Lugo, Emilia-Romagna
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Lugo ( rgn, Lùgh) is a town and ''
comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides essential public services: Civil registry, registry of births a ...
'' in the northern
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
region of
Emilia-Romagna Emilia-Romagna (, , both also ; ; egl, Emégglia-Rumâgna or ''Emîlia-Rumâgna''; rgn, Emélia-Rumâgna) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy, administrative regions of Italy, situated in the north of the country, comprising the historical regions ...

Emilia-Romagna
, in the
province of Ravenna The province of Ravenna ( it, provincia di Ravenna; ) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnationa ...
.


History

A settlement in where is now the city is mentioned for the first time in 782 AD, but the names Lucus appears only in 1071. In 1161 it was a fief of the Counts of Cunio, but in 1202 it returned to the
Papal States The Papal States ( ; it, Stato Pontificio), officially the State of the Church ( it, Stato della Chiesa, ; la, Status Ecclesiasticus; also '), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula The Italian Peninsula (Italian Ital ...
. It was later a possession of the da Polenta,
Pepoli The Pepoli are an aristocratic banking family of Bologna, in northern Italy. They were signoria, lords of the city for thirteen years in the fourteenth century. A branch of the family moved to Trapani in Sicily and were granted several feudal lord ...
, Visconti and Este; the latter maintained it until 1597, when the city was again annexed to the Papal States. In 1424 the Castle of Zagonara (now destroyed) was the seat of the homonymous
battle A battle is an occurrence of combat in warfare between opposing military units of any number or size. A war usually consists of multiple battles. In general, a battle is a military engagement that is well defined in duration, area, and force ...
, in which a Milanese army defeated the Florentines. When in 1797 the French revolutionary forces invaded northern Italy, Barnaba Chiaramonti (later
pope The pope ( la, papa, from el, πάππας, translit=pappas, "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff () or the Roman pontiff (), is the bishop of Diocese of Rome, Rome, chief pastor of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state o ...

pope
as Pius VII), then still
Bishop of Imola The Roman Catholic Diocese of Imola ( la, Diocesis Imolensis) is a territory in Romagna Romagna ( rgn, Rumâgna) is an Italy, Italian historical region that approximately corresponds to the south-eastern portion of present-day Emilia-Romagna, Nort ...
, addressed his flock to refrain from useless resistance to the overwhelming and threatening forces of the enemy. The town of Lugo refused to submit to the invaders and was delivered up to a pillage which had an end only when the prelate, who had counselled subjection, supplicantly cast himself on his knees before
General Augereau
General Augereau
. In 1859, through
plebiscite A referendum (plural: referendums or less commonly referenda) is a direct Direct may refer to: Mathematics * Directed set In mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as quantity (number th ...
, Lugo joined the newly born
Kingdom of Italy The Kingdom of Italy ( it, Regno d'Italia) was a state that existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II en, Victor Emmanuel Mario Albert Eugene Ferdinand Thomas , house = House of Savoy, Savoy , father = Charles Albert o ...
. During
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, the Senio river formed the frontline between the German and Allied occupation areas from December 1944 until 10 April 1945. The city suffered heavy destruction but recovered quickly after the end of the conflict. On 19 January 1993 the area near Lugo experienced a meteorite airburst with a yield estimated at The spectacular airburst over (Lugo) Italy on January 19, 1993
/ref>


Main sights

*Rocca Estense (Este Castle), the Town Hall from 1797. The current appearance dates from 1500, when the old fortress was rebuilt; the eastern side was erected during the Napoleonic occupation. The interior houses portraits of famous lughesi, a
lunette A lunette (French ''lunette'', "little moon") is a half-moon shaped architectural Architecture (Latin ''architectura ''Architectura: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Baukunst'' is a biannual peer-reviewed Peer review is the evalua ...

