Entertainment Corporation, doing business as Lionsgate,
is an American, Canadian-domiciled, entertainment company. The company
was formed on July 10, 1997, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
and is currently headquartered in Santa Monica, California.
In addition to its well-known
Lionsgate Films division, which
generated the seventh-highest gross revenue in North America in 2015,
the company contains other divisions such as
Lionsgate Television and
Lionsgate Interactive. It owns a variety of subsidiaries such as
Summit Entertainment, Debmar-Mercury, and Starz.
1.1 Early history
Lionsgate increases and new CEO
1.4 Possible acquisition
Starz & other channels
6 Home Video
7 Record label and music publishing
9 See also
12 External links
Entertainment Corporation (Lionsgate) was formed in 1997 by
Frank Giustra and Avi Federgreen with a $16 million investment
including another $40 million from other investors which included
Keyur Patel and Yorkton Securities' executives such as G. Scott
Paterson. Giustra had recently retired as CEO from Yorkton, an
investment bank, and Paterson was then President. Giustra then merged
Toronto Stock Exchange
Toronto Stock Exchange listed Beringer Gold Corp.
(founded in 1986) to take the company public. Beringer's mining assets
were soon sold off.
Lionsgate then began a series of acquisitions to get into the film
industry. The company bought a number of small production facilities
and distributors, starting with Montreal-based Cinépix Film
Properties (renamed as Lions Gate Films) and North Shore Studios
(renamed Lions Gate Studios) in Vancouver, British Columbia. Mandalay
Television was acquired by
Peter Guber for a 4%
Lionsgate stake. In 1998,
Lionsgate helped Guber form Mandalay
Pictures with a 45% investment in Mandalay.
Lionsgate followed that up
with a June purchase of International Movie Group, Inc. (IMG), a
bankrupt film distributor previously invested in by Guber and Yorktown
Securities, for its film library. IMG's CEO Peter Strauss became
President of Lions Gate Entertainment, Inc. (LGE), the American parent
company for Lionsgate's U.S. interests. The Lions Gate Media
subsidiary was also formed to produce for television.
Completing its first year of operation,
Lionsgate had revenue of $42.2
million with loss of $397,000. The company share price dropped to a
low of $1.40. This limited the corporation's ability to make
acquisitions via stock swaps.
Lionsgate instead made its next
acquisition of Termite Art Productions, a reality-based television
production company, for $2.75 million by issuing three convertible
promissory notes. Giustra had the shareholders vote to move the
company's public listing from the
Toronto Stock Exchange
Toronto Stock Exchange to the
American Stock Exchange, along with a two-for-one stock consolidation
to qualify, for greater exposure that might boost share value.
In January 1999, Roman Doroniuk was named president and chief
operating officers of Lionsgate, which led to the corporation's
financial operations being moved in April to Doroniuk's offices in
Toronto, Ontario while corporate headquarters remained in Vancouver,
Lionsgate created US based Avalanche Films and
acquired half of Sterling Home Entertainment, both in video sales.
Lionsgate registered losses in its second year of $9.3 million
on revenues of $78.3 million with most of the losses were from its
stake in Mandalay Pictures. Thus in the summer,
Lionsgate placed its
studios up for sale with no buyers. TV operations were changed to
non-network hourlong series over riskier network shows and ended its
relationship with Mandalay Television. The corporation sought out more
capital and cash with a filing of a preliminary prospectus for the
sale of preferred stock and common stock warrants and a $13.4 million
line of credit.
Lionsgate increases and new CEO
Additional acquisition funding arrived in January 2000 as a $33.1
million investment from an investor group that included Paul Allen,
former Sony Pictures executive Jon Feltheimer, German broadcasting
company Tele-Munchen, and
SBS Broadcasting SA. This led to Feltheimer
taking over as CEO from Giustra thus the passed over Doroniuk left the
company. Feltheimer increased film making including several $1 million
films at Avalanche. However, Federgreen still remains one of the major
owners of the company and is extremely involved in the making of all
their major movies. In June,
Lionsgate acquired Trimark Holdings, Inc.
for approximately $50 million in stock and cash including taking on
$36 million in debt.
