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Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
di Modrone, Count of Lonate Pozzolo
Lonate Pozzolo
(2 November 1906 – 17 March 1976), was an Italian theatre, opera and cinema director, as well as a screenwriter. He is best known for his films Ossessione (1943), Senso (1954), Rocco and His Brothers (1960), The Leopard (1963) and Death in Venice
Venice
(1971).

Contents

1 Biography 2 Career

2.1 Films 2.2 Theatre 2.3 Filmography

2.3.1 Feature films 2.3.2 Other films

2.4 Opera

3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit]

Family arms

Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
in 1972

Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
was born into a prominent noble family in Milan, one of seven children of Giuseppe Visconti di Modrone, Duke of Grazzano Visconti and Count of Lonate Pozzolo, and his wife Carla[1] (née Erba, heiress to Erba Pharmaceuticals). He was formally known as Count don Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
di Modrone, and his family is a branch of the House of Visconti. In his early years, he was exposed to art, music and theatre: he studied cello with the Italian cellist and composer Lorenzo de Paolis (1890–1965) and met the composer Giacomo Puccini, the conductor Arturo Toscanini
Arturo Toscanini
and the writer Gabriele D'Annunzio. During World War II, Visconti joined the Italian Communist Party. Visconti made no secret of his homosexuality. His last partner was the Austrian actor Helmut Berger, who played Martin in Visconti's film The Damned. Berger also appeared in Visconti's Ludwig in 1972 and Conversation Piece in 1974, along with Burt Lancaster. Other lovers included Franco Zeffirelli,[2] who also worked as part of the crew in production design, as assistant director, and other roles in a number of Visconti's films, operas, and theatrical productions. Visconti smoked 120 cigarettes a day.[3] He suffered a stroke in 1972, but continued to smoke heavily. He died in Rome of another stroke at the age of 69. There is a museum dedicated to the director's work in Ischia. Career[edit] Films[edit] He began his filmmaking career as an assistant director on Jean Renoir's Toni (1935) and Partie de campagne
Partie de campagne
(1936), thanks to the intercession of their common friend, Coco Chanel. After a short tour of the United States, where he visited Hollywood, he returned to Italy to be Renoir's assistant again, this time for La Tosca (1941 film), a production that was interrupted and later completed by German director Karl Koch because of World War II. Together with Roberto Rossellini, Visconti joined the salotto of Vittorio Mussolini
Vittorio Mussolini
(the son of Benito, who was then the national arbitrator for cinema and other arts). Here he presumably also met Federico Fellini. With Gianni Puccini, Antonio Pietrangeli
Antonio Pietrangeli
and Giuseppe De Santis, he wrote the screenplay for his first film as director: Ossessione
Ossessione
(Obsession, 1943), the first neorealist movie and an unofficial adaptation of the novel The Postman Always Rings Twice. In 1948, he wrote and directed La terra trema
La terra trema
(The Earth Trembles), based on the novel I Malavoglia by Giovanni Verga. In the book by Silvia Iannello, Le immagini e le parole dei Malavoglia, the author selects some passages of the Verga novel, adds original comments and Acitrezza's photographic images, and devotes a chapter to the origins, remarks and frames taken from the movie.[4] Visconti continued working throughout the 1950s, although he veered away from the neorealist path with his 1954 film, Senso, shot in colour. Based on the novella by Camillo Boito, it is set in Austrian-occupied Venice
Venice
in 1866. In this film, Visconti combines realism and romanticism as a way to break away from neorealism. However, as one biographer notes, "Visconti without neorealism is like Lang without expressionism and Eisenstein without formalism".[5] He describes the film as the "most Viscontian" of all Visconti's films. Visconti returned to neorealism once more with Rocco e i suoi fratelli (Rocco and His Brothers, 1960), the story of Southern Italians who migrate to Milan
Milan
hoping to find financial stability. In 1961, he was a member of the jury at the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival.[6] Throughout the 1960s, Visconti's films became more personal. Il Gattopardo (The Leopard, 1963), is based on Lampedusa's novel of the same name about the decline of the Sicilian aristocracy at the time of the Risorgimento. It starred American actor Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
in the role of Prince Don Fabrizio. This film was distributed in America and Britain by Twentieth-Century Fox, which deleted important scenes. Visconti repudiated the Twentieth-Century Fox
Twentieth-Century Fox
version. It was not until The Damned (1969) that Visconti received a nomination for an Academy Award, for "Best Screenplay". The film, one of Visconti's best-known works, concerns a German industrialist's family which slowly begins to disintegrate during the Nazi consolidation of power in the 30s. Its decadence and lavish beauty are characteristic of Visconti's aesthetic. Visconti's final film was The Innocent (1976), in which he returns to his recurring interest in infidelity and betrayal. Theatre[edit] Visconti was also a celebrated theatre and opera director. During the years 1946 to 1960 he directed many performances of the Rina Morelli- Paolo Stoppa
Paolo Stoppa
Company with actor Vittorio Gassman
Vittorio Gassman
as well as many celebrated productions of operas. Visconti's love of opera is evident in the 1954 Senso, where the beginning of the film shows scenes from the fourth act of Il trovatore, which were filmed at the Teatro La Fenice
Teatro La Fenice
in Venice. Beginning when he directed a production at Milan's Teatro alla Scala of La vestale
La vestale
in December 1954, his career included a famous revival of La traviata
La traviata
at La Scala
La Scala
in 1955 with Maria Callas
Maria Callas
and an equally famous Anna Bolena
Anna Bolena
(also at La Scala) in 1957 with Callas. A significant 1958 Royal Opera
Opera
House (London) production of Verdi's five-act Italian version of Don Carlos
Don Carlos
(with Jon Vickers) followed, along with a Macbeth in Spoleto
Spoleto
in 1958 and a famous black-and-white Il trovatore
Il trovatore
with scenery and costumes by Filippo Sanjust at the Royal Opera
Opera
House in 1964. In 1966 Visconti's luscious Falstaff for the Vienna
Vienna
State Opera
Opera
conducted by Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
was critically acclaimed. On the other hand, his austere 1969 Simon Boccanegra
Simon Boccanegra
with the singers clothed in geometrical costumes provoked controversy. Filmography[edit] Feature films[edit]

