The Info List - Lucerne

(/ˌluːˈsɜːrn/; German: Luzern [luˈtsɛrn] ( listen); French: Lucerne
[lysɛʁn]; Italian: Lucerna [luˈtʃɛrna]; Romansh: Lucerna; Lucerne
Swiss-German: Lozärn) is a city in central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portion of the country. Lucerne
is the capital of the canton of Lucerne
and part of the district of the same name. With a population of about 81,057 people (as of 2013[update]),[3] Lucerne
is the most populous town in Central Switzerland, and a nexus of economics, transportation, culture, and media of this region. The city's urban area consists of 17 municipalities and towns located in three different cantons with an overall population of about 250,000 people (as of 2007[update]).[4] Owing to its location on the shores of Lake Lucerne
Lake Lucerne
(German: Vierwaldstättersee) and its outflow, the river Reuss, within sight of the mounts Pilatus and Rigi
in the Swiss Alps, Lucerne
has long been a destination for tourists. One of the city's famous landmarks is the Chapel Bridge
Chapel Bridge
(German: Kapellbrücke), a wooden bridge first erected in the 14th century. The official language of Lucerne
is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.


1 History

1.1 Early history and founding (750–1386) 1.2 From city to city-state (1386–1520) 1.3 Swiss-Catholic town (1520–1798) 1.4 Century of revolutions (1798–1914) 1.5 21st century

2 Geography and climate

2.1 Topography 2.2 Climate

3 Politics

3.1 Subdivisions 3.2 Government 3.3 Parliament 3.4 National elections

3.4.1 National Council

3.5 International relations

3.5.1 Twin towns — sister cities

4 Demographics

4.1 Population 4.2 Historic population 4.3 Religion

5 Sights 6 Culture and events

6.1 Culture 6.2 Events

7 Economy 8 Sports 9 Transport 10 Notable people 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

History[edit] Early history and founding (750–1386)[edit] After the fall of the Roman Empire beginning in the 6th century, Germanic Alemannic peoples increased their influence on this area of present-day Switzerland. Around 750 the Benedictine Monastery of St. Leodegar was founded, which was later acquired by Murbach Abbey
Murbach Abbey
in Alsace
in the middle of the 9th century, and by this time the area had become known as Luciaria.[5] In 1178 Lucerne
acquired its independence from the jurisdiction of Murbach Abbey, and the founding of the city proper probably occurred that same year. The city gained importance as a strategically located gateway for the growing commerce from the Gotthard trade route. By 1290 Lucerne
had become a self-sufficient city of reasonable size with about 3000 inhabitants. About this time King Rudolph I von Habsburg
gained authority over the Monastery of St. Leodegar and its lands, including Lucerne. The populace was not content with the increasing Habsburg
influence, and Lucerne
allied with neighboring towns to seek independence from their rule. Along with Lucerne, the three other forest cantons of Uri, Schwyz
and Unterwalden
formed the "eternal" Swiss Confederacy, known as the Eidgenossenschaft, on November 7, 1332. Later the cities of Zürich, Zug
and Bern
joined the alliance. With the help of these additions, the rule of Austria
over the area came to an end. The issue was settled by Lucerne’s victory over the Habsburgs in the Battle of Sempach
Battle of Sempach
in 1386. For Lucerne
this victory ignited an era of expansion. The city shortly granted many rights to itself, rights which had been withheld by the Habsburgs until then. By this time the borders of Lucerne
were approximately those of today. From city to city-state (1386–1520)[edit] In 1415 Lucerne
gained Reichsfreiheit
from Emperor Sigismund and became a strong member of the Swiss confederacy. The city developed its infrastructure, raised taxes, and appointed its own local officials. The city’s population of 3000 dropped about 40% due to the Black Plague
Black Plague
and several wars around 1350. In 1419 town records show the first witch trial against a male person. Swiss-Catholic town (1520–1798)[edit]

in 1642

Among the growing towns of the confederacy, Lucerne
was especially popular in attracting new residents. As the confederacy broke up during Reformation after 1520, most cities became Protestant, but Lucerne
remained Catholic. After the victory of the Catholics over the Protestants in the Battle at Kappel in 1531, the Catholic towns dominated the confederacy. The future, however, belonged to the Protestant cities like Zürich, Bern
and Basel, which defeated the Catholics in the 1712 Toggenburg War. The former prominent position of Lucerne
in the confederacy was lost forever. In the 16th and 17th centuries, wars and epidemics became steadily less frequent and as a result the population of the country increased strongly. Lucerne
was also involved in the Swiss peasant war of 1653. Century of revolutions (1798–1914)[edit]

