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Mass Transit Railway (MTR)

Traditional Chinese 港鐵

Simplified Chinese 港铁

Hanyu Pinyin Gǎngtiě

Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale Góngtit

Literal meaning " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
railway"

Transcriptions

Standard Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin Gǎngtiě

IPA [kàŋ tʰjè]

Hakka

Romanization Kóng-Thiet

Yue: Cantonese

Yale Romanization Góngtit

IPA [kɔ̌ːŋ tʰīːt̚]

Jyutping Gong2tit3

The Mass Transit Railway (MTR; Chinese: 港鐵; Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale: Góngtit) is a major public transport network serving Hong Kong. Operated by the MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited (MTRCL), it consists of heavy rail, light rail, and feeder bus service centred on an 11-line rapid transit network serving the urbanised areas of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island, Kowloon, and the New Territories. The system currently includes 218.2 km (135.6 mi) of rail[3] with 159 stations, including 91 heavy rail stations and 68 light rail stops.[1] The MTR
MTR
is one of the most profitable metro systems in the world; it had a farebox recovery ratio of 187% in 2015, the world's highest.[5] Under the government's rail-led transport policy,[6] the MTR
MTR
system is a common mode of public transport in Hong Kong, with over five million trips made in an average weekday. It consistently achieves a 99.9% on-time rate on its train journeys. As of 2014, the MTR
MTR
has a 48.1% market share of the franchised public transport market, making it the most popular transport option in Hong Kong.[7] The integration of the Octopus smart card fare-payment technology into the MTR
MTR
system in September 1997 has further enhanced the ease of commuting on the MTR. Construction of the MTR
MTR
was prompted by a study, released in 1967, commissioned by the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Government in order to find solutions to the increasing road congestion problem caused by the territory's fast-growing economy.[8] Construction started soon after the release of the study, and the first line opened in 1979. The MTR
MTR
was immediately popular with residents of Hong Kong; as a result, subsequent lines have been built to cover more territory. There are continual debates regarding how and where to expand the MTR network.[9][10] As a successful railway operation, the MTR
MTR
has served as a model for other newly built systems in the world, particularly other urban rail transit in China.[11]

Contents

1 Early development (1960–2000)

1.1 Initial proposals 1.2 Modified Initial System 1.3 Line extensions 1.4 Airport connection

2 Expansion (2000–present)

2.1 Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line 2.2 Interchange stations 2.3 Disneyland Resort line 2.4 Airport Express extension 2.5 Privatisation and merger 2.6 Recent extensions

3 Future expansions 4 Infrastructure

4.1 Rail network 4.2 Station facilities, amenities and services

4.2.1 Telecommunications 4.2.2 Announcements 4.2.3 Public toilets 4.2.4 Commerce and journals

4.3 MTR
MTR
Bus 4.4 Rolling stock

4.4.1 Metro Cammell EMU (DC) 4.4.2 Adtranz-CAF EMU 4.4.3 Rotem EMU 4.4.4 CNR Changchun EMU 4.4.5 SP1900/1950 EMU 4.4.6 Metro Cammell EMU (AC) 4.4.7 Hyundai Rotem
Hyundai Rotem
EMU (R-stock) 4.4.8 Light rail
Light rail
vehicles

4.5 Head office

5 Fares and tickets

5.1 Octopus cards 5.2 Tourist pass 5.3 Other fares 5.4 Ticket recommendation

6 Performance 7 Regulations and safety 8 Visual identity 9 MTR
MTR
Service Update 10 Social outreach

10.1 Art promotion 10.2 MTR
MTR
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Race Walking

11 Controversies

11.1 Destruction of conservation area in Yuen Long 11.2 Tree felling and failure to preserve indigenous species 11.3 Limits on oversized luggage

12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

Early development (1960–2000)[edit] Initial proposals[edit]

"Preferred system" route map in 1970

During the 1960s, the government of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
saw a need to accommodate increasing road traffic as Hong Kong's economy continued to grow strongly. In 1966, British transportation consultants Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates were appointed to study the transportation system of Hong Kong.[12] The study was based on the projection of the population of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
for 1986, estimated at 6,868,000. On 1 September 1967, the consultants submitted the Hong Kong Mass Transport Study to the government, which recommended the construction of a 40-mile (64 km) rapid transit rail system in Hong Kong. The study suggested that four rail lines be developed in six stages, with a completion date set between December 1973 and December 1984.[8] Detailed positions of lines and stations were presented in the study. These four lines were the Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
(from Western Market
Western Market
to Ma Yau Tong), Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
(from Admiralty
Admiralty
to Tsuen Wan), Island line (from Kennedy to Chai Wan
Chai Wan
Central), and Shatin line (from Tsim Sha Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
to Wo Liu Hang). The study was submitted to the Legislative Council on 14 February 1968. The consultants received new data from the 1966 by-census on 6 March 1968. A short supplementary report was submitted on 22 March 1968 and amended in June 1968. The by-census indicated that the projected 1986 population was reduced by more than one million from the previous estimate to 5,647,000. The dramatic reduction affected town planning. The population distribution was largely different from the original study. The projected 1986 populations of Castle Peak New Town, Sha Tin New Town, and, to a lesser extent, Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
New Town, were revised downward, and the plan of a new town in Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
was shelved. In this updated scenario, the consultants reduced the scale of the recommended system. The supplementary report stated that the originally suggested four tracks between Admiralty
Admiralty
station and Mong Kok station should be reduced to two, and only parts of the Island line, Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line, and Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
should be constructed for the initial system. The other lines would be placed in the list of extensions.[13] This report led to the final study in 1970. In 1970, a system with four lines was laid out and planned as part of the British consultants' new report, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Mass Transit: Further Studies. The four lines were to be the Kwun Tong line, Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line, Island line, and East Kowloon
Kowloon
line.[14] However, the lines that were eventually constructed were somewhat different compared to the lines that were originally proposed by the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Mass Transport Study. In 1972, the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
government authorised construction of the Initial System, a 20-kilometre (12 mi) system that roughly translates to today's Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
between Kwun Tong and Prince Edward, Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
between Prince Edward and Admiralty, and Island line between Sheung Wan and Admiralty. The Mass Transit Steering Committee, chaired by the Financial Secretary Philip Haddon-Cave, began negotiations with four major construction consortia in 1973.[15] The government's intention was to tender the entire project, based on the British design, as a single tender at a fixed price. A consortium from Japan, led by Mitsubishi, submitted the only proposal within the government's $5,000 million price ceiling.[16] They signed an agreement to construct the system in early 1974, but in December of the same year, pulled out of the agreement for reasons stemming from fears of the oil crisis.[17] Modified Initial System[edit]

"Modified Initial System" route map

Several weeks later, in early 1975, the Mass Transit Steering Group was replaced by the Mass Transport Provisional Authority, which held more executive powers.[18] It announced that the Initial System would be reduced to 15.6 kilometres (9.7 mi) and renamed the "Modified Initial System". Plans for a single contract were abandoned in favour of 25 engineering contracts and 10 electrical and mechanical contracts. On 7 May 1975 the Legislative Council passed legislation setting up the government-owned Mass Transit Railway Corporation (MTRC) to replace the Mass Transport Provisional Authority.[19][20] Construction of the Modified Initial System (now part of the Kwun Tong line and Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line) commenced in November 1975. The northern section was completed on 30 September 1979 and was opened on 1 October 1979 by Governor Murray MacLehose.[21] Trains on this route ran from Shek Kip Mei station
Shek Kip Mei station
to Kwun Tong station, initially in a four-car configuration. The first train drivers were trained on the London Underground.[21] The route from Tsim Sha Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
station to Shek Kip Mei station opened in December 1979.[17] The early stations were designed under the supervision of Roland Paoletti, the chief architect at MTR.[22] In 1980, the first harbour crossing was made by an MTR
MTR
train as the Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
was extended to Chater station, since renamed Central station. Trains were extended to six cars to accommodate an increase in passenger numbers. Line extensions[edit] Main articles: Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
and Island line The government approved construction of the Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
in 1977, then known as the Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
Extension, and works commenced in November 1978. The project added a 10.5-kilometre (6.5 mi) section to the MTR
MTR
system, from Prince Edward to Tsuen Wan. The line started service on 10 May 1982 with a total cost of construction (not adjusted for inflation) of HK$4.1 billion[17] (US$526 million). The plan was modified from that in the 1970 report Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Mass Transit: Further Studies, with Kwai Chung
Kwai Chung
station, Lap Sap Wan station, and a planned depot at Kwai Chung
Kwai Chung
next to Lap Sap Wan station being replaced by stations at Kwai Hing and Kwai Fong and a depot at Tsuen Wan. Several stations also had names different to that during planning: So Uk station became Cheung Sha Wan, Cheung Sha Wan became Lai Chi Kok, and Lai Chi Kok became Lai Wan (later renamed as Mei Foo). When service of this line started, the section of the Kwun Tong line from Chater to Argyle (since renamed Central and Mong Kok stations respectively) was transferred to the Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line. Thus, Waterloo station (since renamed Yau Ma Tei station) became the terminus of the Kwun Tong line, and both Argyle and Prince Edward stations became interchange stations. This change was made because system planners expected the traffic of the Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
to exceed that of the Kwun Tong line. This forecast proved to be accurate, necessitating a bypass from the northwestern New Territories
New Territories
to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island. The Tung Chung line was therefore launched in 1998 with an interchange station at Lai King for that purpose.[17] Although land acquisitions were made for a station at Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
West, beyond Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
station, as part of the Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
branch, the station was never built. This is not to be confused with the modern-day Tsuen Wan West station on West Rail line, which lies on a newly reclaimed area near the former ferry pier. Since opening in 1982, the Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
is the line whose alignment has remained the same for the longest time. For example, the Kwun Tong line's alignment has changed twice since its opening – the taking over of Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
from Mong Kok to Central, and the taking over of Eastern Harbour Crossing
Eastern Harbour Crossing
section by the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line. Government approvals were granted for construction of the Island line in December 1980. Construction commenced in October 1981. On 31 May 1985, the Island Line was opened with service between Admiralty station and Chai Wan
Chai Wan
station. Both Admiralty
Admiralty
and Central stations became interchange stations with the Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line. Furthermore, each train was extended to eight cars.[17] On 23 May 1986, the Island line was extended to Sheung Wan station. Construction was delayed for one year, as government offices which were located over the station had to be moved before the construction could start. In 1984, the government approved the construction of the Eastern Harbour Crossing, a tunnel to be used by cars and MTR
MTR
trains. The Kwun Tong line was extended across the harbour on 5 August 1989 to Quarry Bay station, which became an interchange station for the Kwun Tong line and the Island line. An intermediate station, Lam Tin, started operations on 1 October 1989.[17] Airport connection[edit] Main article: Airport Express (MTR)

