Lviv Polytechnic National
Національний університет "Львівська
політехніка") is the largest scientific university in Lviv.
Since its foundation in 1816, it was one of the most important centres
of science and technological development in Central Europe. In the
interbellum period, the Polytechnic was one of the most important
technical colleges in Poland, together with the Warsaw Polytechnic.
University is also the National Defense
1.1 Austrian Empire
1.2 Second Polish Republic
1.3 First Soviet occupation
1.5 Second Soviet occupation
3 Notable alumni
4 Notable professors
7 External links
The history of the
Lviv Polytechnic National
University begins during
the Austrian Empire, and extends through the Second Polish Republic,
Nazi Occupation, the Soviet Union, and into independent Ukraine.
On March 7 1816 , the Tsisar-Royal Real School was opened in Lemberg(
L'viv). A technical school was established with the help of the newly
introduced local industrial tax. In the curricula of the Royall
School, the main focus was assigned to the subjects of the
natural-mathematical cycle, drawing, drawing and the study of new
modern languages. The royal-school educational process was based on
German educational programs that were adapted to local requirements.
The newly created Royal School was housed in a beautiful building at
number 20 on the then-current Pekarskaya Street (now Armenian ).
In 1825, according to the Royal Decree of the Austrian Emperor Franz
I, the three-level Tsissar-Royal Real School was reorganised into the
Tsissar-Royal School of Technical Sciences and Trade in Lviv.
In 1835, the School of Technical Sciences and Trade turned into the
Academy in Lviv. Here in 1841 the technical
faculty was opened.
In 1844, in the house of Darovskogo, on the present Armenian street,
2, the Tsisars-Royal Technical
Academy was opened in
technical and trade departments (faculties). It was one of the first
academic technical schools in Europe and the first in Ukraine. In
1877, at the start of a new academic year, under the leadership of the
new rector Julian Zakharevich, construction began of a new building to
the academy(in the present Stepan Bandera street). The architectural
design of this building and the building of the chemical laboratory of
the academy was developed by Julian Zakharevich.
At the same time, the academy was renamed Polytechnic School and
included in the academic schools of the
Austro-Hungarian Empire .
On 10 July, 1912, Maria Sklodowska-Curie delivered a lecture at the
Lviv Polytechnic School . On the same day, the Academic Council of
Polytechnics honoured Mary with the title of Honorary Doctor of
Technical Sciences. Her name was immortalised on the honorary board of
doctors honoris causa of
Since 1921 the institution has been called "
Lviv Polytechnic", and
since 1939 -
Lviv Polytechnic Institute.
In June 1993 , one year before the celebration of its 150th
Lviv Polytechnic Institute received the highest - the
fourth - the level of accreditation, the status of the university and
the name of the State
Lviv Polytechnic" . In 2000
Polytechnic received the status of a national university .
On July 8, 2009 , the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, at its meeting,
granted the National
Lviv Polytechnic" the status of a
self-governing research national higher educational institution.
This article is in a list format that may be better presented using
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In 1817, the
Austrian Empire opened a secondary technical school in
Lemberg, divided into a technical school and a commercial school.
However, the official change to a technical academy began in 1844, as
noted in the following timeline:
November 4, 1844: The school was upgraded to the Technical Academy
Lemberg. Its first director was Austrian Florian Schindler, former
director of the Technical College in
Brünn (Brno). The building was
situated at the corner of Virmenska and Teatralna streets in the
building of Darovsky. The school had two departments – technical and
commercial. Education lasted three years.
November 1, 1848: During the Revolutions of 1848, the town's center
was shelled by the Austrian artillery of General Wilhelm Hammerstein.
The building of the technical academy was destroyed by fire. Lectures
were held in the town municipality building (3rd floor) and continued
there till 1850.
December 4, 1850: Studies resume in the newly restored building.
1851: The number of students at the technical academy was 220, out of
which 98 were Polish, 50 Jewish, 48 German, 19 Ukrainian/Ruthenian, 4
Czech and 2 Hungarian. In the same year, professor Wawrzyniec Zmurko
(graduate of the Vienna Polytechnic) became director of the Department
of Mathematics, as the first Pole in the history of the school. Zmurko
is considered as founder of the Lwów School of Mathematics.
1852/1853: The beginning of the academy reorganization, which was
suggested by Josef Weiser. He wanted the academy to be modelled after
Paris Polytechnic, with two-level education.
