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Loughborough
Loughborough
(/ˈlʌfb(ə)rə/ ( listen) LUF-b(ə-)rə) is a town in the Charnwood borough of Leicestershire, England, seat of Charnwood Borough Council, and home to Loughborough
Loughborough
University. The town had a population of 57,600 in 2004,[1] making it the second largest settlement in Leicestershire. It is close to the Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
border and within short distances of Nottingham, East Midlands Airport and Derby. The town has the world's largest bell foundry – John Taylor Bellfounders, which made the bells for the Carillon
Carillon
war memorial, a landmark in the Queens Park in the town, Great Paul for St Paul's Cathedral, and York Minster.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Medieval 1.2 Industrialisation 1.3 Tourism

2 Transport

2.1 Railway 2.2 Motorways 2.3 Buses 2.4 Waterways

3 Economy 4 Press 5 Climate 6 Sport 7 Arts and heritage 8 Education

8.1 Uniformed youth organisations 8.2 Schools 8.3 Tertiary education

8.3.1 Loughborough
Loughborough
University 8.3.2 Loughborough
Loughborough
College 8.3.3 RNIB College, Loughborough

9 Notable people 10 Twin towns 11 Closest cities and towns 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Leicestershire Medieval[edit] The first mention of Loughborough
Loughborough
is in the 1086 Domesday Book. Loughborough's earliest historical reference was to "Lucteburne" in the 1086 Domesday Book.[2] It appeared in a charter from the reign of Henry II as Lucteburga, and in the Pipe Rolls
Pipe Rolls
of 1186 as Luchteburc. The name means "Luhhede's burgh or fortified place".[3] Industrialisation[edit] The first sign of industrialisation in the Loughborough
Loughborough
district came in the early years of the 19th century, when John Heathcoat, an inventor from Derbyshire
Derbyshire
patented in 1809 an improvement to the warp loom, known as the twisted lace machine, which allowed mitts with a lace-like appearance to be made. Heathcoat, in partnership with the Nottingham
Nottingham
manufacturer Charles Lacy, moved his business from there to the village of Hathern, outside Loughborough. The product of this " Loughborough
Loughborough
machine" came to be known as English net or bobbinet. However, the factory was attacked in 1816 by Luddites
Luddites
thought to be in the pay of Nottingham
Nottingham
competitors and 55 frames were destroyed. This prompted Heathcoat to move his business to a disused woollen mill in Tiverton, Devon.[4] In 1888 a charter of incorporation was obtained, allowing a mayor and corporation to be elected. The population increased from 11,000 to 25,000 in the following ten years. Among the factories established were Robert Taylor's bell foundry John Taylor & Co and the Falcon works, which produced steam locomotives, then motor cars, before it was taken over by Brush Electrical Machines. In 1897, Herbert Morris set up a factory in the Empress Works in Moor Lane which become one of the foremost crane manufacturers by the mid-20th century.[5] There was also strong municipal investment: a new sewage works in 1895, then a waterworks in Blackbrook and a power station in Bridge Street in 1899. The corporation took over Loughborough
Loughborough
Gas Company in 1900. Tourism[edit] In 1841, Loughborough
Loughborough
was the destination for the first package tour, organised by Thomas Cook
Thomas Cook
for a temperance group from Leicester. Transport[edit] Railway[edit]

