Logic Pro is a digital audio workstation (DAW) and
software application for the macOS platform. It was originally created
in the early 1990s as Notator Logic, or Logic, by German software
developer C-Lab, later Emagic. It became an Apple product, eventually
known as Logic Pro, after Apple bought
Emagic in 2002. It is the 2nd
most popular DAW according to a survey conducted in 2015.
A consumer-level version based on the same interface and audio engine
but with reduced features, called Logic Express, was also available at
a reduced cost. Apple's GarageBand, another application using
Logic’s audio engine, is bundled in iLife, a suite of software which
comes included on any new
Macintosh computer. On December 8, 2011, the
boxed version of
Logic Pro was discontinued, along with Logic Express,
Logic Pro is now only available through the Mac App
1.1 Software instruments
1.2 Audio effects
1.3 Distributed processing
2.1 Creator and Notator
3.1 Early versions
Logic Pro 7
Logic Pro 8
Logic Pro 9
Logic Pro X
4 See also
6 External links
Logic Pro provides software instruments, audio effects and recording
facilities for music synthesis. It also supports Apple Loops –
royalty-free professionally recorded instrument loops.
Logic Pro and
Express share many functions and the same interface.
Logic Express is
limited to two-channel stereo mixdown, while
Logic Pro can handle
multichannel surround sound. Both can handle up to 255 audio tracks,
depending on system performance (
CPU and hard disk throughput and seek
Logic Pro can work with
MIDI keyboards and control surfaces for
input and processing, and for
MIDI output. It features real-time
scoring in musical notation, supporting guitar tablature, chord
abbreviations and drum notation.
The software instruments included in
Logic Pro X include:Drum Kit
Designer, Drum Machine Designer, ES, ES2, EFM1, ES E, ES M, ES P, EVOC
20 PolySynth, EXS24 mkII, Klopfgeist, Retro Synth, Sculpture,
Ultrabeat, Vintage B3, Vintage Clav, Vintage Electric Piano. These
instruments produce sound in various ways, through subtractive
synthesis (ES, ES2, ES E, ES M, ES P, Retro Synth), frequency
modulation synthesis (EFM1), wavetable synthesis (ES2, Retro Synth),
vocoding (EVOC 20 PolySynth), sampling (EXS24 mikII, Drum Kit
Designer), and component modeling techniques (Ultrabeat, Vintage B3,
Vintage Clav, and Vintage Electric Piano, Sculpture). As of version
Logic Pro X also includes Alchemy, a sample-manipulation
synthesizer that was previously developed by Camel Audio. The
software instruments are activated by
MIDI information that can be
inputed via a
MIDI instrument or drawn into the
The Space Designer plugin attempts to emulate the characteristic echo
and reverberation of a physical environment, using a method called
Audio effects include amp and guitar pedal emulators, delay effects,
distortion effects, dynamics processors, equalization filters, filter
effects, imaging processors, metering tools, modulation effects, pitch
effects, and reverb effects. Among Logic's reverb plugins is Space
Designer, which uses convolution reverb to simulate the acoustics of
audio played in different environments, such as rooms of varying size,
or emulate the echoes that might be heard on high mountains.
The application features distributed processing abilities (in 32-bit
mode), which can function across an
Ethernet LAN. One machine runs the
Logic Pro app, while the other machines on the network run the Logic
node app. Logic will then offload the effects and synth processing to
the other machines on the network. If the network is fast enough (i.e.
gigabit Ethernet) this can work in near real-time, depending on buffer
CPU loads. This allows users to combine the power of
Macintosh computers to process Logic Pro’s built-in software
instruments and plug-ins, and 3rd party processing plug-ins. As of
version 10.0.7, Logic can access 24 processing threads, which is
inline with Apple's flagship 12-core Mac Pro.
Creator and Notator
In the mid-to-late 1980s, Gerhard Lengeling and Chris Adam developed a
MIDI sequencer program for the
Atari ST platform called Creator. When
musical notation capabilities were added, this became Notator, and
later Notator SL. For simplicity these three are collectively referred
to as Notator.
Its main rivals at the time included Performer, Vision & Steinberg
MIDI sequencers presented a song as a linear set of tracks;
however, Notator and Vision were pattern-based sequencers: songs were
built by recording patterns (which might represent for example Intro,
Verse, Chorus, Middle-8, Outro) with up to 16 tracks each, then
assembling an Arrangement of these patterns, with up to 4 patterns
playing simultaneously at any one time in the song. This more
closely resembled working principles of hardware sequencers of the
1970s and 1980s.
In its time, Notator was widely regarded (by musicians and the musical
press of the time e.g. International Musician) as one of the most
powerful and intuitive sequencing and notation programs available on
any platform, but afterward the popularity of Steinberg's Cubase
increased and track-based sequencing prevailed over pattern-based,
resulting in the eventual greater integration and hybridization of the
two methods in later versions of both
Cubase and Logic.
