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LOTHAR FENDLER (born 13 August 1913 in Breslau ; date of death unknown, after 1951) was an _SS- Sturmbannführer _, in _Sonderkommando 4b_ of _ Einsatzgruppe C _ and was involved in the murder of the Jews in occupied Ukraine. At the _Einsatzgruppen_ Trial in 1948 Fendler was sentenced to ten years in prison but was released in 1951.

LIFE

Between 1932 and 1934 Fendler studied dentistry. On 15 April 1933 he joined the _SS _, service number 272,603.

From 1934 to 1936 he served in the _ Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
_. After leaving the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
Fendler joined the _ Sicherheitsdienst _ (SD) in 1936. On 1 May 1937 he joined the NSDAP
NSDAP
(number 5,216,392).

In May 1941, Fendler was transferred to _Sonderkommando 4b_ of _Einsatzgruppe C_ to prepare for the _Einsatzgruppe_ actions during Operation Barbarossa , where he was responsible for divisional intelligence. His role according to his testimony at Nuremberg
Nuremberg
was to write reports on the morale of the local population. On 2 October 1941 he was replaced and returned to Berlin.

He was posted back to the _Sonderkommando_ in March 1942 and returned again to Germany in July of the same year. He spent the rest of the war working for SD foreign intelligence. He was subsequently arrested by the Americans and put on trial at Nuremberg
Nuremberg
.

From 1947 to 1948, Fendler was one of 24 defendants in the _Einsatzgruppen_ Trial ; his defence lawyer was Hans Fritz with the assistance of Dr. Gabriele Lehmann. The presiding judge was Michael A. Musmanno.

On 9 April 1948 Fendler was found guilty on the three charges with which he was charged: (1) Crimes against humanity, (2) war crimes, and (3) participation in a criminal organization.

The case against him was based on the question of whether Fendler reported as deputy leader to Günther Herrmann ; this was not conclusively answered. Fendler was certainly Herrmann's second-highest-ranking officer in Sonderkommando 4a and there were only seven officers in the unit.

On 10 April 1948 Fendler was sentenced to ten years in prison.

He served his sentence in Landsberg prison .

REDUCTION OF SENTENCE AND RELEASE

As part of the intensified discussion of West German rearmament after the outbreak of the Korean War in the summer of 1950, on 31 January 1951 High Commissioner for Germany John McCloy assessed the 15 death sentences handed down at Nuremberg
Nuremberg
on the recommendation of the "Advisory Board on Clemency for War Criminals". Four inmates had their sentences commuted to life imprisonment and six given prison sentences of between ten and twenty-five years, but confirmed that five of the death sentences should be still enforced. The judgment against Fendler was reduced to eight years. In December 1951 he was released from prison.

REFERENCES

* Ernst Klee . The people lexicon to the Third Reich. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main, 2007. ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 . (Updated 2nd edition) * Records of the United States Nuremberg
Nuremberg
War Crimes Trials, Vol. 4, U.S. Government Printing Office, District of Columbia 1950, pp. 570–573. * Records of the United States Nuremberg
Nuremberg
War Crimes Trials, Vol. 4, U.S. Government Printing Office, District of Columbia, 1950, p. 11 * Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10, Vol. 4: United States of America vs. Otto Ohlendorf, et al. (Case 9: " Einsatzgruppen case"). U.S. Government Printing Office, District of Columbia, 1950. In: "National Archives Microfilm Publications," NM Series 1874-1946, Microfilm Publication M936. National Archives and Record Service, Washington, 1973. (Excerpts from the verdict of Lothar Fendler: p. 570-573)

* v * t * e

_ Einsatzgruppen _ and _Einsatzkommandos _

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich * Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of _Einsatzgruppen_

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger * Wilhelm Fuchs * Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch * Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of _Einsatzkommandos_, _Sonderkommandos_

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner * Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper * Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz * Franz Six * Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch * Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler * Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann
Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs * Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * _ Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz _ * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* _ Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
_ (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs _Kommando_ * Lithuanian Security Police * _Rollkommando_ Hamann * TDA * _ Ypatingasis būrys _

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto * Minsk Ghetto * Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort * Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * _ Intelligenzaktion _ * _AB-Aktion_ * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino * Zmievskaya Balka * Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book * Commissar Order * _Einsatzgruppen_ trial * _ Generalplan Ost _ * Jäger Report * Korherr Report * Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (_Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen_)

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Ukraine

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia

CRIMES

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobych * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa * Pripyat Swamps

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

* Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Werner Braune * Lothar Fendler * Hans Frank * Günther Herrmann * Friedrich Jeckeln * Ernst Kaltenbrunner * Fritz Katzmann * Erich Koch * Felix Landau * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Otto Ohlendorf * Paul Otto Radomski * Otto Rasch * Walter Schimana
Walter Schimana
* Erwin Schulz * Heinrich Seetzen * Otto Wächter
Otto Wächter
* Dieter Wisliceny

NAZI OCCUPATION AND ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen * Police Regiment South * Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Reichskommissariat Ukraine

COLLABORATORS _Individuals_ Vladimir Katriuk Petro Voinovsky Petro Zakhvalynsky _Organizations_ Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police Nachtigall Battalion

GHETTOS, CAMPS AND PRISONS

* Bogdanovka * Drohobych Ghetto * Syrets concentration camp * Vapniarka concentration camp

RESISTANCE AND SURVIVORS

* Priest\'s Grotto * Syrets inmate revolt

Planning, methods, documents and evidence _Planning_ Generalplan Ost Volksliste _Evidence_ Graebe affidavit

CONCEALMENT AND DENIAL

* Sonderaktion 1005
Sonderaktion 1005

INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

* Einsatzgruppen trial * Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Klymentiy Sheptytsky * Omelyan Kovch * Hermann Friedrich Graebe

MEMORIALS

* Babi Yar memorials * List of Babi Yar victims

See also History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia Transnistria Governorate

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