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The MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
system serves as the commuter rail arm of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority's transportation coverage of Greater Boston
Greater Boston
in the United States. It is operated under contract by Keolis, which took over operations on July 1, 2014 from the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Commuter Railroad Company (MBCR). The system is the sixth-busiest commuter rail system in the U.S., behind the three New York areas, Chicago area, and Philadelphia area systems, and is tied for fifth-busiest with Philadelphia's SEPTA Regional Rail in terms of weekday ridership. The line's characteristic purple-trimmed coaches operate as far south as North Kingstown, Rhode Island, and as far north as Newburyport and as far west as Fitchburg, both in Massachusetts. Trains originate at two major terminals in Boston
Boston
— South Station and North Station
North Station
— both transportation hubs offering connections to Amtrak, local bus, intercity bus via South Station
South Station
Bus Terminal, and subway lines, but with as yet no passenger rail infrastructure directly connecting them, other than the existing MBTA subway lines. MassDOT is currently entering into a study phase of the North–South Rail Link, which would provide a solution to the problem. In the third quarter of 2017, daily weekday ridership was 133,000.[1]

Contents

1 Current lines 2 Operational History

2.1 Consolidation under MBTA control

2.1.1 Boston
Boston
& Maine Railroad 2.1.2 New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 2.1.3 New York Central Railroad

2.2 Combined operations

3 Service changes since MBTA takeover

3.1 Expansions 3.2 Contractions

4 Rolling Stock

4.1 Locomotive fleet 4.2 Non-revenue 4.3 Coach fleet 4.4 Retired equipment

5 Wi-Fi 6 Fare policy 7 Ridership 8 Train operations 9 Planned expansions

9.1 South Station
South Station
lines 9.2 North Station
North Station
lines 9.3 North–South Rail Link

10 Freight service 11 Art and architecture 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Current lines[edit] See also: List of MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
stations

MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
system, circa 2017

The following lines terminate at South Station
South Station
(listed from southeast to west):[2]

Greenbush Line Old Colony Lines, consisting of:

Kingston/Plymouth Line Middleborough/Lakeville Line
Middleborough/Lakeville Line
(the CapeFLYER
CapeFLYER
operates over this line Memorial Day–Labor Day using MBTA equipment)

Fairmount Line Providence/Stoughton Line Franklin Line Needham Line Framingham/Worcester Line

The following lines terminate at North Station
North Station
(listed from west to northeast):[2]

Fitchburg Line Lowell Line Haverhill Line Newburyport/Rockport Line

Operational History[edit] Consolidation under MBTA control[edit] Boston
Boston
& Maine Railroad[edit] The Commonwealth of Massachusetts's involvement with the operating facets of commuter rail began in 1967 when the Boston
Boston
& Maine Railroad (B&M) petitioned the Interstate Commerce Commission
Interstate Commerce Commission
to discontinue all passenger services.[3] Service north of the state line was discontinued, but most service in Massachusetts
Massachusetts
was preserved through a contract between the Commonwealth and the B&M, at this time still an independent railroad company. The Commonwealth and MBTA began to purchase several lines, like the Lowell Line
Lowell Line
between Somerville and Wilmington, from the B&M. In 1969 the B&M transported 24,000 passengers every weekday on four separate routes. Its yearly deficit was US$3.2 million. A pool of 86 Budd Rail Diesel Cars protected the service.[4] B&M filed for bankruptcy protection in 1970. All remaining B&M commuter assets, with the exception of yard tracks and freight-only branches, were sold to the Commonwealth on December 14, 1976, though B&M was contracted to operate the service using its existing fleet of diesel railcars.[3] New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad[edit] The New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad (NYNH&H), the long-time operator of most South Station
South Station
commuter trains, filed for bankruptcy for the last time in 1961.[citation needed] Two years earlier in 1959, the railroad had discontinued passenger service on the Old Colony division in southeastern Massachusetts. On July 28, 1965, the MBTA signed an agreement with the New Haven Railroad to purchase 11 miles (18 km) of the former Old Colony mainline from Fort Point Channel
Fort Point Channel
to South Braintree in order to construct a new rapid transit line along the corridor. The line was expected to be completed within two years. The agreement also provided for the MBTA to subsidize commuter service on the railroad's remaining commuter rail lines for $1.2 million annually.[3][5] The NH was included in the Penn Central Transportation Company
Penn Central Transportation Company
(PC) merger in 1968, which itself filed bankruptcy in 1970.[6] MBTA purchased many PC southside commuter lines on January 27, 1973, including the Providence/Stoughton Line
Providence/Stoughton Line
as far as the Rhode Island border plus the branch to Stoughton, the Franklin Line
Franklin Line
and Needham Line and the Framingham/Worcester Line
Framingham/Worcester Line
from Riverside to Framingham, as well as a number of abandoned lines and lines without passenger service including the Old Colony mainline from Boston
Boston
to Braintree and the Plymouth/Kingston Line
Plymouth/Kingston Line
(which were later restored).[3] PC merged into Conrail
Conrail
on April 1, 1976; the MBTA bought the equipment but Conrail
Conrail
took over operations of the southside lines. The MBTA also purchased the Fairmount Line
Fairmount Line
to restore it for passenger service as a bypass during Southwest Corridor (Boston)
Southwest Corridor (Boston)
reconstruction.[3] New York Central Railroad[edit] The Framingham/Worcester Line, historically part of the Boston
Boston
& Albany Railroad (B&A), was merged into the New York Central Railroad (NYC) and its ownership subsequently passed to PC in 1968. As part of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Turnpike Boston
Boston
Extension's construction in the 1960s, the Worcester Line's roadbed between Route 128 and Boston was sold to the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Turnpike Authority, with the proviso that the control of the railroad remain with NYC. Conrail
Conrail
inherited the line which formed a vital freight artery between Boston's Beacon Yard and Conrail's Selkirk Yard. The Riverside-Framingham section was sold to the MBTA in 1976 as part of their larger acquisition of PC commuter assets, but the section past Framingham remained in Conrail control.[3] In September 2009, Conrail
Conrail
successor CSX Transportation and the Commonwealth finalized a $100 million agreement to purchase CSX's Framingham to Worcester tracks, as well as the Grand Junction Railroad plus lines which will be part of the South Coast Rail project, to improve service on the Framingham/Worcester Line.[7] After several years of construction and negotiations, ownership of the line was transferred to the commonwealth on October 4, 2012, with increased service on the outer section of the line beginning several weeks later.[3][8] Combined operations[edit] The Northeast Rail Service Act of 1981 compelled Conrail
Conrail
to transfer operations of all passenger and commuter services to local transit authorities, resulting in Conrail
Conrail
ceasing all subsidized passenger rail services.[9] B&M won the contract for the southside lines; for the first time, all Boston
Boston
commuter service was operated by one entity. After bankruptcy, B&M continued to operate trains under the protection of the federal bankruptcy court, in the hopes that a reorganization could make it profitable again. It emerged from the court's protection when Timothy Mellon's Guilford Transportation Industries (GTI) bought it in 1983.[3] GTI let the contract expire in 1987, after a bitter strike had shut down most of the northside lines in 1986.[3] From 1987 to 2003, Amtrak
Amtrak
managed all of Boston's commuter rail.[3] The relationship between MBTA and Amtrak
Amtrak
was often rocky, and Amtrak did not submit a bid when the contract expired in 2003. MBTA observers saw Amtrak
Amtrak
as having been a reliable manager and operator, but Amtrak sometimes experienced strained relations with the MBTA. Quibbles centered on equipment failures, crewing issues about the number of conductors per train, and responsibility for late trains. Because of these issues, and Amtrak's repeated statements that the MBTA contract was unreasonable, few were surprised at Amtrak's decision not to bid again.[10] Two tenders were submitted, one from GTI and another from the newly formed Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Commuter Railroad Company (MBCR), a partnership between Connex (later Veolia), Bombardier Transportation and Alternate Concepts, Inc., the latter of which won the tender. MBCR took over the MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
operation from Amtrak
Amtrak
in July 2003. The MBCR contract originally expired in July 2008 but had an additional five-year option; it was later extended three years to July 2011 and then another two to July 2013.[10][11] After concerns about on-time performance, the 2011 extension increased the fine for late trains from $100 to $300.[12]

