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Sub-District Town

Savitri River near Mahad

Nickname(s): रायगडनगरी

Mahad

Location in Maharashtra, India

Coordinates: 18°04′59″N 73°25′01″E / 18.083°N 73.417°E / 18.083; 73.417Coordinates: 18°04′59″N 73°25′01″E / 18.083°N 73.417°E / 18.083; 73.417

Country  India

State Maharashtra

Division Konkan

District Raigad-Alibaug

Sub-district Mahad

Mahad
Mahad
City Municipal Council 1866 A.D.

Government

 • Type Municipal Council

 • Body Mahad
Mahad
City Municipal Council

Area

 • Total 9.87 km2 (3.81 sq mi)

Elevation 16 m (52 ft)

Population (2017)

 • Total 87,924

 • Density 8,900/km2 (23,000/sq mi)

Demonym(s) Mahadkar, Raigadkar

Languages

 • Official मराठी

Sex Ratio and Literacy in Semi-Urban region( Mahad
Mahad
City)

 • Sex Ratio 963 Females : 1000 Males

 • Literacy 94%

Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

PIN

402301( Mahad
Mahad
City), 402309( Mahad
Mahad
MIDC/Birwadi)

Telephone code 02145

Vehicle registration MH-06

Website https://www.raigad.nic.in

Gandharpale Buddhist Caves/Pandava Leni

Varandha ghat

Mahad
Mahad
 pronunciation (help·info) is a town situated in North Konkan
Konkan
in Raigad district(formly Kulaba district) in the state of Maharashtra,India.It is located 108.5km from District Headquarter Alibag
Alibag
and 167km from State Capital Mumbai
Mumbai
towards Ratnagiri/Panjim side along Panvel- Panjim
Panjim
Highway. The town is well-known historically due to its Raigad fort- Former Capital fort of Chhatrapati Shivaji
Shivaji
Maharaj, hence known as "दुर्गेश्वर रायगड" and the Dalit
Dalit
Social Revolution — Mahad Satyagraha
Mahad Satyagraha
launched by Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar
Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar
at Chavdar Tale. [1] [2]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Chavdaar Tale Satyagraha and Freedom Movement 2.2 Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj
and Raigad fort

2.2.1 Daasbodh 2.2.2 Mahad
Mahad
Port

2.3 First RBI Governer of India 2.4 Pandav Leni/Gangharpale Caves 2.5 Konkan

3 Economy

3.1 Central Market 3.2 Mahad
Mahad
M.I.D.C. and Economic Corridor 3.3 Newly emerging City- Mangaon
Mangaon
and DMIC corridor

4 Transport

4.1 Railway

4.1.1 Mangaon
Mangaon
railway station 4.1.2 Veer Railway Station

4.2 Road

4.2.1 MSRTC 4.2.2 GSRTC

5 Shimga Festival

5.1 Shimga in Mahad

6 See also 7 Notes

Etymology[edit] The word "Mahad" has Konkani
Konkani
origin.It is derived from word "महा"(Mahaa) and "हाट"(Haat)."महा" meaning "Great or big" and "हाट" meaning "Market".Hence "A Big Market". History[edit] The city was well-known due to its history, dating back to as far as Raigad fort, the capital of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj
and one of the biggest Soci-political movement in India- Dalit
Dalit
Satyagraha by Maha-maanav Dr.Balasaheb Ambedkar. Chavdaar Tale Satyagraha and Freedom Movement[edit]

Mahad
Mahad
is considered as the Land of freedom fighters. Many revolutionary freedom movements of India
India
originated in Mahad.[citation needed]

