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Lisbon
Lisbon
metropolitan area (Portuguese: Área Metropolitana de Lisboa, or AML) is an administrative division that includes 18 municipalities (concelhos) in Portugal[4] and is a designated Level II and Level III Portuguese NUTS region.

Contents

1 Overview 2 Structure 3 Municipalities 4 Irregularities 5 Portuguese cultural regions 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Overview[edit] The Lisbon
Lisbon
metropolitan area, centered in the Portuguese capital city of Lisbon, is the largest population concentration in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 2,821,876, of which 547,733 (19.4%) lives in the city of Lisbon. 26.7% of the total population of Portugal
Portugal
lives in the Lisbon
Lisbon
metropolitan area.[5] The area of the Lisbon
Lisbon
metropolitan area is 3,015.24 km², which is 3.3% of the total area of Portugal.[6] The Lisbon
Lisbon
metropolitan area has an active population of about 1.3 million people. With 32.7% of the national employment being located in its territory, the contribution of AML for the Gross Domestic Product surpasses 36%. Today, the Lisbon
Lisbon
metropolitan area territory is almost the same as Lisbon
Lisbon
Region territory, being AML a union of metropolitan municipalities, and Lisbon
Lisbon
Region a NUTS II
NUTS II
region. The municipalities north of the Tagus River are from Lisbon
Lisbon
District (Grande Lisboa), those south of the river are from Setubal District (Península de Setúbal). Structure[edit] The metropolitan area of Lisbon
Lisbon
was a semi-official structure. Recently, Portugal
Portugal
has been incrementing the powers held by these territorial organization organs. In the officialization of the Lisbon Great Metropolitan Area, Azambuja left due to being mostly a rustic zone, more kindred to the city of Santarém which lies just 23 km NE, while Lisbon
Lisbon
is 45 km away from Azambuja, SE. In the official AML site is said: As stated on the law 10/2003, of the 13 of May, the Grande Área Metropolitana de Lisboa ( Lisbon
Lisbon
Great Metropolitan Area) is a public collective person of associative nature, and of territorial scope that aims to reach common public interests of the municipalities that integrate it, that includes (18 City Halls) – Alcochete, Almada, Barreiro, Cascais, Lisboa, Loures, Mafra, Moita, Montijo, Odivelas, Oeiras, Palmela, Sesimbra, Setúbal, Seixal, Sintra
Sintra
and Vila Franca de Xira. The Grande Área Metropolitana de Lisboa was constituted, by public scripture, in 2004 and published on 5 July 2004, in the III series of the Diário da República. It is composed by three organs: · Junta Metropolitana, executive organ, composed by the 18 Presidents of the City Halls that it integrates. They elect among themselves, a President and two Vice Presidents. Assembleia Metropolitana, legislative organ, composed by the chosen representatives in the Municipal Assembly of the City Halls, in odd number, over the triple of the number of the towns that it integrates, in a maximum of 55. Conselho Metropolitano, consultative organ, composed by representatives of the State and by the members of the Junta Metropolitana. Municipalities[edit]

Municipality Area (km²)[6] Population (2011)[5] N.U.T.S. III inclusion District inclusion Cultural Region inclusion

Amadora 23.78 175,136 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Estremadura

Cascais 97.40 206,479 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Estremadura

Lisbon 100.05 547,733 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Estremadura

Loures 167.24 205,054 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Estremadura

Mafra 291.66 76,685 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Estremadura

Odivelas 26.54 144,549 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Estremadura

Oeiras 45.88 172,120 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Estremadura

Sintra 319.23 377,835 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Estremadura

Vila Franca de Xira 318.19 136,886 Grande Lisboa Lisboa Ribatejo

Alcochete 128.36 17,569 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Almada 70.21 174,030 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Barreiro 36.39 78,764 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Moita 55.26 66,029 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Montijo 348.62 51,222 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Palmela 465.12 62,831 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Seixal 95.50 158,269 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Sesimbra 195.47 49,500 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Setúbal 230.33 121,185 Península de Setúbal Setúbal Estremadura

