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Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
(Chinese: 李克强; Mandarin: [lì kʰɤ̂.tɕʰjǎŋ]; born 1 July 1955) is the current Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. An economist by training, Li is China's head of government as well as one of the leading figures behind Chinese economic policy. He is also the second-ranked member of the Politburo Standing Committee
Politburo Standing Committee
of the Communist Party of China, the de facto top decision-making body of the country. Li is a major part of the "fifth generation of Chinese leadership" along with General secretary Xi Jinping. Li was named the World's 12th Most Powerful Person by the Forbes list of The World's Most Powerful People in 2015 and 2016. Li rose through the ranks through his involvement in the Communist Youth League. From 1998 to 2004, Li served as the Governor of Henan and the province's party secretary. From 2004 to 2007 he served as the Party Secretary of Liaoning, the top political office in the province. From 2008 to 2013, Li served as the first-ranked Vice-Premier[a] under then-Premier Wen Jiabao, overseeing a broad portfolio which included economic development, price controls, finance, climate change, and macroeconomic management.[1] Given his Youth League experience, Li has generally been considered a political ally of former leader Hu Jintao. Li assumed the post of Premier in 2013, and has facilitated the Chinese government's shifting of priorities from export-led growth to a greater focus on internal consumption. Li has also been a major force behind the implementation of the "comprehensively deepening reforms" announced in the fall of 2013.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Rising through the ranks (1998-2012)

2.1 Provincial tenures

3 Vice Premiership (2008-2013) 4 Premiership (2013 to present)

4.1 Domestic policy 4.2 Foreign policy 4.3 Reduction of bureaucracy 4.4 Xi-Li Administration

5 Personal life 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

Early life and education[edit] Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
was born on 1 July 1955 in Hefei, the capital and largest city of Anhui. His father was a local official in Anhui. Li graduated from Hefei
Hefei
No.8 Senior High School in 1974,[2] during the Cultural Revolution, and was sent for rural labour in Fengyang County, Anhui, where he eventually joined the Communist Party of China
China
and made his way in becoming the party head of the local production team. He was awarded the honour of Outstanding Individual in the Study of Mao Zedong Thought during this time.[3] Li refused his father's offer of grooming him for the local county's party leadership and entered the School of Law at Peking University, where he received his LLB[4] and became the president of the University's student council. He earned a PhD in economics in 1995, and the prominent economist Li Yining (no relation) was his doctoral advisor. His doctoral dissertation was awarded the Sun Yefang
Sun Yefang
Prize, China's highest prize in economics.[5] In 1980, Li became the Communist Youth League
Communist Youth League
secretary at Peking University. He entered the top leadership of the national organization of the Communist Youth League
Communist Youth League
(CYL) in 1982 as a member of its Secretariat, and has worked closely with former Party General Secretary Hu Jintao, who also rose through the ranks of the CYL, ever since. Li became the organization's First Secretary in 1993 and served until 1998. He is a representative member of the first generation to have risen from the CYL leadership. Rising through the ranks (1998-2012)[edit] Provincial tenures[edit] Li became the youngest Chinese provincial governor in June 1998 when he was appointed governor of Henan
Henan
at the age of 43. According to provincial officials working with him at the time, Li refused to participate in any banquets or large fancy events not related to government activities.[6] During his time as governor, a public sense of his "bad luck" grew due to the occurrence of three major fires in the province.[7] Li is known to be outspoken and led economic development in Henan, transforming the poor inland region into an attractive area for investment. Li did not spend time pursuing superficial projects. He trekked through all regions of the province trying to search for a comprehensive solution to its growing problems. Henan
Henan
jumped in national GDP rankings from 28th in the early 1990s to 18th in 2004, when Li left Henan. However, his government was relatively ineffective at curbing the HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
epidemic that was affecting the rural areas of the province. Li was transferred to work as the Party Secretary in Liaoning
Liaoning
in December 2004, taking on the top political office of the province. There he is known for the "Five-points to one Line" project, where he linked up Dalian
Dalian
and Dandong, as well as a series of other ports into a comprehensive network to improve trade flow. With his Youth League experience and his association with then paramount leader Hu Jintao, Li was seen from early on in Hu's term as a contender to succeed Hu when his term as party leader ends in 2012. Li gained membership to the Politburo Standing Committee
Politburo Standing Committee
at 17th Party Congress held in October 2007. He was succeeded in his provincial party chief post by Governor Zhang Wenyue. While Li's political future seemed promising, he was outranked on the Standing Committee by Xi Jinping, who had just left his role as party chief of Shanghai to join the central leadership ranks in Beijing. This rank order ostensibly signaled that it would be Xi, not Li, who would eventually succeed Hu as party General Secretary and President. At the 2008 National People's Congress, Li was elected Vice-Premier, first in rank, reinforcing the speculation that Li would become Premier and was being groomed to succeed then-Premier Wen Jiabao.[7] Vice Premiership (2008-2013)[edit]

