1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers
> 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes
(e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Limoges (/lɪˈmoʊʒ/; French pronunciation: [limɔʒ];
Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges [liˈmɔdʒes]) is a city and commune,
the capital of the
Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative
capital of the former
Limousin region in west-central France.
Limoges is known for its medieval and Renaissance enamels (Limoges
enamels) on copper, for its 19th-century porcelain (
and for its oak barrels which are used for Cognac and Bordeaux
production. Some are even exported to wineries in California.
1.1 Ancient and medieval history
1.2 Modern history
4 Main sights
5 Art and literature
7 Notable people
8 Twin towns
9 See also
12 External links
See also: Timeline of Limoges
Ancient and medieval history
Scarce remains of pre-urban settlements have been found in the area of
Limoges. The capital of the
Gaulish people of the Lemovices, who lived
in the area, was probably either near Villejoubert, some kilometres
south-east of Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, or St Gence, just west of
The city proper was founded as Augustoritum by the Romans, around
10 BC: "rito-" is
Gaulish for "ford". The foundation was part of
the reorganization of the province by the emperor Augustus, hence the
new name. The Roman city included an amphitheatre measuring 136 x
115 metres, a theatre, a forum, baths and several sanctuaries.
According to tradition, a temple consecrated to Venus, Diana, Minerva
and Jupiter was located near the modern cathedral. The city was on the
typical Roman square plan, with two main streets crossing in the
centre. It had a Senate and a currency of its own, a sign of its
importance in the imperial age. Later, like many towns and cities in
Gaul, it was renamed after the tribe (here the Lemovices) whose chief
town it was; "Lemovices" subsequently evolved into "Limoges", and
"Lemovicinus" for the area around changed into "Limousin".
Limoges was evangelized by Saint Martial, who came to the city around
250 with two companions, Alpinianus and Austriclinienus. However, in
the late 3rd century it was increasingly abandoned, due to unsafe
conditions created by the invasions of various Germanic tribes. The
population was concentrated instead in a more easily fortifiable site,
the modern Puy Saint-Étienne, which is the centre of the modern
Limoges. Starting from the construction of the Abbey of St. Martial
(9th century), another settlement grew around the tomb of the saint,
while a third area, next to the residence of the viscount (the future
Castle of Saint Martial), seems to have been populated from the 10th
Starting from the 11th century, thanks to the presence of the Abbey of
St. Martial and its large library,
Limoges became a flourishing
artistic centre. It was home to an important school of medieval music
composition, which is usually called the St. Martial School; its most
famous member was the 13th-century troubadour Bertran de Born.
Limoges enamel ciborium with champlevé enamel, and center rim in
pseudo-Kufic script, circa 1200.
In the 13th century, at the peak of its splendour, central Limoges
consisted of two fortified settlements.
The town proper, with a new line of walls encompassing the Vienne
River, inhabited mainly by clerks and workers. It has a bridge on the
Vienne river named after Saint-Étienne, built by the bishops, and a
developed port. Sacked in 1370, it never recovered entirely.
The castle, with 12 meter-high walls, including the abbey and
controlled by the abbot, sometimes in contrast with the bishop-ruled
town ("la Cité"). Traces of the walls can still be seen in the city
centre. Outside the lines of walls were the popular quarters.
Limoges was occupied by Edward, the Black Prince, who
massacred some 300 residents, "perhaps a sixth of the normal
population", with another 60 members of the garrison of 140 dead as
The city and castle were united in 1792 to form the single city of
Limoges. During the
French Revolution several religious edifices,
considered symbols of the Ancien Régime, were destroyed by the
population: these included the
Abbey of St. Martial
Abbey of St. Martial itself.
Yale Mobile Hospital Unit No. 39 stationed at the
Some years later the porcelain industry started to develop, favoured
by the presence of kaolinite which was discovered near
1768 (near St Yrieix, south-west of Limoges). Many of the
inhabitants became employed in the new sector or in connected
activities (including the lumbering of wood needed for firing the
porcelain) in manufacture and exporting needed for European
Limoges Boxes, dinnerware, and other porcelain wares.