An Airport Express train

The Airport Express and Tung Chung line
Tung Chung line
started services in 1998. The decision was made in October 1989 to construct a new international airport at Chek Lap Kok
Chek Lap Kok
on Lantau Island
Lantau Island
to replace the overcrowded Kai Tak International Airport.[23] The government invited the MTRC to build a train line, then known as the Lantau Airport Railway, to the airport. Construction started in November 1994, after the Chinese and British governments settled their financial and land disagreements. The new line was included in the financing plans of the new Hong Kong International Airport as the airport was not considered viable without direct public transport links. Construction costs were also shared by the MTRC, which was granted many large-scale developments in the construction plans for the new stations. The Lantau Airport Railway turned into two MTR
MTR
lines, the Tung Chung line and the Airport Express. The Tung Chung line
Tung Chung line
was officially opened on 21 June 1998 by Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa, and service commenced the next day. The Airport Express opened for service on 6 July 1998 along with the new Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport.[17] The Airport Express also offers flight check-in facilities at Kowloon station and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
station – the in-town check-ins offer a more convenient and time-saving routine; a free shuttle bus service transports travellers from these stations to their respective hotels as well. Porters are also available to help transport luggage from and onto trains.[24] It is the second most popular means of transport to the airport after buses. In 2012, it had a 21.8% of share of the traffic to and from the airport. However, this has drastically declined from a peak of 32% in 1999.[25][26] Expansion (2000–present)[edit] Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line[edit] Main article: Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line

The Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line was opened in 2002 to serve new housing developments

The Quarry Bay Congestion Relief Works extended the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island end of the Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
from Quarry Bay to North Point via a pair of 2.1-kilometre (1.3 mi) tunnels. The project was initiated due to overcrowding at Quarry Bay and persistent passenger complaints about the five-minute walk from the Island line platforms to the Kwun Tong line platform. Construction began in September 1997 and was completed in September 2001 at a cost of HK$3.1 billion.[27][28] As with most earlier interchange stations, a cross-platform interchange arrangement was provided here in both directions. Construction of the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line (called the Tseung Kwan O extension line in the planning stage) was approved on 18 August 1998 to serve new housing developments. Construction began on 24 April 1999 and the line officially opened in 2002. It took over the existing Kwun Tong line tracks running through the Eastern Harbour Tunnel, so that the full line stretches from Po Lam to North Point. When the line was opened, the Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
was diverted to Tiu Keng Leng on the new line. Construction costs were partly covered by the Hong Kong Government and private developers which linked construction of the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
Line to new real estate and commercial developments.[29] Interchange stations[edit]

The multiple cross-platform-interchange system between Tiu Keng Leng station and Yau Tong station

The interchange between the Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
and the Kwun Tong line, as well as that between the Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
and the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line, are two stations long, allowing cross-platform interchange wherein a passenger leaves a train on one side of the platform and boards trains on the other side of the platform for another line. For example, when passengers are travelling on the Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
towards Tiu Keng Leng, getting off at Yau Tong would allow them to switch trains across the platform for the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line towards North Point. Whereas, staying on the train and reaching Tiu Keng Leng would allow them to board the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
Line trains towards Po Lam/LOHAS Park. This design makes interchanging more convenient and passengers do not have the need to change to different levels. However this interchange arrangement is not available for all transferring passengers at Kowloon
Kowloon
Tong, Central, Hong Kong, Quarry Bay, Nam Cheong (except transfer between Tuen Mun
Tuen Mun
and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
bound trains), Mei Foo, Tai Wai station (except alighting from Ma On Shan line
Ma On Shan line
to change to southbound trains for East Rail line) and Sunny Bay (except transfer between Tung Chung and Disneyland Resort bound trains) stations, mainly because this service is available only when there are two continuous stations shared as interchange stations by two lines. Two major works were undertaken to ease interchange between the Kwun Tong line and East Rail line. The modification of Kowloon
Kowloon
Tong station started in June 2001. A new pedestrian link to Kowloon
Kowloon
Tong Station southern concourse and a new entrance (Exit D) opened on 15 April 2004 to cope with the increase in interchange passenger flow.[30] Modification to Tsim Sha Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
station involved upgrading station facilities and concourse layout to facilitate access from the East Tsim Sha Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
station via its pedestrian links.[Note 1] New entrances to the subway links were opened on 19 September 2004 (Exit G) and 30 March 2005 (Exit F), with the whole scheme completed in May 2005. Disneyland Resort line[edit] Main article: Disneyland Resort line

A Disneyland Resort line
Disneyland Resort line
train waiting to depart

The Disneyland Resort line, previously known as Penny's Bay Rail Link, provides service to the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Disneyland Resort which was opened on 12 September 2005. Service to Sunny Bay station
Sunny Bay station
on the Tung Chung line started in 2005. The new line and the Disneyland Resort station opened on 1 August 2005. It is a 3.5-kilometre (2.2 mi) single-track railway that runs between Sunny Bay station
Sunny Bay station
and Disneyland Resort station. The Disneyland Resort station
Disneyland Resort station
itself was designed to blend in with the ambiance of the resort. The line operates fully automated trains running every four to ten minutes without a driver. The carriages are refurbished M-train rolling stock to match the recreational and adventurous nature of the 3.5-minute journey.[31] Airport Express extension[edit] Main article: AsiaWorld–Expo
AsiaWorld–Expo
station The AsiaWorld–Expo station
AsiaWorld–Expo station
is an extension of the Airport Express serving a new international exhibition centre, AsiaWorld–Expo, at Hong Kong
Hong Kong
International Airport. The station opened on 20 December 2005 along with the exhibition centre. To cope with the projected increase in patronage, Airport Express trains were lengthened to eight carriages from the previous seven. Additional trains are also deployed on the Tung Chung line
Tung Chung line
during major exhibitions and events.[32]

Maritime Square, one of the major properties financing the MTR

Privatisation and merger[edit] Main articles: MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
and Kowloon–Canton Railway On 5 October 2000 the operator of the MTR
MTR
network, MTR
MTR
Corporation (MTRCL), became Hong Kong's first rail company to be privatised, marking the beginning of the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
government's initiative to dissolve its interests in public utilities. Prior to its listing on the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Stock Exchange, the Mass Transit Railway Corporation (MTRC) was wholly owned by the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
government. The offering involved the sale of about one billion shares, and the company now has the largest shareholder base of any company listed in Hong Kong. In June 2001, MTRCL was transferred to the Hang Seng Index. MTRCL has often developed properties next to stations to complement its already profitable railway business. Many recently built stations were incorporated into large housing estates or shopping complexes. For example, Tsing Yi station
Tsing Yi station
is built next to the Maritime Square shopping centre and directly underneath the Tierra Verde housing estate. On 11 April 2006, MTRCL signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding with the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
government, the owner of Kowloon-Canton Railway
Kowloon-Canton Railway
Corporation, to merge the operation of the two railway networks in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
in spite of the strong opposition by the KCRC staff.[33][34] The minority shareholders of the corporation approved the proposal at an extraordinary general meeting on 9 October 2007, allowing MTRCL to take over the operation of the KCR network and combine the fare system of the two networks on 2 December 2007.[35][36] On 2 December 2007 the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation
Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation
(KCRC) granted a 50-year service concession (which may be extended) of the KCR network to MTRCL, in return for making annual payments to KCRC, thereby merging the railway operations of the two corporations under MTRCL's management. At the same time MTRCL changed its Chinese name from "地鐵有限公司" (Subway Limited Company) to "香港鐵路有限公司" ( Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Railway Limited Company), but left its English name unchanged; at the same time the system's Chinese name changed from "地鐵" ("Subway") to "港鐵" ("Hong Kong Railway"). After the merger, the MTR
MTR
network included three more lines—East Rail line, West Rail line, and Ma On Shan line—as well as the light rail network and Guangdong through train to Guangzhou. On 28 September 2008, fare zones of all urban lines, East Rail line, Ma On Shan Line and West Rail line
West Rail line
were merged. A passenger could travel on these networks with only one ticket, except where a transfer is made between Tsim Sha Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
and East Tsim Sha Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
stations, where two tickets are required. Student discounts on Octopus Card
Octopus Card
were also issued. Recent extensions[edit]