Logo of Keolis
Keolis
Commuter Services, the current operator of MBTA Commuter Rail. This logo appears on employee uniforms and public timetables.

In August 2012, MBCR and Keolis
Keolis
were the two bidders for the contract. On January 8, 2014, the MBTA awarded Keolis
Keolis
the contract for $2.68 billion over eight years, with the possibility of two two-year extensions that could bring the total price to $4.3 billion.[13] Keolis
Keolis
took over the operations on July 1, 2014. Keolis
Keolis
lost $29.3 million in its first year of operation.[14] Service changes since MBTA takeover[edit] Expansions[edit] Several significant improvements have been made during MBTA's period of stewardship which started circa 1973. However, the Commonwealth's support for rail operations began in the 1950s with contracted operations and subsidies to railroads providing commuter service, and more so in 1964 with the advent of MBTA.

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
pioneered the concept of "Park and Ride" by providing funds to construct the Route 128 Station
Route 128 Station
on NH's Providence Line, at a location where the radial line intersected with the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Route 128, locally thought of as the "Boston Beltway". Route 128 Station
Route 128 Station
was established 1953 by NH President Frederic C. Dumaine, Jr.. The initial station was simple in design, built as a parking lot located next to the tracks.[15] B&M's Eastern Route formerly operated across the bridge at Merrimack River and as far north as Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Portsmouth, New Hampshire
on the former Eastern Railroad alignment. Service past Ipswich to Newburyport was limited to a single daily round trip after 1967, and suspended in April 1976.[3] Freight service to Newburyport lasted until 1984, and the line was formally abandoned in 1994 even as preparations began for restored service. After a brief period of abandonment, commuter rail service to Newburyport resumed on October 26, 1998, with an infill stop at Rowley.[16] As part of the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Improvement Program II (NECIP II) of the 1990s, MBTA's Providence Line was electrified using federal funds provided to Amtrak
Amtrak
for its Acela Express
Acela Express
project. However, MBTA does not operate electric equipment on the Providence Line, as such equipment would be unusable on other lines. As Big Dig
Big Dig
environmental mitigation, MBTA invested heavily in the Commuter Rail system by restoring large sections of NH's Old Colony division, which was abandoned in 1959. Service along the two main Old Colony Lines was reestablished in 1997, and the Greenbush Line
Greenbush Line
opened in 2007.[3] After 1975, Framingham/Worcester Line
Framingham/Worcester Line
service was cut back to Framingham, though other lines reached exurbs more distant from Boston than Framingham. As compensation for delays in the Old Colony Lines restoration, rush-hour service to Worcester Union Station
Worcester Union Station
was restored in 1994, with infill stations at Ashland, Southborough, Westborough, and Grafton stations were added in the MetroWest region between 2000 and 2002.[3] The service was successful, resulting in relative de-emphasis of Amtrak
Amtrak
and commuter bus services operating in the same corridor. During the 1979-1987 reconstruction of the Southwest Corridor, Amtrak and MBTA trains were diverted over the Dorchester Branch, which had not seen passenger traffic since 1944. As part of this project, MBTA allowed Centralized Traffic Control
Centralized Traffic Control
to be installed on this branch, greatly increasing its signal capacity.[3] Regular service was kept on the Fairmount Line
Fairmount Line
after 1987 because the relocated service was popular with residents of Dorchester and Roxbury. As Big Dig mitigation, MBTA rebuilt existing stations and is adding 4 new stations along the line.[17] The first of these, Talbot Ave, opened on November 12, 2012, followed by Newmarket and Four Corners/Geneva Ave on July 1, 2013.[18] Agreement with the state of Rhode Island
Rhode Island
allowed MBTA's Attleboro Line to extend to Providence, Rhode Island
Rhode Island
during the late 1990s. At first, only weekday service was provided. In the mid-2000s, a new agreement with RIDOT
RIDOT
provided funding to allow the service to operate on weekends also. Service was extended further south to T. F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island
Rhode Island
in December 2010 and to Wickford Junction in North Kingston in April 2012.[19] This represents the first commuter service in Rhode Island
Rhode Island
south of Providence since 1981.[3] In 2013, the CapeFLYER
CapeFLYER
service began running from South Station
South Station
to Hyannis on summer weekends - the first direct service from Boston
Boston
to Cape Cod since 1959. Though officially a Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority service, the CapeFLYER
CapeFLYER
uses MBTA equipment.[3] Should this pilot service be successful, regular commuter service may be extended from Middleborough/Lakeville to Buzzards Bay.[20] A 4-mile extension of the Fitchburg Line
Fitchburg Line
to Wachusett station opened on September 30, 2016.[21] On November 14, 2013, MBTA began rehabilitating and rebuilding the tracks along 33 miles of right-of-way the agency acquired to restore service to Fall River and New Bedford
New Bedford
(See South Coast Rail).