Limousin region has had a long history of breeding
(Baronet sheep and Limousine cows), the leather industry also settled
in and around
Limoges along the banks of the Vienne–the river
providing the necessary water and power. Factories in
Limoges and St
Junien still produce luxury leather shoes, gloves, and bags.
In the 19th century
Limoges saw strong construction activity, which
included the destruction and rebuilding of much of the city centre.
The unsafe conditions of the poorer population is highlighted by the
outbreak of several riots, including that of July–November 1830;
April 1848. In early 1905 strikes began in another local industry,
shoe factories soon followed in the porcelain factories. Barricades
were built, the army intervened. There would be two casualties: a
horse and a young porcelain worker, Camille Vardelle. The first French
confederation of workers, Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT)
(General Confederation of Labour), was created in
Limoges in 1895.
During the World War II, many Jews from Alsace were evacuated to and
The city is one of France's basketball capitals. The Palais des Sports
de Beaublanc, has been host for international basketball events such
EuroBasket 1983 and serves as home court for the professional
CSP Limoges (Cercle St Pierre). Since 1983, the club has been
French champion 11 times (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993,
1994, 2000, 2014, 2015) and 6 European titles (1982, 1983, 2000 (Korac
Cup), 1988 (FIBA Saporta Cup), 1993 (Euroleague)). It was the first
French club team to become European champion in a collective
sport. The team currently plays in Pro A, the French first
basketball professional league.
The Sports Palace of Beaublanc (Bòsc Blanc in Occitan) is located in
the sports park of the city of Limoges. It was realized during the
year 1981 thanks to Albert Chaminade (1912–2009), who long demanded
an honorable basketball field of the sports facilities worthy to the
Georges Guingouin then Léon Betoulle it was not until 1981,
distant cousin of the Blessed Guillaume-Joseph Chaminade,
(1761–1850), French religious priest, founder of the Society of Mary
(Marianists). He was beatified on 3 September 2000 by St John Paul II.
He was a CSP player during the 1920s, a basketball officer, an
International and National Referee, a Police Inspector, then a
municipal councilor, to cover the Palais des sports, which gives the
hall a wave style and has a mandate for basketball French and later of
the region his project asked the Mayor Louis Longequeue who accepted
and validated for the cover, the Architects were Rauby & Marty. At
the death of Albert Chaminade, in 2009, this one rests under the stele
in memory of the French sportsmen of the
Haute-Vienne this was
accepted by the Mayor of (1990–2014)
Alain Rodet before entrance of
the Sports Palace. The Beaublanc Sports Center is equipped with a
basketball hall, an athletics stadium, an Olympic swimming pool,
tennis courts and various football fields.
Limoges FC, founded in 1947, is a French association football team
based in Limoges, France, which is currently playing in the fifth tier
of the French football league system. Notable players: French
François Remetter, (born August 8, 1928, in Strasbourg), is a French
former football goalkeeper.
Laurent Koscielny; (born September 10, 1985) is a French footballer
who plays for Arsenal and the
France national football team. Koscielny
is the vice-captain of Arsenal. He has been described as a clever,
agile and ball-playing defender
Limoges Hand 87 is a French handball team based in Limoges, France,
which is currently playing in the Division 2 of Ligue Nationale de
Limoges experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification
Cfb) common to much of Western France. Most precipitation occurs
between October and February. On 27 December 1999, winds reached
148 km/h. On average, the city undergoes 41 days of frost
and seven days of snow each winter. In June, July and August,
precipitation tends to come only from violent thunderstorms coming
from the Bay of Biscay.
Climate data for Limoges-Bellegarde (402 m) 1981–2010 averages,
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Météo France
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)
Population city: 139,502 (limougeauds), urban area: 281,570.[when?] At
the 1999 census, the population was 133,968.
St Etienne Cathedral, Limoges
Saint Martial Bridge
Gare des Bénédictins
The Crypt of Saint Martial, 10th century, including the tomb of the
bishop who evangelized the city It was discovered in the 1960s
while building an underground parking lot (place de la république).