LOHAS Park station
LOHAS Park station
platform

The MTR
MTR
system has been extended numerous times since the railway merger. Relevant projects include the LOHAS Park
LOHAS Park
spur line (2009), the Kowloon
Kowloon
Southern Link (2009), the West Island line
West Island line
(2014), the Kwun Tong line extension (2016), and the South Island line
South Island line
(2016). The LOHAS Park
LOHAS Park
Spur Line is an extension of the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line, splitting off after Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
station. It serves the new residential development of LOHAS Park
LOHAS Park
(formerly "Dream City"), a 3,550,000-square-foot (330,000 m2) estate with fifty residential towers. The project is divided into 9 to 13 phases and is about halfway complete as of 2016. These high rises sit above LOHAS Park station, which opened on 26 July 2009. The West Island line, first put forward to the government on 21 January 2003, is an extension of the Island line. It serves the Western District of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island. The construction of the West Island line started on 10 August 2009.[37] Kennedy Town
Kennedy Town
station and HKU station
HKU station
opened on 28 December 2014. Sai Ying Pun station
Sai Ying Pun station
opened later, on 29 March 2015, due to construction delays. A proposal to extend the existing Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
to Whampoa Garden
Whampoa Garden
was made in April 2006 and approved in March 2008 as part of the bid for the Sha Tin to Central Link.[38][39] Two new stations at Whampoa and Ho Man Tin opened on 23 October 2016.[40] The South Island line
South Island line
opened on 28 December 2016[41] between Admiralty and South Horizons, linking the Southern District to the MTR
MTR
for the first time. With the opening of the South Island Line, all 18 districts of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
are served by the MTR. Future expansions[edit]

The future MTR
MTR
map once all current projects are completed

Main article: Future projects of the MTR Construction is underway to upgrade the existing infrastructure of the MTR. New subway links to the stations are also being made for better access. The South Island line
South Island line
(West) was part of the same original proposal as the South Island Line, and would connect HKU to Wong Chuk Hang
Wong Chuk Hang
around the west coast of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island, however construction has not started as of 2016[update].

Development of Hong Kong's railways (MTR)

The Sha Tin to Central Link
Sha Tin to Central Link
project will create two new rail corridors upon completion. The Tai Wai
Tai Wai
to Hung Hom
Hung Hom
section is expected to be completed in 2019, connecting the Ma On Shan line
Ma On Shan line
and West Rail line to form the East West Corridor. The section from Hung Hom
Hung Hom
to Admiralty, across Victoria Harbour, is expected to be completed in 2021. This will be an extension of the East Rail line
East Rail line
to form the North South Corridor.[32] The North Island line
North Island line
is a planned extension of the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line that will interchange at the future Tamar station
Tamar station
with the Tung Chung line. It will alleviate traffic in the Northern part of Hong Kong Island. There will be three new stations: Tamar, Exhibition Centre (which will be an interchange between the North Island line
North Island line
and the North South Corridor), and Causeway Bay North. Construction is expected to begin in 2021 and finish in 2026. The cost is estimated to be HK$20 billion in 2013 prices. The Northern Link is a proposed new line which connects West Rail line with the Lok Ma Chau Spur Line
Lok Ma Chau Spur Line
of East Rail line. It also has Au Tau, Ngau Tam Mei, San Tin, a future interchange station between East Rail line and Northern Link, Kwu Tung, which will become a terminus for Northern link. The East Kowloon
Kowloon
line would serve the East Kowloon
Kowloon
area to Tseung Kwan O New Town via the hilly Sau Mau Ping residential area. The East West Corridor
East West Corridor
will be extended to Tuen Mun
Tuen Mun
South station serving Tuen Mun
Tuen Mun
South. Infrastructure[edit] Rail network[edit]

Name and livery Commencement Next extension Terminal Length (km)[3] Stations Running time (mins)[3] Depot Gauge Electrification Control centre

Heavy rail
Heavy rail
services

East Rail line

1 October 1910 (electrification: 1982-83) 2021 Hung Hom Lo Wu 41.1 14 42 Ho Tung Lau 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) ac 25000v Tsing Yi

Lok Ma Chau 45

Kwun Tong line

1 October 1979 N/A Whampoa Tiu Keng Leng 13.8 17 35 Kowloon
Kowloon
Bay 1,432 mm (4 ft 8 3⁄8 in) dc 1500v

Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line

17 May 1982 N/A Central Tsuen Wan 16.0 16 30 Tsuen Wan

Island line

31 May 1985 N/A Kennedy Town Chai Wan 16.3[42] 17 34 Chai Wan

Tung Chung line

21 June 1998 2026 Hong Kong Tung Chung 31.1 8 27 Siu Ho Wan

Airport Express

6 July 1998 N/A Hong Kong AsiaWorld–Expo 35.2 5 28

Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line

18 August 2002 2026 North Point Po Lam 11.9 8 15 LOHAS Park

LOHAS Park 20

West Rail line

20 December 2003 2019 Hung Hom Tuen Mun 35.4 12 37 Pat Heung 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) ac 25000v

Ma On Shan line

21 December 2004 2019 Wu Kai Sha Tai Wai 11.4 9 16 Tai Wai

Disneyland Resort line

1 August 2005 N/A Sunny Bay Disneyland Resort 3.3 2 4.5 Siu Ho Wan 1,432 mm (4 ft 8 3⁄8 in) dc 1500 v Tsing Yi / Sunny Bay

South Island line

28 December 2016 N/A Admiralty South Horizons 7.4 5 11 Wong Chuk Hang Tsing Yi

Light rail
Light rail
services

Light rail (12 routes)

18 September 1988 N/A Varies Varies 36.2 68 Varies Tuen Mun 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) dc 750v Tuen Mun

Current map

Station facilities, amenities and services[edit]

Bilingual real-time information is provided on every platform, shown above is the PIDS
PIDS
for East Rail line

