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In England, local enterprise partnerships (LEPs) are voluntary partnerships between local authorities and businesses set up in 2011 by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
to help determine local economic priorities and lead economic growth and job creation within the local area. They carry out some of the functions previously carried out by the regional development agencies which were abolished in March 2012. In March 2017 Northamptonshire LEP merged with South East Midlands LEP under the name and aegis of the latter, so that to date there are now 38 local enterprise partnerships in operation. Further mergers may take place in the future.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 City deals

2 List of LEPs 3 LEPs and Brexit 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The abolition of regional development agencies and the creation of local enterprise partnerships were announced as part of the June 2010 United Kingdom budget.[2] On 29 June 2010 a letter was sent from the Department for Communities and Local Government
Department for Communities and Local Government
and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills to local authority and business leaders, inviting proposals to replace regional development agencies in their areas by 6 September 2010.[3] On 7 September 2010, details were released of 56 proposals for local enterprise partnerships that had been received.[4] On 6 October 2010, during the Conservative Party Conference, it was revealed that 22 had been given the provisional 'green light' to proceed and others might later be accepted with amendments.[5] 24 bids were announced as successful on 28 October 2010.[6][7] LEPs were set up on a volunteer basis without any public funding and struggled to make progress. A report by Michael Heseltine
Michael Heseltine
in October 2012, No Stone Unturned, was largely accepted by Government, and proposed delegating funds from central government to LEPs, including:

a share of a £1,400m Local Growth Fund to generate growth, allocated through competitive bidding; getting LEPs to draw up plans for local growth as the basis for negotiation on the money in the Fund realigning the management of the EU Structural and Investment Funds in England
England
to follow the plans made by LEPs.

City deals[edit] The LEP areas of Greater Birmingham
Birmingham
and Solihull, Greater Manchester, Leeds City Region, North Eastern, Sheffield City Region, and West of England
England
were included in the first wave of 'city deals' in 2012.[8] List of LEPs[edit] Local enterprise partnership areas are allowed to overlap so a local authority is permitted to be part of more than one local enterprise partnership.[note 1][9] To date there are 38 local enterprise partnerships in operation:

Local enterprise partnership Local authority areas

Black Country [1] West Midlands (part): Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall, Wolverhampton

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Thames Valley [2] [note 2] Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(all)

Cheshire and Warrington
Warrington
[3] Cheshire East
Cheshire East
(unitary) Cheshire West and Chester
Cheshire West and Chester
(unitary) Warrington
Warrington
(unitary)

Coast to Capital [4] [note 2] Brighton and Hove
Brighton and Hove
(unitary) East Sussex
East Sussex
(part): Lewes Greater London
Greater London
(part): Croydon Surrey (part): Epsom and Ewell, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Tandridge West Sussex
West Sussex
(all)

Cornwall
Cornwall
and Isles of Scilly
Isles of Scilly
[5] Cornwall
Cornwall
(unitary) Isles of Scilly
Isles of Scilly
(unitary)

Coventry
Coventry
and Warwickshire
Warwickshire
[6] Warwickshire
Warwickshire
(all) West Midlands (part): Coventry

Cumbria
Cumbria
[7] Cumbria
Cumbria
(all)

"D2N2" (Derby, Derbyshire, Nottingham
Nottingham
and Nottinghamshire) [8] [note 2] Derby
Derby
(unitary) Derbyshire
Derbyshire
(all) Nottingham
Nottingham
(unitary) Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
(all)

Dorset
Dorset
[9] Bournemouth
Bournemouth
(unitary) Dorset
Dorset
(all) Poole
Poole
(unitary)

Enterprise M3 [10] [note 2] Hampshire (part): Basingstoke and Deane, East Hampshire, Hart, New Forest, Rushmoor, Test Valley, Winchester Surrey (part): Elmbridge, Guildford, Runnymede, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Waverley, Woking

GFirst LEP [11] Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
(all)

Greater Birmingham
Birmingham
and Solihull [12] [note 2] Staffordshire
Staffordshire
(part): Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Tamworth West Midlands (part): Birmingham, Solihull Worcestershire
Worcestershire
(part): Bromsgrove, Redditch, Wyre Forest

Greater Cambridge and Greater Peterborough
Peterborough
[13] [note 2] Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
(all) Essex
Essex
(part): Uttlesford Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
(part): North Hertfordshire Norfolk
Norfolk
(part): King's Lynn and West Norfolk Suffolk
Suffolk
(part): Forest Heath, St Edmundsbury Peterborough
Peterborough
(unitary) Rutland
Rutland
(unitary)

Greater Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
[14] [note 2] Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(all) North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(unitary) North East Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(unitary)

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
[15] Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
(all)

Heart of the South West [16] Devon
Devon
(all) Somerset
Somerset
(all)

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
[17] [note 2] Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
(all)

Humber [18] [note 2] East Riding of Yorkshire
East Riding of Yorkshire
(unitary) Kingston upon Hull
Kingston upon Hull
(unitary) North East Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(unitary) North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(unitary)

Lancashire
Lancashire
[19] Lancashire
Lancashire
(all) Blackburn with Darwen
Blackburn with Darwen
(unitary) Blackpool
Blackpool
(unitary)

Leeds City Region
Leeds City Region
[20] [note 2] South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
(part): Barnsley North Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
(part): Craven, Harrogate, Selby West Yorkshire
West Yorkshire
(all) York
York
(unitary)

