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Saint
Saint
Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
(Filipino: San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
ng Maynila, Spanish: San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
de Manila
Manila
Latin: Laurentius Ruiz Manilensis ; ca. 1600 – 29 September 1637) is a Filipino saint venerated in the Roman Catholic Church. A Chinese-Filipino, he became the country's protomartyr after his execution in Japan
Japan
by the Tokugawa Shogunate during its persecution of Japanese Christians in the 17th century. Saint
Saint
Lorenzo is patron saint of, among others, the Philippines
Philippines
and the Filipino people.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Martyrdom 3 Path to sainthood

3.1 Cause of beatification and canonization

3.1.1 Miracle

4 Places and things named after Lorenzo Ruiz

4.1 In the Philippines

4.1.1 Places

4.2 Churches 4.3 Educational institutions

4.3.1 Other

4.4 Elsewhere

4.4.1 Other Churches 4.4.2 Educational institutions 4.4.3 Other

5 Other tributes 6 In popular culture

6.1 Film and theatre 6.2 Books

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Early life[edit]

Binondo
Binondo
Church, the main shrine of St Lorenzo Ruiz

Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
was born in Binondo, Manila, to a Chinese father and a Filipino mother who were both Catholic. His father taught him Chinese while his mother taught him Tagalog.[1][2] Ruiz served as an altar boy at the Binondo
Binondo
Church. After being educated by the Dominican friars for a few years, Ruiz earned the title of escribano (calligrapher) because of his skillful penmanship. He became a member of the Cofradia del Santísimo Rosario (Confraternity of the Most Holy Rosary). He married Rosario, a native, and they had two sons and a daughter.[3] The Ruiz family led a generally peaceful, religious and content life. In 1636, whilst working as a clerk for the Binondo
Binondo
Church, Ruiz was falsely accused of killing a Spaniard. Ruiz sought asylum on board a ship with three Dominican priests: Saint
Saint
Antonio Gonzalez, Saint Guillermo Courtet, and Saint
Saint
Miguel de Aozaraza; a Japanese priest, Saint
Saint
Vicente Shiwozuka de la Cruz; and a lay leper Saint
Saint
Lázaro of Kyoto. Ruiz and his companions left for Okinawa
Okinawa
on 10 June 1636, with the aid of the Dominican fathers.[1][2][4] Martyrdom[edit]

Image of Ruiz, with a red sash indicating his status as a martyr, in the convento of St James the Apostle Parish, Plaridel, Bulacan.

The Tokugawa Shogunate
Tokugawa Shogunate
was persecuting Christians by the time Ruiz had arrived in Japan. The missionaries were arrested and thrown into prison, and after two years, they were transferred to Nagasaki
Nagasaki
to face trial by torture. He and his companions faced lots of torture.[3] On 27 September 1637, Ruiz and his companions were taken to the Nishizaka Hill, where they were tortured by being hung upside down over a pit. This form of torture was known as tsurushi (釣殺し) in Japanese or horca y hoya ("gallows and pit") in Spanish. The method was supposed to be extremely painful: though the victim was bound, one hand was always left free so that victims may signal their desire to recant, leading to their release. Ruiz refused to renounce Christianity and died from blood loss and suffocation. His body was cremated, with the ashes thrown into the sea.[1][2][4] According to Latin missionary accounts sent back to Manila, Ruiz declared these words upon his death:

“ ''Ego Catholicus sum et animo prompto paratoque pro Deo mortem obibo. Si mille vitas haberem, cunctas ei offerrem." ("I am a Catholic and wholeheartedly do accept death for God; Had I a thousand lives, all these to Him shall I offer.")[3]

Path to sainthood[edit] Cause of beatification and canonization[edit]

A painting of Ruiz in the stairway of San Carlos Seminary, Makati City.

The Positio Super Introductione Causae or the cause of beatification of Saint
Saint
Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
was written by respected historian, Fr. Fidel Villarroel, O.P. Ruiz was beatified during Pope John Paul II's papal visit to the Philippines.[5][6][7] It was the first beatification ceremony to be held outside the Vatican in history. San Lorenzo Ruiz was canonized by the same pope in the Vatican City
Vatican City
on 18 October 1987, making him the first Filipino saint.[1][2][4] Miracle[edit] His canonization was based on a miracle that took place in 1983, when Cecilia Alegria Policarpio, a two-year-old girl suffering from brain atrophy (hydrocephalus), was cured after her family and supporters prayed to Ruiz for his intercession. She was diagnosed with the condition shortly after birth and was treated at Magsaysay Medical Center.[8] Places and things named after Lorenzo Ruiz[edit] In the Philippines[edit] Places[edit]

San Lorenzo Ruiz, Camarines Norte Barangay San Lorenzo, Makati City Barangay San Lorenzo, Masinloc, Zambales Barangay San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
I and II, Dasmariñas City, Cavite San Lorenzo Village Puan, Davao City

Churches[edit]

Minor Basilica of San Lorenzo Ruiz, Binondo, Manila San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish, Bacoor City, Cavite San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish, Dau Mabalacat City, Pampanga San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Diocesan Church, Bayugan City, Agusan del Sur San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish, Taytay, Rizal San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Chapel, Imnajbu, Batanes San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Chapel, Balanga City, Bataan San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Church, Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish, Tandang Sora, Quezon City San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Chapel, Laurel, Batangas San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish, Tisa, Cebu City San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
de Manila
Manila
Parish Church, San Jose del Monte, Bulacan Saint
Saint
Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Shrine
Shrine
Bangued, Abra San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
and Companion Martyrs Parish, Kaunlaran Village, Navotas City San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish - Talomo, Davao City San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish - Dagatan, Taysan, Batangas San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish - Masipit, Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Church, Gusa, Cagayan De Oro
Cagayan De Oro
City, Misamis Occidental San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parish - Pinagpanaan Talavera, Nueva Ecija,