Most heavy-rail stations have lifts connecting the platform and the concourse

The architecture of MTR
MTR
stations is less artistic, instead focusing on structural practicability. With the high level of daily passenger traffic, facilities of the MTR
MTR
stations are built with durability and accessibility in mind. After extensive retrofitting, the MTR
MTR
system has become, in general, disabled-friendly — the trains have dedicated wheelchair space, the stations have special floor tiles to guide the blind safely on the platforms, and there are extra wide entry and exit gates for wheelchairs as well. Portable ramp for wheelchair users are available for boarding and alighting trains. On board the rolling stock, there are also flashing system maps on select trains while Active Line Diagrams and traditional route maps are installed on the others. Infopanels as well as on MTR
MTR
In-Train TV onboard trains display important messages such as next station announcements as well as operational messages.[43] Telecommunications[edit] 3G and LTE (4G) mobile phone network is in place throughout the MTR system of stations and tunnels allowing passengers to stay connected underground. Currently, full 3G network coverage in all stations and tunnels (except underground section on East Rail line
East Rail line
and West Rail line) for the MTR
MTR
system has been provided by 3 Hong Kong, SmarTone and PCCW. Passengers with subscription services will be able to make video calls and access high speed video content on their mobile phones regardless whether the train is above ground or under ground.[44] The MTR
MTR
has already extended the Wi-Fi service to all of the Airport Express trains and the expansion of the service to other MTR
MTR
routes is still under consideration by MTR.[45] All 93 stations on the MTR
MTR
offer free Wi-Fi service to passengers with a limitation of 15 minutes per session and a maximum of five sessions per day.[46] In late 2015 it was announced that all 400 payphones in the MTR
MTR
system would be removed in early 2016. The contract with the service provider, Shinetown Telecom, was expiring, and the MTR
MTR
Corporation said that no one had tendered a proposal to take over the contract.[47][48] As a result, the MTR
MTR
system no longer has payphones. Announcements[edit] When the system opened, public announcements were made in British English and in Cantonese
Cantonese
by train captains and station staff. In the early 1990s the announcements were standardised, pre-recorded by RTHK presenter Cheri Chan Yu-yan (Chinese: 陳如茵), who is now a professor at University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and remains the voice of the MTR today.[49][50] Since 2004, in order to accommodate Mainland Chinese visitors under the Individual Visit Scheme, Mandarin Chinese has been added to the repertory. Public toilets[edit] Unlike many other metro systems around the world, "main line" MTR stations originally did not have toilet facilities available for public use. Passengers may use MTR
MTR
staff toilets at all stations on request. In 2006, MTRCL said it would not consider retrofitting existing underground toilets, because of the challenge of installing new piping and toilet facilities.[51] Only stations on the Airport Express and Disneyland Resort line
Disneyland Resort line
had access to toilet facilities. All former KCR stations (on the East Rail line, West Rail line, and Ma On Shan line), merged into the MTR
MTR
network in 2007, have public toilets. During the Legislative Council rail merger bill discussions, the MTR Corporation was criticised by legislators for their unwillingness to install toilets in main line stations.[52] MTRCL indicated that it would carry out a review of the feasibility of installing public toilets at or in the vicinity of its above-ground railway stations.[51] Discussions between the Government and MTRCL have taken into account LegCo members' request for a stronger commitment by the corporation to the provision of public toilets on new railway lines. This resulted in MTRCL agreeing to include the provision of toilets within, or adjacent to, stations in the overall design parameters for all future new railway lines, subject to planning and regulatory approval and any concerns raised by residents in the vicinity about the location of external ventilation exhausts.[53] Toilets have since been retrofitted into several existing MTR stations, including Sheung Wan station, Ngau Tau Kok station, Quarry Bay station, Mong Kok station, Prince Edward station, and Admiralty station. In addition, newly opened stations such as those of the West Island line have toilets. The MTR
MTR
plans to install public toilets at all interchange stations by 2020.[54] In late 2017 the MTR
MTR
introduced breastfeeding rooms at 20 interchange stations. The rooms are located in back of house areas, and are available upon request to MTR
MTR
staff.[55][56] Commerce and journals[edit] Prior to the privatisation of MTRC, MTR
MTR
stations only had branches of the Hang Seng Bank, and Maxim's Cakes
Maxim's Cakes
stores, and a handful of other shops. Since then, the number and types of shops have increased at certain stations, turning them into miniature shopping centres. ATMs and convenience stores are now commonplace. The MTR
MTR
has contracted with publishers for the distribution of free magazines and newspapers in MTR
MTR
stations. Recruit was the first free magazine which was solely distributed in stations (before railway merger) since July 1992, but the contract was terminated in July 2002. Another recruitment magazine Jiu Jik (招職), published by South China
China
Morning Post, replaced Recruit as the only free recruitment magazine distributed in MTR
MTR
stations bi-weekly. The Metropolis Daily (都市日報), published by Metro International, is the first free newspaper distributed free in MTR
MTR
stations during weekdays (except public holidays); and in 2005, there is another weekend newspaper Express Post (快線週報), distributed every Saturday except public holidays. The Metropop (都市流行), a weekly magazine featuring cultural affairs and city trends also published by Metro International, started its distribution in MTR
MTR
stations every Thursday since 27 April 2006, a few months after the termination of Hui Kai Guide (去街 Guide) in 2006. MTR
MTR
Stations on ex-KCR lines feature two free Chinese-language newspapers, namely am730 and Headline Daily. MTR promotes reading of these newspapers by adding special coupons and promotion offers inside the newspapers, for example, a free trip to Lok Ma Chau or a free keyring. On the Kwun Tong line, East Rail line, Ma On Shan line
Ma On Shan line
and West Rail line, MTR In-Train TV
MTR In-Train TV
is available. MTR
MTR
Bus[edit] Main article: MTR
MTR
Bus

One of the double-decker feeder buses run by KMB

At various stations of the MTR
MTR
network, the MTRCL (which took over from KCR) has set up feeder buses which enhance the convenience of taking the MTR. These bus routes, which normally consist of one to two stops, terminate at housing estates and go past major landmarks. The feeder bus routes on the East Rail line
East Rail line
are run under the MTR
MTR
name but are operated by Kowloon
Kowloon
Motor Bus. Rolling stock[edit] Seven types of electric multiple unit rolling stock operate on the MTR network and four generations of light rail vehicles operate on the light rail network. All utilise either 1,432 mm (4 ft 8 3⁄8 in) rail gauge (near standard gauge)[57][58] or 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (standard gauge). Except for Airport Express trains, all trains are designed to cope with high patronage, for example, through seating arrangements, additional ventilation fans, and additional sets of extra-wide doors. These configurations allow the MTR
MTR
to run at 101,000 passengers per hour per direction (p/h/d) on its busy suburban East Rail line and 85,000 p/h/d on its urban metro network.[59]

Name Line(s) No. of cars per train No. of doors per side Entered service Notes

M-stock Island, Kwun Tong, Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
and Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
lines 8 5 1979–1998 modified 1998

Disneyland Resort line 4 3 modified 1998, 2005

A-stock Tung Chung line 8 5 1998

Airport Express 2 1998 One of the cars only carry luggages

K-stock Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line (from 2010) 5 2002 First operated on the Kwun Tong line

Tung Chung line 2006–2007

C-stock Kwun Tong line 2011–2013

South Island line 3 2016 Driverless configuration. In three-car formation instead of eight cars. Also known as S-train.

MLR East Rail line 12 5 (or 2 on First Class) 1982–1992 Modified 1996. Only one set of doors is used on first class normally.

R-stock 9 2018 First train delivered in 2015[60][61]

SP1900 12 2001 Only one set of doors is used on first class normally.

West Rail line 7 or 8 5 2003, 2007 Modified SP1950 for KRS991 + KRS991 Trains

Ma On Shan line 4 or 8 2004 2 sets transferred to West Rail line

EWL C-train 8 2017

Phase I LRV All services on the light rail 1–2 3 1988 Doors on the left side only

Phase II LRV 1992

Phase III LRV 1997

Phase IV LRV 2009

KTT MTR
MTR
intercity services (along the East Rail line) 12 2 (coaches) 1998 10 coaches between 2 locomotives normally

Two M-trains (Kwun Tong line)

A-stock train (Tung Chung line)

K-stock train (Tung Chung line)

SP1900 train (East Rail line)

MLR train (East Rail line)

Phase 2 light rail vehicle (Route 751)