Loughborough
Loughborough
Great Central Station

Loughborough railway station
Loughborough railway station
is the mainline national station serving the town. In 2012, Network Rail
Network Rail
redeveloped the station, increasing the length of platforms and improving access. The local council has made concurrent improvements to the surrounding area. The station has services from London St. Pancras International, to which its twice-hourly London service goes, giving a link to the continent via the Eurostar. East Midlands
East Midlands
Trains is the primary long-distance operator, running services between London and northern England, and provides local services throughout the East Midlands. These rail routes run north–south through Loughborough
Loughborough
along the Midland Main Line, going south to Bedford, Luton and London; and north to Lincoln, Sheffield, Leeds and York. Junctions at Leicester
Leicester
and Derby
Derby
stations link with CrossCountry
CrossCountry
trains route, serving the far north-east of Scotland and the south-west of England. There were at one time three railway routes to the town: the still-operating Midland line; the Great Central Railway
Great Central Railway
that closed as a result of the Beeching cuts; and a branch line from Nuneaton, part of the London and North Western Railway. Today, the Great Central Railway line is in operation as the Great Central Steam Railway heritage railway and is the terminus of the south section of the railway. It has an active Great Central station running services daily. The station was opened by the Great Central Railway
Great Central Railway
on 15 March 1899, closed in 1969 and re-opened in March 1974.[6] As of 2017, there were plans to link the two halves of the railway again.[7]

Station Part of line Serving area

Ruddington Transport Centre Nottingham
Nottingham
mainline Ruddington

Rushcliffe Halt Nottingham
Nottingham
mainline East Leake (British Gypsum)

East Leake Nottingham
Nottingham
mainline East Leake

Loughborough
Loughborough
Central Leicester
Leicester
mainline Loughborough

Quorn & Woodhouse Leicester
Leicester
mainline Quorn, Woodhouse

Rothley Leicester
Leicester
mainline Rothley

Mountsorrel
Mountsorrel
Halt Mountsorrel
Mountsorrel
branchline Mountsorrel

Belgrave & Birstall ( Leicester
Leicester
North) Leicester
Leicester
mainline Birstall

Brush Traction, a manufacturer of railway locomotives, is also located in the town, close to Loughborough's railway station. Motorways[edit] The M1's Junction 23 lies just to the west of Loughborough. The north of the town can be accessed from Junction 24, travelling through Kegworth
Kegworth
and Hathern
Hathern
on the A6 road and the south west of the town from Junction 22, via Copt Oak and the small hamlet of Nanpantan. Buses[edit] Local buses are operated by Arriva Midlands, Centrebus, Paul S Winson, Robert's Coaches Nottingham
Nottingham
City Transport, Trent Barton
Trent Barton
and Kinchbus.

Service Operator Destinations Intermediate places Frequency

1 Nottingham
Nottingham
City Transport Nottingham, Gotham, Loughborough

Stanford on Soar, East Leake, Gotham, Clifton, Wilford

20 mins

2 Kinchbus Leicester, Sileby, Loughborough Quorndon, Barrow upon Soar, Sileby, Cossington, Birstall

30mins

3 Paul S Winson (council route) town centre, Tynedale Road (near university)

Infrequent

5 Kinchbus town centre Thorpe Acre, Shelthorpe 30mins

8 Centrebus Loughborough, Melton Mowbray, Grantham

Melton Mowbray Infrequent

9 Kinchbus Loughborough, Nottingham Cotes, Hoton, Costock, Rempstone, Bunny, Bradmore, Ruddington, West Bridgford

30mins

11/12 circular

Kinchbus Loughborough
Loughborough
Circular Shelthorpe, town centre, Thorpe Acre, Dishley (11) Shelthorpe, town centre, Dishley, Thorpe Acre (12)

30 mins one direction

13 Paul S Winson (council route) Tuckers Road/Charnwood Water, town centre Moor Street (western section), Great Central Railway
Great Central Railway
station Infrequent

16 Arriva Midlands Coalville, Loughborough Shepshed, Thringstone, Whitwick Hourly

X26 Paul S Winson Loughborough, Mountsorrel, Rothley Quorn(don), Mountsorrel Hourly

27 Robert's Coaches (council route)

Thurmaston
Thurmaston
(northern Leicester) Loughborough Seagrave, Mountsorrel, Syston 75 mins (1 hour 15 mins)

120X Paul S Winson Loughborough, Markfield Nanpantan, Copt Oak 1 journey only Thursdays

126 Arriva Midlands Coalville, Leicester Whitwick, Thringstone, Shepshed, Loughborough, Quorn(don), Mountsorrel, Rothley, Birstall Hourly (evenings only)