Educational institutions[edit]

Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Academy, Binondo, Manila Colegio de San Lorenzo, a Catholic college in Quezon City, founded in 1988 Escuela de San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
– Parañaque, Sucat, Parañaque City, founded in 1988 Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
de Manila
Manila
School, Cainta, Rizal, founded in 1990 San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
de Manila
Manila
School, Marikina
Marikina
City, founded in 2003 San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Montessori, Inc., Bulakan, Bulacan Colegio San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
de Pilipinas, Paniqui, Tarlac San Lorenzo School, a non-sectarian school in San Pedro City, Laguna San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Parochial School, Navotas City San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Academy of Polomolok Colegio de San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila
Manila
Inc, Of Catarman, Northern Samar

Other[edit]

Plaza
Plaza
San Lorenzo Ruiz, the present name of the plaza fronting Binondo Church, Manila San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Diocesan Academy Inc. - San Bartolome, San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija founded in 1989 San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Hospital - Naic, Cavite
Cavite
(formerly "The First Filipino Saint
Saint
Hospital") San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Women's Hospital - medical clinic located at Malabon, Philippines San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Bridge, Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines

Elsewhere[edit] Other Churches[edit]

St. Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Catholic Church, a Catholic church in Walnut, California, United States of America[9] Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz
Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz
in New York City, United States of America, opened in 2005 Saint
Saint
Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Chapel, Bjørnevatn, Vatsø, Norway Saint
Saint
Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Church (Parish), Yomitan, Okinawa
Okinawa
Prefecture, Japan

Educational institutions[edit]

San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Elementary School, a Catholic school in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Elementary School, a Catholic school in Markham, Ontario, Canada St Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Elementary School, a Catholic school in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Other[edit]

San Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
de Manila
Manila
Community Center in Sugar Land, Texas, United States of America San Lorenzo R

Other tributes[edit] Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
is included in American painter John Nava's Communion of Saints Tapestries, a depiction of 135 saints and beati which hangs inside the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels
in Los Angeles, California.[10] On 28 September 2007, the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
celebrated the 20th anniversary of Ruiz's canonisation. Then-archbishop of Manila
Manila
Cardinal Gaudencio Rosales
Gaudencio Rosales
said: "Kahit saan nandoon ang mga Pilipino, ang katapatan sa Diyos ay dala-dala ng Pinoy." ("Wheresoever Filipinos are, the Pinoy brings fidelity to God.")[11] A mosaic of St. Lorenzo is found in the Trinity Dome of Mary's National Shrine
Shrine
in Washington DC. In popular culture[edit] Film and theatre[edit]

Ang Buhay ni Lorenzo Ruiz, a 1970 Philippine religious biographical film Lorenzo Ruiz... The Saint... A Filipino!, a 1988 Philippine film Lorenzo, a musical staged in September 2013, by Green Wings Entertainment, with music by Ryan Cayabyab, book and lyrics by Juan Ekis and Paul Dumol, with the collaboration of Joem Antonio, direction by Nonon Padilla, and production by Christopher de Leon.

Books[edit]

Carunungan, Celso Al. To Die a Thousand Deaths: A Novel on the Life and Times of Lorenzo Ruiz, Social Studies Publications, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1980. Delgado, Antonio C. The Making of The First Filipino Saint, The Ala-Ala Foundation, 1982.

See also[edit]

Ignacia del Espiritu Santo Jerónima de la Asunción Kakure Kirishitan Martha de San Bernardo, the first Filipino nun Martyrs of Japan Pedro Calungsod, the second Filipino saint

References[edit]

^ a b c d "Visit of Her Excellency President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to Participate in the 2005 World Summit
2005 World Summit
- High Level plenary session of the 60th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, New York, United States of America, 12–15 September 2005", Press Kit, Office of the President, Government Mass Media Group, Bureau of Communications Services, Manila, September, 2005. ^ a b c d Religion-Cults.com Dominguez, J, M.D., September 29: Saints of the Day, Saint
Saint
Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
and Companions, 1600-1637, Religion-Cults.com, retrieved on: 10 June 2007 ^ a b c Foley O.F.M., Leonard. Saint
Saint
of the Day, Lives, Lessons and Feast, (revised by Pat McCloskey O.F.M), Franciscan
Franciscan
Media ^ a b c Filipino Apostolate/Archdiocese of New York, Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz, ChapelofSanLorenzoRuiz.org, retrieved on: 9 June 2007 ^ azheepineda. "UST Archives director Fr. Fidel Villarroel, O.P. : Master key to UST's past". Skyrock.  ^ "2-volume UST history charts evolution of higher education in the Philippines". inquirer.net.  ^ "UST historian named Master of Theology". The Varsitarian.  ^ The Pinoy Catholic. "The Pinoy Catholic: St. Lorenzo Ruiz". thepinoycatholic.blogspot.com.  ^ "ParishWorld.org". stlorenzo.org.  ^ "Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels". olacathedral.org.  ^ "Roxas may slide down for Poe, says LP" (TXT). Newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2015-05-17. [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Cause for Beatification Mosaic in Saint
Saint
Peter's Basilica St. Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
in the Communion of Saints Tapestries St. Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
Prayer in times of adversity. Translated into Spanish by José Tlatelpas, traditional version in English and Tagalog. Published in the Canadian Hispanic webzine "La Guirnalda Polar". Lorenzo Ruiz
Lorenzo Ruiz
at Find a Grave LORENZO, a musical on the life of Lorenzo Ruiz [1]

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