Li Siguang (; 1889–1971), also known as J. S. Lee, was a Chinese geologist and politician. He was the founder of China's geomechanics
. He was an ethnic Mongol
. He made outstanding contributions, which changed the situation of "oil deficiency" in the country, enabling the large-scale development of oil fields to raise the country to the ranks of the world's major oil producers.
Li was born as Li Zhongkui () in Huanggang, Hubei
Province. His paternal grandfather was a Mongolian beggar who migrated to
Hubei (; Postal romanization, alternately Hupeh) is a landlocked provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China, and is part of the Central China region. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to i ...
in search of a better livelihood, and his family originally had the Mongol surname "Kuli" () or "Ku" ().
He was often known in English as J. S. Lee (J for Zhongkui/Jung-kuei, S for Siguang).
Li studied in Osaka Technical College
in Japan and the
University of Birmingham
A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an institution
Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntington, are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior". Institutions can refer to mechanisms which govern the behavior
in UK in his early years. He became a geological professor at
Peking University (Chinese: 北京大学, informally Beida 北大, PKU; lit. "Beijing University"), is a major research university
A research university is a university
A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institutio ...
upon his return from abroad in 1920. Li Siguang was
Wuhan University (WHU; ; colloquially ) is a national research university located in Wuhan, Hubei. It is one of the most prestigious and selective universities in China, and was recognized by the Chinese Ministry of Education as a Class A Double Fir ...
building preparatory chairman from July 1928 to April 1938. He was the president of National Central University
) in 1932.
People's Republic of China
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering approximately 9.6& ...
was established, Li held the positions of vice president of the
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chinese can refer to:
* Something related to China
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...
(CAS) and minister of
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rock (geology), rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which th ...
After the end of the
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a violent Political sociology, sociopolitical purge Social movement, movement in China from 1966 until 1976. Launched by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Chinese Commu ...
(1966–1976), Xu Chi
published Li's biography entitled ''The Light of Geology'' (), which was widely read and made Li a household name in China.
Li Siguang's daughter Li Lin
was a physicist and academician of the CAS. She married Chen-Lu Tsou (Zou Chenglu), a distinguished biochemist and academician, while they were both attending the University of Cambridge in England. Li's family is thus the only one in China that has produced three academicians. Li Lin's daughter, Zou Zongping () followed her grandfather's footsteps and became a geologist.
Osaka University alumni
Alumni of the University of Birmingham
Chinese expatriates in the United Kingdom
Chinese people of Mongolian descent
China University of Geosciences faculty
Foreign Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences
Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Members of Academia Sinica
National Central University faculty
Educators from Hubei
Peking University faculty
People's Republic of China politicians from Hubei
Presidents of Wuhan University
Politicians from Huanggang
Scientists from Hubei
Vice Chairpersons of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Burials at Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery