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The Info List - Malichus I





Malichus I or Malchos I[1] (Arabic: مالك, Malik) was a king of Nabataea
Nabataea
who reigned from 59 to 30 BC. He was a possible cousin of Herod the Great
Herod the Great
of the Herodian kingdom.[2] When Herod fled Judea
Judea
in 40 BC to escape imprisonment by the Hasmonean ruler Antigonus II Mattathias, who had already imprisoned his brother Phasael, he first traveled to the court of Malichus.[3] However, Malichus I turned Herod away, as the Nabataean king was politically aligned with the Parthian Empire, which viewed Herod as a client ruler of the rival Roman Republic.[3] Herod then decided to take refuge instead in Alexandria, at the court of Cleopatra VII
Cleopatra VII
of Ptolemaic Egypt.[3] Malichus I eventually came into conflict with Cleopatra VII
Cleopatra VII
after her lover and Roman triumvir Mark Antony
Mark Antony
granted her Nabataean territories in the Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
along the Red Sea, which had long been used as a staging ground for Nabataean raids on Ptolemaic lands.[4] After a bitter open conflict between Malichus I and Cleopatra, allegedly stoked by her aggressive acts, Malichus I, along with Herod, failed to show up and support Antony and Cleopatra during the fateful Battle of Actium
Battle of Actium
in 31 BC, a decisive victory for their rival Octavian.[5] See also[edit]

List of rulers of Nabatea Malichus II

Notes[edit]

^ Roller (2010), pp. 86, 94, 142. ^ Roller (2010), p. 94. ^ a b c Roller (2010), p. 86. ^ Roller (2010), pp. 94, 142. ^ Roller (2010), pp. 138-140.

References[edit]

Roller, Duane W. (2010), Cleopatra: a biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-536553-5 

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