1857–1868: Rudolf Günsberg was the assistant of chemistry and the
assistant professor of technological chemistry.
1870: A Decree of Emperor
Franz Joseph I of Austria
Franz Joseph I of Austria established Polish
as the official language of the school. Most professors who were not
proficient in Polish left the Polytechnic.
1872: The Ministry of Affairs of Religions and Education gave
permission to teach chemical technologies. Rudolf Günsberg started as
the full professor of applied chemistry.
March 12, 1872: Professor of physics Feliks Strzelecki was elected as
the first rector.
April 1, 1874 – October 1877:
Academy obtained permission to build
new academic premises.
Julian Zachariewicz was elected as the
construction superintendent. He ordered that the facade of the
building be modelled after the building of the Munich Polytechnic.
October 7, 1877: The first telephone conversation on the territory of
Austro-Hungarian Empire took place, followed by a lecture of
Doctor Roman Gostkowski. The Telephone line connected the assembly
hall of the main building with the premises of the Department of
November 15, 1877: Inauguration of the new rector – professor of
architecture Julian Zachariewicz. On the same day, consecration of
newly constructed school's building took place, carried out by three
Lvov's archbishops - Roman Catholic, Greek-Catholic and
Armenian-Catholic and witnessed by Governor of Galicia, Alfred
1877: Technical academy was renamed to Polytechnical School
(Technische Hochschule). However, the rector as well as other
professors refrained from using a German-sounding name, and insisted
on calling it in Polish Szkola Politechniczna.
September 13, 1880: Emperor Franz Joseph I visited the polytechnical
school. During that visit he ordered
Jan Matejko to depict the
technical progress of mankind in 11 pictures. Now these pictures
decorate the assembly hall. The Emperor signed a guest book in Polish;
the book is now kept in Wrocław.
Images of the Aula of the Polytechnic, with 11 paintings by Jan
1893: Due to efforts of Stanislaw Madejski, Minister of Education of
Galicia, diplomas of the Polytechnic are regarded equal to diplomas of
other renowned European schools of this kind.
1894: The 50th jubilee of the Polytechnical School. To commemorate
that date, Professor
Władysław Zajączkowski published the book "The
Imperial Polytechnical School in Lviv. Historical essay on its
foundation and development as well as its present state".
February 13, 1894: The Polytechnic School Statute was adopted.
Lviv Polytechnical School possessed the second place in the
number of students after Vienna.
1914: As there were no limits on foreign students, in that year,
students from the Russian part of Poland were some 30% of all. In that
year, the school owned 11 laboratories and an astronomical station,
and its library had some 20000 books.
Russian occupation shut down the Polytechnic
University for the
1914/15 academic year.
Second Polish Republic
November 1918: Students and professors of the Polytechnic take part in
Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia. Among those fighting on
Polish side, there are Kazimierz Bartel,
Stefan Bryła and Antoni
Wereszczynski, who later became the rector.
November 8, 1919: Polish Government unifies the Agricultural Academy
in Dublany and Higher School of Forestry (Lwow) with Politechnical
June 28, 1920: Adoption of the New Statute and renaming the
Polytechnical School into
Lviv Polytechnic (Polish: Politechnika
November 19, 1922: The Polytechnic is awarded by the Polish Government
with Cross of Defenders of Lwów. Earlier in that year, Marshal of
Ferdinand Foch comes to Lwow and is awarded the title of doctor
honoris causa of the school.
February 23, 1931: Council of the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry
of Polytechnic conferred academic rank of honorary doctor to professor
Nils Handson (Stockholm, Sweden).
1934: Construction of the building of the library on Professor Street
1 was finished.
November 11, 1936: President
Ignacy Mościcki awards the school with
Polonia Restituta in appreciation of its achievements.
First Soviet occupation
October 1939: The polytechnic was renamed to
July 4, 1941 (at night): On Vuletsky Hills German occupiers, shot
professors of the Polytechnic Institute – Wlodzimierz Krukowski,
Antoni Łomnicki, Stanislaw Pilat, Włodzimierz Stożek, Kazimierz
Vetulani, Kasper Weigel, Roman Witkiewicz,
Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński and
July 26, 1941: Professor
Kazimierz Bartel was murdered in the
basements of Gestapo headquarters.