It is famous for the Chavdaar Tale Water Satyagraha of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for Dalits
Dalits
at Chavdar Tale, which played as a turning point in Indian sociopolitical history.[citation needed] Many disciples of Lord Buddha
Buddha
and followers of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar visit Chavdaar Tale every year on Kranti Din(Day of Revolution). Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj
and Raigad fort[edit] Apart from this, it had a glorious history during the rule of the great Maratha King Shivaji. The capital of Hindavi Swarajya and Samadhi of Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj
is at Raigad fort. which is around 24 km from the city. It was part of Birwadi
Birwadi
Subha (Tehsil) and was ruled by Birwadi
Birwadi
Subhedar's Kadams (Mahamunkars). The samadhi of Shivaji's mother Jijabai
Jijabai
is at Pachad situated at foothills of Raigad fort. Hirkani was from Raigadwadi village.[citation needed] It is true and widely accepted that the Shivaji's political victory was followed by the social revolution carried out by his teacher Saint Tukaram.[citation needed] The village Umarath of Tanaji Malusare
Tanaji Malusare
& Kinjaloli of Murarbaji
Murarbaji
are also in the vicinity of Mahad. Daasbodh[edit] The Shivtharghal, which is the birth-place of the most spiritual book Dasbodh
Dasbodh
written by Samarth Ramdas-The Spiritual Guru
Guru
of Shivaji Maharaj. Mahad
Mahad
Port[edit] Mahad
Mahad
was believed to be a fluorishing port in the past. The famous Gul(Jaggery) of Shahupuri Kolhapur
Kolhapur
and Satara was exported to Gujrat via Mahad. Now the banks of Savitri river have changed during the course of time and only creek water fishing is carried out and Mahad
Mahad
is no longer known as port. Yet the Mahad's market is still more prosporous than anyother market in Southern Raigad. First RBI Governer of India[edit] The first RBI governor of India
India
C. D. Deshmukh's birthplace in Nate Village is nearly 8 km from Mahad. Pandav Leni/Gangharpale Caves[edit]

According to the mythological story, Gandharpale Caves are the sculptured houses built in one night by the Pandavas.[citation needed] Originally these caves are Buddhist caves build during the reign of Prince Vishnupalita Kambhoja.[3]

Konkan[edit] Mahad
Mahad
is one of the well-known holiday destinations in North Konkan region. It sees heavy rainfall during monsoon. There are numerous temples around Mahad. The festivals most celebrated by local people are Holi (which falls in summer around the month of March) and Ganpati festival (which falls during the monsoon, around the month of September).[citation needed] Economy[edit] Central Market[edit] Apart from this, Mahad
Mahad
was the central market for people of Poladpur, the Raigad villages and the hill station Mahabaleshwar. It has a large market.[citation needed] The city is surrounded by the Sahyadri mountain ranges and the Savitri, Kal and Gandhari rivers originating through Mahabaleswar, hills in Mulshi and Raigad fort
Raigad fort
respectively. Mahad
Mahad
was a flourishing port in the past.[citation needed] "Mahadi Gul"[clarification needed] was well-known in Gujarat, which is made in Satara, Pune
Pune
districts and exported to other locations through Mahad's port.[citation needed] Mahad
Mahad
M.I.D.C. and Economic Corridor[edit] Mahad
Mahad
is now well-developed with town infrastructure. Mahad
Mahad
MIDC which is set-up near Birwadi
Birwadi
is the small Chemical industry
Chemical industry
cluster. It houses several polymer, pharmaceutical, organic, pigments, fertilizers manufacturing industries. Mahad
Mahad
is part of proposed Panvel-Mahad-Chiplun- Panjim
Panjim
Economic corridor under Bharatmala Project. Newly emerging City- Mangaon
Mangaon
and DMIC corridor[edit] Mangaon
Mangaon
is an emerging small town with industrial base in 22KM radius with Steel giants like POSCO
POSCO
and JINDAL have their presence here is part of upcoming DMIC Corridor, is just 20km from Mahad. Dighi port which is located in Shrivardhan
Shrivardhan
Taluka is 75.4km from Mahad.It is being developed under DMIC. Transport[edit] Railway[edit] Konkan
Konkan
railway line starts from Roha-Kolad and exits Raigad district via Veer. Konkan
Konkan
railway operates 4 railway stations in Mahad
Mahad
Taluka, Veer railway station
Veer railway station
being the major among the four.But Mangaon railway station in Mangaon
Mangaon
taluka is preferred over Veer to reach Mahad.Following are railway stations falling under Mahad
Mahad
Taluka: 1.Veer 2.Sape-Wamane 3.Karanjad 4.Vinhere

