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The Info List - Libyan Resistance Movement


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 Kingdom of Italy

Italian Libya

Libya   British Empire
British Empire
(from 1942)   France
France
(from 1942)

Commanders and leaders

Rodolfo Graziani Emir Idris of Cyrenaica Omar Mukhtar 

Strength

~856,000 soldiers Thousands

Casualties and losses

Unknown

40,000[1]-70,000 dead[2] (battles, deportation, starvation etc.). 250,000-300,000 total loss (migration of indigenous) [3]

Part of a series on the

History of Libya

Prehistory  

Libyco-Berber era pre-146 BC

Roman era to 640 AD

Islamic rule 640–1510

Spanish rule 1510–1530

Order of Saint John 1530–1551

Ottoman rule 1551–1911

Italian occupation 1911–1934

Italian Libya 1934–1943

Allied occupation 1943–1951

Kingdom of Libya 1951–1969

Libyan Arab Republic 1969–1977

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1977–2011

First Civil War 2011

National Transitional Council 2011–2012

General National Congress 2012–2014

House of Representatives 2014–present

Second Civil War 2014–present

Government of National Accord 2016–present

Libya
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portal

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The Libyan resistance movement was the name given to rebel forces opposing the Italian Empire
Italian Empire
during its "Pacification of Libya" between 1923 and 1932.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Second Italo-Libyan War (1923-1932)

2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] Second Italo-Libyan War (1923-1932)[edit] Main article: Pacification of Libya The Libyan resistance was initially led by Omar Mukhtar
Omar Mukhtar
(Arabic عمر المختار ‘Umar Al-Mukhtār) (1862 - 16 September 1931), who was from the tribe of Mnifa, born in a small village called Janzour located in the eastern part of Barqa. Later King Idris and his Senussi
Senussi
tribe in the provinces of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania
Tripolitania
started to become opposed to the Italian colonization after 1929, when Italy changed its political promises of moderate "protectorate" to the Senussi
Senussi
(done in 1911) and - because of Benito Mussolini - started to take complete colonial control of Libya. Resistance was totally crushed by General Rodolfo Graziani
Rodolfo Graziani
in the 1930s and the country was again controlled by the Italians with the help of Arab fascists, to the point that many Libyan colonial troops fought on the side of Italy between 1940 and 1943: two divisions of Libyan colonial troops were created in the late 1930s and 30,000 native Libyans fought for Italy during World War II. See also[edit]

Gasr Bu Hadi Resistance during World War II Italy's 'Fourth Shore' The concept of Italia irredenta The Italian Mare Nostrum

References[edit]

^ Mohamed Fekini and the Fight to Free Libya
Libya
- Angelo Del Boca,Antony Shugaar [1] ^ A Historical Companion to Postcolonial Literatures - Prem Poddar,Rajeev Shridhar Patke,Lars Jensen [2] ^ John L. Wright, Libya, a Modern History, Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 42.

External links[edit]

http://countrystudies.us/libya/20.htm http://www.workmall.com/wfb2001/libya/libya_history_world_war_ii_and_independence.html https://archive.org/search.php?query=collection%3A%22opensource_movies%22%20AND%20(subject%3A%22%20World%20War%20II%22) http://countrystudies.us/libya/23.htm http://www.workmall.com/wfb2001/libya/libya_history_world_war_ii_and_independence.html http://www.archive.org/search.php?query=collection%3A%22opensource_movies%22%20AND%20(subject%3A%22%20World%20War%20II%22) http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/arab-thoughts-on-the-italian-colonial-wars-in-libya http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=acls;cc=acls;view=toc;idno=heb00880.0001.001 http://histclo.com/country/arab/lib/hist/lh-ita.html http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/libya/senussi.htm https://www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/index2010.htm

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