Contractions[edit] During the period of MBTA control, services have also been curtailed:

Commuter rail
Commuter rail
services along the Millis Branch
Millis Branch
and Dedham Branch, by 1966 consisting of only a single daily rush-hour round trip, were discontinued by the NYNH&H on 21 April 1967 and have not been replaced.[3] All former B&M services that extended north of the Massachusetts border were curtailed by 1967, except for a brief period of experimental service from January 28, 1980 to March 1, 1981.[3] Since then, restoration and extension of the Lowell Line
Lowell Line
to Nashua, Manchester, and Concord, New Hampshire, and the Haverhill Line
Haverhill Line
to Portland, Maine, have been repeatedly discussed. In 2001, Amtrak commenced operation of the Downeaster between Boston's North Station and Portland under the auspices of the Northern New England Passenger Rail Authority. The Nashua service discussion is continuing in the context of the widening of Interstate 93
Interstate 93
in New Hampshire. The B&M operated one daily round trip to South Sudbury (19.7 miles from Boston) over the former Central Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Railroad until its discontinuation on November 26, 1971.[3] Passenger service on the Lexington Branch ended on January 10, 1977.[3] The Northwest Extension of the MBTA Red Line
MBTA Red Line
replaced the service as far as Alewife in West Cambridge. No commuter rail service reaches the towns of Arlington, Lexington, and Bedford, Massachusetts. Today, the rail-banked line forms the Minuteman Bikeway
Minuteman Bikeway
and is a linear park in the vicinity of Davis Square, Somerville. The southern half of the Woburn Loop still operated when the MBTA took over control, joining the Lowell Line
Lowell Line
at Winchester. Half the Lowell Line services terminated at Woburn Heights (10.0 miles from Boston), while the others stopped at North Woburn (today's Anderson RTC) and continued to Lowell. Weekend service ended on September 7, 1980, and all service on the branch stopped on January 30, 1981.[3] The Fitchburg Line
Fitchburg Line
under B&M operations terminated at Ayer, Massachusetts, but was subsequently extended as far as Gardner, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
in January 1981. However, the service between Gardner and Fitchburg was ended at the end of 1986 after the parallel Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Route 2 was upgraded to expressway standards, reducing travel time between these cities.[3]

Rolling Stock[edit]

A typical Commuter Rail train, consisting of one diesel locomotive and five coaches, at Auburndale station in 2012.

All MBTA commuter rail service is provided by push-pull trains powered by diesel locomotives with a cab car on the opposite end. Trains typically have four to eight coaches (with six the most common) and seat between 400 and 1400 passengers. Approximately 58 trainsets are needed for weekday service.[22][23] The primary heavy maintenance facility is the MBTA Commuter Rail Maintenance Facility, located in East Somerville on the former site of the Boston
Boston
and Maine's Boston
Boston
Engine Terminal. It is also used for midday and overnight storage of trains on the northside lines. Southampton Street Yard and the Readville Interim Layover facility are used for light maintenance and layover service. Various other layover facilities are used for midday and overnight storage; most are located near the outer ends of the lines. Locomotive fleet[edit] As of June 2016[update], the MBTA owned 125 locomotives. Of these, 85 were in active passenger service, 4 used for work service, and 36 inactive for various reasons.[23] The current fleet of diesel locomotives comprises a mix of purpose-built passenger locomotives (such as the EMD F40PH) and freight locomotives rebuilt for passenger use (such as the GMD GP40MCs, which were originally GMD GP40-2LWs). All passenger locomotives are equipped with head end power (HEP), though some locomotives exclusively used for non-revenue work service are not.[23]

Year built[23] Builder[23] Model[23] Numbers[23] Notes[23] Image

1973–1975 GMD GMD GP40MC 1115-1139 Rebuilt by AMF in 1997.[23]

1987–1988 EMD EMD F40PH-2C 1050-1075 Rebuilt by MPI 2001–2003. 1073 retired and scrapped after the 1990 Back Bay rail accident. Some units being rebuilt by MPI, and others in-house.[23]

1991–1993 MK M-K F40PHM-2C 1025-1036 Rebuilt by MPI 2003–2004. Some units being rebuilt by MPI, and others in-house.[23]

2009 MP MPI MP36PH-3C 010-011 Purchased from Utah Transit Authority's FrontRunner.[23][24]

2013–2014 MP MPI HSP46 2000-2039

Non-revenue[edit]

Year built[23] Builder[23] Model[23] Numbers[23] Notes Image

1957–1960 EMD EMD GP9 904 Purchased from SEMTA. Ex-MBTA 902 is now at the Illinois Railway Museum.

