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Intercommunality

Métropole
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Others in Overseas France

Overseas collectivities
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Clipperton Island

A métropole (French for "metropolis") is an administrative entity in France, in which several communes cooperate, and which has the right to levy local tax, an établissement public de coopération intercommunale à fiscalité propre. It is the most integrated form of intercommunality in France, more than the communauté urbaine, the communauté d'agglomération and the Communauté de communes. The métropoles were created by a law of January 2014.[1]

As of May 2017, there are 15 métropoles, and 2 métropoles with special status (all in metropolitan France).[2] The Metropolis of Lyon is a territorial collectivity, not an intercommunality.

List of Metropolis

Name Seat Creation Number of communes Population (2014)[2]
Bordeaux Métropole Bordeaux 2015 28 774,929
Brest Métropole Brest 2015 8 212,998
Dijon Métropole Dijon 2017 24 256,113
Grenoble-Alpes Métropole Grenoble 2015 49 451,752
Métropole Européenne de Lille Lille 2015 90 1,154,103
Montpellier Méditerranée Métropole Montpellier 2015 31 457,760
Métropole du Grand Nancy Nancy 2016 20 260,665
Nantes Métropole Nantes 2015 24 636,013
Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur Nice 2011 49 544,977
Orléans Métropole Orléans 2017 22 287,064
Rennes Métropole Rennes 2015 43 444,723
Métropole Rouen Normandie Rouen 2015 71 499,570
Strasbourg Eurométropole Strasbourg 2015 33 491,516
Toulouse Métropole Toulouse 2015 37 760,127
Tours Métropole Val de Loire Tours 2017 22 299,127
Metropolis with special status
Aix-Marseille-Provence Marseille 2016 92 1,886,842
Grand Paris Paris 2016 131 7,068,810

References