Conflict at Lucerne, Illustrated London News, 1845

In 1798, nine years after the beginning of the French Revolution, the French army marched into Switzerland. The old confederacy collapsed and the government became democratic. The industrial revolution hit Lucerne
rather late, and by 1860 only 1.7% of the population worked in industry, which was about a quarter of the national average at that time. Agriculture, which employed about 40% of the workers, was the main form of economic output in the canton. Nevertheless, industry was attracted to the city from areas around Lucerne. From 1850 to 1913, the population quadrupled and the flow of settlers increased. In 1856 trains first linked the city to Olten
and Basel, then Zug
and Zürich in 1864 and finally to the south in 1897. 21st century[edit] On June 17, 2007, voters of the city of Lucerne
and the adjacent town of Littau
agreed to a merger in a simultaneous referendum. This took effect on January 1, 2010.[6] The new city, still called Lucerne, has a population of around 80,000 people, making it the seventh-largest city in Switzerland. The results of this referendum are expected to pave the way for negotiations with other nearby cities and towns in an effort to create a unified city-region, based on the results of a study.[7] Geography and climate[edit] Topography[edit]

and Lake Lucerne
Lake Lucerne
from the Pilatus

has an area of 29.1 square kilometers (11.2 sq mi). Of this area As of 2009[update], 28.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 22.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 47.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (2.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[8] Before the merger, Littau
had an area of 13.3 square kilometers (5.1 sq mi). Of this area, 52.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 21.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 24.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[9] In the 1997 land survey[update], 21.08% of the total land area was forested. Of the agricultural land, 49.17% is used for farming or pastures, while 3.16% is used for orchards or vine crops. Of the settled areas, 10.47% is covered with buildings, 4.29% is industrial, 1.96% is classed as special developments, 2.33% is parks or greenbelts and 5.8% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 1.66% is unproductive flowing water (rivers) and 0.08% is other unproductive land.[10] Climate[edit] Between 1961 and 1990 Lucerne
had an average of 138.1 days of rain per year and on average received 1,171 mm (46.1 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was June during which time Lucerne received an average of 153 mm (6.0 in) of rainfall. During this month there was rainfall for an average of 14.2 days. The driest month of the year was February with an average of 61 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation over 10.2 days.[11] Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[12]

Climate data for Lucerne

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 3.4 (38.1) 5.2 (41.4) 10.3 (50.5) 14.4 (57.9) 19.1 (66.4) 22.2 (72) 24.7 (76.5) 23.8 (74.8) 19.4 (66.9) 14.3 (57.7) 7.8 (46) 4.3 (39.7) 14.1 (57.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.5 (32.9) 1.4 (34.5) 5.4 (41.7) 9.1 (48.4) 13.7 (56.7) 16.9 (62.4) 19.1 (66.4) 18.3 (64.9) 14.6 (58.3) 10.2 (50.4) 4.6 (40.3) 1.6 (34.9) 9.6 (49.3)

Average low °C (°F) −2.3 (27.9) −2.0 (28.4) 1.1 (34) 4.3 (39.7) 8.9 (48) 12.1 (53.8) 14.2 (57.6) 13.9 (57) 10.6 (51.1) 6.7 (44.1) 1.6 (34.9) −1.0 (30.2) 5.7 (42.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 51 (2.01) 54 (2.13) 74 (2.91) 88 (3.46) 128 (5.04) 154 (6.06) 151 (5.94) 146 (5.75) 107 (4.21) 76 (2.99) 73 (2.87) 72 (2.83) 1,173 (46.18)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 16.0 (6.3) 20.2 (7.95) 8.3 (3.27) 1.2 (0.47) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.4 (0.16) 5.3 (2.09) 14.6 (5.75) 66.0 (25.98)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.3 8.7 11.8 11.8 12.9 13.5 12.5 12.5 10.2 9.4 9.6 10.0 132.2

Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 3.8 4.4 1.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.4 7.9 37.9

Average relative humidity (%) 83 79 73 70 72 72 72 75 80 83 84 84 77

Mean monthly sunshine hours 47 72 122 141 161 171 201 187 137 97 52 36 1,423

Percent possible sunshine 21 28 36 36 37 38 45 45 39 32 22 17 35

Source: MeteoSwiss[13]

Politics[edit] Subdivisions[edit] Government[edit] The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of the city of Lucerne
and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of five councilors (German: Stadtrat/-rätin), each presiding over a directorate (Direktion) comprising several departments and bureaus. The president of the executive department acts as mayor (Stadtpräsident). In the mandate period (Legislatur) September 2016 – August 2020 the City Council is presided by Stadtpräsident Beat Züsli. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Grand City Council are carried by the City Council. The regular election of the City Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years. Any resident of Lucerne allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. The delegates are selected by means of a system of Majorz. The mayor is elected as such as well by public election while the heads of the other directorates are assigned by the collegiate.[14] As of September 2016[update], Luzern's City Council is made up of one representative of the SP (Social Democratic Party, who is also the mayor), and one each of CVP (Christian Democratic Party), GPS (Green Party), FDP (FDP.The Liberals), and glp (Green Liberal Party). The last regular election was held on 1 May/5 June 2016.[14]

The City Council (Stadtrat) of Luzern[14]

City Councilor (Stadtrat/-rätin) Party Head of Directorate (Direktion, since) of elected since

Beat Züsli[SR 1]      SP Mayor's Office and City's Chancellary (Präsidialdirektion und Stadtkanzlei, 2016) 2016

Franziska Bitzi Staub      CVP Finances (Finanzdirektion, 2016) November 2016

Adrian Borgula      GPS Environment, Transport, and Security (Direktion Umwelt, Verkehr und Sicherheit, 2012) 2012

Manuela Jost      glp Building and Civil Engineering (Baudirektion, 2012) 2012

Martin Merki      FDP Social Services (Sozialdirektion, 2012) 2012

^ Mayor

Toni Göpfert (FDP) is Town Chronicler (Stadtschreiber) since 1990. Parliament[edit]

The Grosse Stadtrat of Luzern for the mandate period of 2016-2020   JUSO (2.1%)   jg (2.1%)   SP (27.1%)   GPS (12.5%)   glp (8.3%)   CVP (14.6%)   FDP (18.8%)   SVP (16.7%)

The Grand City Council (Grosser Stadtrat) holds legislative power. It is made up of 48 members, with elections held every four years. The Grand City Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration. The delegates are selected by means of a system of proportional representation. The sessions of the Grand City Council are public. Unlike members of the City Council, members of the Grand City Council are not politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any resident of Luzern allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Grand City Council. The parliament holds its meetings in the Rathaus (Town Hall) am Kornmarkt.[15] The last regular election of the Grand City Council was held on 1 May 2016 for the mandate period (German: Legislatur) from September 2016 to August 2020. Currently the Grand City Council consist of 13 members of the Social Democratic Party (SP/PS) and one of its junior section, the JUSO, 9 The Liberals (FDP/PLR), 7 Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC), 7 Swiss People's Party
Swiss People's Party
(SVP/UDC), 6 Green Party (GPS/PES) and one of its junior section, the jg of Luzern, and 4 Green Liberal Party (GLP/PVL).[15] National elections[edit] National Council[edit] In the 2015 election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the SPS which received 25.8% of the vote. The next five most popular parties were the SVP (19.5%), the FDP (15.4%), the CVP (14.1%), the GPS (13.3%), and the GLP (8.9%). In the federal election, a total of 26,521 voters were cast, and the voter turnout was 49.48%.[16] International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Switzerland Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Lucerne
is twinned with the following towns:[17]

Bournemouth, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(1981)[17][18] Chicago, Illinois, United States
United States
(1999)[17] Cieszyn, Poland
(1994)[17] Guebwiller
/ Murbach, France
(1978)[17] Olomouc, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(1994)[17] Potsdam, Germany

