Malcolm X Day is an American holiday in honor of the civil rights leader Malcolm X which is celebrated either on May 19 (Malcolm's birthday), or the third Sunday of May. The commemoration has been proposed as an official state holiday in the U.S. state of Illinois in 2015. As of present, only the city of Berkeley, California observes the holiday with city offices and schools closed.
1 History 2 Observances by state 3 Origins 4 See also
4.1 Other holidays honoring African Americans
5 Notes 6 References 7 External links
History The Malcolm X Day holiday has been an official holiday in the municipality of Berkeley, California since 1979. Since then, there have been multiple proposals for the holiday to be official elsewhere. Most recently in 2015, a proposal put forth by the Council of Islamic Organizations of Chicago to make the holiday official in the U.S. state of Illinois. The Illinois proposal differs from the Berkeley, California resolution in that the holiday would be observed May 19 instead of the third Friday in May. Before that, unsuccessful attempts were made in Atlanta, Georgia, and Washington, D.C, with numerous calls for it to be celebrated alongside Martin Luther King, Jr. Day as a federal holiday. In 1993, this holiday was proposed at the federal level to Congress as H.J.R. #323 by Congressman Charles Rangel. In 2015, the Illinois Senate unanimously passed the resolution for the official holiday designation where the law "... officially designated 'May 19, 2015, and every May 19 thereafter' as Malcolm X Day. Though the resolution passed making the holiday official, the Illinois official list of holidays still has yet to reflect the holiday. Observances by state
State Current local observances
California Holiday marked with an official event in San Jose and San Francisco. In Berkeley, California, there is currently a legal status on this holiday. This holiday has been in place since 1979.
District of Columbia Schools such as the Malcolm X Elementary School in Washington, D.C., mark this holiday through UPEACE, US's DCPEACE program. The first known celebration of Malcolm X Day took place in Washington, D.C., in 1971. Was once proposed as a holiday.
Florida Holiday marked with an official event in Jacksonville in the Historic Durkeville neighborhood. The events are marked with live performances and a parade.
Georgia Holiday marked with festival since 1989 in Atlanta's West End Park. Was once proposed as a holiday.
Illinois As of 2015, the holiday has a legal status in this state.
Minnesota Malcolm X Day is celebrated with the Malcolm X Conference in Minneapolis.
Missouri A house bill HB 172 was introduced to the state legislature for the observation of Malcolm X Day.
New York Malcolm X Day is celebrated in the Harlem section of New York City with a music event.
Ohio Malcolm X Day is celebrated with the "Malcolm X Heritage Festival" in Columbus, Ohio.
Oregon Malcolm X Day is marked with a peaceful demonstration in Salem, Oregon.
Pennsylvania Malcolm X Day became significant after the Ferguson riots. Events are marked with community activities in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and other places.
Tennessee Malcolm X Day is celebrated in Nashville.
Texas Malcolm X Day is celebrated in San Antonio.
Washington Malcolm X Day is marked with a music festival at Umojafest.
Wisconsin Malcolm X Day is celebrated with a general public event with speakers in Milwaukee.
Origins Main article: Malcolm X Malcolm X (/ˈmælkəm ˈɛks/) (born Malcolm Little; May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz[A] (Arabic: الحاجّ مالك الشباز), was an American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. See also
Public holidays in the United States
Other holidays honoring African Americans
Rosa Parks Day Martin Luther King Jr. Day Harriet Tubman Day
^ This name includes the honorific El-Hajj, given on completion of the Hajj to Mecca. Malise Ruthven (1997). Islam: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-19-285389-9.
^ a b Malcolm X Day celebrated at namesake school ^ a b "Illinois Designates May 19 as Malcolm X Day". ^ "Malcolm X Day on May 19 Proposed for State of Illinois". # ^ "We Need a Malcolm X Day", Time, January 20, 2012 ^ Does Malcolm X Deserve a Federal Holiday? ^ "H.J.RES.323 -- Whereas Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska; (Introduced in House - IH)". ^ Chambers, Bill (May 19, 2015). "Illinois Designates May 19 as Malcolm X Day". The Chicago Monitor. Retrieved May 20, 2015. ^ "Illinois State Holidays". ^ "San Jose: Claim Malcolm X Day San Jose". ^ Malcolm X Day — more than a day off? ^ City of Berkeley: 2012 Holiday and Reduced Service Days Schedule ^ Malcolm X Day ^ Gay, Kathlyn (2007). African-American Holidays, Festivals and Celebrations. Detroit: Omnigraphics. p. 284. ISBN 978-0-7808-0779-2. ^ "The Malcolm X Festival and Parade". ^ "Malcolm X Festival". ^ "Minnesota's 1st Annual Malcolm X Day". ^ "HB 172 -- MALCOLM X DAY COMMISSION". ^ "HOUSE BILL NO. 172 / 98th General Assembly" (PDF). ^ "You Are Invited to Malcolm X's 90th Birthday Celebration in New York City". ^ "MALCOLM X HERITAGE FESTIVAL". ^ "SURJ on Malcolm X's Birthday at the Capitol in Salem, Oregon". ^ "Malcolm X Day". ^ "Community Day at Malcolm X Park in Philadelphia". ^ "Malcolm X Day Pittsburgh". ^ "2nd Annual Malcolm X Day Celebration". ^ "1st Annual From Malcolm to Me: A weekend celebration of the life and legacy of Malcolm X". ^ "Malcolm X Day Conference and Music Fest at Umojafest P.E.A.C.E. Center". ^ "Milwaukee: Malcolm X Day Celebration- Milwaukee!".
