Batik is batik textile art of Malaysia, especially on the
east coast of
Terengganu and Pahang). The most
popular motifs are leaves and flowers.
Malaysian batik depicting
humans or animals are rare because Islam norms forbid animal images as
decoration. However, the butterfly theme is a common exception. The
Malaysian batik is also famous for its geometrical designs, such as
spirals. The method of
Malaysian batik making is also quite different
from those of Indonesian Javanese batik, the pattern is larger and
simpler, it seldom or never uses canting to create intricate patterns
and rely heavily on brush painting method to apply colours on fabrics.
The colours also tend to be lighter and more vibrant than deep
coloured Javanese batik.
In line with the
Malaysia concept, the Malaysian government is now
Malaysian batik as a national dress to every level of the
general population, by having local designers to create new batik
designs which reflect the
4 See also
The drawing of Malaysian batik.
The origin of batik production in
Malaysia is not easy to trace. Few
historical artifacts exist, but it is known trade relations between
Melayu Kingdom in
Jambi and Javanese coastal cities have thrived
since the 13th century, the northern coastal batik producing areas of
Java (Cirebon, Lasem, Tuban, and Madura) has influenced
Jambi (Sumatran) batik, as well as Javanese batik, has influenced
the batik craft in the Malay peninsula.
According to the Museum of Cultural History of Oslo, it is known for
certain that the Javanese influenced Malay batik-making technically as
well as in the development of designs. At an early stage the
Malaysians used wooden blocks in order to produce batik-like textiles.
As late as the 1920s Javanese batik makers introduced the use of wax
and copper blocks on Malaysia's east coast. The production of hand
drawn batik in
Malaysia is of recent date and is related to the
Javanese batik tulis.
Commercial production started in the 1960s. This craft has developed
its own particular aesthetic and design, peculiar to Malaysia. The new
Malaysian batik is clearly different from the Javanese tradition of
Malaysian batik can be found on the east coast of
Malaysia such as
Terengganu and Pahang, while batik in Johor clearly shows
Javanese and Sumatran influences since there are a large number of
Javanese and Sumatran immigrants in southern Malaysia.
Batik shop in
Malaysia selling a variety of Malaysian batik.
Batik was mentioned in the 17th century Malay Annals. The legend goes
Laksamana Hang Nadim was ordered by Sultan Mahmud to sail to
India to get 140 pieces of serasah cloth (batik) with 40 types of
flowers depicted on each. Unable to find any that fulfilled the
requirements explained to him, he made up his own. On his return
unfortunately, his ship sank and he only managed to bring four pieces,
earning displeasure from the Sultan.
Batik can be worn at dinner functions. Even the ladies wear
the fabric as formal dress, combining batik with modern fashion. The
Malaysian government encourages civil servants to wear batik during
the 1st and 15th day of the month. In Sabah, East Malaysia, teachers
are encouraged to wear batik shirts or baju kurung to school on
Thursdays - usually the school will have a particular patterned fabric
which will be provided to every teacher to take to the tailor, so that
their clothing matches.
Painting Museum in Penang.
Kuala Lumpur International
Batik (KLIB) Convention and Exhibition is a
biennial event under the
Batik - Crafted For the World
movement,it brings in speakers from various countries (including
Singapore, Indonesia, India, Australia, Sri Lanka,
Japan), and holds a three-day batik exhibition.
The Piala Seri Endon
Batik designing competition.
Malaysia Activities At State Level Throughout Next Year Bernama.com,
accessed 4 December 2009
^ National Geographic Traveller Indonesia, Vol 1, No 6, 2009, Jakarta,
Indonesia, page 54
Malaysia - Batikktradisjoner i bevegelse
^ Dewan sastra. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. 2001.
^ Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society: 1952.
The Branch. 1953.
^ a b Kurniasari, Triwik (January 24, 2010). "
Batik around the world".
The Jakarta Post. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
Pictures of Kain Bati