Demographics[edit] Population[edit]

Largest groups of foreign residents 2013[20]

Nationality Numbers % of total (% of foreigners)

 Germany 4,167 5.2 (20.7)

 Italy 2,279 2.8 (11.3)

 Portugal 1,765 2.2 (8.8)

 Serbia 1,430 1.8 (7.1)

 Kosovo 794 1.0 (3.9)

 Spain 760 0.9 (3.8)

 Sri Lanka 734 0.9 (3.6)

 Bosnia and Herzegovina 543 0.7 (2.7)

 Croatia 538 0.7 (2.7)

 Republic of Macedonia 457 0.7 (2.6)

has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 81,592.[2] As of 2013[update], 19,264 or 25.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals, of which 19.9% are from Europe, 2.8% from Asia, 1.2% from Africa
and 1.0% from America.[20] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.2%. Most of the population (as of 2010[update]) speak German (87%), with Italian, as well as Serbo-Croatian
and English with 5% being second most common languages, followed by French and Albanian with 3%, and Portuguese and Spanish with 2% each.[21] The age distribution in Lucerne
is (as of 2013[update]); 12,916 people or 15.7% of the population is 0–19 years old. 26,381 people or 33.8% are 20–39 years old, and 25,863 people or 32.1% are 40–64 years old. The senior population distribution is 10,530 people or 13.1% are 65–79 years old, 4,208 or 5.2% are 80–89 years old and 900 people or 1.1% of the population are 90+ years old.[22] In Lucerne
about 73.6% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

The crowded Rathausquai

As of 2000[update] there are 30,586 households, of which 15,452 households (or about 50.5%) contain only a single individual. 853 or about 2.8% are large households, with at least five members.[10] As of 2000[update] there were 5,707 inhabited buildings in the municipality, of which 4,050 were built only as housing, and 1,657 were mixed use buildings. There were 1,152 single family homes, 348 double family homes, and 2,550 multi-family homes in the municipality. Most homes were either two (787) or three (1,468) story structures. There were only 74 single story buildings and 1,721 four or more story buildings.[10] Historic population[edit] The historical population is given in the following chart:[5]

Historic Population Data [5]

Year Total Population German Speaking Italian Speaking Protestant Catholic Other Jewish Islamic No religion given Swiss Non-Swiss

1445 ca. 3,500

1654 ca. 4,000

1700 ca. 4,000

1784 4,235

1798 4,314

1850 10,068

317 9,751

9,703 365

1870 14,400

1,291 13,124

13,416 1,108

1888 20,314 19,645 285 2,757 17,341 91 184

18,381 1,933

1900 29,255 27,303 1,242 4,933 23,955 181 299

25,141 4,114

1910 39,339 35,928 2,295 7,524 30,917 305 435

32,293 7,046

1930 47,066 43,615 1,998 10,630 35,097 429 469

41,663 5,403

1950 60,526 56,385 2,199 14,552 43,773 538 457

56,835 3,691

1970 69,879 61,322 4,755 14,476 53,298 2,732 410 39 893 60,787 9,092

1990 61,034 51,449 2,383 11,134 41,995 6,439 277 972 3,810 50,539 10,495

2000 59,496 50,252 1,627 9,227 35,682 6,940 196 1,824 6,310 47,412 12,084


Jesuit Church

The city grew up around Sankt Leodegar Abbey, founded in AD 840, and remained strongly Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
into the 21st century. By 1850, 96.9% of the population was Catholic, in 1900 it was 81.9% and in 1950 it was still 72.3%. In the 2000 census[update] the religious membership of Lucerne
was: 35,682 (60%) Roman Catholic, 9,227 (15.5%) Protestant, with an additional 1,979 (3.33%) who were of some other Christian denominations; 1,824 individuals (3.07% of the population) Muslim; 196 individuals (0.33% of the population) Jewish. Of the remainder, 1,073 (1.8%) individuals were another religion; 6,310 (10.61%) stated they do not belong to any organized religion; and 3,205 (5.39%) did not answer the question.[10] Sights[edit]