1971 EMD GP40-1 3247

2009 NRE NRE 3GS21B 3248-3249

Coach fleet[edit]

#1800 arrives at Malden Center on the first revenue round trip of the new BTC-4D and CTC-5 coaches

As of June 2016[update], the MBTA owned 481 coaches. Of these, 420 were in active service and 61 inactive for various reasons.[23] Coaches whose designations start with BTC (Blind Trailer Coach) are conventional coaches, while those starting with CTC (Control Trailer Coach) are cab cars. Cab cars will occasionally also appear in the middle of a consist. Coaches acquired before 1990 were single-level cars with 88 to 127 seats; those since are bilevel cars with 173 to 185 seats.[23] Various coaches are equipped with electronic doors for use on the Old Colony Lines and Greenbush Line, which have full-length high-level platforms at all stops. All BTC-3, CTC-3, BTC-4C, and BTC-4D coaches have restrooms.[23] Trains usually have one of these cars adjacent to the locomotive, as that car will be platformed at all high level platforms regardless of length, and thus handicapped riders will be able to access the restroom car. During winter months, a Ski Train serving Wachusett Mountain runs on the Fitchburg Line, using a coach car which is equipped for carrying bicycles or skis.[23][25] During summer months, some Newburyport/Rockport Line
Newburyport/Rockport Line
trains to Rockport include one of two cars equipped to carry bicycles.[23][26] The CapeFLYER
CapeFLYER
uses car 224, which has been modified as a cafe and baggage car.[23]

Year built[23] Builder[23] Model[23] Fleet ID[23] Seats[23] Notes[23] Image

1978–79 Pullman BTC-1C 200–258 114 The BTC-1C cars were rebuilt from BTC-1 and CTC-1 cars in 1995 and 1996, at which point they were renumbered; coaches 203 and 215 were not rebuilt and are no longer used. Coach 219 is a bike/ski car, 221 a bike car, 224 a cafe car, and 225 planned to be a bike car.[23]

1987 Bombardier BTC-1A 350–389 127

1987–88 MBB BTC-3 500–532 86 Only railcars ever built by MBB. Only 10 of 33 BTC-3 cars remain in active service as of June 2016[update].[23]

1987–88 MBB CTC-3 1500–1533 96

1989–90 Bombardier BTC-1B 600–653 122

1989–90 Bombardier CTC-1B 1600–1652 122 Cab controllers have been deactivated in coaches 1600–1624; they are used exclusively as blind coaches.[23]

1990–91 Kawasaki BTC-4 700–749 185 700-749 are being overhauled by Alstom
Alstom
in Hornell, New York. They will have some features identical to the 800 series cars, including destination displays and LED lighting.

1990–91 Kawasaki CTC-4 1700–1724 175 1700-1709 and 1711-1724 are being overhauled by Alstom

1997 Kawasaki BTC-4A 750–766 182 750-766 are being overhauled by Alstom

2001 Kawasaki BTC-4B 767–781 182 767-781 are being overhauled by Alstom

2005 Kawasaki BTC-4C 900–932 178

2012–14 Hyundai Rotem BTC-4D 800–846 179

2012–14 Hyundai Rotem CTC-5 1800–1827 173

Retired equipment[edit]

An EMD FP10 locomotive with rented GO Transit
GO Transit
coaches at South Station in 1978

As the Commonwealth assumed the control of the Commuter Rail during the 1970s, it inherited various non-standard equipment from predecessor railroads. These included:

Numerous Budd Rail Diesel Cars,[27] including a total of 86 from the B&M, New Haven Railroad and SEPTA. The RDC fleet was de-powered in the 1970s and turned into locomotive-hauled coaches by Morrison Knudsen.[27] These became known as "Boise Budds", after the location of the MK shop where the work was done. The RDC fleet was phased out during the 1980s and completely replaced with conventional coaches by 1989.[23] Remaining examples of these units now serve on the Grand Canyon Railway and Hobo Railroad; a derelict pair sit on a disused track near North Station, and a single unit has been restored and is displayed at Bedford Depot. In 1978-80 MBTA acquired 19 rebuilt EMD FP10 units which were later transferred to Metro North Railroad
Metro North Railroad
in 1991-1993.[27] EMD GP-9s were also operated in Boston
Boston
suburban service. MBTA #904, one of six GP-9s received from SEMTA
SEMTA
in 1987, is retained as a work engine.[23] Ex- GO Transit
GO Transit
stainless steel coaches were operated as an interim solution pending delivery of the CTC-1/BTC-1 order. From 2002 to 2004, MBTA leased some retired Amtrak
Amtrak
F40PH's while the F40PHM-2Cs were getting rebuilt. MBTA also had a fleet of their own F40PHs. They are now retired. The last unit ran in 2015.

Wi-Fi[edit]

Two coaches in 2012 with wraps indicating that they are wi-fi enabled. This 2008-built system will be replaced with a new system.

Free wi-fi internet service with limited bandwidth is provided on all trains. A two-tiered model where riders can pay extra for faster service is in planning.[28] The program started with a $262,000 pilot in January 2008 on the Worcester Line, where 45 coaches were fitted with routers which connected to cellular data networks. This was the first wi-fi available on a commuter rail service in the United States.[29] The Worcester Line
Worcester Line
was chosen for the pilot phase in part to compensate for low on-time performance, as well as to test the service across the line's varied terrain.[30] The program was considered successful; in December 2008, the MBTA announced that wi-fi would be available on all trains by mid-2009. 258 of the 410 coaches then owned by the MBTA would receive wi-fi equipment at a rate of about 30 per month.[31] In July 2014, the MBTA announced that a private company would be building a new $5.6 million network to replace the 2008-built network. The MBTA is not paying for the new network; instead, the company expects to recoup its investment by providing a two-tiered offering. Free limited-bandwidth wi-fi will continue to be provided, along with local television broadcasts; a monthly fee will be charged by the company for access to higher bandwidth and other broadcasts, with 7.5% of the fee returned to the MBTA.[32] The new system was to be completed in 2016, with the revenue agreement lasting until 2037.[32][33][28] By December 2016, the new system was still in permitting and design, except for enhanced wifi at Back Bay, South Station, and North Station expected to be complete by the end of the year.[34] In August 2017, the MBTA canceled the $140 million plan due to local opposition to the erection of 320 monopoles, each 70-foot (21 m) tall, as well as the need to focus on more critical projects like the Green Line Extension.[35] Fare policy[edit]

Commuter Rail tickets in the form of CharlieTickets purchased at fare vending machines and ticket booths (left) and paper tickets purchased on-board (right).

The MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
uses a fare zone policy whereby origin and destination stations are not individually priced, but assigned a zone based on distance from Boston.[36] There are a total of eleven zones (1A, then 1 through 10) with an increasing fare to or from Boston
Boston
the higher the zone number. Zone 1A fares are the least expensive and cost the same as rapid transit ($2.25), while the highest priced Zone 10 fares are $12.50 per ride.[36] Travel between suburban zones without going to Boston
Boston
is charged an "interzone" fare based on the number of zones traveled.[36] Seniors, those with a disability, and middle and high school students with proper identification receive a 50% discounted rate; children under eleven travel free with a paying adult.[37] Fares are collected by train conductors; while fare evasion is explicitly illegal, it is not criminal.[38][39] Tickets may be purchased at automatic vending machines located in principal stations and at suburban stations from nearby businesses and vendors.[40][41] Passengers joining at stations without ticketing machines or vendors can purchase tickets on board.[38] Alternatively, riders can use the MBTA mTicket app to purchase tickets on iPhone and Android devices, which allows them to display their tickets on their mobile phone screens rather than presenting paper tickets or passes.[42] Travelers can purchase tickets as a one-way, round trip, ten ride (no discount), or monthly pass (discounted over daily round-trip purchase).[36] Ridership[edit] Ridership levels on the Commuter Rail have grown since the MBTA's involvement began in the late 1960s, with overall average weekday ridership growing from 29,500 in 1969 to 76,000 in 1990 and 143,700 in 2008. This was accomplished by a series of rationalizations, such as closing lightly used lines, concentrating service on heavily utilized lines, and re-opening formerly abandoned branches with high traffic potential, such as the Old Colony Lines. A general growth of transit usage in the Northeastern United States
United States
also contributed. Growing ridership in this way required substantial capital investment, which was provided by a mixture of Federal mass transit funds and Commonwealth transportation bond issues.[citation needed] Train operations[edit]

An MBTA train at Campello station inbound to South Station.

Like most commuter railroads in the Northeastern United States, MBTA is a member of the Northeast Operating Rules Advisory Committee (NORAC) and uses the rulebook promulgated by that organization.[43] Much of the MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
system is governed by NORAC rule 251, as the tracks are signalled for movement in one direction of travel only. During the 1990s, parts of the system, such as the Framingham/Worcester Line, were re-signalled to allow a more advanced mode of operations known as NORAC rule 261, which allows trains to operate in either direction on both tracks where double track is available. During the morning rush hour, both tracks can be simultaneously used for inbound traffic, allowing one train to make local stops while an express train overtakes the local train.[44] On each train, the cab car is attached at the end closest to the downtown Boston
Boston
terminal station for the particular line (either North or South Station), and the locomotive is attached at the end farthest from the terminal station. On each train serving the North Station lines, the "ADA" coach used to carry mobility-limited persons is attached right behind the locomotive, allowing level boarding at all suburban stations featuring mini-high platforms. On the other hand, on each train serving the South Station
South Station
lines, the cab car also serves as the "ADA" coach. (The "ADA" coaches support compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.) Trainlined doors that open automatically via central control are available on some equipment, but at low level platforms the conductor in each car must manually open a trap to allow passengers to descend via stairs onto the platform. Positive Train Control
Positive Train Control
is scheduled to be implemented on the entire system per a federal mandate, which requires installation by the end of 2018 with the possibility of a two-year extension. As of November 2015[update], the MBTA expects to complete PTC on the southside lines by December 2018, on the northside lines by March 2020, and an overlay for freight on the sections of Pan Am Railways' Freight Main Line which overlap MBTA territory by August 2020.[45] Planned expansions[edit] South Station
South Station
lines[edit]

Foxboro station is proposed as the terminus of a Franklin Line
Franklin Line
branch

The South Coast Rail
South Coast Rail
project is proposed to extend commuter rail service to the South Coast cities of Taunton, Fall River, and New Bedford. After previous service was discontinued in 1958, the project surfaced in the 1980s. A full planning process was held from 1990 until its suspension in 2002. Planning restarted from the beginning in 2007; the Final Environmental Impact Statement was issued in August 2013. Several separately-funded projects, such as bridge reconstructions, have been undertaken, including major tie replacement (beginning in November 2013), and $2.3 billion was appropriated to the project in an April 2014 state bill.[46] However, full construction has been repeatedly delayed. Plans were changed in 2017 to have limited Phase 1 diesel service via the Middleborough/Lakeville Line
Middleborough/Lakeville Line
in 2022, with full electric service via Stoughton in 2030. The modified plan, which is expected to cost $3.42 billion, proved immediately controversial.[47] In September 2010, the MBTA completed a study to determine the feasibility of extending regular commuter rail service to Foxboro via the Franklin Line. Currently, the station is only served during special events at Gillette Stadium. The study looked at extending some Fairmount Line
Fairmount Line
service to Foxboro, running shuttle trains from Foxboro to Walpole, or a combination of both. No determination has been made as to if or when this service would begin.[48] A Providence Line extension to Wickford Junction, in North Kingstown, Rhode Island
Rhode Island
opened on April 23, 2012. The Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Department of Transportation is also studying the feasibility of serving existing Amtrak
Amtrak
stations in Kingston and Westerly as well as constructing new stations in Cranston, East Greenwich, and West Davisville. Federal funding has also been provided for preliminary planning of a new station in Pawtucket.[49] There is also a proposal to extend the Middleborough/Lakeville Line
Middleborough/Lakeville Line
to Wareham and eventually to Buzzards Bay. The CapeFLYER
CapeFLYER
started service along this section to Hyannis on summer weekends in 2013. In September 2013, the state announced plans to run diesel multiple unit (DMU) service between Back Bay and the Boston
Boston
Convention and Exhibition Center on Track 61
Track 61
beginning in 2015.[50] In 2014, the MBTA announce it would purchase DMU self-propelled rail cars for the Fairmount Line
Fairmount Line
with eventual expansion to five other lines, including Track 61, to be known as the Indigo Line. The planned DMU procurement was canceled in 2015.[51] A new West Station, is planned to be built on the Framingham-Worcester line in the Beacon Park Yard
Beacon Park Yard
site, where it may also connect to North Station
North Station
via the Grand Junction Railroad.[52] North Station
North Station
lines[edit] There is a proposal to build a South Salem station in Salem, Massachusetts, to improve access to Salem State University, as well as to extend Commuter Rail to Peabody, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and Danvers, Massachusetts.[53] The former state Secretary of Transportation James Aloisi indicated in 2009 support for commuter service from Worcester to North Station
North Station
via Clinton and Ayer, presumably along the Worcester, Nashua and Rochester Railroad right of way, owned by Pan Am Railways
Pan Am Railways
as of 2009[update].[54] In 2007 the state of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
created the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Rail Transit Authority and allocated money to build platforms at Nashua and Manchester.[55] A 2008 article in the Eagle Tribune
Eagle Tribune
claimed that Massachusetts
Massachusetts
is negotiating to buy property which has the potential to extend the Haverhill Line
Haverhill Line
to Plaistow, New Hampshire. Funding is available, and Plaistow is potentially interested, but wants to better understand the potential drawbacks of being the location of the layover station.[56][57] North–South Rail Link[edit] Main article: North–South Rail Link No direct connection exists between the two downtown commuter rail terminals; to travel from one station to the other, passengers must use the MBTA subway or bus lines to make the connection. Passengers using the Providence/Stoughton, Framingham/Worcester, Franklin, and Needham lines can transfer to and from North Station
North Station
via the Orange Line subway, connecting at Back Bay. Passengers using the Fitchburg Line can transfer to and from South Station
South Station
via the Red Line subway, connecting at Porter. All other passengers have to change subway trains at either Park Street or Downtown Crossing stations, thus requiring two distinct subway lines to complete a trip between North and South Stations. A North–South Rail Link
North–South Rail Link
has been proposed to unite the two halves of the commuter rail system;[58] but, because of the high cost, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
has, as of May 2006[update], withdrawn its sponsorship of the proposal. The link is back in the spotlight thanks to the efforts of former Governors Michael Dukakis and Bill Weld, and Congressman Seth Moulton.[citation needed] Meanwhile, for non-revenue transfers of equipment, the MBTA and Amtrak
Amtrak
use the Grand Junction Railroad Company main line. Freight service[edit]