Remains of the Gallo-Roman amphitheatre, one of the largest in ancient
Limoges Cathedral (Cathédrale
Saint-Étienne de Limoges),
begun in 1273 and only finished in 1888. It is noted for a fine loft
built in 1534 and for the partly octagonal bell tower. The main
artistic works are a Renaissance rood screen and the tomb of the
bishop Jean de Langeac, with sculpted scenes of the Apocalypse.
The Chapelle Saint-Aurélien (14th–17th centuries). It includes the
relics of St. Aurelian, the second bishop of Limoges, and has medieval
statues and Baroque works of art.
The church of St-Pierre-du-Queyroix, begun in the 12th century
Church of St-Michel-des-Lions, begun in 1364. It houses the relics of
St. Martial and has stained-glass windows from the 15th–16th
century. The most striking feature is the 65 m-high tower, with a
spire surmounted by a big bronze ball.
The bridges of
Saint Martial (dating from the Roman era) and of
St-Etienne (13th century).
Limoges Fine Arts Museum (Musée des Beaux-Arts), housed in the
18th-century bishops' palace ('Palais de l'Évêché').
The railway station, Gare de
Limoges Bénédictins, inaugurated in
The Château de La Borie (17th century), at 4 km (2.5 mi)
from the city. It is home to the Centre Culturel de Rencontre de La
Borie et l'Ensemble Baroque de Limoges.
The remains of the 12th-century Castle of Chalucet, 10 km
(6.2 mi) south of the city. During the
Hundred Years' War
Hundred Years' War it was
a base of the bands of pillagers which ravaged the country.
The city's botanical gardens include the Jardin botanique de
l'Evêché next to the cathedral and the Jardin botanique alpin
University of Limoges
University of Limoges was founded in 1968.
Art and literature
The murder of Thomas Becket,
Limoges enamel, 12th century, Louvre
"Le marché de Limoges" (
Limoges market) is the name of a section of
Pictures at an Exhibition
Pictures at an Exhibition by Modest Mussorgsky.
In 1768, kaolin, a rock rich in fine, white clay which is used for
making porcelain, was discovered at Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche, 30 km
south of Limoges. Under the impetus of the progressive economist Anne
Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de Laune, who had been appointed
intendant of this impoverished and isolated region, a new ceramics
industry was developed, and
Limoges porcelain became famous during the
19th century. However,
Limoges porcelain is a generic term for
porcelain produced in
Limoges rather than at a specific factory (there
are still several porcelain factories in and around Limoges). More
than 50% of all porcelain made in
France comes from Limoges
Limoges is mentioned in T.S. Eliot's poem
lines 23 to 25:
"... Mr. Silvero/ With caressing hands, at Limoges/ Who walked all
night in the next room."
Eliot's compatriot and mentor
Ezra Pound visited
Limoges in 1912 when
researching the landscape and the work of the 12th-century
troubadours. As he states in his essay Troubadours: Theirs Sorts and
Conditions: "... a man may walk the hill roads and river roads from
Narbonne and learn a little, or
more than a little, of what the country meant to the wandering singers
There is also a reference to
Limoges in Jean-Paul Sartre's novel
Nausea, near the middle of the book in the
Shrove Tuesday section,
when the magistrate says: "I had a similar case at the beginning of my
career. It was in 1902. I was deputy magistrate at
Limoges is absent from the work of Auguste Renoir, although a
native of the city, it remains an important source of inspiration for
local artists.
The main railway station of
Limoges is the Gare de
Limoges-Bénédictins. It offers direct connections with Paris, and
Toulouse, and several regional destinations. The motorway A20 connects
Limoges with Chateauroux, Vierzon,
Paris to the north,
and Brive-la-Gaillarde, Cahors,
Toulouse to the south.
The nearest airport is
Limoges – Bellegarde Airport.
Urban transport in
Limoges and its metropolitan area is operated by
Société de transports en commun de
Limoges Métropole (STCL). The
Limoges urban bus network includes the
Limoges trolleybus system, one
of only four such systems currently operating in France.
