''Lloyd's List'' is one of the world's oldest continuously running journals, having provided weekly shipping news in London as early as 1734. It was published daily until 2013 (when the final print issue, number 60,850, was published), and is in constantly updated digital format only since then.
Also known simply as ''The List'', it was begun by Edward Lloyd, the proprietor of Lloyd's Coffee House
, as a reliable and concise source of information for the merchants' agents and insurance underwriters who met regularly in his establishment in Lombard Street
to negotiate insurance coverage for trading vessels. The digital version, updated hour-to-hour and used internationally, continues to fulfil a similar purpose. Today it covers information, analysis and knowledge relevant to the shipping industry, including marine insurance
, offshore energy, logistics, market data, research, global trade and law, in addition to shipping news.
Predecessor publications are known. One historian, Michael Palmer, wrote that: "No later than January 1692, Lloyd began publishing a weekly newsletter, ‘Ships Arrived at and Departed from several Ports of England, as I have Account of them in London... nd
An Account of what English Shipping and Foreign Ships for England, I hear of in Foreign Ports’". However, claims that ''Lloyd's List'' is the oldest continuously published newspaper in the world are disputed. The World Association of Newspapers
lists three earlier, extant titles.
Research on the history of Edward Lloyd, the founder of the coffee house, was carried out by Charles Wright and C. Ernest Fayle, authors of ''A History of Lloyd's'', published in 1928 and cited by classification society Lloyd's Register
The coffee house is first mentioned in 1689 in the ''London Gazette''
, when it was based in Tower Street. In 1691, Lloyd moved the premises to Lombard Street, close to the Royal Exchange
at the heart of London’s trading activity. It became popular with merchants involved with the shipping industry, attracting a crowd that came regularly for news and gossip that Lloyd collected for clients. ''Lloyd’s News'' was published three times a week with no particular emphasis on shipping from 1696 to 1697. However, news continued to be read aloud at the coffee house.
In 1713 Lloyd died, leaving the lease of his coffee house to his son-in-law and head waiter William Newton. Newton died the following year, and Edward Lloyd's daughter Handy re-married to Samuel Sheppard. She died in 1720, leaving no Lloyd family member connected to the coffee house. Sheppard died in 1727, leaving it to his sister Elizabeth and her husband, Thomas Jemson. Jemson founded the ''Lloyd's List'' that is known today, when he launched a weekly shipping intelligence publication. Publication was weekly until March 1735, then twice weekly, on Tuesdays and Fridays, according to Palmer.
By the 1760s the coffee house was reported to have acquired a bad reputation. One of the waiters secured new premises in Pope's Head Alley and from there in 1769, the New ''Lloyd’s List'' began, according to Lloyd's Register. The paper was published every day except Sundays from 1 July 1837. In July 1884 ''Lloyd's List'' merged with the ''Shipping and Mercantile Gazette''.
''Lloyd's List'' has spawned several spin-off titles, including sister title ''Insurance Day'', owned by Informa plc.
In 2009, ''Lloyd's List'' went through a major re-design that encompassed both the masthead and the newspaper itself.
In 2011, a ''Lloyd’s List'' app
was launched in the Apple iTunes
In 2012, Containerisation International was included on ''Lloyd's List''.
From 20 December 2013, ''Lloyd's List'' was published in digital format only, as it was found that fewer than 2% of customers used the print version.
In April 2017 the app was decommissioned from services; developers made the online portal mobile-friendly.
* Cameron, Alan, and Roy Farndon. ''Scenes from sea and city: Lloyd's list 1734-1984'' (Lloyd's List, 1984), 250th. special anniversary supplement.
* McCusker, John J. "The Early History of ‘Lloyd's List’." ''Historical Research'' 64#155 (1991): 427-431.
1893-94 and 1896-99
Category:Magazines published in England
Category:Water transport in England
Category:Newspapers published in London
Category:Publications established in 1734
Category:1734 establishments in England
Category:History of insurance