Boston
Boston
Sand and Gravel and tracks as seen from an MBTA train

On the North Side lines, as part of the original sale agreement, B&M and its successor Pan Am Railways
Pan Am Railways
(formerly Guilford Transportation Industries) retains "perpetual and exclusive" trackage rights for freight service. Pan Am provides freight service on those lines.[59] Boston
Boston
Sand and Gravel has an agreement with Pan Am to operate its shortline New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Northcoast Railroad trains from Ossipee, New Hampshire to just north of Boston's North Station
North Station
to supply aggregates to its plant on the Boston/Cambridge border.[60] An occasional move occurs with run-through power from Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
to supply coal the Merrimack Station power plant in Bow, New Hampshire, over the Fitchburg Line. The Haverhill and Fitchburg lines also host four to six PAR manifest freight trains per day. On the South Side lines, CSX Transportation
CSX Transportation
retains trackage rights over much of the former New Haven territory. Limited service is also provided by the Providence & Worcester Railroad on the Providence Line, principally from Central Falls (the intersection with its main line to Worcester) through Providence towards New Haven (although some freights go as far east as Attleboro before leaving the corridor).[61] The Bay Colony Railroad
Bay Colony Railroad
provides a limited amount of service on some lines. CSXT used to provide intermodal, autorack, and general merchandise over the Worcester Line, a part of CSXT's Boston
Boston
Line.[62] This part of the Commuter Rail network could host over 12 mainline freight trains per day, including descendents of Conrail's expedited intermodal Trail Van trains. Currently most freight service terminates in Framingham, and a trainload facility in Westboro, with limited freight service east through Beacon Park Yard
Beacon Park Yard
in Allston to a few local customers. In 2013 CSX moved its intermodal service from Beacon Park to an expanded yard in Worcester.[63][64] On its former Old Colony division, the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (NYNH&H) essentially vacated its right of freight operations by abandoning the tracks in 1959. As MBTA rebuilt the tracks, it gained freight service rights, and those rights were franchised to Conrail
Conrail
(predecessor to CSX), which provided freight service on the former Old Colony division.[citation needed] Art and architecture[edit] See also: Arts on the Line As parts of their Arts on the Line
Arts on the Line
program, the MBTA has public art at certain commuter rail stations. Large sculptures and murals are present at South Station, Back Bay, and Lynn, while a number of other stations include historic information panels on station signs.[65] See also[edit]

Railways portal

Commuter rail
Commuter rail
in North America List of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
railroads List of North American commuter rail operators List of suburban and commuter rail systems List of United States
United States
commuter rail systems by ridership Other commuter rail operations in Massachusetts:

Cape Cod and Hyannis Railroad
Cape Cod and Hyannis Railroad
(defunct) Connecticut River Line
Connecticut River Line
(proposed) Hartford Line
Hartford Line
(under construction)

References[edit]

