HOME
The Info List - Louis The Child





Louis the Child
Louis the Child
(893 – 20/24 September 911), sometimes called Louis III or Louis IV, was the king of East Francia
East Francia
from 899 until his death in 911 and was the last ruler of Carolingian dynasty
Carolingian dynasty
there. He succeeded his father, king Arnulf of Carinthia
Arnulf of Carinthia
in 899, when he was only six. Louis also inherited the crown of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
with the death of his elder illegitimate half-brother Zwentibold
Zwentibold
in 900. During his reign the country was ravaged by Magyar raids.

Contents

1 Life 2 See also 3 Notes 4 External links

Life[edit] Louis was born in September or October 893 in Altötting, Duchy of Bavaria. He was the only legitimate son of king Arnulf of Carinthia and his wife, Ota, a member of the Conradine dynasty. He had at least two brothers: his elder, illegitimate brother Zwentibold, who ruled Lotharingia, and another brother named Ratold, who briefly ruled Kingdom of Italy. Ratold's maternity and age are unknown. Louis was crowned in Forchheim on 4 February 900.[1] This is the earliest East Frankish royal coronation about which records are known to exist. Louis was of a weak personal constitution, often sick, and due to his young age, the reins of government were entirely in the hands of others - the nobles and bishops. Indeed, the coronation was probably a result of the fact that there was little Louis could gain at the expense of the nobles. The most influential of Louis's councillors were Hatto I, Archbishop of Mainz, and Solomon III, Bishop of Constance. It was these two who assured that the royal court decided in favour of the Conradines against the Babenbergers in the matter of the Duchy of Franconia. They appointed Louis's nephew, Conrad as a duke. In 903 Louis promulgated the Raffelstetten Customs Regulations, the first customs regulations in the East Frankish part of Europe. In 900, during Hungarian invasions of Europe, Magyar army ravaged Bavaria. Another group of Magyars
Magyars
were defeated by Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria and Bishop Richer of Passau. In 901 they devastated Duchy of Carinthia. In 904 Louis invited Kurszán, the kende of Magyars
Magyars
to negotiations, but killed him and his delegation.[2][3] In 906 Magyars twice ravaged Duchy of Saxony. In 907 they inflicted a heavy defeat on the Bavarians who had invaded Hungary, killing the Margrave Liutpold and many high nobles in the Battle of Pressburg. Next year it was the turn of Saxony and Thuringia, in 909 that of Alemannia. On their return, however, Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
inflicted a defeat on them on the river Rott, but in 910 they, in their turn, defeated Louis the Child's army in the battle of Augsburg.[4] Louis himself tried to take some military control as he grew older, but he had little success against the Magyars. His army was destroyed at Ennsburg in 907. In a state of despair, possibly afflicted by severe depression, Louis died at Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main on 20 or 24 September 911, only seventeen or eighteen years old. Louis was buried in the monastery of Saint Emmeram in Regensburg, where his father Arnulf of Carinthia
Arnulf of Carinthia
lay. His death brought an end to the eastern (German) branch of the Carolingian dynasty. The vacuum left in the Carolingian East was eventually filled in 919 by the family of Henry the Fowler, a cousin, and heralded the beginning of the Ottonian dynasty. However, in 911 the dukes of East Francia elected Conrad of Franconia as the king of East Francia, while the nobles of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
elected as their king Charles the Simple, king of West Francia. See also[edit]

Kings of Germany
Germany
family tree List of Frankish kings

Notes[edit]

^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Louis the Child". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 50.  ^ Györffy, György (1959). "Tanulmányok a magyar állam eredetéről". Budapest: Akadémiai Publishing Company.  ^ Andrew L. Simon, Istvan Lazar (2001). Transylvania: A Short History. ISBN 1-931313-21-0.  ^ Gwatking, H. M., Whitney, J. P., et al. Cambridge Medieval History: Volume III— Germany
Germany
and the Western Empire.

External links[edit]

Media related to Louis the Child
Louis the Child
at Wikimedia Commons

Louis IV of East Francia Carolingian dynasty Born: September/October 893 Died: 20/24 September 911

Regnal titles

Preceded by Arnulf of Carinthia King of East Francia 899–911 Succeeded by Conrad I

Preceded by Zwentibold King of Lotharingia 900–911 Succeeded by Charles the Simple

v t e

Monarchs of Germany

East Francia
East Francia
within the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
(843–911)

Louis the German Carloman Louis the Younger Charles the Fat Arnulf Louis the Child

East Francia
East Francia
(911–962)

Conrad I Henry I Arnulf Otto I

Kingdom of Germany
Germany
within the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
(962–1806)

Otto I Otto II Otto III Henry II Conrad II Henry III Henry IV Rudolf Hermann Conrad (III) Henry V Lothair II Conrad III Henry (VI) Frederick I Henry VI Philip Otto IV Frederick II Henry (VII) Conrad IV Henry (VIII) William Richard Alfonso Rudolf I Adolf Albert I Henry VII Louis IV Frederick (III) Günther Charles IV Wenceslaus Rupert Jobst Sigismund Albert II Frederick III Maximilian I Charles V Ferdinand I Maximilian II Rudolf II Matthias Ferdinand II Ferdinand III Ferdinand IV Leopold I Joseph I Charles VI Charles VII Francis I Joseph II Leopold II Francis II

Confederation of the Rhine
Confederation of the Rhine
(1806–1813)

Napoleon
Napoleon
I

German Confederation
German Confederation
(1815–1848)

Francis I Ferdinand I

German Empire
German Empire
(1848/1849)

Archduke John of Austria
Archduke John of Austria
(Imperial Regent)

German Confederation
German Confederation
(1850–1866)

Franz Joseph I

North German Confederation
German Confederation
(1867–1871)

William I

German Empire
German Empire
(1871–1918)

William I Frederick III William II

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 52484571 LCCN: no97061788 ISNI: 0000 0000 7975 3654 GND: 118729462 SUDO

.