Lionsgate continued making acquisitions during the decade to boost
distribution and its film library. On December 15, 2003, Lionsgate
Entertainment for $220 million. In 2004, Erik
Nelson reacquired Termite Art and renamed it to Creative
Lionsgate partnered with Panamax Films in 2005 to make movies for the
Latino market which only produced two films. On April 13, 2005,
Lionsgate spun off its Canadian distribution unit into a new
distribution unit called
Maple Pictures under the direction of two
Lionsgate executives, Brad Pelman and Laurie May.
On August 1, 2005, Lions Gate
Entertainment acquired the entire
library of Modern Entertainment, the U.S. film division of the Swedish
television company Modern Times Group. On October 17, 2005,
Lionsgate acquired UK company
Redbus Film Distribution for $35
million and became
Lionsgate UK on February 23,
On March 15, 2006,
Lionsgate Studios to Bosa
Development Corporation. On July 12,
Debmar-Mercury, an independent television distributor, which has
continued operations as a
Lionsgate subsidiary. The company agreed
in August to lease term with
New Mexico State Land Office and the city
of Rio Rancho for a new 52.8 acres studio near Rio Rancho's under
construction city center and arena.
On July 26, 2007,
Lionsgate bought a partial stake in independent film
distribution company Roadside Attractions.
Lionsgate started up
Lionsgate Music by June 2007. On September 10, 2007, Lionsgate
Mandate Pictures for $56.3 million, $44.3 million in cash and
$12 million in stock, and taking on $6.6 million of Mandate's debt.
Mandate Chief Executive Joe Drake returned to the company as co-chief
operating officer of its film unit.
By July 2008,
Lionsgate has not made any progress on building its new
film studio in Rio Rancho or on setting up the corporation to run the
studio per its agreement with New Mexico.
In January 2009,
TV Guide Network
TV Guide Network and TVGuide.com
Rovi for $255 million cash. In May 2009,
Lionsgate sold a 49%
TV Guide Network
TV Guide Network and website to
One Equity Partners
One Equity Partners under
pressure from shareholder Carl Icahn.
Lionsgate cut back its slate of films per year by four in February
2009. In April,
Relativity Media signed with
Lionsgate for a 5 picture
per year multi-year film distribution. In August,
Redbox for a five-year same day release deal worth $158
million. Lionsgate, along with MGM and Paramount Pictures/Viacom,
was also a co-owner of Epix, a pay TV movie channel which debuted on
On September 13, 2010,
Televisa formed a joint venture,
Pantelion Films, to produce for the next five years eight to 10 films
a year targeted for the U.S. Latino market.
Lionsgate sold off its Canadian distribution unit, Maple Pictures, in
September 2011 to Alliance Films.
Lionsgate announced on January 13, 2012, that it had acquired Summit
Entertainment, producers and distributors of the Twilight Saga films,
for $412.5 million. The two companies have planned on merging
since 2008. On October 6, 2012, Lions Gate
that Brian Goldsmith became the co-COO of the company and joining
co-COO Steve Beeks. On November 18, 2012,
Lionsgate announced it
has passed over the $1 billion mark for the first time with the
The Hunger Games
The Hunger Games and The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn –
On December 23, 2013,
Lionsgate announced they have crossed over $1
billion domestically and internationally for the 2nd year in a row
with the success of The Hunger Games: Catching Fire, Now You See Me,
Instructions Not Included, and Kevin Hart: Let Me Explain.
On April 14, 2014,
Comcast acquired the remaining stakes in Fearnet
from LGF and Sony Pictures Entertainment. On April 21, 2014,
Lionsgate announced that they will merge its movie marketing
operations. A few days later, on April 30,
that the studios will expand into the gaming development.
Lionsgate took over the distribution functions for CBS Films,
the film division of CBS Corporation.
