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Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
is a legal, public holiday in some U.S. states, observed on the anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth on February 12, 1809, in Hodgensville, Kentucky.[1] Connecticut,[2] Illinois,[3] Indiana,[4] Ohio, Missouri, and New York observe the holiday. In other states, Lincoln's birthday is not celebrated separately, as a stand-alone holiday. Instead Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
is combined with a celebration of President George Washington's birthday (also in February) and celebrated either as Washington's Birthday
Washington's Birthday
or as Presidents' Day
Presidents' Day
on the third Monday in February, concurrent with the federal holiday.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origin of Black History Month

2 Official government holidays 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The earliest known observance of Lincoln's birthday occurred in Buffalo, New York, in either 1873 or 1874. Julius Francis (d. 1881), a Buffalo druggist, made it his life's mission to honor the slain president. He repeatedly petitioned Congress to establish Lincoln's birthday as a legal holiday.[5] The day is marked by traditional wreath-laying ceremonies at Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in Hodgenville, Kentucky, and at the Lincoln Memorial
Lincoln Memorial
in Washington, D.C.. The latter has been the site of a ceremony ever since the Memorial was dedicated. Since that event in 1920, observances continue to be organized by the Lincoln Birthday National Commemorative Committee and by the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
United States
(MOLLUS). A wreath is laid on behalf of the President of the United States, a custom also carried out at the grave sites of all deceased U.S. presidents on their birthdays. Lincoln's tomb is in Springfield, Illinois. On February 12, 2009, the annual wreath-laying ceremony at the Lincoln Memorial commemorated Lincoln's 200th birthday in grand fashion. An extended ceremony, organized by the Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
Bicentennial Commission (ALBC) and with help from MOLLUS, featured musical performances from four-time Grammy-nominated singer Michael Feinstein and the U.S. Marine Corps Band. The morning celebration also featured remarks by Sen. Dick Durbin; Lincoln scholar and ALBC Co-Chair Harold Holzer; recently retired Rhode Island Supreme Court
Rhode Island Supreme Court
Chief Justice – and ALBC Commissioner – Frank J. Williams; and author Nikki Giovanni reciting her newest work, which was written especially for the Bicentennial. As part of Lincoln's birthday bicentennial, the U.S. Mint released four new Lincoln cents. The commemorative coins have new designs on the reverse showing stages of his life. The first went into circulation on September 12, 2009. The standard portrait of Lincoln's head remains on the front. The new designs include a log cabin representing his birthplace, Lincoln as a young man reading while sitting on a log that he was taking a break from splitting, Lincoln as a state legislator in front of the Illinois
Illinois
Capitol, and the partially built dome of the U.S. Capitol.[6] New Jersey
New Jersey
stopped observing the holiday on May 23, 2005 with the enactment of the Public Employee Pension and Benefits Reform Act of 2008.[7] Origin of Black History Month[edit] Black History Month
Black History Month
has its origin in 19th Century celebrations of Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
by African-American
African-American
communities in the United States.[8] By the early 20th Century, black communities were annually celebrating Lincoln's birthday in conjunction with the birthday of former slave and abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
on February 14.[8] The precursor to Black History Month
Black History Month
was created in 1926 when historian Carter G. Woodson
Carter G. Woodson
and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History announced that the second week of February would be "Negro History Week" to coincide with the traditional Black commemorations of both men's birthdays.[8] By the 1970s, "Negro History Week" had become "Black History Month".[8] Black History Month has expanded further to Canada, where it is also celebrated in February, and to the United Kingdom, which celebrates it in October. Official government holidays[edit] Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
was never a U.S. Federal Government
U.S. Federal Government
holiday. The third Monday in February remains only "Washington's Birthday" in federal law. However, many state governments have officially renamed their Washington's Birthday
Washington's Birthday
state holiday as "Presidents' Day", "Washington and Lincoln Day", or other such designations which explicitly or implicitly celebrate Lincoln's birthday. Regardless of the official name and purpose, celebrations and commemorations on or about the third Monday often include honoring Lincoln. In Connecticut, Missouri, and Illinois, while Washington's Birthday
Washington's Birthday
is a federal holiday, Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
is still a state holiday, falling on February 12 regardless of the day of the week. California still lists Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
as a holiday,[1] but as of 2009 no longer gives State employees a paid holiday on February 12.[9] In the following states, third Monday in February is an official state holiday and known as: Using "president"

