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The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are a range of hills in the English counties of Worcestershire, Herefordshire
Herefordshire
and a small area of northern Gloucestershire, dominating the surrounding countryside and the towns and villages of the district of Malvern. The highest summit of the hills affords a panorama of the Severn valley with the hills of Herefordshire
Herefordshire
and the Welsh mountains, parts of thirteen counties, the Bristol
Bristol
Channel, and the cathedrals of Worcester, Gloucester
Gloucester
and Hereford. They are known for their spring water – initially made famous by the region's many holy wells, and later through the development of the 19th-century spa town of Great Malvern, a process which culminated in the production of the modern bottled drinking water.[1] The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
have been designated as a Biological and Geological Site of Special Scientific Interest
Site of Special Scientific Interest
and as National Character Area 103 by Natural England[2][3] and an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
by the Countryside Agency
Countryside Agency
(now Natural England).[4] The SSSI notification has 26 units of assessment which cover grassland, woodland and geological sites.[5] The site (The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
SSSI (Chase End Hill)) is listed in the ' Forest of Dean
Forest of Dean
Local Plan Review' as a Key Wildlife Site (KWS).[6] Management of the hills is the responsibility of the Malvern Hills Trust.[7] Simon Jenkins
Simon Jenkins
rates the view of the Wye Valley
Wye Valley
and across the Severn Vale to the Cotswolds
Cotswolds
as one of the top ten in England.[8]

Contents

1 Toponymy 2 Geography 3 Geology

3.1 Malvern water

4 Ecology 5 History 6 Governance 7 Sport, leisure, and tourism 8 Abberley and Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Geopark 9 Transport 10 Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
in cultural life

10.1 Music 10.2 Literature 10.3 Art 10.4 Television

11 The Hills 12 Vistas 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Toponymy[edit] The name Malvern is probably derived from the ancient British moel-bryn, meaning "Bare-Hill",[9] the nearest modern equivalent being the Welsh moelfryn (bald hill).[10] It has been known as Malferna (11th century), Malverne (12th century), and Much Malvern (16th and 17th centuries).[11] Jabez Allies, a 19th-century antiquarian from Worcestershire speculated that 'vern' was derived from the British words 'Sarn' or 'Varn' meaning pavement or seat of judgement.[12] Geography[edit] The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are part of an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, with scenic views over both Herefordshire
Herefordshire
and Worcestershire. The Hills run north/south for about 13 km (8 miles), in between Great Malvern and the village of Colwall, and overlook the River Severn valley to the east, with the Cotswolds
Cotswolds
beyond. The highest point of the hills is the Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Beacon at 425 metres (1,394 ft) above sea level (OS Grid reference
Grid reference
SO768452). The hills are famous for their natural mineral springs and wells, which were responsible for the development of Great Malvern
Great Malvern
as a spa in the early 19th century. Until recently, Malvern water
Malvern water
was bottled commercially on a large scale and sold worldwide.[13] There are three passes over the hills, the Wyche cutting, the A438 road north of Raggedstone Hill
Raggedstone Hill
and the A449 road
A449 road
just north of the Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Beacon, the site of the British Camp, an Iron Age
Iron Age
hill fort at the top of the hill. The site is thought to date back before the Common Era
Common Era
and has been extended subsequently by a medieval castle. The extensive earthworks remain clearly visible today and determine the shape of the hill. Geology[edit]

Gullet Quarry and unconformity

The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are formed of some of the most ancient rocks in England, mostly igneous and metamorphic rocks from the late Precambrian, known as the Uriconian, which are around 680 million years old.[14][15] The Malvern Line or Malvern Lineament is the name applied to a north-south aligned lineament which runs through the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
and extends southwards towards Bristol
Bristol
and northwards past Kidderminster. It consists of a series of faults and folds which have the effect of bringing old Malvernian rocks to the surface. Being largely hard igneous rocks, they have resisted erosion better than those of the surrounding countryside and result in a striking line of hills of which the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are the most impressive. This line is considered to mark the edge of two terranes – two once separate fragments of the Earth's crust now joined as one – the Wrekin Terrane to the west and the Charnwood Terrane to the east. The main face of Gullet Quarry shows a cross-section through the Precambrian
Precambrian
rock and exhibits many rock types including diorite, granite, gneiss, schist, pegmatite and dolerite. The evidence of the complex history of earth movements which formed the Hills can be seen by multiple joints, fractures, faults and shears, which make identifying changes in rock types difficult. Mineral deposits such as haematite, calcite and epidote can be seen within these features.[16][17] There is a tiny, man-made cave near the ridge of the hills called Clutter's Cave (or Giant's Cave or Hermit's Cave or Waum's Cave, after Walm's Well which is located on the boundary of News Wood below).[18][19] The cave has been excavated into pillow lavas. Some of the rounded 'pillow' shapes are still visible around the entrance to the cave.[20] Malvern water[edit] Main article: Malvern water See also: Hydrogeology
Hydrogeology
and Groundwater recharge

St. Ann's Well, Great Malvern, a popular café for walkers on the hills. The building on the right houses the spout from which the water surges into a basin.