On February 11, 2015,
John C. Malone swapped a 4.5% stake with 14.5%
of the voting power in
Starz Inc. for 3.4% of Lionsgate’s shares
while joining the company's board of directors. Fourteen days
Starz CEO Chris Albrecht hinted a possible merger with
On April 1, 2015, according to Deadline,
Lionsgate announced it has
created its new label,
Lionsgate Premiere. This new label will handle
up to 15 releases a year, targeting young audiences at theaters and
digital outlets. The new label, part of the company’s
diversification effort, will incorporate
Lionsgate and Summit
Entertainment titles (including the Step Up film series and the Red
film series) and then specialize in “innovative multiplatform and
other release strategies” to reach “affinity audiences with
branded content and targeted marketing.” Marketing and Research SVP
Jean McDowell will handle marketing, with distribution to be run by
Adam Sorensen, who currently manages Western Sales.
On November 10, 2015, Malone's other two companies,
Liberty Global and
Discovery Communications, made a joint investment of $195–400
Lionsgate and acquired a 3.4% stake in the
company. Then on June 30, 2016,
Starz Inc. for $4.4 billion in cash and stock. As of
December 2016, it became the parent company of
On July 13, 2016,
Lionsgate acquired a minority stake in British
unscripted television production startup company Primal Media. It was
launched by Matt Steiner and Adam Wood, who originally launched
Entertainment that was acquired by Sony Pictures
Following the Weinstein effect,
Lionsgate was listed as one of 22
potential buyers interest in acquiring The Weinstein Company.
Lionsgate showed interested in investing in EuropaCorp.
In 2018, Lionsgate's newly-launched digital content unit, Studio L,
announced its first slate.
In January 2018, it was reported that
Lionsgate was being subject to a
bidding war for a possible acquisition, with Amazon.com, CBS
Corporation, Comcast, Verizon Communications, and
Viacom having made
Chairman Michael Burns has stated in an interview with
Lionsgate is mostly interested in merging with CBS and
The distribution of selected recent non-in-house films for
pay-per-view and on-demand are under the supervision of NBCUniversal
Television Distribution under
Universal Pictures (Universal formerly
held home video and television rights to many of the early Lionsgate
films), while all others (particularly the in-house films) are
distributed for both cable and broadcast television through
Lionsgate's syndicated division.
Aside from home video distribution of films sub-licensed from other
studios, Lionsgate's library consists of its own in-house productions,
as well as films from Summit
Entertainment and several defunct
Trimark Pictures (acquired in 2000), Artisan
Entertainment (acquired in 2003),
Overture Films (Starz's former
feature film division whose library
Lionsgate acquired after the 2016
Starz merger) and
Vestron Pictures (acquired by Artisan in 1991).
Their complete ownership depends on the worldwide regions of license.
Lionsgate Television produced such series as Nashville, Anger
Management, The Dead Zone, 5ive Days to Midnight, Weeds, Nurse Jackie,
Tyler Perry's House of Payne and the Emmy Award-winning Mad Men.
Lionsgate also acquired TV syndication firm
Debmar-Mercury in 2006
20th Television handling ad-sales with the exception for Meet the
Browns, as the ad-sales are handled by Disney–ABC Domestic
Television and Turner Television co-distributing the series. Lionsgate
also co-owns Pop with CBS Corporation. In March 2013,
with Mars One (a Dutch nonprofit with space agency and aerospace
backers intent on colonizing Mars) to produce a reality TV show.
Starz & other channels
The company owns Starz, a premium-tier cable network with it all
related channels including
Starz Encore, and Movieplex. In addition,
Lionsgate also owns 50% of a basic-tier cable network Pop, with CBS
Lionsgate has a home video library of more than 13,000 films with all
of the former Artisan
Entertainment releases (many the result of
output deals with other defunct studios such as Vestron Pictures),
including such titles as Dirty Dancing, Earth Girls Are Easy, Army of
One, Total Recall, On Golden Pond, The Hunger Games: Catching Fire and
the Rambo series.
Lionsgate also distributes select
NBC programs such
as Will & Grace, Little House on the Prairie and The Biggest
Loser; Mattel's Barbie-branded videos and Clifford the Big Red Dog
videos from the
Scholastic Corporation and was also the former home
video distributor of HIT
Entertainment titles, including Barney &
Friends, Thomas & Friends, and Fraggle Rock.