The C-Lab programmers left that company to form Emagic, and in 1993
released a new program, Notator Logic, which attempted to fuse both
track- and pattern-based operation (but looked much more like
track-based sequencers than Notator). While rich in features, early
versions of Logic on the Atari lacked the intuitiveness and immediacy
Cubase or Notator, and never achieved the same success.
However, by this time the Atari was becoming obsolete, and part of the
reason why Notator Logic had been written from scratch with an object
oriented GUI (though it shared the same nomenclature as its
predecessor) was to make it easier to port to other platforms. The
Notator preface was dropped from the product name and the software
became known as simply Logic.
As later versions of the software became available for
Mac OS and
Windows platforms, and acquired ever more sophisticated functions
(especially in audio processing) to take advantage of increased
computing power, Logic, together with the rise of the PC, gained
Emagic in July 2002. The announcement included the
news that development of the Windows version would no longer continue.
This announcement caused controversy in the recording industry with an
estimated 70,000 users having invested in the Windows route not
wishing to reinvest in a complete new system. Despite much speculation
in various Pro Audio forums however, exactly how many users may have
abandoned Logic upon its acquisition by Apple, or abandoned the
Windows platform for the Mac version, remains unknown, but Apple
Pro Apps revenue has steadily increased since Apple's acquisition of
Emagic, (roughly $2bn a year as of Q1 2014).
Logic 5 featured significant improvements in user interface, and
increased compatibility with more types of computers, operating
systems, and a wide range of audio interfaces. Logic 5.5.1 was the
last version to be released for Windows. From Logic 6 onwards, the
software would only be available on Mac OS.
With Logic 6,
Emagic added the availability of separately packaged
software products that were closely integrated add-ons developed
specifically for use with Logic, including software instruments, the
EXS sampler and audio processing plug-ins. The Logic 6 package also
included the stand-alone program Waveburner, for burning redbook audio
CD standard-compliant CDR masters for replication, however, that
application was considered a free bonus feature; it was not advertised
as part of the package and did not include printed documentation. PDF
documentation was included on the installer disc.
In March 2004 Apple released
Logic Pro 6, which consolidated over 20
Emagic products, including all instrument and effect
plug-ins, Waveburner Pro (CD Authoring application), and
Pro Tools TDM
support, into a single product package. Apple also released a scaled
down version of Logic called Logic Express, replacing two previous
versions that filled that position called Logic Silver and Logic Gold.
Apple began promoting
Logic Pro as one of its flagship software
‘Pro’ applications for the
Logic Pro 7
Logic Pro 7 was released September 29, 2004. Most notably, Apple
modified the interface of Logic 7 to look more like a product that was
developed by Apple.
Logic Pro 7 included: the integration of Apple Loops,
Distributed Audio Processing (a technology for combining the power of
multiple computers on a network), 3 new instruments including
Sculpture (a sound modeling synth) and Ultrabeat (a drum synth and
sequencer), and 9 new effect plug-ins including
Guitar Amp Pro (guitar
amp simulator), and a linear phase corrected version of their 6
channel parametric equalizer. In total,
Logic Pro 7 now included 70
effect plug-ins and 34 instrument plug-ins.
Pro-Tools TDM compatibility, which had been a feature of Logic since
version 3.5, was not supported by Logic 7.2 on Intel-based Mac
computers; TDM support returned with the release of Logic 8.
Logic Pro 8
On September 12, 2007, Apple released the
Logic Studio suite that
Logic Pro 8.
Logic Pro was no longer a separate product,
although a limited version
Logic Express 8 was released on the same
day, and remained a separate product.
Significant changes were made for Logic 8.
Logic Pro 8 was now mainly
Cocoa code, but still included some Carbon Libraries.[clarification
needed] Alongside changes such as the new processing plug-in (Delay
Designer), Apple included features such as Quick Swipe Comping,
Soundtrack Pro 2, and multi-take management.
Apple also made changes to ease of use. These include the
discontinuation of the XSKey dongle, and a streamlined interface. Each
plug-in used in the channel strip opens in a new window when
double-clicked. Many of the features found in Logic 7 have been
consolidated into one screen. Other additions to the new interface
included consolidated arrange windows, dual channel strips, built in
browsers (like that in GarageBand) and production templates.
Logic Pro 9
On July 23, 2009,
Logic Pro 9 was announced. A major new feature
included "Flex Time", Apple's take on "elastic" audio, which allows
audio to be quantized. A version of the pedalboard from GarageBand
was included, together with a new virtual guitar amplifier where the
modeled components could be combined in different ways. There were
also a number of improvements to audio editing, fulfilled user
requests such as "bounce in place" and selective track and channel
strip import, as well as an expanded content library including one
more Jam Pack. Some of the bundled software, including MainStage 2 and
Soundtrack Pro 3, was also improved.
Logic Pro 9 is Universal Binary,
although not officially supported for use on PowerPC computers.
SoundDiver, which had been quietly bundled with previous versions, was
dropped, eliminating support for arguably the world's most popular
synthesizer editor/librarian. As Apple has bundled so many software
instruments with Logic, it is not likely that we'll see the return of
integration with external synthesizer hardware to the Logic
On January 12, 2010, Apple released
Logic Pro 9.1, an Intel only
release, thereby officially discontinuing Logic for the PowerPC
Logic Pro 9.1 has the option of running in 64-bit mode,
which allows the application to address more memory than in the past.
