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María Candelaria
María Candelaria
is a 1943 Mexican romantic tragedy[1][2][3][4] film directed by Emilio Fernández
Emilio Fernández
and starring Dolores del Río
Dolores del Río
and Pedro Armendáriz. It was the first Mexican film to be screened at the Cannes International Film Festival
Cannes International Film Festival
where it won the Grand Prix (now known as the Palme d'Or) becoming the first Latin American film to do so.[5] María Candelaria
María Candelaria
would later win a Silver Ariel award for Best Cinematography. The film came to be regarded as one of Fernández's best works, in which he portrays the indigenous people of Mexico
Mexico
with innocence and dignity. Fernández has said that he wrote an original version of the plot on 13 napkins while sitting in a restaurant. He was anxious because he was dating Dolores del Río
Dolores del Río
and could not afford to buy her a birthday present. The film was originally titled Xochimilco
Xochimilco
and the protagonist was named María del Refugio.[6] Major themes in the film include melodrama, indigenousness, nationalism, and the beauty of Mexico.[7] María Candelaria
María Candelaria
is one of Mexico's most beloved films of all time, and it was ranked thirty-seventh among the top 100 films of Mexican cinema.[8]

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Awards 5 References 6 External links

Plot[edit] A young journalist presses an old artist (Alberto Galán) to display the portrait of a naked indigenous woman that he has in his study. As the artist begins to tell the story behind the painting, the action becomes a flashback to Xochimilco, Mexico
Mexico
in 1909, right before the Mexican Revolution. Xochimilco
Xochimilco
is an area with beautiful landscapes inhabited mostly by indigenous people.[9] The woman in the painting is María Candelaria
María Candelaria
(Dolores del Río), a young indigenous woman shunned by her own people for being the daughter of a prostitute. She and her lover, Lorenzo Rafael (Pedro Armendáriz), face constant struggles. They are honest and hardworking, yet nothing ever goes right for them. Don Damián (Miguel Inclán), a jealous Mestizo
Mestizo
store owner who wants María for himself, prevents them from getting married. He kills a piglet that María and Lorenzo planned to sell for profit and refuses to buy flowers from them. When María contracts malaria, Don Damián refuses to give the couple the quinine necessary to fight the disease. Lorenzo breaks into the store to steal the medicine and takes a wedding dress for María. Lorenzo goes to prison for stealing and María agrees to model for the painter to pay for his release. The artist begins painting her portrait and then asks her to pose nude, which she refuses to do. The artist finishes the painting with the nude body of another woman. When the people of Xochimilco
Xochimilco
see the painting, they assume it is María Candelaria
María Candelaria
and stone her to death.[7] Finally, Lorenzo escapes from prison to carry María's lifeless body through Xochimilco's Canal of the Dead.[10] Cast[edit]

Dolores del Río
Dolores del Río
as María Candelaria: A beautiful, indigenous Mexican woman who has many misfortunes befall her throughout the film. Pedro Armendáriz
Pedro Armendáriz
as Lorenzo Rafael: María Candelaria's lover and only consistent supporter. Alberto Galán as Painter: The narrator of the story and creator of the painting that ultimately leads to María's death. The character is based on muralist Diego Rivera.[11] Margarita Cortés as Lupe: A young woman in the community who is jealous of María because she wants to be with Lorenzo Rafael. She is instrumental in the mob of townspeople who eventually stone María to death. Miguel Inclán as don Damián: A store owner who exploits indigenous people and wants María for himself.

Other characters

Beatriz Ramos as Journalist Rafael Icardo as Priest Julio Ahuet as José Alfonso Lupe Inclán as Gossip Salvador Quiroz as Judge Nieves as Model Elda Loza as Model Lupe Garnica as Model Arturo Soto Rangel as Doctor David Valle González as Court secretary José Torvay as Police Enrique Zambrano as Doctor Alfonso Jiménez "Kilómetro" Irma Torres Lupe del Castillo[8]

Production[edit] María Candelaria
María Candelaria
benefited from a time of commercial success in the Mexican film industry in the 1940s and 1950s. Fernández and Figueroa had worked together previously, and they shared a similar vision for the film. In addition to the experienced team of producers, the film benefited from Dolores del Río's success as an actress through the star system.[11] The film was the gift that Emilio Fernández
Emilio Fernández
offered to Dolores del Río, to compensate for his mistreatment of del Río during their filming of Flor silvestre (1943). Emilio's "bronco" temperament had surfaced on several occasions, and the actress had nearly left the film. The pleas of their co-workers, and her high sense of professionalism, convinced del Río to return. However, her relationship with the director had become distant. On Good Friday 1943, del Río's birthday, was the occasion chosen by the filmmaker to find the desired reconciliation. In addition to needing her as an actress, Fernández began to love her as a woman. In his biographical account of the actress, writer David Ramón relates:[8]

"When it was Emilio Fernández's turn to give her his gift, he got close up to Dolores and took a bunch of napkins with writings, and he practically threw them to her and said: This is your birthday present, a history of cinema. I hope you'll like it, it's your next film, it's called Xochimilco. It's yours, it's your property, if somebody wants to buy it, they'll buy it from you."[8]

With the generous gift and all, Dolores had her doubts. She said: "First a rural woman ... And now, an Indian woman, you want me to play an indian? I ... barefooted?"[8]

Awards[edit]

Year Ceremony Award Result Winner

1946 Festival de Cannes Grand Prix for "Best feature film"[12] Won

1946 Premios Ariel Special
Special
Silver Award for "Best Cinematography" Won Gabriel Figueroa

References[edit]