127 Arriva Midlands Shepshed, Leicester Loughborough, Quorn(don), Mountsorrel, Rothley, Birstall 15 mins

129 Paul S Winson Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Loughborough Lount, Osgathorpe, Griffydam, Belton, Shepshed, Nanpantan Infrequent

154 Centrebus Loughborough, Leicester Quorn(don), Woodhouse Eaves, Swithland, Cropston, Thurcaston, Anstey, Beaumont Leys

Waterways[edit] The River Soar
River Soar
passes by to the east of the town. Navigation from Loughborough
Loughborough
north towards the Trent was achieved in 1778 by the Loughborough
Loughborough
Navigation, which terminates at Loughborough
Loughborough
Wharf between Derby
Derby
Road and Bridge Street. Subsequently the Leicester navigation was constructed, connecting to the Loughborough
Loughborough
Navigation at Chain Bridge and to the River Soar
River Soar
south of the town. Both form part of the Grand Union Canal. The now derelict Charnwood Forest Canal
Charnwood Forest Canal
once linked Nanpantan
Nanpantan
(on the west side of Loughborough) with Thringstone, with goods being carried into Loughborough
Loughborough
by a horse-drawn wagonway. Economy[edit]

The Brush engineering works

The centre of Loughborough's shopping area is the pedestrianised Market Place and Market Street, which maintain a number of original art deco buildings, such as the building that currently houses the town's cinema. A large outdoor market is held in the Market Place every Thursday and Saturday. There is a monthly farmers' market. The first mention of a market in Loughborough
Loughborough
is in 1221.[citation needed] The Rushes shopping centre has also been built on the site of the former bus station and is occupied by national chains. The Rushes is linked to the town centre area by Churchgate and Churchgate Mews; the latter has independent shops. A major new development, the Eastern Gateway, that developed the area around the railway station with a new road and new housing, was completed in 2013. Pedestrianisation of the town centre was completed in November 2014. The scheme is intended to improve the economy within the town centre and reduce pollution from traffic congestion. Press[edit] Loughborough's local weekly newspaper is the Loughborough
Loughborough
Echo. The town is also served by Leicestershire's daily newspaper, the Leicester Mercury. Climate[edit]

Sutton Bonington, Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
(7.5 kilometres (5 mi) from Loughborough)

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    52     7 2

    39     8 1

    44     10 3

    49     13 4

    44     16 7

    60     19 10

    54     22 12

    56     21 12

    51     18 10

    61     14 7

    55     10 4

    56     7 2

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: Met Office[8]

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    2.1     45 35

    1.5     46 34

    1.7     51 37

    1.9     55 39

    1.7     61 44

    2.4     67 50

    2.1     71 53

    2.2     71 53

    2     65 50

    2.4     58 45

    2.1     50 39

    2.2     45 35

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

As with the rest of the British Isles
British Isles
and East Midlands, Loughborough experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. The nearest Met Office weather station is at Sutton Bonington
Sutton Bonington
in Nottinghamshire, located 5 miles due north of the town centre. The highest temperature recorded in that area was 34.8 °C (94.6 °F) [9] on 3 August 1990. Sport[edit] The University's 1st XV rugby team, the Loughborough
Loughborough
Students RUFC, were promoted to the National One division in 2012, which is the 3rd tier of English rugby. The town Rugby Union
Rugby Union
club, Loughborough
Loughborough
RFC, play at Derby
Derby
Road playing fields. The club was formed in 1891. Other sports teams include the non-league Loughborough
Loughborough
Dynamo Football Club and the Loughborough
Loughborough
Aces (Collegiate American football). Loughborough Lightning
Loughborough Lightning
the town's Netball Superleague team trains at Loughborough
Loughborough
University, with Loughborough
Loughborough
Hawks playing in the local Netball League. The town was once home to a professional football club, Loughborough
Loughborough
F.C., which played at the Athletic Ground and was a member of the Football League in the late 1800s. Cricket is prominent, with the Old Contemptibles[10] Loughborough
Loughborough
Town C.C., Loughborough
Loughborough
Outwoods C.C., Loughborough
Loughborough
Carillon
Carillon
C.C., Loughborough
Loughborough
Carillon
Carillon
Old Boys' C.C., Loughborough University
Loughborough University
Staff C.C. and Loughborough
Loughborough
Greenfields C.C. representing various standards of cricket in the area. The university is home to the ECB National Cricket Academy, used by the England
England
team as their primary training centre. The town has its own swimming club, Loughborough
Loughborough
Town Swimming Club, which is based in the town and trains at local venues. Loughborough hosted the UK Corporate Games in 2011. The tennis tournament Aegon Pro-Series Loughborough is held in Loughborough. Arts and heritage[edit]