Pierre Basile, according to the chroniclers Roger de Wendover and
Bernard Itier (Ithier), librarian of the Abbey
Limoges, the knight
Limousin who mortally wounded Richard the
Lionheart at the siege of *Châlus-Chabrol Castle, On March 26, 1199,
of a crossbow tile which reached the King of
England at the base of
Bernard Gui (1261–1331), Inquisitor of Toulouse, Bishop of Lodève,
buried in Limoges.
Henri François d'Aguesseau
Henri François d'Aguesseau (1668–1751), chancellor of France
Jean Daurat (or Dorat) (1508–1588), poet and scholar, member of the
Jean-Gilles du Coëtlosquet, Bishop of
Limoges and tutor of
grandchildren of Louis XV
Stephen Grellet (1773–1855),
Jean-Baptiste Jourdan (1762–1833), marshal of France
Thomas Robert Bugeaud de la Piconnerie, Duke of Duchy of Isly
(1784–1849), marshal of France
Ferdinand VII had one night in 1808. Presented by
Napoleon Bonaparte, and banished by the Emperor to King Ferdinand VII
of Spain, spent a night in 1808 Castle
Valençay (Indre), he spent a
night in guard in Muret, owners at the time of this particular hotel
Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud
Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud (1753–1793), orator and revolutionary
Fabienne Delsol, a singer active since 1996
Roger Gonthier (1884–1978), architect
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Émile Montégut (1825–1895), critic
René Navarre (1877–1968), actor
Auguste Renoir (1841–1919), painter
Michel Chevalier (1806–1879), engineer, economist, and statesman
Tōson Shimazaki (1872–1943), Japanese writer, exiled in
1915 and 1916.
Marie François Sadi Carnot
Marie François Sadi Carnot (1837–1894), President of France
Martial Valin (1898–1980), commander of the Free French Air Force
Georges Guingouin (Magnac-Laval, 1913 Troyes, 2005), school teacher
who led the French resistance from 1942 to 1944 (FTP then FFI) around
Limoges. Also nicknamed "le préfet du maquis", under his orders the
Resistance defeated the German brigade led by General Curt von Jesser,
at the battle of the Mont Gargan, in July 1944 and liberated Limoges
without any casualty one month later, on August 21. He was elected a
François Mitterrand, linked to
Limoges because his grandfather Joseph
was born September 27, 1873 in Limoges, died in 1946 in Jarnac.
Heinz Lammerding, (1905–1971) officier allemand de la
is known – notably in France – for having been the
commander of the SS Das Reich division, responsible for the massacres
Oradour-sur-Glane in 1944. Has been passing here
Adolf Diekmann (1914–1944) Commander of the 1 st battalion of the
Führer regiment of the 2nd SS Das Reich Division responsible for
Oradour-sur-Glane massacre, where 642 people (240 women, 205
children and 197 men) were murdered. Has been passing here
André Antoine (1858–1943), theater pioneer, actor, director,
Maryse Bastié (1898–1952), aviator
Jean Lefebvre The actor (1919–2004) drove one of the first Limoges
trolleybuses, before starting upon his career in film and theater.
Xavier Darcos (1947), politician
Roland Dumas (1922), politician
Mario David, French actor, born August 9, 1927 in Charleville-Mezieres
and died April 29, 1996 in Paris
Georges-Emmanuel Clancier (1914), writer, poet and novelist.
Theo Sarapo (1936–1970), singer, actor, died at Limoges
Pascal Sevran (1945–2008), songwriter, television host, who died in
Guillaume Moreau (born in 1983 in Limoges), automobile driver
Guy Roux, French player and football coach, born 18 October 1938 in
Colmar, and then was transferred in 1958 in Limoges, where he became a
boarding master at the Lycée
Limoges FC 1958–1961
Raoul Hausmann, artist born in Vienna, in 1886, co-founder of
Dada-Berlin, famous for his collages. Moved to
Limoges for safety in
1939 and then to Peyrat-le-château where he died in 1971. The
Rochechouart Art Museum (west of Limoges) holds several of his works.