Leicester
Leicester
and Leicestershire
Leicestershire
[21] Leicester
Leicester
(unitary) Leicestershire
Leicestershire
(all)

Liverpool City Region
Liverpool City Region
[22] Halton (unitary) Merseyside
Merseyside
(all)

London Enterprise Panel [23] [note 2][note 3][10] Greater London
Greater London
(all)

New Anglia [24] [note 2] Norfolk
Norfolk
(all) Suffolk
Suffolk
(all)

North East [25] County Durham
County Durham
(unitary) Northumberland
Northumberland
(unitary) Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
(all)

Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
[26] [note 2] Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
(all)

Sheffield City Region
Sheffield City Region
[27] [note 2] Derbyshire
Derbyshire
(part): Bolsover, Chesterfield, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Dales, North East Derbyshire Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
(part): Bassetlaw South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
(all)

Solent [28] [note 2] Hampshire (part): East Hampshire, Eastleigh, Fareham, Gosport, Havant, New Forest, Test Valley, Winchester Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
(unitary) Portsmouth
Portsmouth
(unitary) Southampton
Southampton
(unitary)

South East [29] [note 2] East Sussex
East Sussex
(all) Essex
Essex
(all) Kent
Kent
(all) Medway
Medway
(unitary) Southend-on-Sea
Southend-on-Sea
(unitary) Thurrock
Thurrock
(unitary)

South East Midlands [30] [note 2] Bedford (unitary) Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(part): Aylesbury Vale Central Bedfordshire
Central Bedfordshire
(unitary) Luton
Luton
(unitary) Milton Keynes (unitary) Northamptonshire (all) Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
(part): Cherwell

Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
and Staffordshire
Staffordshire
[31] [note 2] Staffordshire
Staffordshire
(all) Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
(unitary)

Swindon and Wiltshire
Wiltshire
[32] Swindon (unitary) Wiltshire
Wiltshire
(unitary)

Tees Valley [33] Darlington (unitary) Hartlepool (unitary) Middlesbrough
Middlesbrough
(unitary) Redcar and Cleveland
Redcar and Cleveland
(unitary) Stockton-on-Tees (unitary)

Thames Valley Berkshire [34] Bracknell Forest
Bracknell Forest
(unitary) Reading (unitary) Slough
Slough
(unitary) West Berkshire
West Berkshire
(unitary) Windsor and Maidenhead (unitary) Wokingham (unitary)

The Marches [35] Herefordshire
Herefordshire
(unitary) Shropshire
Shropshire
(unitary) Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
(unitary)

West of England
England
[36] Bath and North East Somerset
Somerset
(unitary) Bristol
Bristol
(unitary) North Somerset
Somerset
(unitary) South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
(unitary)

Worcestershire
Worcestershire
[37] [note 2] Worcestershire
Worcestershire
(all)

York, North Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
and East Riding [38] [note 2] North Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
(all) York
York
(unitary) East Riding of Yorkshire
East Riding of Yorkshire
(unitary)

LEPs and Brexit[edit] LEPs are researching the possible effect of Brexit
Brexit
on local economies. For example, Solent LEP has commissioned a report from Oxford Economics on the implications of Brexit.[11] See also[edit]

Local government in England History of local government in England Local strategic partnership Local transport bodies Combined authority

Notes[edit]

^ The local authority areas in two LEPs are Aylesbury Vale, Barnsley, Bassetlaw, Bolsover, Bromsgrove, Cannock Chase, Cherwell, Chesterfield, Craven, Croydon, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Dales, East Hampshire, East Riding of Yorkshire, East Staffordshire, Forest Heath, Harrogate, King's Lynn and West Norfolk, Lewes, Lichfield, New Forest, North East Derbyshire, North East Lincolnshire, North Hertfordshire, North Lincolnshire, Redditch, Selby, St Edmundsbury, Tamworth, Test Valley, Uttlesford, Winchester, Wyre Forest, and York ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Overlaps with other LEPs ^ Advisory role only; economic functions are the responsibility of the Mayor of London

References[edit]

^ http://www.bis.gov.uk/policies/economic-development/leps ^ Mark Hoban (22 June 2010). Budget 2010 (PDF). HM Treasury. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "Local enterprise partnerships". Department of Communities and Local Government. 29 June 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
(7 September 2010). "New Local Enterprise Partnerships criss-cross the country". News Distribution Service. Archived from the original on 13 September 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ Allister Hayman (6 October 2010). "LEPs: 22 bald men fighting over a comb?". Local Government Chronicle. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "Live blog: Sub-national economic growth white paper". 28 October 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.  ^ Allister Hayman (7 September 2010). "The geography of LEPs: final list". Local Government Chronicle. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/news/cities-economic-power-unlocked-in-radical-power-shift ^ Colin Marrs (27 August 2010). "Array of LEP proposals emerge in Yorkshire". Regen.net. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-15. Retrieved 2012-09-01.  ^ https://solentlep.org.uk/media/1887/solent-lep-baseline-forecasts-and-the-implications-of-brexit.pdf

External links[edit]

The LEP Network Embeddable map of all the LEPs

v t e

Economic development in England

Local enterprise partnerships

Greater Birmingham
Birmingham
and Solihull

Regional development agencies (abolished 2012)

East East Midlands London North East North West South East South West West Midlands Yorkshire an

.