Ticket reservations available on: https://irctc.co.in For mor details,visit: https://www.konkanrailway.com Mangaon
Mangaon
railway station[edit] Zone:KR Station code:[MNI] Mangaon
Mangaon
railway station in Mangaon
Mangaon
Taluka which is approx. 24km from Mahad
Mahad
is preferred over Veer railway station. Public transport services like MSRTC
MSRTC
buses(frequency of 1 bus per half an hour) and 3-wheeler rickshaw(locally known as Minidor) for Mahad
Mahad
are easily available. Also,compared to Veer, more trains have halt at Mangaon station with proper and convinient timings during day and evening to reach Mahad. The only Few Express trains available,arrive/depart from Veer at very odd and inconvinient timings. Veer Railway Station[edit] Zone:KR Station code:[VEER] Veer railway station
Veer railway station
is near Mahad
Mahad
(13 km) Though only few trains have halt here,it is the main station in Mahad
Mahad
Taluka.Because it is located along Goa
Goa
highway, it is quite accessible.Unfortunately Public transport services are only 3-wheeler rickshaw(minidors) are available.

Following trains halt at Veer railway station:

1.(50103)Dadar- Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri
Passenger train(DAILY) 2.(50105) Diva-Sawantwadi Sindhudurg Passenger train(DAILY) 3.(11003)DR-SWV Tutari Express(DAILY 4.(12977) Marusagar Express(EVERY WEEK SATURDAY) -FROM Panvel
Panvel
Junction AND Vasai
Vasai
Road Station) Few Holiday special trains halt at this station. Road[edit] National Highway NH 66 (previously known as NH 17) passes through Mahad.[citation needed] It connects Panvel(Southern Navi-Mumbai) to Kanyakumari, passing through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. MSRTC[edit]

Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Road Transport Corporation has a Bus Depot at Mahad for public transport.Buses plying Mahad
Mahad
Khed Chiplun
Chiplun
Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri
have halt at Mahad
Mahad
MSRTC
MSRTC
Bus depot.

GSRTC[edit] Since many people from Mahad
Mahad
are commuting to Cities like Surat
Surat
Vapi and Valsad
Valsad
in Gujrat other than Mumbai
Mumbai
in Maharashtra,even before the Independence, for means of inter-state public transport Gujrat State Road transport corporation started Buses from Mahad
Mahad
and Poladpur
Poladpur
bus stand which are under operations of Mahad
Mahad
MSRTC
MSRTC
Bus Depot to Surat
Surat
and other cities in Gujrat.

Shimga Festival[edit] The most imprtant festival among all Konkanis other than Ganeshootsav is "Shimga". It is speciality of " Konkan
Konkan
and Goa". Every City, town or Village has its own way of celebrating it. Almost every Konkani working day and night in metropolis like Mumbai, Pune
Pune
or in foreign countries rush to their home-town during Shimga. People worship their local deties, fun-fair are organised; the Palkhis of local deties are main attraction and is cosidered prestigious among locals. Shimga in Mahad[edit] Lord Vireshwar is the most-worshipped Local deity of Mahad.The temple of Lord Vireshwar was believed to be constructed during or before Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj
Era. A local fair is organised during shimga called " Mahad
Mahad
chi Jatra", uniquely known as "Chabina Utsav of Mahad". The "Palkhis" of Seven sisters of Lord Vireshwar who are Gram-devi(goddess) of nearby villages and another towns like Mangaon, Poladpur
Poladpur
and Khed are brought at Lord Vireshwar Temple in Mahad. Goddess Zolai Devi is considered the most favourite sister of Lord Vireshwar. The people are so devoted that they bring Palkhis from many kilometres far villages by walking, sometimes bare-footed. See also[edit]

Raigad fort Pratapgad Shrivardhan

Notes[edit]

^ Mahād (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency ^ "Mahād". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2013-02-17.  ^ Ahir, D. C. (2003). Buddhist sites and shrines in India: history, art, and architecture (1. ed.). Delhi: Sri Satguru Publ. p. 198. ISBN 

.