Metro Cammell EMU (DC)[edit] Main article: MTR
MTR
Metro Cammell EMU (DC) Known as M-trains, these are the oldest model of train in operation. M-Trains can be divided into different "stocks". The M-stock (or "CM-stock") of M-Train are the oldest trains on the MTR, built originally by Metro-Cammell
Metro-Cammell
(now Alstom) and refurbished by United Goninan.[62][63] The M-train uses sliding doors, unlike K-stocks and Grupo CAF Trains which use plug doors. They are in service on Kwun Tong line, Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line, Island line and Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
line. The Disneyland Resort line
Disneyland Resort line
uses driverless M-trains with their appearance overhauled to suit the atmosphere and theme of the line. Windows on each carriage and the handrails inside are made into the shape of Mickey Mouse's head, and there are bronze-made Disney characters decorating the interior of the carriages. Adtranz-CAF EMU[edit] Main article: MTR
MTR
Adtranz-CAF EMU The Tung Chung line
Tung Chung line
and the Airport Express use CAF Trains tailored to their respective lines. Initially run in seven-car formations, they have now been lengthened to eight cars. These two variations are built jointly by Adtranz
Adtranz
(now Bombardier Transportation) and Grupo CAF (CAF) between 1994–97. Since 2006, K-stock has also been used on the Tung Chung line. Rotem EMU[edit] Main article: MTR
MTR
Rotem EMU The K-stock was built jointly by Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries and Hyundai Rotem
Hyundai Rotem
and first put into service on the Kwun Tong line.[64] Subsequently, in 2006, four additional sets joined the Tung Chung line to cope with the increasing passenger traffic.[65] K-Stock trains have come under criticism when it was first put into service due to delays and door safety issues.[66] There have been incidents where passengers have been injured by its doors and other service reliability issues have led to MTRCL "minimising the number of Korean trains for passenger service until a higher reliability of the systems concerned is achieved".[66] CNR Changchun EMU[edit] Main article: MTR
MTR
CNR Changchun EMU The contract (C6554-07E) for 10 new sets of trains was awarded to Changchun Railway Vehicles
Changchun Railway Vehicles
Co. Limited in October 2008 with a further 12 trains ordered in the summer of 2011. These MTR
MTR
trains were delivered to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
between 2011 and 2013 to enhance train frequency on the existing lines to cater for increased patronage on the Island line, Kwun Tong line, Tsuen Wan line
Tsuen Wan line
and Tseung Kwan O line.[67] These trains feature new 22" LCD TVs, like their counterpart trains on former-KCR lines equipped with MTR
MTR
In-Train TV, offering infotainment such as news and announcements. The first of these trains entered revenue service on 7 December 2011 on the Kwun Tong line. The South Island line
South Island line
uses a similar train known as the S-train. Unlike the original C-train, the pantographs are on the A cars. All cars are powered, so there are no trailer cars. The S-train is also only three cars long and are driverless, with the driver's cab removed with space for passengers. However, the S-trains can still enable manual operation in the event of an emergency. SP1900/1950 EMU[edit] Main article: SP1900 EMU Both East Rail line
East Rail line
and West Rail line
West Rail line
use the SP1900 while Ma On Shan line uses SP1950, a shorter model of the SP1900. The electrification system used on these lines is 25 kV AC, 50 Hz, as opposed to the 1.5–kV DC used on the urban lines. Should the need arise in the future, dual voltage trains such as those utilised on Oresund Bridge would be required. These two models of rolling stock are from the former KCRC network (KCR East Rail, West Rail and Ma On Shan Rail). They did not receive major changes after the merger of the two companies except for the updated route map, the exterior company logo and such. The capability of this EMU fleet is similar to those on the urban network. Metro Cammell EMU (AC)[edit] Main article: MTR
MTR
Metro Cammell EMU (AC) The older Metro Cammell EMUs are also used on East Rail line. There are 351 cars which have been built (29 sets + 3 surplus cars) since 1982. There are currently plans to replace these cars with new Hyundai Rotem EMUs (R-stock) between 2018-2020. This is part of the upgrade programme related to the new Shatin to Central Link. Hyundai Rotem
Hyundai Rotem
EMU (R-stock)[edit] Main article: MTR
MTR
Hyundai Rotem
Hyundai Rotem
EMU In December 2012, the MTRC announced that new contracts had been awarded to Hyundai Rotem
Hyundai Rotem
for 37 new nine-car trains to be used on the Sha Tin to Central Link.[68] These trains are expected to replace the Metro Cammell EMUs that currently run on the existing East Rail line. The new R-stock trains are wider than existing units and can accommodate more passengers per car; however, the length of each train will be cut from the current 12-car configuration used on the Metro Cammell and SP1900 EMUs to nine cars. This is due to space constraints imposed by new underground platforms on the Sha Tin to Central Link. MTR
MTR
will also upgrade existing signalling systems used on the East Rail line
East Rail line
which will enable trains to operate at two-minute headways on average, instead of the current three-minute interval, which the MTRC expects will be able to compensate for the loss of capacity resulting from the shorter trains.[69] However, there are concerns from local residents that this will not be effective.[70] Light rail
Light rail
vehicles[edit] Main article: Light Rail (MTR)
Light Rail (MTR)
§ Rolling stock Light rail
Light rail
rolling stock were ordered from three different manufacturers: Commonwealth Engineering
Commonwealth Engineering
(Comeng), Kawasaki Heavy Industries, United Goninan and CRRC Nanjing Puzhen. They are designed to run on the standard gauge and utilise 750 V DC delivered through overhead lines. Trains comprise one or two carriages, where the second carriage functions as only a trailer. The arrangement allows each car to carry approximately 300 passengers with 26 seats, while four sets of poach seats provide flexible riding for passengers. The light rail trains are being modernised as part of a 20th anniversary activity. Trains will include better disabled facilities as well as a totally new interior. The MTR
MTR
will refurbish 69 older trains and buy 22 new ones. The first trains have been completed and were scheduled to be put into service in November 2009.[71][72][73] The whole project is expected to be completed in 2011.[74] Head office[edit]

MTR
MTR
Headquarters Building, Telford Gardens

The MTR
MTR
Headquarters Building is located at Telford Plaza.[75] It is a part of the larger Telford Garden
Telford Garden
complex, which was developed as part of a partnership between MTR
MTR
and private development companies.[76] Telford Plaza
Telford Plaza
held an exhibition dedicated to the history of MTR
MTR
in April 2014.[77] Fares and tickets[edit] After the rail merger, there are three different fare classes on the MTR: Adult, Students and Concessionary. Only children below the age of 12 and senior citizens 65 years or older are eligible for the concessionary rate on all lines. Full-time Hong Kong
Hong Kong
students between the ages of 12 and 25 qualify for the concessionary rate using a personalized Octopus Card
Octopus Card
on all lines except on Airport Express, or travel to or from cross-border stations (Lo Wu/Lok Ma Chau).[78] Children below the age of 3 travel free (unless they exceed the height range). The fare of MTR
MTR
between any two particular stations is not calculated using a particular formula, and must be looked up from the fare table. Fares for the Airport Express Line are significantly higher. Services to checkpoint termini are also more expensive than ordinary fares. Adult fares range from HK$3.6 to $52.6 (US$0.46–6.74). Concessionary fares are usually half the adult fare, and range from HK$1.50 to $27.00. Student fares are the same as child and elderly fare on the urban lines, but are the same as the Adult fares for journeys to or from checkpoint termini, and range from HK$1.50 to $51.00. The fare is subject to adjustment in June every year. Prior to May 2009, MTR
MTR
did not provide concessionary fares for the disabled. Legislators such as social welfare constituency legislator Fernando Cheung Chiu-hung
Fernando Cheung Chiu-hung
and those from Hong Kong's Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood had for years demanded that such concessions be put in place.[79][80] In May 2009, MTR
MTR
eventually agreed to offer the disabled concessionary fares with HK$2 million sponsorship from Transport and Housing Bureau
Transport and Housing Bureau
and under the condition that Legislative Council amends the Disability Discrimination Ordinance.[81] Single journey tickets can be purchased at vending machines while tourist passes, Octopus cards and other special tickets must be purchased at the ticket counter. Credit cards are only accepted to purchase Airport Express tickets. Octopus cards[edit] Main article: Octopus card The Octopus card
Octopus card
is a rechargeable contactless smart card used in an electronic payment system in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
developed by Australian company ERG Group. It was launched in September 1997 for use on the MTR
MTR
(and KCR, now operated by MTR) and now is the most widely used electronic cash system for transactions in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
as many retailers (including supermarkets, car parks and fast food outlets) are fitted with readers.[82] The technology used was Sony's Felica line of smartcard. The Octopus card
Octopus card
uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology so that users need only hold the card in front of the reader, without taking it out of handbags and wallets. Except for the Airport Express, MTR
MTR
fares are slightly lower when using an Octopus card
Octopus card
compared to using single journey tickets. For example, the cost of the three-minute journey from Admiralty
Admiralty
to Tsim Sha Tsui across the Victoria Harbour
Victoria Harbour
is (as of January 2018) HK$9.7 using the Octopus card, compared with HK$10.5 for a single-journey ticket. Also, in order to have fare discounts and promotions, say Monthly Pass[83] and MTR
MTR
Club Bonus Points Scheme,[84] passenger are required to hold an Octopus Card. Tourist pass[edit] The Tourist Day Pass gives tourists unlimited MTR
MTR
rides for one day (with the exception of MTR Bus
MTR Bus
routes, the First Class of the East Rail line, the Airport Express, as well as journeys to and from Lo Wu, Lok Ma Chau and Racecourse stations). Each pass costs HK$55 and are available at all the MTR
MTR
Customer Service Centres. Tourist Day Pass must be used within 30 days upon the day of issue.[85] The Airport Express Tourist Octopus Cards are also available. Cardholders may enjoy three days of unlimited rides on the MTR
MTR
(except Airport Express, East Rail line
East Rail line
First Class, Lo Wu and Lok Ma Chau stations) refundable deposit of HK$50 and choice of either a single (HK$220) or round trip (HK$300) on the Airport Express.[86] Other fares[edit] A touchless smart card system is used for single journey tickets. These tickets are pre-paid for between pre-determined stations, and are good for only one trip. There are no return tickets, except on the Airport Express. As of mid-2013, less than 5 per cent of MTR
MTR
customers travelled on single journey tickets.[87] Fares for the Airport Express are substantially different from main line fares. Apart from single tickets, same-day return tickets (same price as a single), and one-month return tickets are also available. A one-day pass can be used for unlimited travel to and from Hong Kong Disneyland within the same day, and costs HK$50. This pass can be purchased from any MTR
MTR
Customer Service Centres or Airport Express Customer Service Centres.[31] Ticket recommendation[edit] The Ticket Suggestion function is developed by MTR
MTR
alongside with Route Suggestion on MTR
MTR
website. Based on user's journey and travel pattern, it can recommend the most fare-saving ticket type for daily and non-daily commuters.[88] Apart from official application, third parties, such as MTR
MTR
Service Update, have been developed their own ticket recommendation, claiming to be more user-friendly and fare-saving. The Checkfare of MTR
MTR
Service Update can recommend user whether to interchange at Tsim Sha Tsui/ East Tsim Sha Tsui, in order to receive more discount.[89] .

An MTR
MTR
ticket gate with an Octopus reader

Ticket and add-value machines

Performance[edit]

Rapid Transit Ridership

Year Millions of Journeys ±% p.a.

