Loviisa (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈloviːsa]; Swedish: Lovisa
Swedish pronunciation: [luvˈiːsa]) is a municipality and town
of 15,140 inhabitants (31 August 2017) on the southern coast of
Finland. About 43 per cent of the population is Swedish-speaking.
The municipality covers an area of 1,751.52 square kilometres
(676.27 sq mi) of which 931.92 km2
(359.82 sq mi) is water. The population density is 18.47
inhabitants per square kilometre (47.8/sq mi).
The neighboring municipalities of Liljendal,
Ruotsinpyhtää were consolidated with
Loviisa on January 1, 2010.
Loviisa was founded in 1745, as a border fortress against Russia. Most
of the fortifications have been preserved.
Loviisa was originally
called Degerby, but king
Adolf Frederick of Sweden
Adolf Frederick of Sweden renamed the city
after his spouse Lovisa Ulrika after visiting the town in 1752.
Loviisa is the site of two of Finland's nuclear reactors, two VVER
units each of 488 MWe, at the
Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant. The other
operating reactors are at the Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant.
The Church of Loviisa
The harbor of
Loviisa in 1808 by Gavril Sergeyev
2 International relations
2.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
3 History and sights
6 External links
Loviisa is led by a town council with 35 members. The Swedish People's
Party gained majority in the municipal election in 2017.
Swedish People's Party
Swedish People's Party 18 seats
Social Democratic Party 8 seats
National Coalition Party
National Coalition Party 3 seats
Non-aligned (former True Finns) 2 seats
Green League 2 seats
Centre Party 2 seats
Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland
Twin towns — Sister cities
Loviisa is twinned with:
History and sights
The building of the sea fortress of Svartholm, located to the south
from the city, was begun at the same time as the fortification of
Loviisa. The purpose of the sea fortress was to protect the city from
the sea, as well as to offer safe haven for the Swedish coastal navy.
A joint Anglo-French navy unit destroyed the battlements of the island
during the Crimean War. No longer fit for use the fortress was left to
decay. As of the 1960ies the fortress has been restored led by the
National Board of Antiquities. The restoration was brought to a
conclusion in time for the 250th jubilee of the fortress in 1998.
During the summers various programmes are arranged on the island for
both locals and tourists. The guided tours, an exciting adventure for
juniors and a restaurant lure both boaters and people travelling by
the ferry boat, which does regular traffic between
Loviisa centre and
Loviisa is also renowned for its Old Town. The Old Town was spared
from the great fire of 1855. An annex of the Degerby estate, dating
from the 17th century, is located in the Old Town. The building is one
of the oldest surviving wooden houses in Finland. In
Loviisa there is
also a high society clubhouse, the only one of its kind in Finland
spared from fires. Having been restored it now is a
library/mediatheque. The first church in
Loviisa was destroyed during
the fire. The current Neo-Gothic church was inaugurated in 1865.
The German Brandenstein division landed in Valko in
Loviisa on April
7th 1918. The division advanced as far as to Lahti, before returning
Loviisa in order to leave the country on December 16th 1918 as
Germany had lost World War I.
The summers are lively in Loviisa. The most popular summer events are
the Historical Houses of
Loviisa (an event for traditional house
building and renovating), the Sibelius Days, the
Loviisa Day on August
25th and the King Arrives in
Loviisa (a weekend in the spirit of the
18th century), Small Ships’ Race (festival for traditional small
sailing ships), the Peace Forum and the horse trotting contests
Loviisa boasts many companies useful for the local tourism. The
harbour in Valko and the
Loviisa Power Plant bring industry to
Loviisa. There is also an industrial park in the Uusikaupunki
district, housing many smaller companies, for instance mechanical
shops and retail sellers of spare parts.
There is a harbour for cargoes such as timber, bulk and parcelled
goods in the southern city district of Valko. From the harbour there
is a traffic connection to Route 7, the major highway between Helsinki
and St Petersburg.
Loviisa centre is located immediately by Route 7,
equally close to
Helsinki and the Russian border. There is also a
train connection from the harbour to Lahti, from where the carriages
can reach other destinations in the country. The route into the
harbour is 9.5 meters deep.
^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land
Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in
Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and
land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's
PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December
2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland.
Retrieved 28 April 2009.
^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration
of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
^ Cite error: The named reference population by language was invoked
but never defined (see the help page).
Media related to
Loviisa at Wikimedia Commons
Loviisa – Official website
Municipalities of Uusimaa
Finland location article is a stub. You can help