Year Original title International English title Awards

1943 Ossessione Obsession

1948 La terra trema The Earth Will Tremble Won – Special
Special
International Award ( Venice
Venice
Film Festival) Nominated – Grand International Prize of Venice

1951 Bellissima Bellissima

1954 Senso Senso or The Wanton Countess Nominated – Golden Lion

1957 Le notti bianche White Nights Won – Silver Lion Nominated – Golden Lion

1960 Rocco e i suoi fratelli Rocco and His Brothers Won – Special
Special
Prize ( Venice
Venice
Film Festival) Won – FIPRESCI Prize ( Venice
Venice
Film Festival) Nominated – Golden Lion

1963 Il gattopardo The Leopard Won – Palme d'Or

1965 Vaghe stelle dell'Orsa Sandra Won – Golden Lion

1967 Lo straniero The Stranger Nominated – Golden Lion

1969 La caduta degli dei The Damned Nominated – Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay

1971 Morte a Venezia Death in Venice Won – 25th Anniversary Prize (Cannes Film Festival) Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Direction, Best Actor Dirk Bogarde Nominated - Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Costume Design

1972 Ludwig Ludwig

1974 Gruppo di famiglia in un interno Conversation Piece

1976 L'innocente The Innocent

Other films[edit]

Giorni di gloria (it), documentary, 1945 Appunti su un fatto di cronaca, short film, 1951 Siamo donne
Siamo donne
(We, the Women), 1953, episode Anna Magnani Boccaccio '70, 1961, based on the episode Il lavoro in Boccaccio's Decameron Le streghe
Le streghe
(The Witches), 1967, episode La strega bruciata viva Alla ricerca di Tadzio (it), TV movie, 1970

Opera[edit]

Year Title and Composer Opera
Opera
House Principal cast / Conductor

1954 La vestale, Gaspare Spontini Teatro alla Scala, Milan Maria Callas, Franco Corelli, Ebe Stignani, Nicola Zaccaria Conducted by Antonino Votto[7]

1955 La sonnambula, Vincenzo Bellini, La Scala Maria Callas, Cesare Valletti, Giuseppe Modesti Conducted by Leonard Bernstein[8]

1955 La traviata, Giuseppe Verdi La Scala Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Ettore Bastianini Conducted by Carlo Maria Giulini[9]