^ "Transit Ridership Report: Third Quarter 2017" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.  ^ a b "Commuter Rail Maps and Schedules". MBTA.com. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 2, 2010.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Belcher, Jonathan (2007-08-10). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-09-29.  ^ Dorin, Patrick C. (1969). Commuter Railroads: A Pictorial Review of the Most Travelled Trains. New York: Bonanza Books. OCLC 14408290.  ^ Carr, Robert (29 July 1965). "MBTA Buys Old Colony Line For a South Shore Express". Boston
Boston
Globe – via Proquest Historical Newspapers. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Drury, George H. (1994). The Historical Guide to North American Railroads: Histories, Figures, and Features of more than 160 Railroads Abandoned or Merged since 1930. Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing. pp. 222–229, 248. ISBN 0-89024-072-8.  ^ "Lt. Governor: Historic CSX Rail Agreement". Commonwealth Conversations: Transportation. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Department of Transportation. 23 September 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.  ^ Monahan, John J. (4 October 2012). "At CSX freight yard, Murray touts increased train service". Worcester Telegram & Gazette. Retrieved 24 December 2012.  ^ Northeast Rail Service Act of 1981, Pub. L. 97-35, 45 U.S.C. ch. 20, 1981-08-13. ^ a b "MBTA Exercises Option With MBCR For Commuter Rail Service, Launches New Customer-Focused Improvements". MBTA. 2010-01-06. MBTA extends MBCR contract another two years.  ^ Commuter Rail Firm Gets Contract Extension Boston.com, accessed 16 February 2010. ^ Boston
Boston
Metro, 6 June 2008, p. 2. ^ http://www.mbta.com/about_the_mbta/news_events/?id=6442451214&month=1&year=14 MBTA press release on Keolis
Keolis
Commuter Services award ^ " Keolis
Keolis
loses millions of dollars on its MBTA contract". Trains Magazine. February 22, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2016.  (subscription required) ^ "Route 128 Station". New Haven Railroad Historical and Technical Association. 1 February 2000. Retrieved 1 August 2011.  ^ Karr, Ronald Dale (2010). Lost Railroads of New England (Third ed.). Branch Line Press. p. 54. ISBN 9780942147117.  ^ " Fairmount Line
Fairmount Line
Improvements". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 11 December 2011.  ^ Rocheleau, Matt (12 November 2012). "MBTA opens new commuter rail station at Talbot Avenue in Dorchester on Fairmount Line". Boston Globe. Retrieved 12 November 2012.  ^ " Boston
Boston
to T.F. Green rail service debuts". NBC 10 News. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2011.  ^ Kinsella, James (16 August 2013). "Cape Commuter Rail Is A Real Possibility". Cape News. Archived from the original on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013.  ^ "FITCHBURG LINE Schedule effective September 30, 2016" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. September 30, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 26, 2016.  ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics - Thirteenth Edition 2010" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. 2010. pp. 68–77. Retrieved May 12, 2011.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag "The MBTA Vehicle Inventory Page". NETransit. Retrieved January 18, 2018.  ^ Finucane, Martin (February 7, 2011). "MBTA unveils first new locomotive in 23 years". The Boston
Boston
Globe. Retrieved February 8, 2011.  ^ "Ski Train To Wachusett". Wachusett Mountain Ski Area. 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30.  ^ MBTA. "MBTA Bike Train" (PDF). Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ a b c Middleton, William D. (November 1991). "How MBTA rebuilt ridership". Railway Age. Retrieved 3 August 2008.  ^ a b "WiFi Commuter Rail Connect". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. October 2015. Archived from the original on 1 January 2016.  ^ Cox, John (28 January 2008). "Wi-Fi trial Connects Massachusetts Train Passengers". PC World. Retrieved 9 January 2015.  ^ "Framingham/Worcester Commuter Rail customers: Try our free MBTA Wi-Fi Commuter Rail Connect Test Program!". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. January 2008. Archived from the original on 27 March 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2014. First, it provides one of the best opportunities from a geographical perspective to test Wi-Fi capabilities as it runs from Boston
Boston
to central Massachusetts (Worcester) through various terrains (hills, wooded areas, etc.) Secondly, we are aware that the Framingham/Worcester trains have experienced significant performance issues due mainly to the owner and operator of the line (CSX). For that, we want to offer Framingham/Worcester customers the first opportunity.  ^ "Free Wi-Fi Service Expanded" (Press release). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2015.  ^ a b Thadani, Trisha (24 July 2014). "MBTA to boost Web service on commuter rail". Boston
Boston
Globe. Retrieved 10 January 2014.  ^ "New WiFi System for Commuter Rail" (Press release). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2015.  ^ "WiFi Commuter Rail Connect". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on December 26, 2016.  ^ Seiffert, Don (August 10, 2017). "MBTA nixes $140M plan to upgrade Wi-Fi on commuter rail". Boston
Boston
Business Journal.  ^ a b c d "Commuter Rail Fares & Passes". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 8 July 2016.  ^ "Reduced Fares". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 2, 2010.  ^ a b "MBTA Scorecard" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. August 2010. p. 14. Retrieved October 2, 2010.  ^ "Section 101 Evasion of payment of toll or fare". Massachusetts General Laws. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved October 2, 2010.  ^ "Sales Locations". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 2, 2010.  ^ "Purchase Programs". MBTA.com. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 2, 2010.  ^ "Mobile Ticketing".  ^ "NORAC Operating Rules" (PDF) (10 ed.). Northeast Operating Rules Advisory Committee. 6 November 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2016 – via National Transportation Safety Board.  ^ Trahan, Tyler (9 December 2011). "The First T-Alert". Retrieved 9 December 2011.  ^ Polcari, Gerard J. (2 November 2015). "Commuter Rail Positive Train Control (PTC) Project: Financial Management Control Board Presentation" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2 November 2016.  ^ "Session Laws: Chapter 79 of the Acts of 2014". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 18 April 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.  ^ Laidler, John (June 16, 2017). "Sharp differences over latest plan for South Coast Rail". Boston
Boston
Globe. Retrieved June 18, 2017.  ^ "Foxborough Commuter Rail Feasibility Analysis". MBTA. Retrieved 2010-12-09.  ^ "Intermodal Planning". Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.  ^ Leung, Shirley (6 September 2013). "State to begin innovative rail service between Seaport District and Back Bay". Boston
Boston
Globe. Retrieved 6 September 2013.  ^ Stout, Matt (20 June 2015). "Charlie Baker derails T trains". Boston Herald. Archived from the original on 27 July 2015.  ^ Annear, Steve (9 January 2014). "Take A Ride On The MBTA's 'New Indigo Line' In 2024". Boston
Boston
Magazine. Retrieved 11 March 2014.  ^ "Draft North Shore Transit Improvements Project-MIS: Executive Summary" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.  ^ Priyanka Dayal (28 April 2009). "MBTA warns of cuts / Transportation future hot topic". Worcester Telegram. Retrieved 3 August 2011.  ^ "Governor Lynch Ceremonially Signs Law Supporting Development Of Commuter Rail in New Hampshire". State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Governor's Office. 27 July 2007. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2011.  ^ Carey, Meghan (12 March 2008). "Haverhill chamber chief supports train stop in Plaistow". Eagle-Tribune. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2011.  ^ Carey, Meghan (9 March 2008). "Plaistow officials hopeful MBTA considers rail extension". Eagle-Tribune. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2011.  ^ Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Chapter Sierra Club Archived 2008-09-16 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "2030 Transportation Plan Chapter 2: The Boston
Boston
Region MPO and its Existing Transportation System (Part 3)" (PDF). Boston
Boston
Region Metropolitan Planning Organization. April 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2011.  ^ "NH NORTHCOAST". Boston
Boston
Sand & Gravel. 2011. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011.  ^ "P&W Map". Providence & Worcester Railroad. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2011.  ^ "CSX System Map". CSX Transportation. Retrieved 19 October 2011.  ^ "CSX Rail Agreement, South Coast Rail
South Coast Rail
Plans Move Forward". Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Department of Transportation. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2011.  ^ Kotsopoulos, Nick (June 17, 2013). "CSX project wrap-up means money for city". Telegram & Gazette. Retrieved 1 September 2014.  ^ "Public Art in Transit: Over the Years". mbta.com. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-06-23. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to MBTA Commuter Rail.

