Linda Jenness



Linda Jenness (born 1941) was a Socialist Workers Party candidate for president of the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...
in the 1972 election. She received 83,380 votes (vs. 47,169,911 for
Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. A member of the Republican Party (United States), Republican Party, he previously served as a United States House ...
), making her the 4th most voted for candidate.In Arizona, Pima and Yavapai counties had a ballot malfunction that counted many votes for both a major party candidate and Linda Jenness. A court ordered that the ballots be counted for both. As a consequence, Jenness received 16% and 8% of the vote in Pima and Yavapai, respectively. 30,579 of her 30,945 Arizona votes are from those two counties. Some sources don't count these votes for Jenness.


Jenness was the party's candidate for
Governor of Georgia The governor of Georgia is the head of government of Georgia and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor also has a duty to enforce state laws, the power to either veto or approve bills passed by the Georgia Le ...
in 1970. She did not get on the ballot, because to get on, she would have had to collect 88,175 signatures, and the Socialist Workers Party didn't have enough members to collect that many signatures. Jenness, the SWP and two congressional candidates of the party brought a lawsuit, ''Jenness v. Fortson'', 403 U.S. 431 (1971), regarding Georgia's
ballot access Elections in the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. s ...
standards, a case about which a supporter of the SWP has said it "continues to haunt the jurisprudence of ballot access law" (Raskin 2003, page 103). She was also involved in the case 26 F.C.C.2d 485 (1970), regarding media coverage of third-party candidates. In 1972, Jenness, Vice Presidential candidate Andrew Pulley, and People's Party candidates
Benjamin Spock Benjamin McLane Spock (May 2, 1903 – March 15, 1998) was an American pediatrics, pediatrician and Left-wing politics, left-wing political activist whose book ''The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care, Baby and Child Care'' (1946) is o ...
and Julius Hobson wrote to Major General Bert A. David, commanding officer of
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asking for permission to distribute campaign literature and to hold an election-related campaign meeting. Based on Fort Dix regulations 210-26 and 210-27, General David refused the request. Ultimately the case made its way to the
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(424 U.S. 828—Greer, Commander, Fort Dix Military Reservation, et al., v. Spock et al., which ruled against the plaintiffs). Aged 31 at time of the election, she did not meet the Constitutional age requirement to hold the office of President, but the SWP was on the ballot in 25 states—six more than in 1968. She qualified for the
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ballot but was removed when she could not prove she was 35. As of September 2010, Linda Jenness was still an active supporter of the SWP. Jenness is also a
feminist Feminism is a range of socio-political movements and ideology, ideologies that aim to define and establish the political, economic, personal, and social gender equality, equality of the sexes. Feminism incorporates the position that socie ...
. In the April 27, 1973 issue of ''Militant'', she wrote that feminism "is where women are out fighting for things that are in their interest. Feminism is wherever women are challenging the traditional roles assigned to them."


Linda Jenness has authored several books and pamphlets, or provided introductions. Some of these are as follows: * Jenness, Linda, and
Fidel Castro Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (; ; 13 August 1926 – 25 November 2016) was a Cuban revolutionary and politician who was the leader of Cuba from 1959 to 2008, serving as the prime minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and President of Cuba, preside ...
(1970). ''Woman & The Cuban Revolution'' New York: Pathfinder Press. * Jenness, Linda (1972). ''Socialism and democracy; a speech by Linda Jenness, Socialist Workers Party candidate for president, 1972''. New York: Pathfinder Press * Jenness, Linda (1973). ''Feminism and Socialism''. New York: Pathfinder Press * Jenness, Linda, and Andrew Pulley (1973). Introduction to ''Watergate: The View from the Left - Unpublicized Facts About Government Attacks on Dissenters and the Socialists; Strategy for Fighting Back'' New York: Pathfinder Press * Jenness, Linda (1975). ''Last Hired, First Fired: Affirmative Action VS. Seniority''

See also

* List of female United States presidential and vice presidential candidates



External links

Interview in ''The Libertarian Forum'' 4, no. 12 (December 1972; mislabelled no. 10)
(.pdf) * Raskin, Jamin (2003). ''Overruling Democracy; The Supreme Court Versus the American People''.

* ttp:// Results, 1972 American Presidential Election {{DEFAULTSORT:Jenness, Linda 1941 births Living people American anti–Vietnam War activists Female candidates for President of the United States People from Atlanta American socialist feminists Socialist Workers Party (United States) presidential nominees Candidates in the 1972 United States presidential election 20th-century American politicians