^ https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=HTES19840222.2.22 ^ http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1239&context=english_facpubs ^ https://calendar.utexas.edu/event/screening_of_maria_candelaria_1943_part_of_the_classical_mexican_cinema_series#.Wn7EjejwbIU ^ http://thingstodo.austin360.com/event/classical-mexican-cinema-series-screening-of-mar-a-candelarianovember-9-201759bd130586e5f ^ Festival de Cannes
Festival de Cannes
- Official Selection 1946 Archived 2009-10-03 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Tuñón, Julia (2003). The Cinema of Latin America. Wallflower Press. pp. 45–46.  ^ a b Noble, Andrea (2001). If Looks Could Kill: Image Wars in María Candelaria. p. 79.  ^ a b c d e "Películas del Cine Mexicano - María Candelaria (Xochimilco) (1943)". Cine Mexicano. Retrieved 2 September 2011.  ^ Tuñón, Julia (2003). The Cinema of Latin America. Wallflower Press. p. 45.  ^ Tuñón, Julia (2003). The Cinema of Latin America. Wallflower Press. p. 46.  ^ a b Tuñón, Julia (2003). The Cinema of Latin America. Wallflower Press. p. 49.  ^ "Festival de Cannes: Maria Candelaria". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-01-03. 

External links[edit]

María Candelaria
María Candelaria
on IMDb

v t e

Films directed by Emilio Fernández

Wild Flower (1943) Maria Candelaria
Maria Candelaria
(1943) Las Abandonadas
Las Abandonadas
(1944) Bugambilia
Bugambilia
(1944) Pepita Jiménez
Pepita Jiménez
(1945) The Pearl (1945) Enamorada (1946)) The Fugitive (1947) Río Escondido (1947) Maclovia (1948) Pueblerina (1949) The Unloved Woman (1949) The Torch (1950) Vìctimas del Pecado
Vìctimas del Pecado
(1951) Islas Marías
Islas Marías
(1951) Siempre tuya (1952) Acapulco
Acapulco
(1952) Rosanna (1952) Reportaje (1952) Una cita de amor (1958) Pueblito
Pueblito
(1962) A Faithful Soldier of Pancho Villa (1967) La Choca (1974) Zona Roja (1976)

v t e

Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
winning films

Union Pacific (1939) Torment (Hets) (1946) The Lost Weekend (1946) The Red Meadows (1946) Brief Encounter
Brief Encounter
(1946) María Candelaria
María Candelaria
(1946) Neecha Nagar (1946) The Turning Point (1946) La Symphonie pastorale (1946) The Last Chance (1946) Men Without Wings (1946) Rome, Open City
Rome, Open City
(1946) The Third Man
The Third Man
(1949) Miss Julie (1951) Miracle in Milan
Miracle in Milan
(1951) The Tragedy
Tragedy
of Othello: The Moor of Venice (1951) Two Cents Worth of Hope
Two Cents Worth of Hope
(1952) The Wages of Fear
The Wages of Fear
(1953) Gate of Hell (1954) Marty (1955) The Silent World
The Silent World
(1956) Friendly Persuasion (1957) The Cranes Are Flying
The Cranes Are Flying
(1958) Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
(1959) La Dolce Vita
La Dolce Vita
(1960) The Long Absence
The Long Absence
(1961) Viridiana
Viridiana
(1961) O Pagador de Promessas
O Pagador de Promessas
(1962) The Leopard (1963) The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
(1964) The Knack ...and How to Get It
The Knack ...and How to Get It
(1965) A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
(1966) The Birds, the Bees and the Italians
The Birds, the Bees and the Italians
(1966) Blowup
Blowup
(1967) if.... (1969) MASH (1970) The Go-Between (1971) The Working Class Goes to Heaven
The Working Class Goes to Heaven
(1972) The Mattei Affair
The Mattei Affair
(1972) The Hireling (1973) Scarecrow (1973) The Conversation
The Conversation
(1974) Chronicle of the Years of Fire
Chronicle of the Years of Fire
(1975) Taxi Driver
Taxi Driver
(1976) Padre Padrone
Padre Padrone
(1977) The Tree of Wooden Clogs
The Tree of Wooden Clogs
(1978) Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(1979) The Tin Drum (1979) All That Jazz (1980) Kagemusha
Kagemusha
(1980) Man of Iron (1981) Missing (1982) Yol
Yol
(1982) The Ballad of Narayama (1983) Paris, Texas (1984) When Father Was Away on Business (1985) The Mission (1986) Under the Sun of Satan (1987) Pelle the Conqueror
Pelle the Conqueror
(1988) Sex, Lies, and Videotape
Sex, Lies, and Videotape
(1989) Wild at Heart (1990) Barton Fink
Barton Fink
(1991) The Best Intentions
The Best Intentions
(1992) Farewell My Concubine (1993) The Piano
The Piano
(1993) Pulp Fiction
Pulp Fiction
(1994) Underground (1995) Secrets & Lies (1996) Taste of Cherry
Taste of Cherry
(1997) The Eel (1997) Eternity and a Day
Eternity and a Day
(1998) Rosetta (1999) Dancer in the Dark
Dancer in the Dark
(2000) The Son's Room
The Son's Room
(2001) The Pianist (2002) Elephant (2003) Fahrenheit 9/11
Fahrenheit 9/11
(2004) The Child (2005) The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
(2007) The Class (2008) The White Ribbon
The White Ribbon
(2009) Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
(2010) The Tree of Life (2011) Amour (2012) Blue Is the Warmest Colour
Blue Is the Warmest Colour
(2013) Winter Sleep (2014) Dheepan
Dheepan
(2015) I, Daniel Blake (2016) The S

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