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Loviisa
Loviisa
(Finnish pronunciation: [ˈloviːsa]; Swedish: Lovisa Swedish pronunciation: [luvˈiːsa]) is a municipality and town of 15,140 inhabitants (31 August 2017)[2] on the southern coast of Finland. About 43 per cent of the population is Swedish-speaking.[6] The municipality covers an area of 1,751.52 square kilometres (676.27 sq mi) of which 931.92 km2 (359.82 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 18.47 inhabitants per square kilometre (47.8/sq mi). The neighboring municipalities of Liljendal, Pernå
Pernå
and Ruotsinpyhtää
Ruotsinpyhtää
were consolidated with Loviisa
Loviisa
on January 1, 2010. Loviisa
Loviisa
was founded in 1745, as a border fortress against Russia. Most of the fortifications have been preserved. Loviisa
Loviisa
was originally called Degerby, but king Adolf Frederick of Sweden
Adolf Frederick of Sweden
renamed the city after his spouse Lovisa Ulrika after visiting the town in 1752. Loviisa
Loviisa
is the site of two of Finland's nuclear reactors, two VVER units each of 488 MWe, at the Loviisa
Loviisa
Nuclear Power Plant. The other operating reactors are at the Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant.

The Church of Loviisa

The harbor of Loviisa
Loviisa
in 1808 by Gavril Sergeyev

Loviisa
Loviisa
Fortress

Contents

1 Politics 2 International relations

2.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

3 History and sights 4 Industry 5 References 6 External links

Politics[edit] Loviisa
Loviisa
is led by a town council with 35 members. The Swedish People's Party gained majority in the municipal election in 2017.

Swedish People's Party
Swedish People's Party
18 seats Social Democratic Party 8 seats National Coalition Party
National Coalition Party
3 seats Non-aligned (former True Finns) 2 seats Green League
Green League
2 seats Centre Party 2 seats

International relations[edit] Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Loviisa
Loviisa
is twinned with:

Haapsalu, Estonia Hillerød, Denmark Horten, Norway Karlskrona, Sweden Ólafsfjörður, Iceland Paks, Hungary Kahramanmaras, Turkey

History and sights[edit] The building of the sea fortress of Svartholm, located to the south from the city, was begun at the same time as the fortification of Loviisa. The purpose of the sea fortress was to protect the city from the sea, as well as to offer safe haven for the Swedish coastal navy. A joint Anglo-French navy unit destroyed the battlements of the island during the Crimean War. No longer fit for use the fortress was left to decay. As of the 1960ies the fortress has been restored led by the National Board of Antiquities. The restoration was brought to a conclusion in time for the 250th jubilee of the fortress in 1998. During the summers various programmes are arranged on the island for both locals and tourists. The guided tours, an exciting adventure for juniors and a restaurant lure both boaters and people travelling by the ferry boat, which does regular traffic between Loviisa
Loviisa
centre and Svartholm. Loviisa
Loviisa
is also renowned for its Old Town. The Old Town was spared from the great fire of 1855. An annex of the Degerby estate, dating from the 17th century, is located in the Old Town. The building is one of the oldest surviving wooden houses in Finland. In Loviisa
Loviisa
there is also a high society clubhouse, the only one of its kind in Finland spared from fires. Having been restored it now is a library/mediatheque. The first church in Loviisa
Loviisa
was destroyed during the fire. The current Neo-Gothic church was inaugurated in 1865. The German Brandenstein division landed in Valko in Loviisa
Loviisa
on April 7th 1918. The division advanced as far as to Lahti, before returning to Loviisa
Loviisa
in order to leave the country on December 16th 1918 as Germany had lost World War I. The summers are lively in Loviisa. The most popular summer events are the Historical Houses of Loviisa
Loviisa
(an event for traditional house building and renovating), the Sibelius Days, the Loviisa
Loviisa
Day on August 25th and the King Arrives in Loviisa
Loviisa
(a weekend in the spirit of the 18th century), Small Ships’ Race (festival for traditional small sailing ships), the Peace Forum and the horse trotting contests Industry[edit] Loviisa
Loviisa
boasts many companies useful for the local tourism. The harbour in Valko and the Loviisa
Loviisa
Power Plant bring industry to Loviisa. There is also an industrial park in the Uusikaupunki district, housing many smaller companies, for instance mechanical shops and retail sellers of spare parts. There is a harbour for cargoes such as timber, bulk and parcelled goods in the southern city district of Valko. From the harbour there is a traffic connection to Route 7, the major highway between Helsinki and St Petersburg. Loviisa
Loviisa
centre is located immediately by Route 7, equally close to Helsinki
Helsinki
and the Russian border. There is also a train connection from the harbour to Lahti, from where the carriages can reach other destinations in the country. The route into the harbour is 9.5 meters deep. References[edit]

^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.  ^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.  ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.  ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.  ^ Cite error: The named reference population by language was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

External links[edit] Media related to Loviisa
Loviisa
at Wikimedia Commons

Town of Loviisa
Loviisa
– Official website Loviisa
Loviisa
Peace-Forum

v t e

Municipalities of Uusimaa

Municipalities

Askola Espoo Hanko Helsinki Hyvinkää Ingå Järvenpää Karkkila Kauniainen Kerava Kirkkonummi Lapinjärvi Lohja Loviisa Mäntsälä Myrskylä Nurmijärvi Pornainen Porvoo Pukkila Raseborg Sipoo Siuntio Tuusula Vantaa Vihti

Former municipalities

Bromarv Degerby Ekenäs Ekenäs landskommun Haaga Huopalahti Hyvinkään maalaiskunta Karis Karjalohja Kulosaari Liljendal Lohjan kunta Nummi Nummi-Pusula Oulunkylä Pernå Pohja Porvoon maalaiskunta Pusula Ruotsinpyhtää Sammatti Snappertuna Tenala

Uusimaa Finland

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Finland
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