2008 1,309 —    

2009 1,323 +1.07%

2010 1,410 +6.58%

2011 1,482 +5.11%

2012 1,553 +4.79%

2013 1,600 +3.03%

2014 1,676 +4.75%

2015 1,707 +1.85%

2016 1,716 +0.53%

Source: [90]

Since the merger in 2007, MTR
MTR
has consistently achieved a 99.9% on-time rate, meaning out of the 5.2 million passengers on average each working day, 5.195 million passengers arrive within 5 minutes of scheduled time.[91] This makes MTR
MTR
one of the most efficient rapid transit systems on the planet.[92] MTR
MTR
must report all delays of more than eight minutes to the government. There were 143 reportable incidents in 2013.[91] MTR
MTR
is fined HK$1 million for having delays of 31 minutes to an hour, with higher fines for longer delays.[93] Regulations and safety[edit]

Platform screen doors
Platform screen doors
at Tung Chung station

According to the Mass Transit Railway By-laws, eating, drinking, or smoking are not allowed in the paid area of stations or in trains. Offenders will be fined up to HK$5000.[94] Various campaigns and activities are taken to help ensure that the MTR is a safe system to travel on. Poster campaigns displaying information on topics such as escalator safety are a common sight in all MTR stations, and announcements are made regularly as safety reminders to travelling passengers. Bylaws were also introduced to deter potentially dangerous actions on the MTR, such as the ban on flammable goods on the MTR
MTR
and rushing into trains when the doors are closing. Penalties ranging from fines to imprisonment have been imposed for such offences.[95] Police officers patrol the trains and stations, and police posts are available at some stations. The Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Police Force has a Railway District responsible for the MTR. Closed-circuit television
Closed-circuit television
cameras are installed in stations and on some of the newer trains.[96] The entire Tung Chung line
Tung Chung line
and Airport Express, as well those stations added by the Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
Line, has platform screen doors (PSDs), ordered from Swiss glass door manufacturer Kaba Gilgen AG,[97][98] installed upon construction. So does the entire West Rail line
West Rail line
(except Hung Hom
Hung Hom
station), inherited from KCR. These doors make platforms safer by preventing people from falling onto the rails, even though MTRCL did not heavily promote it directly. However, the primary motivation was to separate the stations from the tunnels, hence allowing substantial energy savings on station air-conditioning and tunnel ventilation.[99] Automatic platform gates (APGs) have also been installed at the Sunny Bay and Disneyland Resort stations. Their heights are half of the PSDs and only prevent people from falling onto the rails. MTR
MTR
has finished installing the APGs on all of the above-ground stations of the MTR
MTR
except on the East Rail and Ma On Shan lines; they will be installed there as part of the Sha Tin to Central Link project.[100] In June 2000, MTRCL proceeded with its plans to retrofit 2,960 pairs of platform screen doors at all 30 underground stations on the Kwun Tong line, Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line, and Island Line in a six-year programme. The programme made MTR
MTR
the world's first railway to undertake the retrofitting of PSDs on a passenger-carrying system already in operation. A prototype design was first introduced at Choi Hung station in the 3rd quarter of 2001. The whole installation scheme was completed in October 2005, ahead of the forecast completion date in 2006. MTRCL said that part of the cost had to be assumed by passengers.[101] HK$0.10 per passenger trip was levied on Octopus card users to help fund the HK$2 billion retrofit programme. This levy was ended in 2013 after raising more than HK$1 billion.[102] Visual identity[edit] The MTR
MTR
visual identity, which includes logo, vehicle livery, signage, route maps and passenger information, was updated in 1995–1998 by Lloyd Northover, the British design consultancy founded by John Lloyd and Jim Northover. MTR
MTR
Service Update[edit] MTR Service Update is an online service that provides MTR
MTR
service information through Twitter
Twitter
and Facebook. It was founded by a group of post-80s MTR
MTR
employees and passengers. Messages are provided in Traditional Chinese
Traditional Chinese
and English. Although some of the founders are MTR employees, the service is not officially provided by MTR.[103] The service was founded because of the dissatisfaction of the MTR
MTR
on handling the message of service disruptions.[104] The service was based on one provided for the London Underground. Because the service is user-driven, the involvement of passengers is very important. The MTR
MTR
Service update team are now facing the problem on no data source in the areas which have a low level of participation, such as Tseung Kwan O.[105] Aside from providing a service to Twitter, the team have also developed mobile applications for popular mobile platforms. For Android, there is TrainBoard[106] and Swiftzer MetroRide.[107] Social outreach[edit]

A stage for live art performances in the subway connecting Hong Kong station and Central station

Some performers in the subway

Art promotion[edit] With the objective "not only bring MTR
MTR
passengers more time for life, but also more time for art", the Art in MTR
MTR
Initiative has been a success since its reception in 1998, where the Airport Express Artwork Programme was the pioneer project. Thereafter, live performances, art exhibitions, display of artwork by established and emerging artists, students and young children have been brought into the MTR
MTR
stations. MTRCL have even made art part of the station architecture when building new stations or renovating existing ones. Artworks are exhibited in different forms on the network, including "arttube", open art gallery, community art galleries, roving art, living art, and art in station architecture.[108] MTR
MTR
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Race Walking[edit] MTR
MTR
and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Amateur Athletic Association have jointly hosted MTR Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Race Walking annually in spring since 2005. The race walking competition aims at promoting healthy living in Hong Kong. The race begins and ends on the ground above Central MTR
MTR
station, namely Chater Garden, Chater Road, Ice House Street
Ice House Street
and Des Voeux Road Central
Des Voeux Road Central
in Central.[109][110] There is a fun walk apart from the regular competition. The event attracted over 800 participants in 2005 and 1,500 in 2012.[111] Other than Hongkongers, the event also attracts athletes from various countries. The race raises fund for Better Health for a Better Hong Kong, a Hospital Authority
Hospital Authority
project for the working population.[112][113] Controversies[edit] Destruction of conservation area in Yuen Long[edit] The MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
came under fire in June 2011 after their work on the cross-border high-speed railway line encroached on a conservation area in Pat Heung, Yuen Long. 34 trees were felled and an entire slope was concreted over in the conservation area. The Environmental Protection Department issued summonses to the corporation for offences under the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance. In September 2011, a fine of HK$15,000 was imposed by the court. The MTR Corporation admitted that 34 trees were felled by mistake; all were common native woodland species and no rare tree species were affected. The corporation said owing to a technical misalignment of relevant drawings, the plan submitted to the Environmental Protection Department did not include the part of the Conservation Area which was included in the gazettal plan of their works. The corporation became aware that part of the approved tree removal works may have encroached onto the Conservation Area during construction, and proactively reported the situation to the government. Evaluation and measures have been taken to prevent similar incidents from happening again.[114][115][116] Tree felling and failure to preserve indigenous species[edit] The MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
came under fire again in September 2011 after felling dozens of trees in Admiralty
Admiralty
as part of construction work for the South Island line. Green activists denounced the tree felling as "unprofessional", and Ken So Kwok-yin, chief executive of the Conservancy Association and a certified tree arborist, said that the explanations offered by the MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
as to why the trees were felled were "unacceptable". The MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
is felling approximately 4,000 trees for the construction of the South Island line, raising concerns from environmental groups and the public about its commitment to protecting Hong Kong's natural environment.[117] Limits on oversized luggage[edit]

Mainland Chinese
Mainland Chinese
parallel traders outside Sheung Shui station

The corporation has limits on the size of items allowed on trains. The MTR
MTR
system is facing pressure from increasing numbers of parallel traders who carry oversized baggage onto trains for resale in China. The corporation has been criticised for allowing parallel traders to board trains with massive bags, causing undue congestion and inconvenience to residents of the North District.[118] Furthermore, the corporation accused of double standards in enforcement when images of cross-border smugglers pushing overladen trollies appeared on social network sites on a regular basis, whilst local students carrying large musical instruments were reported to have been stopped and issued with written warnings.[119][120] Leading musicians joined in the criticism of MTR's unreasonable stance on large instruments; some citizens invited players of cellos and other large instruments to congregate on 3 October 2015 with their equipment at Tai Wai
Tai Wai
station, where the majority of these instances occurred.[120] Following the public uproar, MTR
MTR
issued a press release in the early hours acknowledging discontent and announcing a one-month review of the policy on oversized items to see whether there was room for fine-tuning that would not compromise on passenger safety. The corporation said that staff would continue executing existing policy until any revisions are made.[121] See also[edit]

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
portal Trains portal

List of MTR
MTR
stations List of metro systems
List of metro systems
worldwide Metro systems by annual passenger rides Other railways in Hong Kong

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Tramways Kai Tak monorail (planned) Peak Tram

Transport in Hong Kong MTR
MTR
Fare Adjustment Mechanism

Notes[edit]

^ Tsim Sha Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
station and East Tsim Sha Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
station are two separate stations, so one single journey ticket cannot be used for interchange between them. It is only possible to interchange with an Octopus card, or get a second ticket. Passengers with only one ticket can interchange at Kowloon
Kowloon
Tong station (Kwun Tong and East Rail lines), then interchange at Hung Hom
Hung Hom
(for West Rail line) or Mong Kok (for Tsuen Wan
Tsuen Wan
line).