city, lake and mountains view from the tower

Since the city straddles the Reuss where it drains the lake, it has a number of bridges. The most famous is the Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke), a 204 m (669 ft) long wooden covered bridge originally built in 1333, the oldest covered bridge in Europe, although much of it had to be replaced after a fire on 18 August 1993, allegedly caused by a discarded cigarette. Part way across, the bridge runs by the octagonal Water Tower (Wasserturm), a fortification from the 13th century. Inside the bridge are a series of paintings from the 17th century depicting events from Lucerne's history. The Bridge with its Tower is the city's most famous landmark. Downriver, between the Kasernenplatz and the Mühlenplatz, the Spreuer Bridge (Spreuerbrücke or Mühlenbrücke, Mill Bridge) zigzags across the Reuss. Constructed in 1408, it features a series of medieval-style 17th century plague paintings by Kaspar Meglinger (de) titled Dance of Death (Totentanzzyklus). The bridge has a small chapel in the middle that was added in 1568. Old Town Lucerne
is mainly located just north of the Reuss, and still has several fine half-timber structures with painted fronts. Remnants of the old town walls exist on the hill above Lucerne, complete with eight tall watch towers. An additional gated tower sits at the base of the hill on the banks of the Reuss. The twin needle towers of the Church of St. Leodegar, which was named after the city's patron saint, sit on a small hill just above the lake front. Originally built in 735, the present structure was erected in 1633 in the late Renaissance
style. However, the towers are surviving remnants of an earlier structure. The interior is richly decorated. The church is popularly called the Hofkirche (in German) and is known locally as the Hofchile (in Swiss-German).

The Lion Monument

Bertel Thorvaldsen's famous carving of a dying lion (the Lion Monument, or Löwendenkmal) is found in a small park just off the Löwenplatz. The carving commemorates the hundreds of Swiss Guards
Swiss Guards
who were massacred in 1792 during the French Revolution, when an armed mob stormed the Tuileries Palace
Tuileries Palace
in Paris. The Swiss Museum of Transport
Swiss Museum of Transport
is a large and comprehensive museum exhibiting all forms of transport, including locomotives, automobiles, ships, and aircraft. It is to be found beside the lake in the northern-eastern section of the city. The Culture and Convention Center
Culture and Convention Center
(KKL) beside the lake in the center of the city was designed by Jean Nouvel. The center has one of the world's leading concert halls, with acoustics by Russell Johnson. Culture and events[edit] Culture[edit]

The Lucerne Culture and Congress Centre
Lucerne Culture and Congress Centre
at night

Since plans for the new culture and convention center arose in the late 1980s, Lucerne
has found a balance between the so-called established culture and alternative culture. A consensus was reached that culminated in a culture compromise (Kulturkompromiss). The established culture comprises the Lucerne
Culture and Congress Centre (KKL), the city theater (Luzerner Theater) and, in a broader sense, smaller establishments such as the Kleintheater, founded by comedian Emil Steinberger, a Lucerne
native, or Stadtkeller, a music restaurant in the city's old town. KKL houses a concert hall as well as the Museum of Art Lucerne
(Kunstmuseum Luzern). Alternative culture
Alternative culture
took place mostly on the premises of a former tube factory, which became known as Boa. Other localities for alternative culture have since emerged in the same inner city area as Boa. Initially, Boa staged various plays, but concerts became more and more common; this new use of the building clashed with the development of apartment buildings on nearby lots of land. Due to possible noise pollution, Boa was closed and a replacement in a less heavily inhabited area is currently under construction. Critics claimed though that the new establishment would not meet the requirements for an alternative culture. Südpol is a center for performing arts in Lucerne
presenting music-, dance- and theatre-events. The house at the foot of Pilatus is opened since November 2008. Lucerne
is home to the Luzerner Sinfonieorchester, a category A symphonic orchestra, and to the 21st Century Symphony Orchestra, and they both hold most of their performances in the Lucerne
Culture and Congress Centre. Lucerne
is also home to Keramikkonzerte (http://keramikkonzerte.com/), a series of classical chamber music concerts held throughout each year. Events[edit]

