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The Majha
Majha
(Punjabi: ਮਾਝਾ (Gurmukhi), ماجھا‬ (Shahmukhi); Mājhā) region is recognized as the region that is located at the center of the historical Punjab region,[1] that is northward from the right banks[note 1] of river Beas, and extends up to river Jhelum
Jhelum
at its northmost.[2] People of the Majha
Majha
region are given the demonym "Mājhi". The Majhi dialect
Majhi dialect
of Punjabi language
Punjabi language
is the main language of this region, which is also the standard dialect of the Punjabi language.[3] The most populous city in the area is Lahore
Lahore
on the Pakistani side of the border. During the partition of India
India
in 1947, the Majha
Majha
region of Punjab got split into India
India
and Pakistan when the Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab were formed. The Majha
Majha
region of Indian State of Punjab covers the area between Beas and Ravi rivers, including the area on the north of Sutlej, after the confluence of Beas and Sutlej
Sutlej
at Harike in Tarn Taran district, extending up to the Ravi river, which is all part of the Majha
Majha
region in India.[4] This region contains four districts of Indian state of Punjab - Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Gurdaspur, and Pathankot. The people of the Majha
Majha
region have been historically known to be fierce and stubborn fighters and in lieu of this, the Majha
Majha
region is called the "Sword Arm of the Country", due to it contributing disproportionately to the Officer as well as Orderly ranks of the Army. [5] The Sikh Empire
Sikh Empire
was founded in the Majha
Majha
region which is also referred to as "the cradle of the brave Sikhs." [6]

Contents

1 History 2 Districts of Majha 3 Tourist attractions 4 Notable residents 5 Photo gallery 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References

History[edit]

A map of the Punjab region
Punjab region
ca. 1947 showing the different doabs.

The word "Mājhā" (ਮਾਝਾ) means the "central" or the "heartland". The Majha
Majha
region is geographically located in the middle (or central part) of the historic Punjab region, hence giving it the name Majha.[7] It includes a considerable portion of the Bari Doab (the region between the rivers Beas and Ravi) and the Rechna Doab
Rechna Doab
(the region between the rivers Ravi and Chenab), and a smaller portion of the Jech Doab
Jech Doab
region (the region between the rivers Jhelum
Jhelum
and Chenab).[8] The Majha
Majha
region of historical Punjab region
Punjab region
spans northward from the right banks[note 1] of river Beas, and extends up to river Jhelum
Jhelum
at its northmost,[2] making it the largest regions of historic Punjab. The partition split the Punjab Province (British India)
Punjab Province (British India)
into the two states of West Punjab (Punjab, Pakistan) and East Punjab. However, the historic Majha
Majha
region is arguably still the same as before since the partition does not change the previous history of Punjab, therefore does not change the geography of the Majha
Majha
region of the historic Punjab region. The Indian state of Punjab has continued to recognize the Majha
Majha
region through maintaining the districts that have always belonged to the renowned historic Majha
Majha
region. However, Majha
Majha
being the only region that the Pakistani province of Punjab had, it has made Lahore
Lahore
as its provincial capital consisting of 10 sub-divisions such as Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Lahore, Multan, Rawalpindi,[9] Sahiwal and Sargodha. Districts of Majha[edit] The following districts are classified as Majha:[2]

Majha
Majha
districts of Panjab, India
India
in 2016 Majha
Majha
districts of Punjab, Pakistan

Amritsar Gujranwala, Narowal, Sheikhupura

Tarn Taran Lahore, Kasur, Faisalabad, Hafizabad, Mandi Bahauddin

Gurdaspur Nankana Sahib, Pakpattan

Pathankot Sialkot, Sahiwal, Gujrat,

Tourist attractions[edit]

The Golden Temple Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar Harike Pattan bird sanctuary, Tarn Taran Wagah
Wagah
border ceremony, Wagah
Wagah
border between Amritsar
Amritsar
India
India
and Lahore Pakistan. Ranjit Sagar Dam, Shahpur Kandi, Pathankot Durgiana Temple, Amritsar Gobindgarh Fort, Amritsar Shahpur Kandi Fort, Pathankot Nurpur Fort, Pathankot Coronation platform of Akbar, Kalanaur, Gurdaspur Shamsher Khan's tomb, Batala Wagah border ceremony
Wagah border ceremony
at Wagah
Wagah
border, Amritsar-Lahore Pul Kanjri, Amritsar Badshahi Mosque, Lahore Lahore
Lahore
Fort (Shahi Qila), Lahore Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore Lahore
Lahore
Museum, Lahore Shalimar Gardens, Lahore Tomb of Jahangir, Lahore