Video properties currently owned by
Lionsgate Home Entertainment
include those from Family Home Entertainment, Vestron Video, Lightning
Video (a former Vestron company), and Magnum Entertainment. Lionsgate
also has a home video deal with
StudioCanal in the US on selected
titles in their library (most of which were previously released by
Anchor Bay Entertainment).
Record label and music publishing
Lionsgate possesses its own record label and music publishing company,
Lionsgate Records and Publishing.
Lionsgate Records and Publishing
established a joint venture with music publishing company Wind-up
Lionsgate Interactive is the video game development division of
Lionsgate. It was created in April 2014 and is headed by Nerdist
Industries co-founder Peter Levin.
List of theatrically released
International Distribution Company, LLC (joint venture with Pedro
Rodriguez and Paris Filmes)
Pantelion Films (50% with Televisa)
Roadside Attractions (45%)
Entertainment (joint venture with
Televisa (Mexico), Tobis
Nordisk Film (Denmark), TME Films (Turkey), Gaumont
Film Company (France), Lotte
Entertainment (South Korea), Belga Films
Kadokawa Corporation (Japan),
Paris Filmes (Brazil) and
Cine Colombia (Colombia))
Lionsgate Home Entertainment
Sea to Sky
Entertainment (joint venture with Thunderbird
Pop (50% with CBS Corporation)
Starz In Black
Starz Kids & Family
Starz Encore Action
Starz Encore Black
Starz Encore Classic
Starz Encore Español
Starz Encore Family
Starz Encore Suspense
Starz Encore Westerns
Celestial Tiger Entertainment
Celestial Movies HD
Celestial Classic Movies
Celestial Movies Pinoy
Video on demand
Video on demand services
Pantaya (joint venture with Hemisphere Media Group)
Laugh Out Loud (joint venture with HartBeat Digital)
Tribeca Shortlist (joint venture with Tribeca Enterprises)
Elevation Sales (joint venture with
Potboiler Television (joint venture with Potboiler Productions)
Lionsgate Records and Publishing
Joint venture with Wind-up Records
Hotched (YouTube channel)
^ a b Agency, RED Interactive. "Corporate". www.lionsgate.com.
^ Agency, RED Interactive. "Corporate". www.lionsgate.com.
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^ "Form 10Q". NASDAQ. November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 19,
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November 13, 2007. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
^ a b "Lionsgate"
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Entertainment Corporation –
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^ "2008 Panelist Bios: Dave Harding". The Faculty Seminar. Academy of
Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
^ a b "Lions Gate forms Latino film venture with Televisa". Los
Angeles Times. September 13, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
^ "Market News" Lions Gate Forms
Maple Pictures Spin Off Archived
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Lionsgate Sale of Maple Pictures
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screendaily.com, Retrieved on July 20, 2013
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Distributor Redbus". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
^ "Screen Daily" Redbus rebranded as
Lionsgate UK screendaily.com,
Retrieved on June 15, 2012
^ "Variety" Redbus now
Lionsgate variety.com, Retrieved on June 15,
Lionsgate and Bosa Development Corporation Announce Sale of
Lionsgate's Vancouver, BC, Studio Facilities to Bosa for $41.6 Million
CDN ($36.1 Million U.S.)". Public release. Lionsgate. Retrieved March
Lionsgate buys TV distributor Debmar-Mercury". International
Business Times. July 12, 2006. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
^ "Rio Rancho, state agree on home for
Lionsgate studio". Albuquerque
Business First. August 14, 2006. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
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distribution company". Marketwatch.com. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
Lionsgate Music Promotes Lenny Wohl :: Film Music Magazine".