The quality of Malvern water
Malvern water
is attributable to its source. The rocks of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are amongst the oldest and hardest found in England; the geology is responsible for the quality of Malvern's spring water.[9][21] The hills consist of Precambrian
Precambrian
igneous and metamorphic rock, the oldest of which are about 670 million years old.[17][22] The rocks are characterised by low porosity and high secondary permeability via fissures.[23][24] Malvern water
Malvern water
is rainwater and snow meltwater that percolates through fissures created by the pressures of tectonic movements about 300 million years ago when advancing sedimentary layers of Silurian
Silurian
shale and limestone were pushed into and under older Precambrian
Precambrian
rock.[21][24][25] When the fissures are saturated, a water table forms and the water emerges as springs around the fault lines between the strata. Depending on rainfall, the flow can vary from as little as 36 litres (7.9 imp gal; 9.5 US gal) per minute to over 350 litres (77 imp gal; 92 US gal) per minute.[26] The water permeates through the rock which, because of its hardness, leaves little or no mineral traces in the water, while at the same time the very fine cracks act as a filter for other impurities.[24] Rainfall on the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
is thought to be sufficient to account for all the water that runs out of the springs, reflected for example in some spring flows six to eight weeks after heavy rainfall, and in reduced flows after a dry period.[27] Ecology[edit] The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
have been designated as a Site of Special
Special
Scientific Interest (SSSI) by Natural England[2][3] and an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty by the Countryside Agency
Countryside Agency
(now Natural England).[4] Features of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
AONB include wide areas of acid grassland and heath on the summit and mixed broadleaved woodland and Ancient Semi-Natural Woodland on the lower hills and valleys.[28] There are three areas of Ancient Semi-Natural Woodland in the Malvern Hills SSSI: Hollybush Roughs between the boundary of Castlemorton Common and the Midsummer Hill
Midsummer Hill
fort, Park Wood in West Malvern
West Malvern
and an area near Holy Well above Malvern Wells.[29] Key AONB species include dormouse, barbastelle, skylark, high brown fritillary butterfly, great crested newt, adder and black poplar.[30] History[edit]

Iron Age
Iron Age
earthworks, British camp

Flint axes, arrowheads, and flakes found in the area are attributed to early Bronze Age
Bronze Age
settlers,[31] and the 'Shire Ditch', a late Bronze Age boundary earthwork possibly dating from around 1000 BC, was constructed along part of the crest of the hills near the site of later settlements.[1] The Wyche Cutting, a mountain pass through the hills was in use in prehistoric times as part of the salt route from Droitwich to South Wales.[31] A 19th-century discovery of over two hundred metal money bars suggests that the area had been inhabited by the La Tène people around 250 BC.[31] Ancient folklore has it that the British chieftain Caractacus
Caractacus
made his last stand against the Romans at the British Camp,[32] a site of extensive Iron Age earthworks on a summit of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
close to where Malvern was to be later established. The story remains disputed, however, as Roman historian Tacitus
Tacitus
implies a site closer to the river Severn.[33] There is therefore no evidence that Roman presence ended the prehistoric settlement at British Camp. However, excavations at nearby Midsummer Hillfort, Bredon Hill
Bredon Hill
and Croft Ambrey
Croft Ambrey
all show evidence of violent destruction around the year 48 AD. This may suggest that the British Camp
British Camp
was abandoned or destroyed around the same time.[34]

Midsummer Hill
Midsummer Hill
Iron Age
Iron Age
Hill Fort and Hollybush Quarry

During the medieval period, the hills and surrounding area were part of a Royal forest
Royal forest
known as Malvern Chase. Riots by commoners and legal challenges from land owners ensued when King Charles I attempted to disafforest the Chase in 1630. Ultimately, only one third was disafforested, and commissioners were appointed to ensure any further encroachments did not leave the common lands as the most meagre in quality. This system lasted until the 1800s.[35] In 1884, the Malvern Hills Conservators
Malvern Hills Conservators
were established through an Act of Parliament to preserve the natural aspect of the hills and protect them from encroachments.[36] However, by this time large-scale quarrying had already begun. Quarry works were set in motion in the 1870s at Tank Quarry and at Little Malvern by Pyx Granite
Granite
Company. The Hills Conservators lobbied parliament to pass an Act limiting the exploitation, and although a second Act was passed in 1924 its provisions were largely ineffective. Quarrying continued until 1966.[37] The landscape itself was irrevocably changed;[38] but there is some debate whether this has enriched or damaged the ecology of the Hills.[citation needed] Certainly the quarrying has changed the Hills forever, including creating habitats for frogs, toads, newts and other small animals. The new cliffs provide nesting sites for certain birds.[39] The quarries, especially North Quarry and Tank Quarry, have over the years been the sites of several accidents requiring the Emergency Services.[40][41][42]

Dexter cattle
Dexter cattle
on the Malvern Hills

In 1989, the cafe on Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Beacon burned down. As the Malvern Hills Acts state that no building should be erected on the Conservators' land or on land under their jurisdiction, the Conservators put a bill through Parliament to get the power to build a new one but the House of Lords
House of Lords
opposed it.[43] When the cafe was burned down, the Conservators had plans to replace the building but were advised that they risked prosecution for rebuilding as the original cafe building was an encroachment on common land. The Malvern Hills Bill was in preparation to modernise some of the clauses in previous acts a clause was inserted to gain authority to rebuild the cafe. Five members of the House of Lords
House of Lords
Select Committee visited the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
and decided that there were enough facilities in the immediate area and that St Ann's Well cafe should be enough provision on the hills, so the application to rebuild was turned down.[44][45][46]

The Holy Well, Malvern. With the aid of a Lottery Heritage grant, production of 1200 bottles per day of Holy Well Spring Water was recommenced.