Loughborough
Loughborough
parish church

WW1 memorial carillon in Queen's Park

Loughborough
Loughborough
has five museums, the largest being the centrally located Charnwood Museum, which houses a range of exhibits reflecting the natural history, geology, industry and history of the area. Nearby in Queens Park is the Carillon
Carillon
and War Memorial, home to a small museum of military memorabilia from the First and Second World Wars. Loughborough
Loughborough
Library is on Granby Street.[11] Also to be found in the town centre, near the fine medieval All Saints parish church, is the Old Rectory. Dating back to 1288 the remaining portion of the Great Hall has been restored and houses a small museum run by the Loughborough
Loughborough
and District Archaeological Society. Loughborough
Loughborough
has for more than a century been the home of John Taylor & Co bell founders and the firm has a museum – the Bellfoundry Museum – located on two floors telling the story of bell making over the centuries. The recording of the tolling bell at the beginning of Hells Bells, the first track on AC/DC's 1980 album Back in Black
Back in Black
was made on a quarter weight near replica of the Denison bell in the Carillon
Carillon
war memorial[citation needed]. There is a museum at the Great Central Railway
Great Central Railway
station illustrating the history of the railway from its earliest days up to its present state as a double-track preserved heritage railway. Although it has no dedicated art gallery, fine pieces of sculpture can be found in the town's environs, including recently[when?] installed sculptures from a local artist in commemoration of the First World War Centenary outside of Charnwood Museum, and the ‘Sock Man’,[12] a bronze statue celebrating Loughborough's association with the hosiery industry. This can be found in the Market Place near the Loughborough Town Hall, which itself contains a number of art works. The Loughborough Town Hall
Loughborough Town Hall
is the venue for a range of events, including concerts, exhibitions, musicals, comedy shows and a Christmas pantomime. Groups make use of the town hall for their shows. Events are also organised by Charnwood Arts, a voluntary managed and professionally staffed body, which promotes a year-round programme of professional performances across the borough. The organisation is responsible for The Picnic In the Park event, which was inaugurated in 1980 and is held in Queens Park in May. Streets Alive, jointly organised by Charnwood Arts and Charnwood Borough Council
Charnwood Borough Council
takes place at a similar time of year. The Loughborough
Loughborough
Canal Festival, which ran from 1997 to 2014, was an annual event in May centred on Chain Bridge. Great Central Railway
Great Central Railway
is a heritage railway based at Loughborough Central Station, which is south of the town centre. It is operated largely by volunteers and trains run every weekend of the year and bank holidays, as well as daily during the summer. Every November, the street fair takes over the centre of the town, closing some roads. The fair runs from Wednesday afternoon until Saturday night. The fair has many rides, amusement arcades, food stands and games. The town has an Odeon cinema. This cinema was designed by Archibald Hurley Robinson. There are six screens in the theatre, which is built to an art deco style. The cinema was built in 1914 as the Empire Cinema, and was remodelled in 1936 by Archibald Hurley Robinson as the New Empire Cinema. Over the years it has been named the Palm Court and Ballroom, Empire, Essoldo, Classic, Curzon and Reel. The town also has a Cineworld cinema. There are eight screens in the theatre. The cinema and eight new restaurants were built on the site of the former Loughborough
Loughborough
General Hospital, which was demolished in 2012. The cinema opened in 2016. Education[edit] Uniformed youth organisations[edit] Loughborough
Loughborough
has a variety of uniformed youth organisations, with several Scout and Girl Guide units, Girls' and Boys' Brigade
Boys' Brigade
units from the cadet forces (Air Training Corps, Army Cadet Force, Sea Cadet Corps, and Combined Cadet Force
Combined Cadet Force
at Loughborough
Loughborough
Grammar School), a St John Ambulance Cadet unit, and a cadet programme run by the local Fire and Rescue Service. As of November 2015 Loughborough
Loughborough
also has a Volunteer Police Cadets unit based at Loughborough
Loughborough
College.[13] Schools[edit] Main article: List of schools in Leicestershire Tertiary education[edit] Loughborough
Loughborough
University[edit] Main article: Loughborough
Loughborough
University