1957 Anna Bolena, Gaetano Donizetti La Scala Maria Callas, Giulietta Simionato, Nicola Rossi-Lemeni Conducted by Gianandrea Gavazzeni[10]

1957 Iphigénie en Tauride, Christoph Willibald Gluck La Scala Maria Callas, Franceso Albanese, Anselmo Colzani, Fiorenza Cossotto Conducted by Nino Sanzogno[11]

1958 Don Carlo, Verdi Royal Opera
Opera
House, Covent Garden, London Jon Vickers, Tito Gobbi, Boris Christoff, Gré Brouwenstijn Conducted by Carlo Maria Giulini[12]

1958 Macbeth, Verdi Spoleto
Spoleto
Festival, Italy William Chapman & Dino Dondi; Ferruccio Mazzoli & Ugo Trama;Shakeh Vartenissian. Conducted by Thomas Schippers[13]

1959 Il duca d'Alba, Donizetti Spoleto
Spoleto
Festival[14] Luigi Quilico, Wladimiro Ganzarolli, Franco Ventriglia, Renato Cioni, Ivana Tosini. Conductor: Thomas Schippers[15]

1961 Salome, Richard Strauss Spoleto
Spoleto
Festival[14] George Shirley, Lili Chookasian, Margarei Tynes, Robert Anderson, Paul Arnold. Conductor: Thomas Schippers[15]

1963 Il diavolo in giardino, Franco Mannino
Franco Mannino
(1963) Teatro Massimo, Palermo[14] Ugo Benelli, Clara Petrella, Gianna Galli, Antonio Annaloro, Antonio Boyer. Conductor: Enrico Medioli. Libretto: Visconti & Filippo Sanjust[15]

1963 La traviata, Verdi Spoleto
Spoleto
Festival Franca Fabbri, Franco Bonisolli, Mario Basiola Conducted by Robert La Marchina[16]

1964 Le nozze di Figaro, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Teatro dell' Opera
Opera
di Roma Rome[17] Rolando Panerai, Uva Ligabue, Ugo Trama, Martella Adani, Stefania Malagù. Conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini[15]

1964 Il trovatore Bolshoi Opera, Moscow (September) Pietro Cappuccilli, Gabriella Tucci, Giulietta Simionato, Carlo Bergonzi Conducted by Gianandrea Gavazzeni[18]

1964 Il trovatore, Verdi Royal Opera
Opera
House, London (November) (Sanjust production) Peter Glossop, Gwyneth Jones & Leontyne Price, Giulietta Simionato, Bruno Prevedi Conducted by Carlo Maria Giulini[19]

1965 Don Carlo, Verdi Rome Opera Cesare Siepi, Gianfranco Cecchele, Kostas Paskalis, Martti Talvela, Suzanne Sarroca, Mirella Boyer. Conducted by Carlo Maria Giulini.[20]

1966 Falstaff, Verdi Staatsoper, Vienna Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Rolando Panerai, Murray Dickie, Erich Kunz, Ilva Ligabue, Regina Resnik. Conducted by Leonard Bernstein[21]

1966 Der Rosenkavalier, Strauss Royal Opera
Opera
House, London[17] Sena Jurinac, Josephine Veasey, Michael Langdon. Conductor: Georg Solti[22]

1967 La traviata, Verdi Royal Opera
Opera
House, London Mirella Freni, Renato Cioni, Piero Cappuccilli. Conducted by Carlo Maria Giulini[23]

1969 Simon Boccanegra, Verdi Vienna
Vienna
Staatsoper, Vienna Eberhard Wächter, Nicolai Ghiaurov, Gundula Janowitz, Carlo Cossutta Conducted by Josef Krips[24]

1973 Manon Lescaut, Giacomo Puccini Spoleto
Spoleto
Festival[17] Nancy Shade, Harry Theyard, Angelo Romero, Carlo Del Bosco. Conductor: Thomas Schippers.[15]