In 2000, a £1.3 million project to reintroduce grazing animals to the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
and restore part of its historic network of water spouts was given significant backing of National Lottery funds. The Malverns Heritage Project aimed to reintroduce grazing animals as a natural means of scrub management and restore several water features. The project was spearheaded by the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
AONB Service, in partnership with Worcestershire
Worcestershire
County Council, Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Council, Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Conservators, Malvern Spa Association, English Nature, Countryside Agency, National Trust and English Heritage.[47] Members of the public were concerned that by erecting temporary fences on the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
the Conservators would be straying from their core duty of keeping the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
unenclosed as open spaces for the recreation and enjoyment of the public. Although the conservation officer said any enclosures would be small and temporary there were worries that leisure activities that could be affected and that "the feeling of freedom associated with 'just being' on the Malvern Hills" could be lost.[48][49][50] In 2001, the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
were officially closed to the public for the first time in history. Walkers were told to avoid the area as part of the effort to prevent the spread of foot and mouth disease.[51] As a result of the closure the economy of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
faced serious damage.[52] In 2002 the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
were named the most popular free tourist attraction in the West Midlands in a survey commissioned by the Countryside Agency
Countryside Agency
to take the temperature of rural tourism in the wake of the crisis.[53] In 2006, Worcestershire
Worcestershire
County Council was awarded £770,000 by the Heritage Lottery Fund for restoration work and preservation of the area by fitting cattle grids to roads across the Hills and encouraging local landowners to allow sheep to wander across their land. As part of the Malvern Heritage Project nine water features within the AONB were also renovated.[54] Governance[edit]

Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
with the British Camp
British Camp
on the left

The Malvern Hills Conservators
Malvern Hills Conservators
manage most parts of the Hills and the surrounding Commons, some other parcels of land and many roadside verges. They were established in 1884 and are governed by five Acts of Parliament, the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Acts 1884, 1909, 1924, 1930 and 1995. They are a voluntary body of twenty-nine members. Eleven are directly elected under the Local Elections (Principal areas) Rules by the residents of the wards who contribute to the Conservators' funds through a levy in their Council Tax, seventeen are appointed by local authorities and one by the Church Commissioners.[7] The total area under their jurisdiction is over 1,200 hectares (3,000 acres).[55] The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
were designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) in 1959. The designation covers 105 square kilometres (41 sq mi) and includes parts of Herefordshire, Worcestershire
Worcestershire
and Gloucestershire.[56] The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Conservators played a key role in ensuring that the area of the AONB is larger than that originally proposed.[57] The AONB Partnership work together to conserve and enhance the Malvern Hills AONB. The Partnership has a formal structure including representatives from private and public enterprises, officers from local authorities, the Countryside Agency
Countryside Agency
and the Malvern Hills Conservators.[58] Sport, leisure, and tourism[edit]

Walkers on the Malvern Hills

The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are home to a wide range of outdoor sports and leisure activities, including walking, mountain biking, horse riding, orienteering, hang-gliding, paragliding, model aircraft flying, fishing, climbing and diving.[59] The Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Way is a waymarked long-distance trail located within the county of Worcestershire. It runs 50 km (31 miles) from Bewdley
Bewdley
to Great Malvern.[60] It is an important recreation resource in the AONB.[61] The Geopark Way
Geopark Way
is a 175 km (109 miles) long-distance trail which runs from Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
to Gloucester
Gloucester
and passes through the Abberley and Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Geopark.[62] The route was devised to highlight geology, landscape and associated heritage.[63] The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Geocentre is located halfway along the Geopark Way, at the Wyche.[64] This official visitor centre gives more information on interactive iPads about the geology, nature and history of the Geopark and the Malvern hills and Malvern in particular, as well as large wall maps of the area.[65][66] Abberley and Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Geopark[edit] The Abberley and Malvern Hills Geopark was launched in 2004.[67] It falls within the counties of Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, Shropshire
Shropshire
and Worcestershire
Worcestershire
and covers 3,240 km2 (1,250 square miles). The geological and geomorphological significance of the area has been recognised for many years with 13 Sites of Special
Special
Scientific Interest (SSSI) and 179 Local Geological Sites (LGS) present.[68] The Abberley and Malvern Hills Geopark is one of only seven geoparks in the UK.[62] Transport[edit] The A449 road
A449 road
runs through the centre of Malvern, connecting it to Worcester
Worcester
and Ledbury. The M5 motorway
M5 motorway
to the east of Malvern is accessible at junctions 7 and 8. The M50 (also known as the Ross Spur) to the south can be accessed at junction 1 on the A38 road
A38 road
between Tewkesbury
Tewkesbury
and Malvern. The AONB has four Railway stations inside or very close to its boundary – Malvern Link, Great Malvern, Colwall
Colwall
and Ledbury. These railway stations lie on the Cotswolds
Cotswolds
& Malverns Line which operates between Oxford via Worcester
Worcester
Shrub Hill and Worcester Foregate Street to Hereford. Direct trains to the area are available from Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill or Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street and London Paddington.[69] Several local bus services connect Malvern with the surrounding area.[70] Long-distance direct bus services connect Malvern with other cities in the country, including the National Express route 321 through eleven counties from Aberdare in South Wales via Birmingham and other major cities, to Bradford in West Yorkshire,[71] and route 444 from Worcester
Worcester
to London (Victoria).[71] Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
in cultural life[edit] Music[edit]