Malcolm X Day, Washington, D.C. Malcolm X Day, The University of Kansas Medical Center Diversity Calendar May 19 is now Malcolm X Day in Illinois, The Council of Islamic Organizations of Greater Chicago Savali, Kirsten West (May 19, 2015). "Happy X Day? The Case Against a Federal Holiday for Malcolm X". The Root.
v t e
Betty Shabazz (wife) Attallah Shabazz (daughter) Qubilah Shabazz (daughter) Ilyasah Shabazz (daughter) Malcolm Shabazz (grandson)
Nation of Islam Muslim Mosque, Inc. Organization of Afro-American Unity
Malcolm X House Site Mosque No. 7 Mosque No. 11 Mosque No. 12 Audubon Ballroom Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center Lenox Avenue/Malcolm X Boulevard Malcolm X Shabazz High School Malcolm Shabazz City High School Malcolm X College
Message to the Grass Roots (1963) The Ballot or the Bullet (1964) The Diary of Malcolm X (1964) The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965)
The Hate That Hate Produced X, The Life and Times of Malcolm X 1972 documentary Death of a Prophet 1992 film
Malcolm X: Make It Plain Seven Songs for Malcolm X Growing Up X Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention A Lie of Reinvention: Correcting Manning Marable's Malcolm X An Eye on X The Meeting Malcolm's Echo
Elijah Muhammad Rowena Moore Hayer affidavits Malcolm X Day Malcolm X Foundation
v t e
Federal holidays in the United States
New Year's Day Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. Washington's Birthday Memorial Day Independence Day Labor Day Columbus Day Veterans Day Thanksgiving Day Christmas Day
The Eighth (1828–1861) Victory Day (1948–1975)
Flag Day (1950) Election Day (1993) Malcolm X Day (1993–1994) Democracy Day (2005, 2014) Cesar Chavez Day (2008) Susan B. Anthony Day (2011) Native American Day (2013)
v t e
Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States
New Year's Day (federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day (federal)
Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day (CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day (formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Robert E. Lee Day (FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA, former federal)
Super Bowl Sunday
February American Heart Month Black History Month
Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day
Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday (CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day (CA) Rosa Parks Day (CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day (CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)
Ash Wednesday (religious) Courir de Mardi Gras (religious) Super Tuesday
March Irish-American Heritage Month National Colon Cancer Awareness Month Women's History Month
St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break (week)
Casimir Pulaski Day (IL) Cesar Chavez Day (CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day (NY) Holi (NY, religious) Mardi Gras (AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day (MD) National Poison Prevention Week (week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day (religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day (TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)
Palm Sunday (religious) Passover (religious) Good Friday (CT, NC, PR, religious) Easter Monday (religious)
April Confederate History Month
420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day (AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (week) Earth Day Emancipation Day (DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday (AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day (MA, ME) San Jacinto Day (TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night (religious)
May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage Month
Memorial Day (federal) Mother's Day (36) Cinco de Mayo
Harvey Milk Day (CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day (CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer (36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day (36) Truman Day (MO)
June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month
Father's Day (36)
Bunker Hill Day (Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day (SC) Emancipation Day In Texas / Juneteenth (TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day (PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day (AL, FL) Kamehameha Day (HI) Odunde Festival (Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day (WV)
Independence Day (federal)
Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Parents' Day (36) Pioneer Day (UT)
American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama Day (IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day (TX) National Aviation Day (36) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory over Japan Day (RI, former federal) Women's Equality Day (36)
September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month
Labor Day (federal)
California Admission Day (CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day (MD) Gold Star Mother's Day (36) National Grandparents Day (36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day (36)
September–October Hispanic Heritage Month
Rosh Hashanah (religious) Yom Kippur (religious)
October Breast Cancer Awareness Month Disability Employment Awareness Month Filipino American History Month LGBT History Month
Columbus Day (federal) Halloween
Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day (VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day (36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day (NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day (36)
November Native American Indian Heritage Month
Veterans Day (federal) Thanksgiving (federal)
Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah (religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Obama Day (Perry County, AL)
Christmas (religious, federal)
Alabama Day (AL) Christmas Eve (KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas (KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah (religious, week) Indiana Day (IN) Kwanzaa (religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day (36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day (OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)
Varies (year round)
Eid al-Adha (religious) Eid al-Fitr (religious) Ramadan (religious, month)
Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United Stat