Presidents' Day
Presidents' Day
in Hawaii, New Mexico, North Dakota,[10] Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, and Washington[11] President's Day in Alaska, Idaho, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Wyoming Presidents Day in Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, and Oregon Washington's Birthday/President's Day in Maine Lincoln/Washington/ Presidents' Day
Presidents' Day
in Arizona

Washington and Lincoln

Washington and Lincoln Day in Utah Washington– Lincoln Day in Colorado,[12] Ohio [13] Washington's and Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
in Indiana
Indiana
[14] Lincoln's and Washington's Birthday
Washington's Birthday
in Montana Washington's and Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
in Minnesota [15]

Washington alone

George Washington
George Washington
Day in Virginia

Washington and another person

George Washington/Thomas Jefferson Birthday in Alabama[16] George Washington's Birthday
Washington's Birthday
and Daisy Gatson Bates Day in Arkansas

Unspecified

"The third Monday in February" in California.[17]

Several states honor presidents with official state holidays that do not fall on the third Monday of February. In New Mexico, Presidents' Day, at least as a state-government paid holiday, is observed on the Friday following Thanksgiving.[18] In Georgia, Presidents' Day, at least as a state-government paid holiday, is observed on Christmas
Christmas
Eve (Observed on the prior Thursday if Christmas
Christmas
falls on Saturday; observed on the prior Friday if Christmas
Christmas
falls on a Sunday. If December 24 is a Wednesday, then this holiday is observed on Friday December 26.)[19] See also[edit]

Public holidays in the United States United States
United States
commemorative coin

References[edit]

^ a b Cal. Gov. Code § 6700(c) ^ "Connecticut: Legal Holidays and Standard of Time". Cga.ct.gov. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ "105 ILCS 5/24-2". Ilga.gov. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ Assembly, Indiana
Indiana
General. " Indiana
Indiana
Code 2017 - Indiana
Indiana
General Assembly, 2017 Session". In.gov. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ Continelli, Louise. "Lincoln Tribute Places Spotlight on Local Connection." www.buffalonews.com, February 17, 2003 ^ AP/The Huffington Post. "New Lincoln Pennies Unveiled: See Pictures Of Each Penny" www.huffingtonpost.com, February 12, 2009 ^ "P.L. 2008, c.89 (S1962 SCS)". Njleg.state.nj.us. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ a b c d Daryl Michael Scott, "The Origins of Black History Month," Archived 2013-02-14 at the Wayback Machine. Association for the Study of African American Life and History, 2011, www.asalh.org/ ^ "How Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
lost his birthday holiday - National Constitution Center". National Constitution Center – constitutioncenter.org. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ "404 - North Dakota Office of State Tax Commissioner". North Dakota Office of State Tax Commissioner. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ "RCW 1.16.050". Revised Code of Washington.  ^ CRS 24-11-101 ^ "Lawriter : ORC : Excluding first and including last day - legal holidays". codes.ohio.gov. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ "SPD: State Holidays". In.gov. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ "645.44 - 2017 Minnesota Statutes". Revisor.mn.gov. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ "State of Alabama - Inform.Alabama.Gov - State Calendar". inform.alabama.gov. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ Cal. Gov. Code § 6700(a)(5) ^ "Official State Holidays". New Mexico
New Mexico
State Treasurer's Office. Retrieved January 21, 2014.  ^ "State Holidays". Georgia.gov. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lincoln's Birthday.