Hazlerigg Front Lawn

British Aerospace EAP
British Aerospace EAP
at the Aeronautical Engineering Department at Loughborough
Loughborough
University

In 2004, Loughborough University
Loughborough University
was ranked 9th among the British universities by the Times' Good University Guide. In 2006 Loughborough was ranked 6th. In 2007 The Guardian
The Guardian
rated the university 8th, and 10th of 117 institutions by The Guardian
The Guardian
League Tables 2009 (published online 1/6/08 for the 2009-10 academic year. The university is 5th in some rankings, behind Oxbridge and the London universities. The university has the largest sports scholarship in the UK. More than 250 international athletes study and train there. In 2008 Loughborough
Loughborough
was named Sunday Times University of the Year. [14] Loughborough
Loughborough
College[edit] Main article: Loughborough
Loughborough
College Loughborough College
Loughborough College
is the second biggest education establishment in Loughborough, after the University. Its offers Further Education and vocational courses. It was established in 1909, and has an over 12,000 full and part-time students population. RNIB College, Loughborough[edit] Main article: RNIB College, Loughborough RNIB College, Loughborough is for people aged 16+ and adults with a wide range of disabilities seeking to access education, employment and independent living. Notable people[edit] Loughborough
Loughborough
natives include Albert Francis Cross, the journalist, author, poet and playwright who was born on Moor Lane on 9 May 1863, the two time Laurence Olivier Award nominated stage actress Nicola Hughes and Coronation Street's Roy Cropper
Roy Cropper
actor David Neilson, and the notorious rock star of the mid-1960s, Viv Prince
Viv Prince
of the Pretty Things. Bobsleigher and Paratrooper
Paratrooper
Dean Ward, who won a bronze medal at the 1998 Winter Olympics
1998 Winter Olympics
was born in the town. Felix Buxton of Basement Jaxx
Basement Jaxx
was a pupil at Loughborough Grammar School
Loughborough Grammar School
and son of the one-time vicar of nearby Woodhouse Eaves
Woodhouse Eaves
and Ibstock.[15] The Dundee-born comedian, TV presenter and entertainer Danny Wallace attended Holywell County Primary School. Second World War
Second World War
fighter ace Johnnie Johnson attended Loughborough
Loughborough
Grammar school. The high jumper Ben Challenger, son of Showaddywaddy drummer Romeo Challenger, is from Loughborough. The popular Muslim and Bangladeshi presenter Rizwan Hussain was brought up there. Notable sporting graduates of Loughborough University
Loughborough University
include Sir Clive Woodward, Sebastian Coe, Paula Radcliffe, David Moorcroft, Tanni Grey-Thompson, Monty Panesar, Steve Backley, Jack Kirwan and Lawrie Sanchez. Loughborough
Loughborough
was the birthplace of the poet and Royalist John Cleveland (1613–1658).[16] The chemist Arthur Donald Walsh FRS (8 August 1916 – 23 April 1977) was born in Loughborough
Loughborough
and attended Loughborough
Loughborough
Grammar School.[17] John Paget (1808–1892), an English agriculturist and writer on Hungary, was born here. Twin towns[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom

Signpost for Loughborough, naming its twin towns.