Sir Edward Elgar, Belle Vue Island, Great Malvern

English composer Edward Elgar, who was from the area, often walked, cycled, and reportedly flew kites on these hills. He wrote a cantata in 1898 entitled Caractacus, which alludes to the popular legend of his last stand at British Camp.[72][73] In 1934, during the composer's final illness, he told a friend: "If ever after I'm dead you hear someone whistling this tune [from his Cello Concerto] on the Malvern Hills, don't be alarmed, it's only me."[74] Composers Herbert Howells and Ivor Gurney
Ivor Gurney
used to take long walks together through the nearby Cotswold Hills
Cotswold Hills
and the natural beauty of the area, including the magnificent views of the Malverns, was a profound inspiration for their music. Howells dedicated his first major work, the Piano Quartet in A minor (1916), to "the hill at Chosen (Churchdown) and Ivor Gurney
Ivor Gurney
who knew it".[75] The Swedish singer Jenny Lind
Jenny Lind
spent the last years of her life living at Wynd's Point near the British Camp. She is buried in Great Malvern cemetery.[76] Literature[edit] The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
were the inspiration and setting for the famous 14th-century poem The Visions of Piers Plowman
Piers Plowman
(1362) by William Langland, who was possibly educated at the priory of Great Malvern.[77] The earliest poetical allusion to the Malvern Hills occurs in the poem: "And on a Maye mornynge on Malverne hylles".[78][79] The poet W. H. Auden
W. H. Auden
taught for three years at The Downs School, Colwall, in the Malvern Hills. He spent three years at the school in the 1930s and wrote some of his finest early love poems there, including: "This Lunar Beauty"; "Let Your Sleeping Head"; "My Love, Fish in the Unruffled Lakes"; and "Out on the Lawn I Lie in Bed". He also wrote a long poem about the hills and their views, called simply The Malverns. J.R.R. Tolkien
J.R.R. Tolkien
found inspiration in the Malvern landscape[80] which he had viewed from his childhood home in Birmingham
Birmingham
and his brother Hilary's home near Evesham.[81] He was introduced to the area by C. S. Lewis, who had brought him here to meet George Sayer, the Head of English at Malvern College. Sayer had been a student of Lewis, and became his biographer, and together with them Tolkien would walk the Malvern Hills. Recordings of Tolkien reading excerpts from The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings
were made in Malvern in 1952, at the home of George Sayer. The recordings were later issued on long-playing gramophone records.[82] In the liner notes for J.R.R. Tolkien
J.R.R. Tolkien
Reads and Sings his The Hobbit
The Hobbit
& The Fellowship of the Ring, George Sayer wrote that Tolkien would relive the book as they walked and compared parts of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
to the White Mountains of Gondor.[81] The poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
spent her childhood at Hope End, a 500-acre (2.0 km2) estate near the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
in Ledbury, Herefordshire. Her time at Hope End would inspire her in later life to write Aurora Leigh.[citation needed] In Early British Trackways Alfred Watkins
Alfred Watkins
theorised that a ley line passed along the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
through several wells including St Ann's Well, Holy Well, Walms Well and St. Pewtress Well. Interest in Watkin's theories subsided in the 1930s but saw a revival in the late 1960s.[83] In The Ley Hunter's Companion (1979) Paul Devereux theorised that a 10-mile alignment he called the "Malvern Ley" passed through St Ann's Well, the Wyche Cutting, a section of the Shire Ditch, Midsummer Hill, Whiteleaved Oak, Redmarley D'Abitot
Redmarley D'Abitot
and Pauntley.[84] In City of Revelation (1973) British author John Michell theorised that Whiteleaved Oak
Whiteleaved Oak
is the centre of a circular alignment he called the "Circle of Perpetual Choirs" and is equidistant from Glastonbury, Stonehenge, Goring-on-Thames
Goring-on-Thames
and Llantwit Major. The theory was investigated by the British Society of Dowsers and used as background material by Phil Rickman in his novel The Remains of an Altar (2006).[85][86] "Malvern Hills" is the third short story in Japanese-English author Kazuo Ishiguro's collection Nocturnes (2009). The legend of the Shadow of the Ragged Stone, a shadow appearing to arise from the hilltop under particular meteorological conditions said to bring ill-fortune to those on whom it falls, features in many literary sources. It is the subject of the novel "The Shadow of the Ragged Stone" by Charles F. Grindrod, which tells the story of a monk who in punishment for breaking his vow of chastity was compelled to crawl up the hill every day on his hands and knees, and died cursing the hill and all on whom its shadow should fall.[87] Art[edit] Paintings of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
include Henry Harris Lines's The British Camp
British Camp
and Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Beacon (1872), now in the Worcester City Museums.[88] David Prentice, founder member of Birmingham's Ikon Gallery, has been painting the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
since 1986.[89][90] Paul Nash made paintings of the hills from 'Madams' in Gloucestershire[91] and from the 'Rising Sun' hotel on Cleeve Hill near Cheltenham.[92] Dame Laura Knight
Dame Laura Knight
painted in a studio near Wynds Point below British Camp. Television[edit] The opening scene in Elgar, a drama documentary made in 1962 by the British director Ken Russell, depicts a young Elgar riding a white pony over the Malvern Hills.[93] Made for BBC
BBC
Television's long-running Monitor programme, it dramatised the life of the composer Edward Elgar. The film significantly raised the public profile of the composer.[94] The Tank Quarry on North Hill and West of England
England
Quarry on the Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Beacon were used as locations in the Doctor Who
Doctor Who
serial The Krotons, starring Patrick Troughton. The serial was broadcast in four weekly parts from 28 December 1968 to 18 January 1969.[95][96][97] The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are the backdrop for Penda's Fen, a 1974 British television play written by David Rudkin and directed by Alan Clarke for the BBC's Play for Today
Play for Today
series. It tells the story of Stephen, a pastor's son who has visions of angels, Edward Elgar, and King Penda, the last pagan ruler of England.[98] [99] The final scene of the play, where the protagonist has an apparitional experience of King Penda
King Penda
and the "mother and father of England", is set on the Malvern Hills.[100] The Hills[edit]

