The following is a list of women who have been elected head of state or government of their respective countries since the interwar period (1918–1939), and below that is a list of appointed heads of state. The first list includes female presidents who are heads of state and may also be heads of government, as well as female heads of government who are not concurrently head of state, such as prime ministers. The list does not include female monarchs who are heads of state (but not of government). Yevgenia Bosch is sometimes considered the first modern woman leader of a national government. She was Minister of Interior and the Acting Leader in 1917-18 of the People's Secretariat of Ukraine in the Ukrainian People's Republic of Soviets, one of Soviet puppet states that existed on the territory of Ukraine during Soviet–Ukrainian War. Khertek Anchimaa-Toka, of the mostly unrecognized and now-defunct Tuvan People's Republic, is regarded as "first ever elected woman head of state in the world". She became the chair of the country's presidium in 1940. The first woman to be democratically elected as prime minister of a country was Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka), when she led her party to victory at the 1960 general election. The first woman to serve as president of a country was Isabel Martínez de Perón of Argentina, who as vice-president succeeded to the presidency in 1974 after the death of her husband. The first woman elected president of a country was Vigdís Finnbogadóttir of Iceland, who won the 1980 presidential election as well as three others to also become the longest-serving non-hereditary female head of state in history (16 years and 0 days in office). Women office holders such as Prime Ministers of Peru and South Korea are included in the list of elected or appointed female deputy heads of state, since in these countries, a president is the head of both state and government.

Elected or appointed female chief executives

This list includes women who were appointed by a governing committee or parliament where heads of state or government are not directly elected by citizens. The list does not include women chosen by a hereditary monarch.
Acting capacity only

Female members of collective head-of-state bodies

Female viceregal representatives

*''Italics'' denotes an acting chief executive Below are women who have been appointed representatives of heads of state, such as female governors-general and French representatives of Andorra. As governors-general are appointed representatives of the monarch of the Commonwealth realms (currently Elizabeth II) and the French Representatives of Andorra are appointed representatives of the French Co-Prince of Andorra (currently Emmanuel Macron), they act as heads of state and carry out on a regular basis the functions and duties associated with such a role in the Commonwealth realms (excluding the United Kingdom, which has no governor-general, as the monarch of the Commonwealth realms primarily resides there) and Andorra, respectively.

See also

* List of elected and appointed female deputy heads of government *List of elected or appointed female deputy heads of state *Female president of the United States in popular culture * Council of Women World Leaders * List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office * List of vicereines in Canada *Women in government *List of the first women heads of government and state in Muslim-majority countries *List of female hereditary rulers



External links

List of Current Women Heads of State

(Zárate's Political Collections)
Council of Women World Leaders
{{Women in government Heads of state Female Heads of state Category:Feminism