Loughborough
Loughborough
is twinned with:

Épinal, Vosges, France[18] Gembloux, Namur, Belgium Schwäbisch Hall, Baden-Württemberg, Germany[19] Zamość, Lublin Voivodeship, Poland[20]

Loughborough
Loughborough
has a friendship link with Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India[21] Closest cities and towns[edit] This list is of the closest cities and towns to the town of Loughborough. This list does not include villages.

Destinations from Loughborough

Derby, Belper, Ashbourne Beeston, Nottingham Grantham, Newark-on-Trent

Shepshed, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Burton-upon-Trent

Loughborough

Melton Mowbray, Spalding

Hinckley, Nuneaton Leicester, Wigston Magna, Corby, Kettering

References[edit]

^ Facts & Figures - Population ^ "Open Domesday". Open Domesday. Retrieved 3 August 2017.  ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p. 305. ^ Chapman, S. D. "Heathcoat, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12846.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ David Wainwright: Cranes and Craftsmen: The Story of Herbert Morris Ltd (London, 1929). ^ "Disused Stations". Subterranea Britannica.  ^ Bridge to the Future ^ " Loughborough
Loughborough
Climate Normals 1981–2010". Retrieved 30 September 2017.  ^ ">August 1990". Retrieved 9 November 2011.  ^ The Old Contemptibles C.C ^ " Loughborough
Loughborough
Library - Leicestershire
Leicestershire
County Council". leics.gov.uk. 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012.  ^ Charnwood borough council. "The sock selection process: the story of the sock". Retrieved 20 April 2014.  ^ " Loughborough College
Loughborough College
to host police cadet programme". Loughborough Echo. Retrieved 3 August 2017.  ^ " Loughborough
Loughborough
named University of the Year". The Times. London. 20 September 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2010.  ^ Peplow, Gemma (15 September 2014). "Basement Jaxx: The music keeps on playing, on and on ..." Leicester
Leicester
Mercury. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ ODNB: A. D. Cousins, "Cleveland, John (bap. 1613, d. 1658)" Retrieved 29 April 2014 ^ Price, W. C. (1978). " Arthur Donald Walsh 8 August 1916-23 April 1977". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 24. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1978.0019.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  ^ " Schwäbisch Hall
Schwäbisch Hall
and its twin towns". Stadt Schwäbisch Hall. Retrieved 26 July 2013.  ^ "Miasta partnerskie - Zamość". Urząd Miasta Zamość
Zamość
(in Polish). Retrieved 26 July 2013.  ^ " Loughborough
Loughborough
twinned towns". 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Loughborough.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Loughborough.

Charnwood Borough Council Loughborough
Loughborough
Town Hall Loughborough
Loughborough
Carillon Charnwood Youth Council

v t e

Towns and villages of the Borough of Charnwood

Towns

Loughborough Shepshed Syston

Large villages

Anstey Barrow upon Soar Birstall East Goscote Mountsorrel Quorn Rothley Sileby Thurmaston

Small villages

Barkby Beeby Burton on the Wolds Cossington Cropston Hathern Hoton Newtown Linford Queniborough Ratcliffe on the Wreake Rearsby Seagrave South Croxton Swithland Thrussington Thurcaston Ulverscroft Walton on the Wolds Wanlip Woodhouse Woodhouse Eaves Wymeswold

Hamlets

Barkby
Barkby
Thorpe Cotes Prestwold

v t e

Ceremonial county of Leicestershire

England
England
Portal

Unitary authorities

Leicester

Boroughs or districts

Blaby Charnwood Harborough Hinckley
Hinckley
and Bosworth Melton North West Leicestershire Oadby
Oadby
and Wigston

Major settlements

Ashby-de-la-Zouch Braunstone Town Castle Donington Coalville Earl Shilton Enderby Hinckley Leicester
Leicester
( Leicester
Leicester
Urban Area) Loughborough Lutterworth Market Bosworth Market Harborough Melton Mowbray Oadby Shepshed Syston Wigston Magna See also: List of civil parishes in Leicestershire

Topics

Birds Museums Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements SSSIs Schools Country Houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Windmills Monastic houses History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 246937415 GN

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