Location within England

A list of the hills in their order from north to south is shown below:[101]

Hill Elevation (ft) Elevation (m)

End Hill 1,079 329

Table Hill 1,224 373

North Hill 1,303 397

Sugarloaf Hill 1,207 368

Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Beacon 1,395 425

Summer Hill 1,253 382

Perseverance Hill 1,066 325

Jubilee Hill 1,073 327

Pinnacle Hill 1,174 358

Black Hill (north) 1,011 308

Black Hill (south) 886 270

Tinkers Hill 700 213

Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Beacon (British Camp) 1,109 338

Millennium Hill 1,073 327

Broad Down 958 292

Hangman's Hill 906 276

Swinyard Hill 889 271

Midsummer Hill 932 284

Hollybush Hill 794 242

Raggedstone Hill
Raggedstone Hill
(east top) 820 250

Raggedstone Hill
Raggedstone Hill
(west top) 833 254

Chase End Hill 625 191

A good panorama of the length of the hills can be seen from the M5 motorway, particularly between Junction 7 at Worcester
Worcester
(south) and Junction 9 at Tewkesbury.

Panorama of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
(AONB) with Little Malvern Priory taking centre stage.

Vistas[edit] Between 1999 and 2000, the Heart of England
England
Tourist Board carried out a survey of visitors to the Malvern hills on behalf of the Malvern Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Partnership (AONB). Those questioned indicated that the thing they liked most about the hills was "the scenery and views".[102]

[The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
form] an island of high ground surrounded by lower lying land, most noticeably to the east. As a result, the [h]ills are clearly visible and easily recognisable from a considerable distance away [and] constitute an iconic feature in the local and regional landscape.[102]

The AONB commissioned study to "identify and assess a selection of key views to and from the Malvern Hills" it was carried out in 2009 by Cooper Partnership Ltd, a firm of Chartered Landscape Architects.[102][103] This information was gathered not only so that the best vistas could be made known to a wider public, but also as an intelligence gathering so that proposed changes to the landscape both in and outside the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
area of outstanding beauty (such as the building of wind turbines) could be assessed against the impact those developments would have on the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
area of outstanding beauty.[102] The Cooper Partnership identified 50 key views from vantage points on the Malvern hills,[102][104] and from the surrounding area. These were:[105]

Vistas within the AONB boundary

Location OS Coordinates Importance Sensitivity Notes

North Hill SO769464 Exceptional High "Panoramic (360°) viewpoint with far reaching views in all directions".

Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Beacon SO768452 Exceptional High "Panoramic (360°) viewpoint with far reaching views in all directions".

Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Beacon (British Camp) SO760400 Exceptional High "Panoramic (360°) viewpoint with far reaching views in all directions".

Chase End Hill SO761355 Exceptional High "Panoramic (360°) viewpoint with far reaching views in all directions".