Edmond Malinvaud (born in 1923 in Limoges), world-renowned economist
Fred Sirieix (born 1972), maître d' famous for appearing on First
Michel Denisot (born 1945 Buzançais), former freelance radio
Limoges, now a pillar of the
Canal + television channel.
Damien Chouly (born 27 November 1985), is a French rugby union
footballer. He played for Clermont Auvergne, in the Top 14, commonly
in the Number 8 position.
Edmond Malinvaud (1923–2015), economist
David Ducourtioux (born April 11, 1978), in Limoges, is a French
footballer. He held the right backside position in
2007 to 2014. He now plays for Gazélec Ajaccio.
Sébastien Puygrenier (born 28 January 1982), is a French football
player. He is a centre back, who currently plays for French team US
Pascal Hervé (1964), former cyclist, excluded from the Tour de France
for doping in 1998 with the cycling team Festina, converted in the
restaurant, Le Comptoir de Bacchus at 3 rue Filles Notre Dame and La
Bicyclette at 15 rue Hubert Curien.
Richard Dacoury (born July 6, 1959 in Abidjan, Ivory Coast) is a
former player of the
Limoges basketball club French professional
Philippe Bolo, (born on 25 March 1967), is a French politician, member
MoDem and deputy
MoDem of the seventh riding of Maine-et-Loire
Natalia Pouzyreff is an engineer and politician (born on February 18,
1961) Invested by La République en marche!, she was elected deputy in
the sixth constituency of
Yvelines on 18 June 2017.
Luc Leblanc, born on 4 August 1966 in Limoges, is a French cyclist,
professional from 1987 to 1998. He was crowned world road champion in
1994 in Agrigento in
Sicily ahead of
Claudio Chiappucci in a very
Maxime Méderel is a French cyclist, born on September 19, 1980 in
Limoges, professional since 2005. He is a member of the UV Limousine.
Théo Vimpère, born on 3 July 1990 in Limoges, is a French cyclist.
From 2013 to 2016 in the
HP BTP–Auber93 continental team, he has
been a member of the Pro Immo Nicolas Roux team since 2017
Fountain and Carousel at Place de la République
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
Icheon, South Korea
Plzeň, Czech Republic
Roman Catholic Diocese of Limoges, the Bishopric of Limoges
Communes of the
^ a b "Limoges". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 24 September
Louvre museum notice". Louvre.fr. Archived from the original on 15
June 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
^ Sumption, Jonathan. 2009. The Hundred Years War III: Divided Houses.
^ a b c "Limoges". Facstaff.uindy.edu. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
^ "F4 History: 1993, A surprise from France".
^ "Une liste de 200 personnalités «à abattre» a été découverte
lors de perquisitions chez des". 26 September 1992.
^ "Données climatiques de la station de Limoges" (in French). Meteo
France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
^ "Climat Limousin" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7,
^ "Limoges–Bellegarde (87)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique:
Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France.
Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March
^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Limoges-Bellegarde (87) - altitude
402m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on March 3,
2016. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
Limoges at INSEE (in French)
^ "Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Martial". Newadvent.org. 1 October 1910.
Retrieved 14 March 2011.
^ "Découvrez le musée des Beaux-Arts de
Limoges - Musée des
Beaux-Arts de Limoges". www.museebal.fr.
^ Université de
Limoges website Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback
Machine. (in English)
^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within
Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations
(CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name
needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
INSEE commune file
See also: Bibliography of the history of Limoges
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Limoges.
City council website
Adrien Dubouché Museum – ceramics, glassware, porcelain from
History and Geography at Academy of Limoges
Prefectures of departments of France
La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime)
Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire)
Le Mans (Sarthe)
La Roche-sur-Yon (Vendée)
Belfort (Territoire de Belfort)
Cayenne (French Guiana)
Prefectures of the regions of France
Orléans (Centre-Val de Loire)
Strasbourg (Grand Est)
Nantes (Pays de la Loire)
Marseille (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur)
Cayenne (French Guiana)
Communes of the