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The Madonna of Bruges
Bruges
is a marble sculpture by Michelangelo
Michelangelo
of Mary with the Child Jesus. Michelangelo's depiction of the Madonna and Child
Madonna and Child
differs significantly from earlier representations of the same subject, which tended to feature a pious Virgin smiling down on an infant held in her arms. Instead, Jesus stands upright, almost unsupported, only loosely restrained by Mary's left hand, and appears to be about to step away from his mother. Meanwhile, Mary does not cling to her son or even look at him, but gazes down and away. It is believed the work was originally intended for an altar piece. If this is so, then it would have been displayed facing slightly to the right and looking down. The early 16th-century sculpture also displays the High Renaissance Pyramid style frequently seen in the works of Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
during the late 1400s. Madonna and Child
Madonna and Child
shares certain similarities with Michelangelo's Pietà, which was completed shortly before – mainly, the chiaroscuro effect and movement of the drapery. The long, oval face of Mary is also reminiscent of the Pietà. The work is also notable in that it was the only sculpture by Michelangelo
Michelangelo
to leave Italy during his lifetime. It was bought by Giovanni and Alessandro Moscheroni (Mouscron), from a family of wealthy cloth merchants in Bruges, then one of the leading commercial cities in Europe. The sculpture was sold for 4,000 florins. The sculpture was removed twice from Belgium after its initial arrival. The first was in 1794, after French Revolutionaries had conquered the Austrian Netherlands
Austrian Netherlands
during the French Revolutionary Wars; the citizens of Bruges
Bruges
were ordered to ship it and several other valuable works of art to Paris. It was returned after Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo in 1815. The second removal was in 1944, during World War II, with the retreat of German soldiers, who smuggled the sculpture to Germany enveloped in mattresses in a Red Cross
Red Cross
truck.[1] It was discovered a year later in Altaussee/Austria within a salt mine and again returned. It now sits in the Church of Our Lady in Bruges, Belgium. This is part of the fact-based movie The Monuments Men. After the attack on Michelangelo's Pietà in 1972, the sculpture was placed behind bulletproof glass, and the public can only view it from 15 feet away. See also[edit]

Roman Catholic Marian art Monuments Men (film)

References[edit]

^ Kurtz, Michael J. (2006). America and the return of Nazi contraband. Cambridge University Press. p. 30. 

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Michelangelo

List of works Key: *Attributed, †Lost

Sculptures

Florence, c. 1488–1492

†Head of a Faun Madonna of the Stairs Battle of the Centaurs Crucifix

Bologna, 1494–1495

Additions to the Arca di San Domenico
Arca di San Domenico
(St Petronius, St Proclus, Angel)

Rome, 1496–1500

†Sleeping Cupid Bacchus †Standing Cupid Pietà

Florence, 1501–1505

David Madonna of Bruges Additions to the Piccolomini Altarpiece
Piccolomini Altarpiece
(Saints Peter, Paul, Pius and Gregory) Pitti Tondo Taddei Tondo St. Matthew *Rothschild Bronzes

Tomb of Pope Julius II, 1505–1545

Moses Rebellious Slave Dying Slave Young Slave Bearded Slave Atlas Slave Awakening Slave The Genius of Victory Rachel Leah

Florence, 1516–1534

Christ Carrying the Cross Medici Chapel

Giuliano de' Medici Night Day Dusk Dawn Medici Madonna

Apollo Crouching Boy

Rome, 1534–1564

Brutus Florentine Pietà *Palestrina Pietà Rondanini Pietà

Paintings

Panel paintings

The Torment of Saint Anthony Manchester Madonna The Entombment Doni Tondo †Leda and the Swan

Salone dei Cinquecento

†Battle of Cascina

Sistine Chapel

Ceiling

Separation of Light from Darkness The Creation of the Sun, Moon and Vegetation The Creation of Adam

The Last Judgment

Cappella Paolina

The Martyrdom of St Peter The Conversion of Saul

Architecture

Florence

New Sacristy and Laurentian Library
Laurentian Library
in the Basilica of San Lorenzo

Rome

Piazza del Campidoglio Palazzo Farnese St. Peter's Basilica San Giovanni dei Fiorentini Porta Pia Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri

More

Works on paper

Study of a Kneeling Nude Girl for The Entombment Male Back With a Flag Epifania

Milieu

Cecchino dei Bracci Tommaso dei Cavalieri Vittoria Colonna Ascanio Condivi Gherardo Perini Sebastiano del Piombo Febo di Poggio Luigi del Riccio

Related

Art patronage of Julius II Casa Buonarroti Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects Michelangelo
Michelangelo
and the Medici Replicas of David Replicas of the Pietà Restoration of the Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel
frescoes The Titan: Story of Michelangelo
Michelangelo
(1950 documentary) The Agony and the Ecstasy (1961 novel

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