Says Apple "With 64-bit mode, the application memory is not limited to
4GB as with 32-bit applications, so there is essentially no practical
limit by today's standards." Third party plug-ins that are 32-bit are
still compatible, but will run from a 'wrapper' inside Logic Pro
On December 9, 2011, Apple announced that
Logic Pro Studio 9 would no
longer be available on DVD, and would only be sold via the Mac App
Store. The price was reduced from $499 to $199.99 for the Logic Pro
app, and $29.99 for MainStage. The download was just over 400MB, and
19GB of optional loops were available as in-app downloads.
This version of
Logic Pro Studio 9 no longer allows users to access
any microtunings in Scala format other than those provided with the
software by Apple.
Logic Pro X
Released as successor to
Logic Pro 9 on July 16, 2013,
Logic Pro X
(10.0.0) included a new, single-window customizable interface, with a
design in line with Final Cut Pro X, as well as new features. New
tools in this release are Drummer, a virtual session player that
automatically plays along with your song in a wide variety of drumming
styles and techniques, and Flex Pitch, a Flex Time equivalent for
pitch editing in audio recordings. Also, a new "Smart Controls"
feature allows users to map parameters from an array of plugins to a
single, convenient control interface. Redesigned keyboards and synths
were included, together with new stomp boxes, bass amp and drum kit
designers, and a chord arpeggiator. A completely rebuilt sound and
loop library was introduced, along with a new Patch architecture.
Logic Pro X has also improved track organization by allowing users to
group multiple tracks into 'folder' like categories (e.g., acoustics,
synthesizers, vocals, percussion, etc.). In addition to this
Logic Pro X allows individuals to trigger 'solo,'
'mute,' and 'volume' controls for each group. Further improvements
were made to score editing, exporting (now compatible with MusicXML
format), and introduces
MIDI plug-in compatibility. Coinciding with
the release of
Logic Pro X was the release of a companion iPad app
called Logic Remote, which allows wireless control of
Logic Pro X,
including Touch Instruments for playing and recording software
instruments as well as tools for navigating, making basic edits and
Since this release,
Logic Pro X runs in 64-bit mode only and no longer
works with 32-bit plug-ins.
Logic Pro X is capable of transferring
most data from previous projects saved in
Logic Pro 5 and later,
though the transfer to 64-bit only means older 32-bit plugins will no
Comparison of multitrack recording software
^ "New in
Logic Pro X 10.4.1". March 1, 2018.
^ "MusicRadar - Logic 9.1 Release". Retrieved January 21, 2015.
^ "The Top 11 Most Popular DAWs (You Voted For)". ask.audio. Retrieved
^ "The Logic Pros: A look at Logic's new heavy weight sample
manipulation synth Alchemy". Retrieved September 1, 2015.
^ Vaughn, Mac. "History of DAW". Logitunes. Archived from the original
on December 2, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2014. Emagic, a software
company based in Germany, was known for its early music sequencer
called “Creator”. Creator was followed by Notator, which ran on
Atari ST platform. Notator Logic was launched in 1992 for both
Macintosh and Windows.
Emagic quickly dropped the “Notator”
from the name and was redesigned with a new look and called Emagic
Logic. In 2002, Apple bought the software and discontinued all Windows
based support for the program. Today, Logic still only exists on the
Apple platform and is widely regarded as one of the most popular DAWS
^ Houghton, Matt. "Play Order Track". SoundOnSound. Retrieved 2
December 2014. Like Notator, Vision, and several other of the early
MIDI sequencers, it was pattern-based. There was no timeline, no
timeline-based looping of selections, and no arrange page. This method
was more like a relational database than a modern computer sequencer.
Users programmed various parts, comprising rhythms, chords and
melodies, then programmed the order and number of repetitions of each
of these parts to form songs.
^ "The Audio Interface Choice". Home Studio. Retrieved 6 April
^ "Apple Acquires Emagic". Apple, Inc. Retrieved February 13,
^ "Apple Drops
Emagic Bombshell". The Register. Retrieved July 1,
^ "Apple Pro Apps Quarterly Revenue". Alex4D. Retrieved July 28,
^ According to Digidesign’s compatibility document for
Pro Tools TDM
HD 7.2 and 7.3,
Logic Pro will require a future update from Apple to
Pro Tools HD DAE for Intel-based Macs."
^ "A First Look At
Logic Pro 9". XLR8R. July 24, 2009. Archived from
the original on October 1, 2009. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
Logic Pro 9 Product Page on Mac App Store". Apple, Inc. Retrieved
December 9, 2011.
^ a b "Review:
Logic Pro X loses none of its power, gains great new
features". Macworld. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
Logic Remote Webpage
The History of Logic
Apple Loops Utility
Impulse Response Utility
Software by Apple Inc.
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Final Cut Pro X
Apple Remote Desktop
Classic Mac OS
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Comparison of digital audio editors
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List of music software
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