B4232 at Upper Wyche (looking east) SO770438 Special High "Contained by the landform of the hills themselves this is an elevated outlook which has views of Great Malvern
Great Malvern
with Worcester
Worcester
City in the distance".

B4232 at Upper Wyche (looking west) SO769437 Special High "Elevated view from western side of the Wyche cutting through the MH central spine, looking across the midwestern part of the wider MH AONB and beyond".

A438 (north-west of Eastnor) SO727383 Special Medium "Oblique view of MH central spine across south-western areas of the AONB".

A449
A449
(north-west of Eastnor) SO726388 Special Medium "prominent in the left of the view, with glimpses of the Herefordshire Beacon across south western areas of the AONB".

Jubilee Drive (B4232) by Perrycroft SO766417 Special High "Framed distant views of the western side of the MHAONB".

B4219 at Storridge SO755481 Special Medium "Framed, narrow view from road. Low land in the fore/mid-ground and woodland vegetation hiding the intervening landform enhances the perceived height of the rising hills. Angle of view shows the boldness of the northern group of peaks with their heavy base and rounded tops".

Public footpath on Oyster Hill SO723418 Exceptional High Representing view from gardens of Hope End Estate, including view from in front of the house. "Open, panoramic viewpoint (360°) with views in some directions filtered by vegetation. View 34 shows 180° looking west and north-west towards the MH central spine and wider AONB areas to the north".

B4209 by Three Counties Showground SO788424 Special Medium "Wide local view of eastern elevation of MH central spine from approach road. Roadside and field boundary trees interrupt the view".

A4104 (west of Welland) SO779403 Exceptional High "Wide local view of eastern elevation of MH central spine from approach road".

Public footpath near Eastnor Castle SO752378 Exceptional High by obelisk within the parkland. "Panoramic (360°) viewpoint. Views are generally enclosed by vegetation and the MH central spine, but far reaching views are available to the south and south-west and through a narrow corridor to the north".

Vistas outside AONB boundary

Location OS Coordinates Distance (km) Importance Sensitivity Notes

A449
A449
through Malvern Link SO783475 1.2 Representative Medium "Typical view from the A449
A449
through urban areas of Great Malvern. Views towards the hills are framed by buildings on both sides of the road".

Public footpath at Birtsmorten SO801357 2.0 Special Medium "Rural view across flat landscape of agricultural fields and scattered trees."

A4103
A4103
near Leigh Sinton SO788514 2.5 Special Medium "The first wide, open view of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
from the A4103
A4103
when travelling southbound from the southwest fringe of Worcester. The Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
rise up from flat agricultural fields in the foreground and are prominent on the skyline of an essentially rural view".

A417
A417
near Donnington SO728341 3.5 Special Medium "View over roadside vegetation from road following the southern border of the MH AONB. Rural view across gently undulating landscape of well enclosed fields and areas of woodland cover at the south-east part of the AONB. Landform frames and directs eye to the north where the dark silhouette of Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Beacon is seen on the distant skyline".

A417
A417
near Redmarley D'Abitot SO761321 3.5 Special Medium "End-on view of MH peaks at southern end of the central spine in the mid-distance beyond undulating farmland landscape in the fore/midground".

A4103
A4103
near Stony Cross SO723474 4.0 Special Medium "Open view from road, towards northwestern part of MH AONB and central hill spine. Unfolding view across undulating and well wooded rural farmland landscape with some urban elements in the fore/midground such as the A4103
A4103
and houses at Stoney Cross".

B4211 near Rhydd SO834450 4.5 Special Medium View from road where roadside vegetation/buildings open up more than typical. Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are dominant on the skyline in the centre of view, with urban areas of Great Malvern
Great Malvern
seen spreading at their foot".

B4208 near Pendock SO789315 5.0 Special Medium "Essentially rural view from road, over roadside vegetation. View across large open fields towards the MH".

A4104 at M5 over-bridge (near Holly Green) SO886420 8.5 Special Medium "View from road, framed by roadside vegetation which opens up as you reach elevated points of the road. Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are prominent on the skyline travelling west along the A4104. The M5 motorway
M5 motorway
corridor and agricultural fields can be seen in the foreground".

Public bridleway at Broadheath SO803555 9.0 Special Medium "Open view across rural farmland landscape towards northern parts of the AONB".

B4220 near Standford Bishop SO690518 9.0 Special Medium "View from road, above tops of roadside vegetation. Northern end of Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
is prominent in the view, seen beyond foreground fields and gently undulating landscape".

B4214 at Stanley Hill S0675440 10.0 Representative Low "View from road through gaps in roadside vegetation. Malvern Hills spine is prominent on skyline, although undulating hills and vegetation clutter the fore/midground. Essentially rural view across farmland and woodland".

Ketch
Ketch
viewpoint at southern edge of Worcester
Worcester
(A38 and A4440 junction) SO863516 10.0 Special High "Panoramic (180°) view from dedicated viewing point to overlook historic battlefield (green fields in the foreground). Essentially rural view across flat River Severn
River Severn
floodplain seen in fore/mid-ground, urbanised by the busy A4440 road corridor, pylons and overhead power-lines and views of urban areas of Great Malvern
Great Malvern
at the foot of Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Beacon and North Hill in the distance".