References[edit] Notes

^ "M/M Icon: Luchino Visconti", Manner of Man Magazine online at mannerofman.com, 2 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2012 ^ Silva, Horacio, "The Aristocrat", The New York Times, 17 September 2006. (Overview of Visconti's life and career) Retrieved 7 November 2011 ^ Thomson, David (15 February 2003). "The decadent realist". Retrieved 26 December 2017 – via www.theguardian.com.  ^ Iannello, p. ? ^ Nowell-Smith, p. 9. ^ " 2nd Moscow International Film Festival (1961)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  ^ Ardoin 1977, p. 89 ^ Ardoin 1977, p. 93 ^ Ardoin 1977, p. 96 ^ Ardoin 1977, p. 120 ^ Ardoin 1977, p. 123 ^ Viscontiana 2001, p. 113 ^ Viscontiana 2001, pp. 62–63 ^ a b c Viscontiana 2001, p. 142 ^ a b c d e "Lirica": Operas directed by Visconti on luchinovisconti.net ^ Viscontiana 2001, p. 64 ^ a b c Viscontiana 2001, p. 143 ^ Viscontiana 2001, p. 65 ^ Viscontiana 2001, p. 65–66 ^ Viscontiana 2001, p. 66 ^ Viscontiana 2001, pp. 66–67 ^ Royal Opera
Opera
House performance archive for 21 April 1966 on rohcollections.org.uk ^ Viscontiana 2001, p. 67 ^ Viscontiana 2001, p. 68

Sources

Ardoin, John, The Callas Legacy, London: Duckworth, 1977 ISBN 0-7156-0975-0 Bacon, Henry, Visconti: Explorations of Beauty and Decay, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998 ISBN 0-521-59960-1 Düttmann, Alexander García, Visconti: Insights into Flesh and Blood, translated by Robert Savage, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009 ISBN 9780804757409 Glasenapp, Jörg (ed.): Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(= Film-Konzepte, vol. 48). Munich: edition text + kritik 2017. Iannello, Silvia, Le immagini e le parole dei Malavoglia Roma: Sovera, 2008 (in Italian) Nowell-Smith, Geoffrey, Luchino Visconti. London: British Film Institute, 2003. ISBN 0-85170-961-3 Visconti bibliography, University of California Library, Berkeley. Retrieved 7 November 2011. Viscontiana: Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
e il melodramma verdiano, Milan: Edizioni Gabriele Mazzotta, 2001. A catalog for an exhibition in Parma of artifacts relating to Visconti's productions of operas by Verdi, curated by Caterina d'Amico de Carvalho, in Italian. ISBN 88-202-1518-7

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Luchino Visconti.

Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
on IMDb Biography, Filmography and More on Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(in Italian) British Film Institute: "Luchino Visconti": filmography Hutchison, Alexander, "Luchino Visconti’s Death in Venice", Literature/Film Quarterly, v. 2, 1974. (In-Depth Analysis of Death in Venice). Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
at Find a Grave

v t e

Films directed by Luchino Visconti

Ossessione Giorni di gloria La Terra Trema Bellissima Appunti su un fatto di cronaca We, the Women Senso White Nights Rocco and His Brothers Boccaccio '70 The Leopard Sandra The Stranger The Witches The Damned Alla ricerca di Tadzio Death in Venice Ludwig Conversation Piece The Innocent

v t e

David di Donatello
David di Donatello
Award for Best Director

1956–1980

Gianni Franciolini
Gianni Franciolini
(1956) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1957) Alberto Lattuada
Alberto Lattuada
(1959) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1960) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1961) Ermanno Olmi
Ermanno Olmi
(1962) Vittorio De Sica
Vittorio De Sica
(1963) Pietro Germi (1964) Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
/ Vittorio De Sica
Vittorio De Sica
(1965) Alessandro Blasetti / Pietro Germi (1966) Luigi Comencini
Luigi Comencini
(1967) Carlo Lizzani
Carlo Lizzani
(1968) Franco Zeffirelli
Franco Zeffirelli
(1969) Gillo Pontecorvo
Gillo Pontecorvo
(1970) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1971) Franco Zeffirelli
Franco Zeffirelli
/ Sergio Leone
Sergio Leone
(1972) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1973) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1974) Dino Risi
Dino Risi
(1975) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
/ Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1976) Valerio Zurlini / Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1977) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1978) Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1979) Gillo Pontecorvo
Gillo Pontecorvo
/ Marco Bellocchio
Marco Bellocchio
(1980)