Notable residents[edit]

Baba Deep Singh
Baba Deep Singh
Ji (1682–1757), the most renowned and hallowed martyrs in Sikhism. Maharaja Ranjit Singh
Ranjit Singh
of Panjab (1780–1839), the founder of the Sikh Empire. Hari Singh Nalwa
Hari Singh Nalwa
(1791–1837), renowned warrior and Commander-in-chief
Commander-in-chief
of the Sikh
Sikh
Khalsa Army, the army of the Sikh Empire. Bhai Bidhi Chand Chhina (1640), the greatest Sikh
Sikh
warrior and religious preacher at the time of Guru Hargobind
Guru Hargobind
Sahib Ji. Akali Phula Singh
Akali Phula Singh
Ji (1761 – 1823), highly respected Akali Nihang Sikh
Sikh
general and Jathedar of the Khalsa Panth. Baba Budha Ji, venerated primal figure of early Sikhism. Sham Singh Atariwala
Sham Singh Atariwala
(1790 - 1846), the general of the Sikh
Sikh
Empire. Baba Baghel Singh, who occupied Delhi Baba Gurdit Singh, SS Komagata Maru Bhai Maha Singh, Sikh
Sikh
Martyr Dara Singh
Dara Singh
wrestler Gurdial Singh Dhillon, ex-speaker of Lok Sabha, India Jagbir Singh Chhina, freedom fighter. Gurpreet Singh (shooter), winner of two medals in Commonwealth Games, Delhi M. S. Gill, former chief Election Commissioner of India
India
and former sports Minister of India Mai Bhago, Sikh
Sikh
martyr Pratap Singh Kairon, ex- Chief Minister of Punjab Surender Mohan Pathak, Novelist Teja Singh Samundri, founder of SGPC Baba Sohan Singh Bhakna, Founder and President of Gadar party Sardar Baj Singh, Sikh
Sikh
general, governor and martyr.[10] Bhai Bhag Singh Bhikhiwind, leader of the Ghadar Party
Ghadar Party
(1914)[11] Sardar Chhajja Singh Dhillon, a renowned Sikh
Sikh
warrior of the early 18th century.

Photo gallery[edit]

Ranjit Sagar Dam, Shahpur Kandi

Ravi River

Emperor Akbar
Akbar
crowning platform, Kalanaur-Gurdaspur, India

Golden Temple and the Akal Takht, Amritsar

Badshahi Mosque, Lahore

Lahore
Lahore
Fort, Lahore

Lahore
Lahore
Museum, Lahore

Shalimar Gardens

Jahangir's Tomb, Lahore

See also[edit]

Doaba Malwa Poadh Jech Doab Rechna Doab

Notes[edit]

^ The left/right bank of a river is determined by looking in the direction of flow of the river (facing downstream).

References[edit]

^ Discover India http://www.discoveredindia.com/punjab/about-punjab/regions-in-punjab.htm ^ a b c Grover, Parminder Singh (2011). Discover Punjab: Attractions of Punjab. Parminder Singh Grover. p. 179.  ^ Advanced Centre for Technical Development of Punjabi Language, Literature and Culture, Punjabi University, Patiala
Patiala
Punjabi University, Patiala. ^ Punjab Data, Know Everything About Punjab http://www.punjabdata.com/Majha-Malwa-Doaba.aspx ^ Mahmood, Cynthia Keppley (1996). Fighting for Faith and Nation: Dialogues with Sikh
Sikh
Militants (Contemporary Ethnography), p. 153. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania. ^ Sandhu, Gulzar Singh (2004). Gods on Trial and Other Stories, p. 132. Diamond Pocket Books. ISBN 8128808087 ^ Vipul Punjabi https://vipulpunjabi.wordpress.com/regions-and-districts/majha/ ^ Kakshi, S.R.; Pathak, Rashmi; Pathak, S.R.Bakshi R. (2007-01-01). Punjab Through the Ages. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 978-81-7625-738-1. Retrieved 12 June 2010.  ^ Rawalpindi: Majha, Punjab, Islamabad, Tribes and Castes of Rawalpindi District, Rawalpindi District, Demography of Rawalpindi District https://www.amazon.it/Rawalpindi-Punjab-Islamabad-District-Demography/dp/6131076170 ^ Singh, Raj Pal (1998). Banda Bahadur and His Times p. 22. Harman Pub. House, 1 Aug 1998. ^ http://centralsikhmuseum.com/today-in-sikh-history-5th-september/

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Jhelum
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