M5 over-bridge at Green Street Road SO867491 10.1 Representative Medium "Elevated view from M5 overbridge. Highway structures and traffic on M5 in foreground. Flat, low lying landform of the River Avon and Severn vales to both sides of the motorway".

Bringsty Common
Bringsty Common
(Common land) SO697548 10.4 Special Medium "Open, wide panoramic (180°) view towards the north-western parts of the MH AONB and northern group of hills along the central spine line. In the fore/mid-ground views of a rural, well wooded, intricately undulating landscape of the River Teme and its tributary valleys, and the eastern edge of the Bromyard
Bromyard
Plateau with scattered farmsteads and houses".

Collins' Green viewpoint (B4197) SO740573 11.0 Special Medium "from side of road across rural countryside. Far reaching views across flat, open landscape of the Severn and Avon Vales to the left and centre of view. Grey silhouette of Bredon Hill
Bredon Hill
at the edge of the Cotswolds
Cotswolds
seen on the distant skyline at the centre of view. MH and more hilly landscape to its west and north seen in the right of view".

Over Old Road near Woolridge SO803244 11.0 Special Medium "View from road, over roadside vegetation. Flat Severn Floodplain in the fore/mid-ground, May Hill, areas within the Forest of Dean
Forest of Dean
and southern fringes of the MH AONB and MH central spine on the distant skyline. Essentially rural view of settled farmed landscape. Medium sized fields well enclosed by hedgerows and some small areas of woodland. Urban areas of Newent, scattered small groups of housing and houses at Hartpury seen in the midground".

Croome Court
Croome Court
(National Trust) SO886450 11.7 Exceptional High "Open view across landscaped parkland, with designed views towards the MH. Croome Court
Croome Court
and lake seen to the left of view, and Panorama Tower seen on high ground on the other side of the M5 motorway
M5 motorway
(from foreground parkland) to the centre of view".

Track near Durlow Common PROW SO624381 12.4 Special Medium "Wide panoramic (180°) view through gap in field boundary hedgerow. Essentially rural view across a gently undulating agricultural landscape of arable/pasture fields, polytunnels associated with fruit farms and woodland cover associated with hill slopes. On the distant skyline, the dark silhouette of the Cotswold Scarp is seen to the right, and tops of Titterstone Clee Hill
Titterstone Clee Hill
and Clent Hills
Clent Hills
glimpsed to the left of the MH central hill spine and wider AONB on the intermediate skyline at the centre of view. Urban areas of Ledbury seen at the foot of the hills in the midground in right of view. Bromyard
Bromyard
Plateau to the left of view".

Hill View Road, Upper Strensham
Upper Strensham
near M5 junction 8 SO901397 13.3 Representative Low "Wide panoramic (180°) view towards Malvern Hills, over roadside hedge. Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
dominant on the skyline, rising up from contrasting flat Severn Flood Plain in the foreground. An essentially rural view from edge of small settlement of Upper Strensham. M5 motorway corridor seen to the right of view".

A438 over-bridge north-west of Tewkesbury
Tewkesbury
Road SO889337 13.7 Representative Medium "Elevated view from bridge crossing over River Severn, across rural agricultural landscape. Views towards MH part framed by intervening landform".

Footpath and road on Much Marcle
Much Marcle
Ridge (from Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Trail LDF) SO889337 13.7 Exceptional High "Elevated view from bridge crossing over River Severn, across rural agricultural landscape. Views towards MH part framed by intervening landform."

Ronkswood Hill Meadows, ( Worcester
Worcester
Public Open Space, Local Nature Reserve) SO872555 13.8 Special Medium "Panoramic view from highest point within park. Urban areas of Worcester
Worcester
seen spreading on the low lying River Severn
River Severn
vale in the midground, including view of Worcester
Worcester
Cathedral. MH central spine line and linear group of hills to the north form a grey silhouette on the skyline, as a backdrop to the city".

May Hill
May Hill
(National Trust owned Common Land) SO695223 15.0 Representative Medium "Oblique view from gap in field boundary hedgerow at field gate. Far reaching views across rural countryside. Sloping land and gentle undulations reveal and hide the midground landscape".

Public footpath Bredon Hill
Bredon Hill
by the Banbury Stone Tower SO955400 15.5 Exceptional High "Panoramic (360°) view, affording full views of the eastern side of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
AONB to the west, in the context of other larger hill groups/mountain ranges in the distance and smaller hills rising from the flat Severn Plain in the middle ground. A rural view, although there is much visual evidence of urbanisation along the M5 corridor and at Great Malvern".

A438 at Bartestree
Bartestree
(western edge of Hereford) SO565414 18.4 Representative Low "Glimpsed view from road through gaps in housing and roadside vegetation. Semi-urban view from edge of Hereford".

Hegdon Hill (near Leominster) SO587536 19.2 Representative Low "Framed view through and above field boundary hedgerows. Long length of Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
seen rising above gently undulating rural farm land in the foreground, and dominant on the skyline; hills are seen in the context of their wider landscape setting".