1981–2000

Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1981) Marco Ferreri
Marco Ferreri
(1982) Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
(1983) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1984) Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1985) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1986) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1987) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1988) Ermanno Olmi
Ermanno Olmi
(1989) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1990) Marco Risi
Marco Risi
/ Ricky Tognazzi
Ricky Tognazzi
(1991) Gianni Amelio
Gianni Amelio
(1992) Roberto Faenza
Roberto Faenza
/ Ricky Tognazzi
Ricky Tognazzi
(1993) Carlo Verdone
Carlo Verdone
(1994) Mario Martone
Mario Martone
(1995) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(1996) Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(1999) Silvio Soldini (2000)

2001–present

Gabriele Muccino (2001) Ermanno Olmi
Ermanno Olmi
(2002) Pupi Avati
Pupi Avati
(2003) Marco Tullio Giordana (2004) Paolo Sorrentino
Paolo Sorrentino
(2005) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2006) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(2007) Andrea Molaioli (2008) Matteo Garrone
Matteo Garrone
(2009) Marco Bellocchio
Marco Bellocchio
(2010) Daniele Luchetti (2011) Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
(2012) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(2013) Paolo Sorrentino
Paolo Sorrentino
(2014) Francesco Munzi (2015) Matteo Garrone
Matteo Garrone
(2016)

v t e

Nastro d'Argento Award for Best Director

Alessandro Blasetti / Vittorio De Sica
Vittorio De Sica
(1946) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1947) Alberto Lattuada
Alberto Lattuada
/ Giuseppe De Santis (1948) Vittorio De Sica
Vittorio De Sica
(1949) Augusto Genina
Augusto Genina
(1950) Alessandro Blasetti (1951) Renato Castellani
Renato Castellani
(1952) Luigi Zampa
Luigi Zampa
(1953) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1954) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1955) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1956) Pietro Germi (1957) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1958) Pietro Germi (1959) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1960) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1961) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1962) Nanni Loy
Nanni Loy
/ Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1963) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1964) Pier Paolo Pasolini
Pier Paolo Pasolini
(1965) Antonio Pietrangeli
Antonio Pietrangeli
(1966) Gillo Pontecorvo
Gillo Pontecorvo
(1967) Elio Petri (1968) Franco Zeffirelli
Franco Zeffirelli
(1969) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1970) Elio Petri (1971) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1972) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1973) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1974) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1975) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1976) Valerio Zurlini (1977) Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
(1978) Ermanno Olmi
Ermanno Olmi
(1979) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1980) Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1981) Marco Ferreri
Marco Ferreri
(1982) Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
(1983) Pupi Avati
Pupi Avati
/ Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1984) Sergio Leone
Sergio Leone
(1985) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1986) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1987) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1988) Ermanno Olmi
Ermanno Olmi
(1989) Pupi Avati
Pupi Avati
(1990) Gianni Amelio
Gianni Amelio
(1991) Gabriele Salvatores
Gabriele Salvatores
(1992) Gianni Amelio
Gianni Amelio
(1993) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(1994) Gianni Amelio
Gianni Amelio
(1995) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(1996) Maurizio Nichetti (1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(1999) Silvio Soldini (2000) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2001) Marco Bellocchio
Marco Bellocchio
(2002) Gabriele Salvatores
Gabriele Salvatores
(2003) Marco Tullio Giordana (2004) Gianni Amelio
Gianni Amelio
(2005) Michele Placido
Michele Placido
(2006) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(2007) Paolo Virzì
Paolo Virzì
(2008) Paolo Sorrentino
Paolo Sorrentino
(2009) Paolo Virzì
Paolo Virzì
(2010) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2011) Paolo Sorrentino
Paolo Sorrentino
(2012) Giuseppe Tornatore
Giuseppe Tornatore
(2013) Paolo Virzì
Paolo Virzì
(2014) Paolo Sorrentino
Paolo Sorrentino
(2015) Paolo Virzì
Paolo Virzì
(2016)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49237034 LCCN: n79039716 ISNI: 0000 0001 2131 8788 GND: 118627228 SELIBR: 206621 SUDOC: 028316088 BNF: cb12017722k (data) BIBSYS: 90054366 ULAN: 500086524 NLA: 35825813 NDL: 00459794 NKC: jn20000701909 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV13289 BNE: XX1724110 RKD: 404264 SN