Hannibal Hamlin Proposes Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
a National Day of Observance 1887 Shapell Manuscript Foundation Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
Birthplace National Historic Site Original Manuscript Letters and Documents written by Abraham Lincoln Shapell Manuscript Foundation

v t e

Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
(federal)

Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day
Fred Korematsu Day
(CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day
Lee–Jackson Day
(formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Robert E. Lee Day
Robert E. Lee Day
(FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA, former federal)

January–February

Super Bowl Sunday

February American Heart Month Black History Month

Washington's Birthday/ Presidents' Day
Presidents' Day
(federal) Valentine's Day

Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
(CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day
Ronald Reagan Day
(CA) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)

February–March

Mardi Gras

Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
(religious) Courir de Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(religious) Super Tuesday

March Irish-American Heritage Month National Colon Cancer Awareness Month Women's History Month

St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break
Spring break
(week)

Casimir Pulaski Day
Casimir Pulaski Day
(IL) Cesar Chavez Day
Cesar Chavez Day
(CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day
Harriet Tubman Day
(NY) Holi
Holi
(NY, religious) Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day
Maryland Day
(MD) National Poison Prevention Week
National Poison Prevention Week
(week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day
Saint Joseph's Day
(religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day
Texas Independence Day
(TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)

March–April

Easter
Easter
(religious)

Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
(religious) Passover
Passover
(religious) Good Friday
Good Friday
(CT, NC, PR, religious) Easter
Easter
Monday (religious)

April Confederate History Month

420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day
Confederate Memorial Day
(AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
(week) Earth Day Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
(DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
(AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day
Patriots' Day
(MA, ME) San Jacinto Day
San Jacinto Day
(TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
(religious)

May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage Month

Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(federal) Mother's Day (36) Cinco de Mayo

Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk Day
(CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day
(CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer
National Day of Prayer
(36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(36) Truman Day
Truman Day
(MO)

June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month

Father's Day (36)

Bunker Hill Day
Bunker Hill Day
(Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day
Carolina Day
(SC) Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
In Texas / Juneteenth
Juneteenth
(TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day
Jefferson Davis Day
(AL, FL) Kamehameha Day
Kamehameha Day
(HI) Odunde Festival
Odunde Festival
(Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day
West Virginia Day
(WV)

July

Independence Day (federal)

Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Parents' Day
Parents' Day
(36) Pioneer Day (UT)

July–August

Summer vacation

August

American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama Day
Barack Obama Day
(IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
(TX) National Aviation Day
National Aviation Day
(36) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory over Japan Day (RI, former federal) Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
(36)

September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

Labor Day
Labor Day
(federal)

California Admission Day
California Admission Day
(CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day
Defenders Day
(MD) Gold Star Mother's Day
Gold Star Mother's Day
(36) National Grandparents Day
National Grandparents Day
(36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day
Patriot Day
(36)

September–October Hispanic Heritage Month

Oktoberfest

Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
(religious) Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
(religious)

October Breast Cancer Awareness Month Disability Employment Awareness Month Filipino American History Month LGBT History Month

Columbus Day
Columbus Day
(federal) Halloween

Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
(VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day
Leif Erikson Day
(36) Missouri
Missouri
Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day
Nevada Day
(NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day
(36)

October–November

Diwali
Diwali
(religious)

November Native American Indian Heritage Month

Veterans Day
Veterans Day
(federal) Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
(federal)

Day after Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
(24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Obama Day
Obama Day
(Perry County, AL)

December

Christmas
Christmas
(religious, federal)

Alabama Day (AL) Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas
Christmas
(KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious, week) Indiana
Indiana
Day (IN) Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
(religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
(36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)

Varies (year round)

Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(religious) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(religious) Ramadan
Ramadan
(religious, month)

Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands.

v t e

Abraham Lincoln

16th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1861–1865) U.S. Representative from Illinois
Illinois
(1847–1849)