Cleeve Hill
Cleeve Hill
(Common Land) SO985266 25.0 Special High "180-degree panoramic view from elevated viewpoint on north-west facing slope of Cleeve Hill. Distant hills make up an almost continuous skyline, of which the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
are a part of. Urban areas of Gloucester
Gloucester
and Cheltenham
Cheltenham
seen in the foreground spreading on the lower lying land of the Severn and Avon Vales. Industrial warehouses and large scale developments stand out in the view".

Public footpath on Haresfield Beacon
Haresfield Beacon
(National Trust owned Common Land) SO821088 26.0 Special High "Panoramic (180°) viewpoint. Views filtered by wooded vegetation, and seasonal change likely in view. Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
seen on skyline to the left, rising above the flat Severn Plain. Large urban areas of Gloucester
Gloucester
in the midground, in the centre of view and more rural and wooded areas within the Forest of Dean
Forest of Dean
spread to the left of view".

B4202 near Clows Top SO821088 26.0 Representative Low "Framed view from road. Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
seen rising above intermediate hills in the distance. Undulating, rural countryside unfolds in fore/midground".

Track near Westhope Hill SO478522 28.0 Representative Low "Glimpsed view from road through gaps in housing and roadside vegetation. Semi-urban view from edge of Hereford".

38 Cockyard (from lane) SO411340 33.6 Representative Low "Glimpsed view from road through gaps in housing and roadside vegetation. Semi-urban view from edge of Hereford. ... Characteristic western elevation silhouette of the tops of peaks along MH central spine from North Hill to Herefordshire
Herefordshire
Beacon is seen on part of the skyline, in the context of intervening hills and ridges of the mid/foreground".

B4066 Taits Hill near Stinchcombe Hill SO734999 34.0 Special Low "Roadside view. Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
seen in the distance in the context of other hills. The ridge line of the Wye Valley
Wye Valley
within the Forest of Dean and May Hill
May Hill
are more dominant in the view. The Severn Estuary can be seen lying across the lower land of the Severn plain. Urban areas of Gloucester
Gloucester
are glimpsed at the right of view. Essentially a view of rural areas at the outskirts of urban areas".

Public footpath on Balis's Hill (near Honeybourne) SP123452 35.0 Representative Medium "Open view of Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
seen in context of other hills on skyline. Essentially rural setting of agricultural fields in foreground".

Common land south of Titterstone Clee Hill SO599770 35.0 Special Medium "Far reaching panoramic (360°) views of hill ranges to the south, west and north. Central spine of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
seen intruding into the skyline at the centre of view, in the context of other ridgelines in the foreground, and May Hill
May Hill
and the Black Mountains in the distance. The nearby radar station and quarry give a slight industrial feel, but it is an essentially rural view across an intricate landscape of farmland and scattered settlements. Views to the north-west (not shown) are more mountainous and dramatic. ... The whole length of the Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
spine can be seen as a grey silhouette against the sky. The hills represent a small part of the view, but are recognisable by their unique outline.".

Clent Hills
Clent Hills
Country Park near Hagley
Hagley
(public open space) SO927799 36.0 Special High "180-degree panoramic view towards the south-west from elevated viewpoint on SW facing slope of Clent Hills, affording long distance views. Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
seen to the left of view in the context of other hill ranges seen to the centre and right of view. Generally hilly foreground with scattered settlements on lower lying land. Urban areas of Kidderminster
Kidderminster
and Stourbridge
Stourbridge
seen in centre mid-ground ... Far-fetching views of hill ranges, including that of Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
is impressive, across a generally rural setting".

See also[edit]

Malvern Great Malvern Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Conservators Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest
Sites of Special Scientific Interest
in Hereford and Worcester List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest
Sites of Special Scientific Interest
in Gloucestershire Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
District Council

References[edit]

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Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Malvern Hills.

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Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Conservators Walking the Malverns Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
AONB Website Abberley and Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Geopark Malvern Hills
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Trail Geology of the Malvern Hills Google Map of the springs and fountains of the Malvern Hills Natural England
England
(SSSI general information)

v t e

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England

East of England

Chilterns Dedham Vale Norfolk Coast Suffolk Coast and Heaths

East Midlands

Lincolnshire Wolds

North East

Northumberland Coast North Pennines

North West

Arnside and Silverdale Forest of Bowland North Pennines Solway Coast

South East

Chichester Harbour Chilterns Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs High Weald Isle of Wight Kent Downs North Wessex Downs Surrey Hills

Former: East Hampshire1 South Hampshire Coast2 Sussex Downs1

South West

Blackdown Hills Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs Cornwall Cotswolds Dorset East Devon Isles of Scilly Mendip Hills North Devon Coast North Wessex Downs Quantock Hills South Devon Tamar Valley Wye Valley3

West Midlands

Cannock Chase Cotswolds Malvern Hills Shropshire
Shropshire
Hills Wye Valley3

Yorkshire and Humber

Forest of Bowland Howardian Hills Nidderdale

1 Now part of South Downs National Park • 2 Now part of New Forest National Park •

.