References[edit]

^ a b c " MTR
MTR
- Services and Facilities - MTR
MTR
Train Services". MTR Corporation. 2014. Retrieved 2015-05-24.  ^ " MTR
MTR
Patronage Updates". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2018.  Note that: 1) The "daily average" of MTR
MTR
lines from this link actually means the "weekday average". The real daily average of MTR
MTR
lines equals to the "monthly total" divided by the number of days in that month. 2) The rapid transit includes "domestic service", "Airport Express" and "cross-boundary". 3) The others includes "Intercity, light rail, and bus". ^ a b c d e "Business Overview" (PDF). MTR
MTR
Corporation. January 2014. p. 5. Retrieved 2014-05-24.  ^ " MTR
MTR
Press Release" (PDF). MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2013.  ^ Kok, Lee Min (2015-10-29). "Dubbed 'the best in class': 6 things about Hong Kong's MTR
MTR
rail system". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2018-02-27.  ^ Merging Hong Kong's Railways, Civic Exchange, 2004 ^ "2015 Annual Report" (PDF). MTR
MTR
Corporation. p. 32.  ^ a b Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1967). "Hong Kong Mass Transport Study". CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Government has reached understanding with MTRCL on the terms for merging the MTR
MTR
and KCR systems". Environmental, Transport and Works Bureau of HKSAR. 11 April 2006. Archived from the original on 8 April 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "Possible Merger of MTR
MTR
and KCR Systems". Environmental, Transport and Works Bureau of HKSAR. 6 November 2006. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved 5 March 2007.  ^ "Consultancy Services - The Client List". MTR
MTR
Corporation. Retrieved 2013-08-08.  ^ Rail Mass Transit for Developing Countries: Proceedings of the Conference Organized by the Institution of Civil Engineers, and Held in London on 9-10 October 1989, Thomas Telford, 1990, page 141 ^ Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1968). " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Mass Transport Study Supplementary Report". CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1970). " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Mass Transport Further Study". CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Talks on underground railway begin today". South China
China
Morning Post. Reuters. 30 August 1973. p. 20.  ^ Loke, Peter (12 December 1973). "Govt to begin tube talks with Japanese". South China
China
Morning Post. p. 1.  ^ a b c d e f g "The History". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Mass Transit InfoCenter. 27 October 2003. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "Executive powers for tube Authority". South China
China
Morning Post. 9 February 1974. p. 7.  ^ "Mass transit: 'Ayes' have it". South China
China
Morning Post. 8 May 1975. p. 1.  ^ "Tube: the last legal hurdle is removed". South China
China
Morning Post. 8 May 1975. p. 4.  ^ a b "Mass transit railway is all set to roll". South China
China
Morning Post. 24 September 1979. p. 18.  ^ " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
– A city on the move". Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 24 February 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2007.  ^ "The Airport Railway Project". Heavy Iron Station. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2006.  ^ "Complimentary service exclusively for Airport Express Passengers". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. Archived from the original on 23 April 2006. Retrieved 17 April 2006.  ^ Yeung, Rikkie (2008). Moving Millions: The Commercial Success and Political Controversies of Hong Kong's Railways. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 978-962-209-963-0.  ^ "Annual Report 2006" (PDF). MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. 2006. p. 21. Retrieved 18 July 2007.  ^ Chan, Felix (16 April 2001). "Interchange to reduce congestion". South China
China
Morning Post.  ^ "Quarry Bay Congestion Relief Works". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Mass Transit InfoCenter. 27 October 2003. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ " Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
Extension". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Mass Transit InfoCenter. 27 October 2003. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "Recently Completed Projects". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ a b " MTR
MTR
Disneyland Resort Line". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ a b "Projects in Progress (Hong Kong)". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. Archived from the original on 8 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ " MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Signs Memorandum of Understanding with The Government on Terms of Proposed Rail Merger" (PDF). MTR
MTR
Corporation Limited. 11 April 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "KCRC welcomes Government's announcement on way forward for rail merger" (PDF). Kowloon-Canton Railway
Kowloon-Canton Railway
Corporation. 11 April 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "Rail merger proposal approved by shareholders (兩鐵合併獲股東表決通過)" (in Chinese). Ming Pao Instant News. 9 October 2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2007.  ^ "Poll Result of the Extraordinary General Meeting held on 9 October 2007" (PDF). MTR
MTR
Corporation. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Stock Exchange. 9 October 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2007.  ^ "Construction of MTR
MTR
West Island Line Project Commenced" (PDF). MTR Corporation. 10 August 2009.  ^ "set of presentation materials on "Report on the scheme design of Shatin to Central Link:" provided by the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (Chinese version only) [CB(1)1015/03-04(01)]" (PDF). Legislative Council. KCR. Retrieved 3 October 2016.  ^ "Legislative Council Panel on Transport Subcommittee on matters relating to railways" (PDF). Environment, Transport and Works Bureau. Retrieved 3 October 2016.  ^ "港鐵觀塘延線下月廿三日通車". Commercial Radio Hong Kong. 21 September 2016.  ^ "West Island Line & South Island Line". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. Archived from the original on 15 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "Island Line". Highways Department The Government of the Hong Kong Special
Special
Administrative Region. 14 April 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " MTR
MTR
Facilities For Passengers With Disabilities". MTR. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2009.  ^ "First 3G Operator to Connect to Four Major MTR
MTR
line". 3G.co.uk. 7 June 2005. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2007.  ^ "Passengers Enjoy On-Board Internet Access as Airport Express Trains Go Wi-Fi" (PDF). MTR. 19 January 2009. Retrieved 19 January 2009.  ^ "Connect to the world with free Wi-Fi at every MTR
MTR
station". MTR Corporation. Retrieved 2 August 2016.  ^ Cheng, Kris (29 December 2015). "'The end of an era': MTR
MTR
says goodbye to hundreds of station payphones". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Free Press.  ^ "All 400 payphones in MTR
MTR
stations to be removed amid low usage". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Economic Journal. 29 December 2015.  ^ Ball, Steve (19 April 1994). "Know the voice, now here's the face". South China
China
Morning Post. p. 3.  ^ Yu, Alan (7 March 2015). "Mind the gap... Meet the woman behind those MTR
MTR
announcements". South China
China
Morning Post.  ^ a b "Bills Committee on Rail Merger Bill, Administration's Response to the Follow-up to Bills Committee Meetings" (PDF). Hong Kong Legislative Council. Retrieved 6 November 2007.  ^ "Legco gets rail merger back on track". The Standard. 9 June 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-01-09. Retrieved 6 November 2007.  ^ "Provision of Public Toilets in MTR
MTR
Railway Stations" (PDF). Hong Kong Legislative Council Panel. Retrieved 7 November 2007.  ^ "Additional Public Toilets". Network Improvements. MTR
MTR
Corporation. Retrieved 14 September 2015.  ^ Ng, Ellie (22 December 2017). " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
MTR
MTR
introduces new breastfeeding rooms in 20 subway stations". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Free Press.  ^ "Breastfeeding areas". MTR
MTR
Corporation. Retrieved 27 December 2017.  ^ "香港鐵路(MTR)". 2427junction.com.  ^ Allen, Geoffrey Freeman, Jane's World Railways, 1987–88, Jane's Information Group, 1987 (ISBN 9780710608482) ^ "LCQ19: MTR
MTR
trains' carrying capacity and services". Legislative Council. 12 January 2011.  ^ " Hyundai Rotem
Hyundai Rotem
to deliver first SCL train this September". www.railway-technology.com. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ "2nd MTR
MTR
shipment successful delivery". Pioneer Logistics Group. 19 December 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ "Metro in Hong Kong". ALSTOM Transport. Archived from the original on 25 March 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2006.  ^ "United Group Limited secures $40 million Hong Kong
Hong Kong
rail maintenance contract". United Goninan Limited. January 2002. Archived from the original on 15 March 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "MTRC TKE C651 EMU, Hong Kong". Rotem Company. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "New trains ordered for Tung Chung Line, Hong Kong". Rotem Company. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2007.  ^ a b "Review of MTRC Services and Incidents" (PDF). Hong Kong Legislative Council. Retrieved 6 November 2007.  ^ "Ten New Trains for MTR
MTR
Service Enhancement" (PDF). MTR
MTR
Corporation Limited. Retrieved 17 November 2008.  ^ "New Trains and Signalling System for the future Shatin to Central Link" (PDF). MTR
MTR
Corp. Ltd. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ "東鐵換37韓製列車 短3卡 加密班次「補數」". 明報. 24 May 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ Tse, Bruce (30 November 2015). "東鐵線將減三卡車 真係可以加班次抵銷影響?". Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ DVV Media UK. " China
China
South rolls out Hong Kong
Hong Kong
light rail cars". Railway Gazette.  ^ [HD] MTR
MTR
Light Rail: Lrv Phase IV 1112 Link Up With 1111 Trial Run In Depot. YouTube. 6 January 2013.  ^ LR Part 1 of LRV Phase IV no.1111 on Route 751. YouTube. 8 January 2010.  ^ "Light Rail Marks 20 years of Service With Vehicle Modernisation Programme" (PDF). MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008.  ^ "Contact Us." MTR. Retrieved on October 10, 2016. " MTR
MTR
Headquarters Building, Telford Plaza, 33 Wai Yip Street, Kowloon
Kowloon
Bay" ^ Xue, Charlie Q. L. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Architecture 1945-2015: From Colonial to Global. Springer, June 13, 2016. ISBN 9811010048, 9789811010040. p. 142-143. 6.2 Experiment in the 1980s ^ Lee, Ada (2014-04-10). "Veterans remember small beginnings of MTR". South China
China
Morning Post. Retrieved 2016-10-10.  - Print title: " MTR
MTR
'courtesy girl' still manning station 35 years on" ^ " MTR
MTR
Student Fare Concessions To Be Available Network-wide in New Promotion Offer" (PDF). MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. Retrieved 15 August 2008.  ^ "Social Inclusion without Corporate Social Responsibilities?". 立法會張超雄議員 Limited. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2007.  ^ "Subcommittee to Study the Transport Needs of and Provision of Concessionary Public Transport Fares for Persons with Disabilities" (PDF). Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Legislative Council Limited. Retrieved 6 November 2007.  ^ "港鐵傷殘半價 政府貼200萬 11萬人料年底受惠 九巴擬傚法 (lit. Disabled 50% discount by MTR. Government subsidises HK$2 million. May benefit 110 thousand comunters. KMB considers to follow.". Ming Pao. 22 May 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-05-27. Retrieved 5 August 2009.  ^ "Our History". Octopus Holdings Limited. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "MONTHLY PASS EXTRA". MTR. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ "BONUS POINTS SCHEME 15 SEPTEMBER TO 14 DECEMBER 2017". MTR. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ "Tourist Tickets". MTR
MTR
Corporation. Retrieved 18 September 2015.  ^ "Airport Express Travel Pass". MTR
MTR
Corporation. Retrieved 18 September 2015.  ^ Lee, Ada (29 August 2013). "Smart cards to replace single-trip tickets on MTR". South China
China
Morning Post.  ^ ""TICKET SUGGESTION" FUNCTION". MTR. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ "Checkfare". MTR
MTR
Service Update. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ " MTR
MTR
Patronage Updates". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2015.  Note that: 1) Annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "monthly total" for each year 2) The ridership includes " MTR
MTR
lines", "Airport Express" and "cross-boundary". 3) "Intercity, light rail, and bus" are excluded from the counts. 4) Data is available as early as year 2000, however only count ridership from the pre-merger MTR
MTR
urban network and not the ex-KCR network. Therefore it is not shown here. ^ a b "CB(1)980/13-14(05) Administration's paper on follow-ups on the service suspension of Tseung Kwan O
Tseung Kwan O
Line and part of Kwun Tong line
Kwun Tong line
on 16 December 2013, and report on subsequent major incidents on East Rail line and light rail" (PDF). Legislative Council of Hong Kong. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2014.  ^ Lucas, Clay (26 June 2006). "Train operator at 99.9% efficiency". The Age. Retrieved 27 April 2014.  ^ Eddie Luk (28 April 2014). " MTR
MTR
blasted for warning delay". The Standard. Archived from the original on 2015-10-17. Retrieved 7 April 2015.  ^ "Mass Transit Railway By-Laws" (PDF). Mass Transit Railway. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ "Mass Transit Railway By-laws". Bilingual Laws Information System, Department of Justice of HKSAR. 30 June 2000. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ López, M.J.J. (1996). "Crime Prevention Guidelines for the Construction & Management of Metro Systems". Den Haag: RCM-advies.  ^ "Automatic Platform Screen Doors for public transportation 29/8/2008" (PDF). Kaba Gilgen AG. 2002. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2007. Retrieved 9 March 2007.  ^ "Investor's Handbook 2002/2003" (PDF). Kaba Holding AG. September 2002. p. 72. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ "Platform Screen Door (2002/8)". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ " MTR
MTR
- Shatin to Central Link - Construction - Related Works on East Rail line and Ma On Shan Line". MTR
MTR
Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.  ^ "LCQ16: Retrofitting
Retrofitting
of PSDs at MTR
MTR
stations to be completed by 2006". HKSAR Government Information Centre. 5 January 2005. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ Siu, Phila; Ada Lee (20 June 2013). " MTR
MTR
to drop 10c Octopus levy for screen doors". South China
China
Morning Post. Retrieved 7 January 2014.  ^ Apple Daily. "難忍公司慢九拍 80後網上發功 港鐵員工自發公佈事故".  ^ "Leaflet of the MTR Service Update (In Chinese)".  ^ "A reply to a user on Facebook
Facebook
(In Chinese)".  ^ "a post on the MTR
MTR
Service Update's Facebook
Facebook
page".  ^ "Swiftzer's Facebook
Facebook
page".  ^ "art in mtr". MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
Limited. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.  ^ " MTR
MTR
HONG KONG Race Walking 2007". MTR
MTR
Corporation. 2006. Archived from the original on 28 February 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2007.  ^ "Race information (2007)". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Amateur Athletic Association (HKAAA). Archived from the original on 2 March 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2007.  ^ "Race Information (2006)". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Amateur Athletic Association (HKAAA). Archived from the original on 8 February 2006. Retrieved 12 March 2007.  ^ "The City Walks for Fun". MTR
MTR
Corporation. 2006. Archived from the original on 18 April 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2007.  ^ "Race Walking to Make Debut in Hong Kong". China.org.cn. 24 January 2005. Retrieved 12 March 2007.  ^ Cheung Chi-fai, " MTR
MTR
'out of line' on tunnel – Corporation and its contractor face charges under environmental laws after conservation area is cleared to make way for a construction site", The South China Morning Post, 14 June 2011. ^ Joyce Ng, " MTR
MTR
'let of lightly' for tree-felling", Page CITY 1, The South China
China
Morning Post, 20 September 2011. ^ "港鐵保育區斬樹罰款1.5萬", Page A12, Ming Pao, 20 September 2011. ^ Cheung Chi-fai, " MTR
MTR
tree felling angers greens – South Island Line clearance should have saved more indigenous species, say conservationists", The South China
China
Morning Post, 5 September 2011.[dead link] ^ "改閘機 加圍欄 禁逗留月台 港鐵三招打擊水貨客 – 蘋果日報 – 要聞港聞". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 2 March 2009.  ^ " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
student threatened with fine for carrying cello on train". The Strad. 24 September 2015.  ^ a b "Musicians plan protest after MTR
MTR
evicts student carrying a cello". Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Economic Journal. 25 September 2015.  ^ "【樂器風波】港鐵漏夜發聲明 終願檢討乘客攜物件規定". Apple Daily 蘋果日報. 