lunette
attributed to
Mino da Fiesole Mino da Fiesole (c. 1429 – July 11, 1484), also known as Mino di Giovanni, was an Italy, Italian sculptor from Poppi, Tuscany. He is noted for his portrait busts. Career Mino's work was influenced by his master Desiderio da Settignano and by Anto ...
and a noteworthy 19th-century garden. *The Pavaglione, former 19th century covered market (mainly known for silkworm trade). *The Oratorio of Croce Coperta, with 15th-century frescoes. *The 'Collegiata' church, rebuilt in the 18th century over a 13th-century Franciscan edifice, has a suggestive 15th-century cloister. *San Francesco di Paola (1890), houses a precious polychrome terracotta sculpture of ''Dead Christ'' (15th century). * Teatro Rossini, now a 445-seat opera house, completely restored between 1984 and 1986 based on its original conception from 1759 and restoration and expansion in 1821.


People

* (1888–1918) – World War I flying ace *
Giuseppe de Begnis Giuseppe de Begnis (1793-10 August 1849) was an Italian opera Opera is a form of theatre in which music is a fundamental component and dramatic roles are taken by Singing, singers, but is distinct from musical theatre. Such a "work" (the lit ...
(1793–1849) – operatic bass * Agostino Codazzi (1793–1859) – cartographer *
Mario Lega Mario Lega (born 20 February 1949 in Lugo, Emilia-Romagna, Lugo) is an Italians, Italian former professional Grand Prix motorcycle racing, Grand Prix motorcycle road racing, road racer. He won the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme, FIM ...
– former world champion motorcycle racer *
Charles Ponzi Charles Ponzi (, ; born Carlo Pietro Giovanni Guglielmo Tebaldo Ponzi; March 3, 1882 – January 15, 1949) was an Italian swindler and Confidence trick, con artist in the U.S. and Canada. His aliases include ''Charles Ponci'', ''Carlo'', and ...

Charles Ponzi
(1882–1949) – famous swindler * Attilio Pratella (1856–1949) – famous painter *
Gioachino Rossini Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who gained fame for his 39 operas, although he also wrote many songs, some chamber music and piano pieces, and some sacred music. He set new standards fo ...
(1792–1868) – composer *
Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro (; 12January 1925) was an Italian mathematician. He is most famous as the inventor of tensor calculus, but also published important works in other fields. With his former student Tullio Levi-Civita, he wrote his most f ...
(1853–1925) – mathematician *
Francesco Balilla Pratella Francesco Balilla Pratella (Lugo, Italy February 1, 1880 – Ravenna, Italy May 17, 1955) was an Italian composer, musicologist Musicology (from Greek 'μουσική' (mousikē) for 'music' and 'λογος' (logos) for 'domain of study') is the ...

Francesco Balilla Pratella
(1880–1955) – composer *
Gustavo Del Vecchio Gustavo Del Vecchio was an Italian economist, politician, and University, academic. Early life Gustavo Del Vecchio was born in Lugo, Emilia-Romagna, Lugo on June 22, 1883, in the Kingdom of Italy. His family were members of the Jews, Jewish com ...

Gustavo Del Vecchio
(1883-1972) – economist and politician *
Pierluigi Martini Pierluigi Martini (born 23 April 1961) is an Italy, Italian former racing driver. He won the 1999 24 hours of Le Mans and participated in 124 Formula One Grands Prix (with 119 starts) between 1984 and 1995. Early life Martini's uncle, Giancarlo ...
(born 1961) – Formula 1 driver *
Fabio Taglioni Fabio Taglioni (10 September 1920 – 18 July 2001) was an Italian people, Italian engineer. Born in Lugo, Emilia-Romagna, Lugo di Romagna, he was chief designer and technical director of Ducati Motor Holding, Ducati from 1954 until 1989. His ...
(1920–2001) – engineer * Lorenzo Baroni (born 1990) – Motorcycle racer


Twin towns

* Codazzi, Agustin Codazzi, Colombia * Choisy-le-Roi, France * Kulmbach, Germany * Nervesa della Battaglia, Italy * Wexford, Ireland * Yokneam Illit, Yoqneam, Israel


References

{{authority control Cities and towns in Emilia-Romagna Castles in Italy