Spring 1942 – Spring 1944:
Special three-month courses for
electrical engineers, road and bridge civil engineers, agrarian
engineers, etc. were working in the premises, of the present
Mechanical Technology Department. After the war, these classes were
continued in Gliwice.
Autumn 1944: The 100th jubilee of
Lviv Polytechnical Institute was
celebrated very quietly in
Lviv – the
Second World War
Second World War was still
Second Soviet occupation
1945: The Geodetic Department was founded. Most professors of Polish
Lviv for Poland. The Polish traditions developed at
the Polytechnic were continued at the Silesian
University of Technology.
October 1946: The
Lviv Polytechnical Institute began to publish the
periodical newspaper "
1952: The Radio-engineering Department was founded.
1962: The Automation, Electromechanical and Mechanical Technology
Departments were founded.
1966: The Economical Engineering Department was founded.
1967: The Department of Technology of Organic Substances was founded.
1970: The second building of the library was erected.
1971: The Heating Engineering Department was founded.
1989: Democratic changes began at Polytechnical Institute
April 10, 1991: Inauguration of the first democratically elected
rector for the last 50 years – Yu. Rudavsky.
1992: Computer Engineering Department and Information Technology
Department were founded.
1992: Institute of Humanities was founded on the basis of the
History of Ukraine, its Science and Technology
Foreign Languages (English, German, French, Spanish, Russian,
1993: The Department of Applied Mathematics was founded.
June 1993: The
Lviv Polytechnical Institute got the status of
Lviv Polytechnic State University.
Lviv Polytechnic got the status of national university becoming
Lviv Polytechnic National University.
July 8, 2009: The
Lviv Polytechnic received the status of
self-governing (autonomous) national research university.
Lviv Polytechnic" includes:
16 educational institutes (as well as the Institute of distance
learning and the International Institute of Education, Culture and
Relations with the Diaspora );
Scientific and technical library ;
8 colleges, two gymnasiums;
34 teaching and laboratory buildings;
12 dormitories ;
3 sports and health camps for students and teachers;
Publishing house of
Lviv Polytechnic National University ;
People's House "
Lviv Polytechnic)" ;
Design and Construction Association "Polytechnic";
a geodetic polygon and an astronomical-geodesic laboratory.
The university has more than 35,000 students and extramural students.
The training of specialists is carried out in 64 bachelor's areas and
124 specialities, of which 123 are master's level.
The teaching process is provided by a teaching staff of more than
2,200 people, of whom more than 320 are doctors of sciences and more
than 1200 are associate professors, PhD. The educational process
involves scientists from scientific institutions of the National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, production enterprises and design
Main page: Category:
Lviv Polytechnic alumni
General Sikorski was an alumnus of the Lwów Polytechnic (1902–06)
Tatiana Anodina (Soviet aviation engineer, long-term chief of the
Interstate Aviation Committee
Interstate Aviation Committee in Russia)
Józef Adam Baczewski
Józef Adam Baczewski (alcohol entrepreneur and owner of J. A.
Stefan Banach (mathematician)
Kazimierz Bartel (Prime minister of Poland)
Stefan Bryła (Polish construction engineer and welding pioneer)
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj (President of Mongolia)
Vera Kamsha (Russian fantasy writer)
Polina Katsen (Ukrainian Women's National Chess Champion)
Apollinaire Osadca (New York architect, class of 1942)
Włodzimierz Puchalski (photographer and film director)
Wilhelm Orlik-Rueckemann (Polish general)
Jan Jagmin-Sadowski (Polish general)
Roman Shukhevych (Ukrainian politician and military leader)
Klemens Stefan Sielecki
Klemens Stefan Sielecki (Polish engineer and technical director of
Władysław Sikorski (Polish general and prime minister)
Stanislaw Ulam (mathematician, member of the Manhattan Project, major
contributor to hydrogen bomb construction)
Piotr Wilniewczyc (engineer)
Yuriy Lutsenko (Ukrainian politician and Prosecutor General of
Jan Henryk de Rosen
Tytus Maksymilian Huber
^ "Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of
Ukraine No. 713 dated
July 8, 2009". zakon1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2017-09-11.
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Category:Technical schools in Ukraine
ISNI: 0000 0001 1280 1647
Coordinates: 49°50′08″N 24°00′53″E / 49.83556°N
24.01472°E / 49.835