Filmmusicmag.com. March 26, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
^ "Lions Gate buys
Mandate Pictures for $56.3 million". Los Angeles
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Lionsgate to acquire TV Guide
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27, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
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DVD rentals". LA Times. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
^ Goetzl, David (December 12, 2008). "New Pay TV Channel Picks Epix,
Brand Will Rival HBO, Showtime". Media Post.com. Retrieved July 18,
Epix Picks a Launch Date NewTeeVee.com October 13, 2009
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Alliance Films Takes Maple
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Lionsgate Has Acquired Summit
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Lionsgate May Buy Summit, The Wrap, February 1,
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Institutional Shareholders Support This Management Change?
wallstcheatsheet.com, Retrieved on October 9, 2012
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Lionsgate Passes $1B Domestic For First Time
Helped By Summit’s Twilight Finale deadline.com, Retrieved on
November 19, 2012
^ ANITA BUSCH "Deadline" ‘Catching Fire,’ ‘Now You See Me’
Lionsgate To Become Billion Dollar Baby 2nd Year Running;
Company Box Office Take To Date: $2.25 Billion Worldwide deadline.com,
Retrieved on December 23, 2013
Lionsgate crosses a Billion Dollars Both
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Comcast Takes Full Control Of
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Lionsgate expanding into video games under Nerdist co-founder's lead
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^ a b Lionsgate,
Starz Swap Stock as John Malone Joins Board Brent
Lang variety.com February 11, 2015, Retrieved on February 26, 2015
Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Variety" defined multiple
times with different content (see the help page).
Starz CEO Albrecht Hints at Possible Merger With Lions Gate Jeff
Berman thestreet.com February 25, 2015, Retrieved on February 26, 2015
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Lionsgate Introduces Distribution Unit To
Target Next-Gen Audiences". Deadline. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Deadline" defined multiple
times with different content (see the help page).
^ "What's Next for
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Liberty Global Buy
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Lionsgate Agrees To Buy
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Lionsgate Completes $4.4B Acquisition of Starz".
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Lionsgate Launches Primal Media
UK TV Banner From Gogglebox Founders". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved
October 24, 2016.
^ "Weinstein Co Talking to 22 Buyers, $300 Million Expected Price, Bob
Weinstein Must Exit". October 26, 2017.
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(EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. January 18, 2018.
^ a b "
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'Most Likely to Murder'". Variety.com.
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Investor's Business Daily. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
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^ a b "CBS, Lionsgate,
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^ Nellie Andreeva. "Mission To Colonize Mars To Become Reality TV
Series - Deadline". Deadline. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
^ a b
Lionsgate (December 2, 2009). "
Lionsgate Music Announces Signing
of Emily Osment to... -- SANTA MONICA, Calif. and VANCOUVER, British
Columbia, Dec. 2 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ --". Retrieved August 12,
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Lionsgate Taps Nerdist's Peter
Levin to Head Interactive Ventures, Games". Variety. Retrieved
November 1, 2015.
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^ a b Cite error: The named reference var was invoked but never
defined (see the help page).
^ Natalie Jarvey (March 31, 2016). "
Kevin Hart to Launch Streaming
Service, Mobile Game With Lionsgate". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved
May 6, 2017.
^ "Artsy movies finally get their time in the sun with Tribeca
Shortlist, which is like 'Netflix for indies'". Mashable. Retrieved
April 29, 2017.
Lionsgate Acquires Stake in Reality Producer
Pilgrim Studios Reid
Nakamura, thewrap.com, Retrieved on April 14, 2016
^ Denise Petski "Deadline" Barry Bostwick Comedy Among Six Original
Series To Debut On Pilgrim Studios’ New Digital Arm deadline.com,
Retrieved on July 15, 2016
Official UK website
Entertainment archives at the University of
Lionsgate Motion Picture Group
Lionsgate Home Entertainment
Television production and distribution
Celestial Tiger Entertainment*
Former/defunct assets and predecessors
Redbus Film Distribution
Starz Animation / Arc Productions*
Anchor Bay Entertainment
Film studios in the
United States and Canada
20th Century Fox
Walt Disney Studios
Open Road Films
The Weinstein Company
Broad Green Pictures
Dark Horse Entertainment
Montecito Picture Company
Samuel Goldwyn Films
Village Roadshow Pictures
Cross Creek Pictures
New Regency Productions
Temple Hill Entertainment
Appian Way Productions
Bad Hat Harry Productions
Bad Robot Productions
Blinding Edge Pictures
Di Bonaventura Pictures
Fuzzy Door Productions
Gary Sanchez Productions
Ghost House Pictures
Jim Henson Pictures
Plan B Entertainment
Silver Pictures/Dark Castle