Malichus I or Malchos I (Arabic: مالك, Malik) was a king of
Nabataea who reigned from 59 to 30 BC. He was a possible cousin of
Herod the Great
Herod the Great of the Herodian kingdom. When Herod fled
40 BC to escape imprisonment by the Hasmonean ruler Antigonus II
Mattathias, who had already imprisoned his brother Phasael, he first
traveled to the court of Malichus. However,
Malichus I turned Herod
away, as the Nabataean king was politically aligned with the Parthian
Empire, which viewed Herod as a client ruler of the rival Roman
Republic. Herod then decided to take refuge instead in Alexandria,
at the court of
Cleopatra VII of Ptolemaic Egypt. Malichus I
eventually came into conflict with
Cleopatra VII after her lover and
Mark Antony granted her Nabataean territories in the
Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba along the Red Sea, which had long been used as a staging
ground for Nabataean raids on Ptolemaic lands. After a bitter open
Malichus I and Cleopatra, allegedly stoked by her
aggressive acts, Malichus I, along with Herod, failed to show up and
support Antony and Cleopatra during the fateful
Battle of Actium
Battle of Actium in 31
BC, a decisive victory for their rival Octavian.
List of rulers of Nabatea
^ Roller (2010), pp. 86, 94, 142.
^ Roller (2010), p. 94.
^ a b c Roller (2010), p. 86.
^ Roller (2010), pp. 94, 142.
^ Roller (2010), pp. 138-140.
Roller, Duane W. (2010), Cleopatra: a biography, Oxford: Oxford
University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-536553-5
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