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Cross-border

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Tsing Shan Tsuen Tsing Wun Kin On Ho Tin Choy Yee Bridge Affluence Shan King (North) Shan King (South) Ming Kum Shek Pai Tai Hing (South) Tai Hing (North) Ngan Wai On Ting Yau Oi Town Centre Tuen Mun
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     Pui To Hoh Fuk Tong San Hui Prime View

Fare zone 3

Tuen Mun
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Hospital Siu Hong      Kei Lun Ching Chung Kin Sang Tin King Leung King San Wai Fung Tei Lam Tei Nai Wai Chung Uk Tsuen

Fare zone 4

Hung Shui Kiu Tong Fong Tsuen Ping Shan Hang Mei Tsuen Tin Shui Wai      Tin Tsz Tin Yiu Locwood Tin Wu Ginza Tin Shui Chestwood Tin Wing

Fare zone 5A

Chung Fu Tin Fu Tin Yuet Tin Sau Wetland Park Tin Heng Tin Yat

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Shui Pin Wai Fung Nin Road Hong Lok Road Tai Tong Road Yuen Long
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BRT

Operational

Beijing Changde Changzhou Chengdu Chongqing Dalian Guangzhou Hangzhou Hefei Jinan Kunming Lanzhou Lianyungang Suzhou Ürümqi Xiamen Yichang Yinchuan Zaozhuang Zhengzhou

Under construction

Harbin Shenyang Shenzhen Shijiazhuang Wuxi Wuhan Xi'an

Planned

Nanchang Shanghai

Transport in China Rail transport in China

v t e

Members of international metro organizations

Community of Metros (CoMET)

Asia

MTR Taipei Metro Beijing Subway Shanghai Metro Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Metro Delhi Metro Mass Rapid Transit Seoul Metro

Europe

London Underground Berlin U-Bahn Paris Métro Madrid Metro Moscow Metro

Americas

New York City Subway Mexico
Mexico
City Metro São Paulo Metro Santiago Metro

Nova benchmarking group of Metros (NOVA)

Asia

Bangkok MRT Nanjing Metro Rapid KL Shenzhen Metro

Europe

Barcelona Metro Lisbon Metro Brussels Metro Tyne and Wear Metro Docklands Light Railway Istanbul Metro Oslo Metro

Americas

Montreal Metro Toronto subway Vancouver SkyTrain Rio de Janeiro Metro Buenos Aires Underground

Oceania

S

.