Jodelling festival 2008

Every year, towards the end of winter, Fasnacht
(Carnival) breaks out in the streets, alleyways and squares of the old town. This is a glittering outdoor party, where chaos and merriness reign and nothing is as it normally is. Strange characters in fantastic masks and costumes make their way through the alleyways, while Guggenmusiken (carnival bands) blow their instruments in joyful cacophony and thousands of bizarrely clad people sing and dance away the winter. The Lucerner Fasnacht, based on religious, Catholic backgrounds, starts every year on the Thursday before Aschermittwoch (Ash Wednesday) with a big bang at 5am called Morgenwacht (Morning Watch). There are big parades in the afternoon on Schmotzige Donnerstag (literally: Lardy Thursday)[23] and the following Monday, called Güdismontag (literally: Paunch Monday), which attract tens of thousands of people. Lucerne's Carnival
ends with a crowning finish on Güdisdienstag (literally: Paunch Tuesday) evening with the Monstercorso, a tremendous parade of Guggenmusiken, lights and lanterns with even a larger audience. Rather recently a fourth Fasnacht
day has been introduced on the Saturday between the others Fasnacht
days, the Rüüdige Samstag while mainly several indoor balls take place. From dusk till dawn on the evenings of Schmotzige Donnerstag, Güdismontag, and after the Monstercorso many bands wander through the historical part of the city playing typical Fasnacht
tunes. Until midnight, the historical part of the city usually is packed with people participating. A large part of the audience are also dressed up in costumes, even a majority in the evenings.


The city hosts various renowned festivals throughout the year. The Lucerne Festival for classical music takes place in the summer. Its orchestra, the Lucerne Festival Orchestra, is hand-picked from some of the finest instrumentalists in the world. In June yearly the pop music festival B-Sides takes place in Lucerne. In July, the Blue Balls Festival brings jazz, blues and punk music to the lake promenade and halls of the Culture and Convention Center. The Lucerne
Blues Festival is another musical festival which usually takes place in November. Since spring 2004, Lucerne
has hosted the Festival Rose d'Or
Festival Rose d'Or
for television entertainment. And in April, the well-established comics festival Fumetto
attracts an international audience. Being the cultural center of a rather rural region, Lucerne
regularly holds different folklore festivals, such as Lucerne
Cheese Festival, held annually. In 2004, Lucerne
was the focus of Swiss Wrestling fans when it had hosted the Swiss Wrestling and Alpine festival (Eidgenössisches Schwing- und Älplerfest), which takes place every three years in a different location. A national music festival (Eidgenössiches Musikfest) attracted marching bands from all parts of Switzerland
in 2006. In summer 2008, the jodelling festival (Eidgenössisches Jodlerfest) is expected to have similar impact. Every year in June the B-Sides Festival takes place. B-Sides focuses on international acts in alternative music, indie rock, experimental rock and other cutting edge and left field artistic musical genres. The 2021 Winter Universiade
2021 Winter Universiade
will be hosted by Lucerne. Economy[edit] As of  2012[update], there were a total of 77,641 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 166 people worked in 53 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 7,326 workers in 666 separate businesses. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 70,149 jobs in 6,929 businesses. In 2013 a total of 11.0% of the population received social assistance.[24] As of 2000[update] 51.7% of the population of the municipality were employed in some capacity. At the same time, women made up 47.9% of the workforce.[10] Thanks to its continuous tax-cutting policies, Lucerne
has become Switzerland's most business-friendly canton. As of 2012[update] Lucerne
offers Switzerland's lowest corporate tax rate at cantonal level.[25] Furthermore, Lucerne
also offers very moderate personal income tax rates. In a recent published study of BAK Basel
Economics taxation index 2012, Lucerne
made it to the 4th place with an only marginally 2% higher tax rate compared to the top canton in this comparison.[26] Since November 2009, Zürich
Airport can be reached from Lucerne within 1 hour and 2 minutes[27] by a direct (every hour) train connection every half an hour with a stop just below the airport, and within 40 minutes by car due to a direct motorway from Lucerne
to the Airport, but only if you travel outside of rush hours. Sports[edit] There are several football clubs throughout the city. The most successful one is FC Luzern
FC Luzern
which plays in Switzerland's premier league (Swiss Super League). The club plays its home matches at the new Swissporarena, with a capacity of 16,800. The city's main hockey team is the HC Luzern which plays in the Swiss Second League, the fourth tier of Swiss hockey. They play their home games in the 5,000-seat Swiss Life Arena. In the past, Lucerne
also produced national successes in men's handball and women's volleyball and softball. Having a long tradition of equestrian sports, Lucerne
has co-hosted CSIO Switzerland, an international equestrian show jumping event, until it left entirely for St. Gallen
St. Gallen
in 2006. Since then, the Lucerne Equestrian Masters replaced it. There is also an annual horse racing event, usually taking place in August. Lucerne
annually hosts the final leg of the Rowing World Cup
Rowing World Cup
on Rotsee Lake, and has hosted numerous World Rowing Championships, among others the first ever in 1962. Lucerne
was also bidding for the 2011 issue but failed. Lucerne
hosts the annual Spitzen Leichtathletik Luzern Track and field meeting, which attracts world class athletes such as Yohan Blake
Yohan Blake
and Valerie Adams. The city also provides facilities for ice-hockey, figure-skating, golf, swimming, basketball, rugby, skateboarding, climbing and more. Lucerne
hosted FIVB Beach Volleyball
World Tour event Lucerne
Open 2015 and FIVB Beach Volleyball
U21 World Championship in 2016. Transport[edit]

railway station

boasts a developed and well-run transport network, with the main operator, Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern (VBL), running both the trolleybuses in Lucerne
and a motor buses network in the city and to neighboring municipalities. Other operators, such as PostAuto Schweiz and Auto AG Rothenburg, provide bus services to other towns and villages. Lucerne railway station
Lucerne railway station
is one of Switzerland's principal railway stations situated in the middle of the town and just next to the lake, and enjoys excellent connection to the rest of Switzerland
via railway services operated by Swiss Federal Railways
Swiss Federal Railways
(SBB CFF FFS) and the Zentralbahn
(zb). Two other stations are located within the city boundaries, with Lucerne Allmend/Messe railway station
Lucerne Allmend/Messe railway station
close to the Swissporarena
in the south of the city, and the Lucerne Verkehrshaus railway station adjacent to the Swiss Museum of Transport in the east. Lucerne's city transit system is fully integrated into the coherent and integrated fare network system called passepartout encompassing all kind of public transport in the cantons of Lucerne, Obwalden, and Nidwalden. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Lucerne See also[edit]

List of mayors of Lucerne


^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017 ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Altersgruppen Ende 2013 – Gemeinden Kanton Luzern – Männer und Frauen - Absolut". www.lustat.ch (Database excerpt) (in German). lustat - Statistik Luzern, Kanton Luzern. 18 August 2014. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-09.  ^ List of agglomerations and isolated cities in Switzerland, 2000[permanent dead link] (Microsoft Excel) (German) Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved on August 30, 2007.[dead link][dead link] ^ a b c Lucerne
in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz, Mutationsmeldungen 2009 / Répertoire officiel des communes de Suisse, Mutations 2009 / Elenco ufficiale dei Comuni della Svizzera, Mutazione 2009 (PDF) (Report). Federal Statistical Office. 2009. 3161. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-18. Retrieved 2010-03-06.  ^ "Grundlagenstudie 'Starke Stadtregion Luzern'" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-25.  (3.50 MiB) January 4, 2007 (in German)[dead link] ^ "Regional portraits – Communes: Key figures" (PDF). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 20 March 2014. pp. 2497–2498. Retrieved 2015-02-09. data from 2012  ^ "STAT-TAB: Die interaktive Statistikdatenbank – Raumnutzung und Landschaft: Tabelle: Arealstatistik: Bodenbedeckung (NOLC04) nach Bezirk und Gemeinde, in Hektaren" (online database access). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. data from 1997  ^ a b c d e LUSTAT Lucerne
Cantonal Statistics Archived 2011-11-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 12 August 2009 ^ "Temperature and Precipitation
Average Values-Table, 1961–1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology – MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009. . ^ Climate Summary for Lucerne, Switzerland
Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Climate normals Luzern (Reference period 1981−2010)" (PDF). Zürich-Airport, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Office of Metreology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-03.  ^ a b c "Stadtrat" (official site) (in German). Lucerne, Switzerland: Stadt Luzern. 1 September 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-30.  ^ a b "Grosser Stadtrat" (official site) (in German). Lucerne, Switzerland: Stadt Luzern. Retrieved 2016-07-30.  ^ "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden" (official statistics) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 4 March 2016. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-03.  ^ a b c d e f g "Partnerstädte der Stadt Luzern". Stadt Luzern (in German). Archived from the original on 2013-06-21. Retrieved 2013-08-01.  ^ "Dorset Twinning Association List". The Dorset Twinning Association. Archived from the original on 2012-06-21. Retrieved 2013-08-01.  ^ "Die Partnerstädte der Landeshauptstadt Potsdam". www.potsdam.de (in German). Archived from the original on 25 June 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010.  ^ a b "Ausländische Personen nach Nationalität und Status Ende 2013 - Stadt Luzern". www.lustat.ch (Database excerpt) (in German). lustat - Statistik Luzern, Kanton Luzern. 19 August 2014. Archived from the original on 23 November 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-23.  ^ "Wohnbevölkerung nach Hauptsprachen seit 2010 – Stadt Luzern". www.lustat.ch (Database excerpt) (in German). lustat - Statistik Luzern, Kanton Luzern. 10 March 2014. Archived from the original on 23 November 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-23.  ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Altersgruppen Ende 2013 – Gemeinden Kanton Luzern – Männer und Frauen - in Prozent". www.lustat.ch (Database excerpt) (in German). lustat - Statistik Luzern, Kanton Luzern. 18 August 2014. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-09.  ^ "Woher hat der Schmutzige Donnerstag seinen Namen?". Regionalzeitung Rontaler AG (in German). 17 February 2013. Retrieved 2015-02-07.  ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 2 May 2016 ^ Schöchli, Hansueli (17 January 2012). "Die Steuern sind weiter gesunken" [Taxes have fallen further in 2012]. Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 20 December 2010.  ^ "Zwischenbericht Executive Summary" (PDF). BAK Basel
(in German). Retrieved 20 December 2010.  ^ "City pocket timetable: Luzern – Zürich
Flughafen" (PDF) (in German). Bern, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Railways
Swiss Federal Railways
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Further reading[edit]

"Lucerne". Switzerland. Coblenz: Karl Baedeker. 1863.  "Lucerne", Switzerland, Together with Chamonix and the Italian Lakes (26th ed.), Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1922, OCLC 4248970  André Meyer: The Jesuit church of Lucerne, Berne 1985 (= Schweizerische Kunstführer, ser. 32, Nr. 314). Laura Stokes: Demons of urban reform. Early European witch trials and criminal justice, 1430-1530. Basingstoke 2011. ISBN 978-1-4039-8683-2.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lucerne.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lucerne.

City of Lucerne
official website University of Luzern Business School in Luzern Lucerne
Tourism Lucerne
(municipality) in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.

v t e

Municipalities in the district of Lucerne, Switzerland

Adligenswil Buchrain Dierikon Ebikon Gisikon Greppen Honau Horw Kriens Lucerne Malters Meggen Meierskappel Root Schwarzenberg Udligenswil Vitznau Weggis

Canton of Lucerne Districts of Canton Lucerne Municipalities of the canton of Lucerne

v t e

Capitals of Swiss cantons


Aarau, Aargau Herisau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden Appenzell, Appenzell Innerrhoden Basel, Basel-Stadt

Liestal, Basel-Landschaft Bern, Bern Fribourg, Fribourg Geneva, Geneva

Glarus, Glarus Chur, Graubünden Delémont, Jura Lucerne, Lucerne

Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel Stans, Nidwalden Sarnen, Obwalden Schaffhausen, Schaffhausen

Schwyz, Schwyz Solothurn, Solothurn St. Gallen, St. Gallen Frauenfeld, Thurgau

Bellinzona, Ticino Altdorf, Uri Sion, Valais Lausanne, Vaud

Zug, Zug Zürich, Zürich

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 137855441 LCCN: n50051974 ISNI: 0000 0001 1230 0017 GND: 403673