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/MBTA Commuter Rail KML is from Wikidata

MBTA - Commuter Rail Schedules and Maps Keolis
Keolis
Commuter Services NETransit - MBTA Fleet Roster

v t e

Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Transportation Authority

Subway lines (List of stations)

Heavy rail

     Blue      Orange      Red

Light rail

     Green

"B" Branch "C" Branch "D" Branch "E" Branch

     Ashmont–Mattapan

Former lines

     Arborway Line      Atlantic Avenue Elevated      Causeway Street Elevated      Charlestown Elevated      Green Line "A" Branch      Washington Street Elevated

     Commuter Rail lines (List of stations)

North Station
North Station
lines

Fitchburg Haverhill (Wildcat Branch) Lowell Newburyport/Rockport

South Station
South Station
lines

Fairmount Framingham/Worcester Franklin Greenbush Needham Old Colony (Kingston/Plymouth Middleborough/Lakeville CapeFLYER) Providence/Stoughton

Former lines

Central Mass Branch Dedham Branch Lexington Branch Millis Branch Woburn Branch

     Bus routes

     Silver Line List of routes Crosstown routes Key routes Trackless trolleys

Other services

     Boat The Ride

Component parts of system lines

     Boylston Street Subway      Haymarket North Extension      Lechmere Viaduct      Tremont Street Subway

Capital projects

Under construction

     Blue Hill Avenue station      Green Line Extension       Haverhill Line
Haverhill Line
upgrades           Silver Line Gateway / Chelsea station      Ruggles modifications      Wollaston renovation

In planning / proposed

     Buzzards Bay extension      Foxboro service      Kingston RI extension      Nashua extension      North–South Rail Link      South Coast Rail      South Salem station

Formerly proposed

     Arborway Line restoration       Indigo Line
Indigo Line
(Fairmount Grand Junction Track 61)      Plaistow extension      Reading extension           Red—Blue Connector      Lynn extension      Urban Ring Project

History

Predecessor companies

Boston
Boston
Elevated Railway

Streetcar lines

Boston
Boston
and Maine Railroad Conrail

New York Central Railroad New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad Penn Central

Eastern Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Street Railway Middlesex and Boston
Boston
Street Railway

Newton and Boston
Boston
Street Railway

Accidents and incidents

     1990 Back Bay      2008 Waban/Woodland

Other

Accessibility Arts on the Line Bicycling CharlieCard Grand Junction Railroad "Charlie on the M.T.A." Nomenclature Police Winter Street Concourse Yards and maintenance facilities

v t e

Keolis

Asia

Hyderabad Metro

Australia

Keolis
Keolis
Downer (51%)

G:link Hornibrook Bus Lines Newcastle Transport Path Transit SouthLink Yarra Trams

Europe

Eurobahn Keolis
Keolis
Nederland Keolis
Keolis
Norge

United Kingdom

Docklands Light Rail
Docklands Light Rail
(70%) Govia
Govia
(35%)

Govia
Govia
Thameslink Railway Southeastern

Manchester Metrolink
Manchester Metrolink
(60%) Nottingham Express Transit
Nottingham Express Transit
(80%)

North America

GrandLinq Keolis
Keolis
Commuter Services Orléans Express
Orléans Express
(75%)

Former operations

Acadian Lines
Acadian Lines
(75%) First TransPennine Express
First TransPennine Express
(45%) London Midland
London Midland
(35% Govia) Thameslink (35% Govia)

v t e

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
services

Inter-city

Amtrak

Acela Express Northeast Regional New Haven–Springfield Shuttle Cardinal Carolinian Crescent Keystone Palmetto Pennsylvanian Silver Meteor Silver Star Vermonter

Commuter

MBTA

Providence/Stoughton Line

CDOT

Shore Line East

Metro-North

New Haven Line

NJ Transit

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Line North Jersey Coast Line

SEPTA

Trenton Line Wilmington/Newark Line

MARC

Penn Line

Freight

Norfolk Southern Railway CSX Transportation Providence and Worcester Railroad Conrail

v t e

Currently operating commuter rail systems in the United States

   

California

ACE Caltrain Coaster Metrolink SMART

Colorado

RTD

Connecticut

Shore Line East

Florida

SunRail Tri-Rail

Illinois/Wisconsin

Metra

Indiana/Illinois

South Shore Line

Massachusetts/Rhode Island

MBTA Commuter Rail

Maryland/West Virginia/Washington, DC

MARC

Minnesota

Northstar Line

New Jersey/New York/Pennsylvania

NJ Transit

New York

Long Island Rail Road

New York/Connecticut

Metro-North Railroad

New Mexico

Rail Runner Express

Oregon

WES Commuter Rail

Pennsylvania/New Jersey/Delaware

SEPTA
SEPTA
Regional Rail

Tennessee

Music City Star

Texas

A-train Capital MetroRail Trinity Railway Express

Utah

FrontRunner

Virginia/Washington, DC

Virginia Railway Express

Washin

.