Total 2,957.4 km2 2,821,876

Irregularities[edit] Portugal
Portugal
has been through a period of administrative changes since the 1974 revolution. More recently, new standards of territorial administration have been implemented to match European Union criteria. After some years of indefinitions, municipalities are now associated in metropolitan areas or intermunicipal communities. These new regional divisions are colliding with the traditional Portuguese regional structures: Distritos (Districts). Districts were implemented in the 19th century by Mouzinho da Silveira
Mouzinho da Silveira
after the Liberal Revolution, to replace clerical dioceses (which held the intermediate authority between the absolute monarchy and the municipalities), and still are the official regional authorities in Portugal, thus leaving the new metropolitan authorities with no authority at all. For instance, the District of Lisbon
Lisbon
and the District of Setubal collide and interfere with the Lisbon
Lisbon
metropolitan area authority. Each District is ruled by a governador civil (civil governor). These governors are empowered by the Prime Minister of Portugal
Portugal
and have most of the administrative power over the municipalities comprised, leaving the metropolitan areas with a passive status and communitarian tasks. To definitely end with these anomalies, a national Referendum
Referendum
was held on November 8, 1998, in order to approve a new regionalization (Referendo à Regionalização), which was rejected by over 60% of the voting population on account of disagreements over the loss of sovereignty of some districts to others (e.g. by the time of the referendum it was not known where would be the seat of government of the new "Estremadura & Ribatejo" region which was a fusion of the District of Leiria with the District of Santarém, being Leiria and Santarém cities of the same size and importance). Regionalization experiment in Portugal
Portugal
was only successful among insular regions when in 1976, districts of Angra do Heroísmo, Horta and Ponta Delgada were substituted by the Autonomous Region of Açores with seat of government in Ponta Delgada, while district of Funchal was replaced by the Autonomous Region of Madeira
Madeira
with seat of government in Funchal. Portuguese cultural regions[edit] Portuguese cultural regions and their limits were officially drawn during the 19th century after slight variations since the foundation of Portugal
Portugal
and still there is no agreement about where one region ends and other starts. Cultural regions in Portugal
Portugal
have symbolic importance and no kind of authority. Once again there is no exact geographical conformity between cultural regions, districts or between any of those and the metropolitan areas. See also[edit]

Tourism in Lisbon Greater London Silesian Metropolis

References[edit]

^ http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/7962764/1-30032017-AP-EN.pdf/4e9c09e5-c743-41a5-afc8-eb4aa89913f6 ^ http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2015&ey=2015&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=62&pr1.y=12&c=182&s=PPPEX&grp=0&a= ^ http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2015&ey=2015&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=62&pr1.y=12&c=182&s=PPPEX&grp=0&a= ^ "Law nr. 75/2013" (pdf). Diário da República (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal). Retrieved 14 August 2014.  ^ a b Instituto Nacional de Estatística ^ a b Direção-Geral do Território Archived 2014-09-29 at Archive.is

External links[edit]

AML website (in English) AML website (in Portuguese)

v t e

Statistical divisions of Portugal

Norte Region

Metropolitan areas

Porto

Intermunicipal communities

Alto Minho Alto Tâmega Ave Cávado Douro Tâmega e Sousa Terras de Trás-os-Montes

Centro Region

Intermunicipal communities

Beira Baixa Beiras e Serra da Estrela Médio Tejo Oeste Região de Aveiro Região de Coimbra Região de Leiria Viseu Dão Lafões

Lisboa Region

Metropolitan areas

Lisbon

Alentejo
Alentejo
Region

Intermunicipal communities

Alentejo
Alentejo
Litoral Alentejo
Alentejo
Central Alto Alentejo Baixo Alentejo Lezíria do Tejo

Algarve
Algarve
Region

Intermunicipal communities

Algarve

Autonomous Regions

Azores Madeira

All these divisions are further subdivided into municipalities and parishes.

v t e

Lisbon
Lisbon

Buildings Climate Culture Economy Education Geography

Bairros Parishes District Metro Area

Government

Mayors

History

Timeline

Media People Sport Transport Tourism

Lisbon
Lisbon
at Wikimedia Commons

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