Presidency

First inauguration

Perpetual Union Lincoln Bible

Second inauguration Civil War

Confiscation Acts President Lincoln's 75,000 volunteers War based income tax Seaports blockade RMS Trent Affair Habeas Corpus suspended Emancipation Proclamation West Virginia statehood Overland Campaign strategy Hampton Roads Conference Tour of Richmond Ten percent plan Reconstruction

13th Amendment abolishing slavery Dakota War of 1862

Department of the Northwest

Homestead Act of 1862 National Banking Acts Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
Day Birchard Letter Bixby letter National Academy of Sciences Department of Agriculture Pardons State of the Union Address, 1863 1864 Cabinet Judicial appointments Assassination Funeral and burial

Lincoln Catafalque

Speeches

Lyceum address (1838) Peoria speech (1854) "Lost Speech" (1856) House Divided speech (1858) Lincoln-Douglas debates (1858) Cooper Union Address (1860) Farewell Address (1861) First inaugural address (1861) Gettysburg Address
Gettysburg Address
(1863 event) Second inaugural address (1865)

Life and views

Early life and career Black Hawk War Matson Trial Spot Resolutions Boat lifting patent Hurd v. Rock Island Bridge Co. Baltimore Plot Lincoln's beard Medical and mental health Poetry Religious views Sexuality Slavery Fanny McCullough letter

Homes and places

Lincoln Birthplace

Knob Creek Farm

Lincoln Boyhood Memorial

Lincoln State Park

Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial Lincoln's New Salem Lincoln Home Lincoln Pioneer Village Little Pigeon Creek Community Cottage at the Soldier's Home Lincoln Bedroom Lincoln Sitting Room Ford's Theatre Petersen House Lincoln Tomb

Elections

Republican National Convention, 1856 1860 1864

National Union Party

United States
United States
presidential election, 1860 1864 1860 campaign song

Legacy

Presidential Library and Museum Papers

Lincoln/Net

Bibliography Artifacts and relics Lincoln Memorial

sculpture reflecting pool

Mount Rushmore Lincoln's Birthday Lincoln, Nebraska

statue

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
(Healy painting) Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
sculpture, Washington D.C. Abraham Lincoln: The Man statue

Lincoln Park

Abraham Lincoln: The Head of State statue Lincoln Trail State Memorial Lincoln the Lawyer
Lincoln the Lawyer
statue Kentucky statue The Peacemakers
The Peacemakers
painting Lincoln Highway Other memorials Photographs Cultural depictions

films postage stamps Lincoln penny Illinois
Illinois
Centennial half dollar currency five-dollar bill art

Lincoln Prize Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
Association White House ghost Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln Lincoln–Kennedy coincidences Aircraft Carrier USS Abraham Lincoln

Family

Family tree Mary Todd Lincoln
Mary Todd Lincoln
(wife) Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln
(son) Edward Baker Lincoln (son) William Wallace Lincoln
William Wallace Lincoln
(son) Thomas "Tad" Lincoln (son) Mary Todd "Mamie" Lincoln (granddaughter) Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
II (grandson) Jessie Lincoln (granddaughter) Thomas Lincoln
Thomas Lincoln
(father) Nancy Hanks Lincoln (mother) Sarah Bush Lincoln
Sarah Bush Lincoln
(stepmother) Sarah Lincoln Grigsby
Sarah Lincoln Grigsby
(sister) Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
(paternal grandfather) Mordecai Lincoln (paternal uncle) Mary Lincoln Crume (paternal aunt) John Hanks
John Hanks
(maternal cousin) Joseph Hanks
Joseph Hanks
(great-grandfather) Samuel Lincoln
Samuel Lincoln
(17th-century ancestor) Mary Lincoln Beckwith (great-granddaughter) Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln
Beckwith (great-grandson) Timothy Lincoln Beckwith (great-great-grandson) Old Bob
Old Bob
(horse)

← James Buchanan Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson

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