas Shapcott (1989) Justo Jorge Padrón (1990) Joseph Brodsky
Joseph Brodsky
(1991) Ferenc Juhász (1992) Gennadiy Aygi
Gennadiy Aygi
(1993) Ted Hughes
Ted Hughes
(1994) Yehuda Amichai
Yehuda Amichai
(1995) Makoto Ooka
Makoto Ooka
(1996) Adunis
Adunis
(1997) Liu Banjiu (1998) Yves Bonnefoy
Yves Bonnefoy
(1999) Edoardo Sanguineti
Edoardo Sanguineti
(2000) Seamus Heaney
Seamus Heaney
(2001) Slavko Mihalić (2002) Tomas Tranströmer
Tomas Tranströmer
(2003) Vasco Graça Moura (2004) William S. Merwin (2005) Nancy Morejón (2006) Mahmoud Darwish
Mahmoud Darwish
(2007) Fatos Arapi (2008) Tomaž Šalamun
Tomaž Šalamun
(2009) Lyubomir Levchev (2010) Mateja Matevski
Mateja Matevski
(2011) Mongane Wally Serote (2012) José Emilio Pacheco
José Emilio Pacheco
(2013) Ko Un
Ko Un
(2014) Bei Dao
Bei Dao
(2015) Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
(2016) Charles Simic
Charles Simic
(2017) Adam Zagajewski
Adam Zagajewski
(2018)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 109322990 LCCN: n79102766 ISNI: 0000 0001 2321 5491 GND: 118646168 SELIBR: 37290 SUDOC: 026694247 BNF: cb11889367m (data) BIBSYS: 90071737 MusicBrainz: 54c82890-5779-4c98-9e59-eaed128685d6 NLA: 35010003 NDL: 00462538 NKC: jn19990009771 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV27990 BNE: XX999717 SN

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