January 2011, Li attends the China-Britain Business Council dinner and delivers a speech.

During his first term in the PSC between 2007 and 2012, Li took on the most important portfolios in the Chinese government, including economic development, government budgets, land and resources, the environment, and health, ostensibly to prepare him for his upcoming premiership. He also became the head of central commissions overseeing the Three Gorges Dam
Three Gorges Dam
and the South-North Water Transfer Project, as well as the leader of steering committees in charge of health care reform, food safety, and AIDS-related work. In addition, Li was the principal lieutenant to Premier Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao
in the broad portfolios of climate change, energy, information technology, northeastern China revitalization, and developing the Chinese far west. Li's first major appearance internationally was at the 2010 World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. The event was seen as an litmus test for Li. At the forum, Li succinctly presented China's long-term vision for development in front of world business and political leaders.[8] In particular, Li briefed the WEF on China's commitment to sustainable development, green energy, decreasing the income gap and modernizing key strategic industries.[8] While reiterating Beijing's commitment to peaceful development and its focus in increasing domestic demand in the face of external pressures during the global financial crisis, Li also warned against protectionism, saying "opening up can be both bilateral and multilateral... in this sense, one plus one is more often than not bigger than two." He also touched upon the importance of international development, and international financial reform. He called for a global governance structure that was "more reflective of the changes in the global political and economic landscape."[9] In February 2010, Li gave a speech to ministerial and provincial-level leaders about the importance of changing the economic structure of the country in order to be better poised for future growth. The speech was published with minor omissions in the 1 June issue of Qiushi, the Communist Party's political theory publication. Li said that China
China
had come to a critical historical inflection point where a fundamental shift in the structure of the economy must take place in order for the country to continue its path of growth. Li particularly emphasized the need to boost domestic consumption, and emphasized the importance of continued urbanization.[10] Li also emphasized that China
China
should be moving towards a more middle class-oriented society with an "olive"-shaped wealth distribution, with the majority of the country's population and wealth belonging to the middle class.[11] He has also reiterated the importance of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization in China
China
in order to improve its competitiveness, food security, energy security, affordable housing, and healthcare.[12] In August 2011, Li went on an official visit to Hong Kong, including a trip to the University of Hong Kong. The political sensitivities and heightened security surrounding the event resulted in the Hong Kong 818 incident, an event that caused controversy in the territory. At the 18th Party Congress held in the fall of 2012, Li was elevated to the number two spot on the Politburo Standing Committee
Politburo Standing Committee
(PSC) and thereby became one of the top leaders of China. As he was expected to become Premier, this was a shift from previous convention on the PSC set in 1997 whereby the Premier ranked third, after the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, who ranked second. This change showed that the party intended to project Li as the number two figure in the Chinese political hierarchy, behind only party General Secretary Xi Jinping. Also in that same year, he had personally met with the openly gay Ma Baoli (a policeman turned businessman) to discuss the threat posed by HIV.[13] In the same conversation, they discussed LGBT
LGBT
issues on preventing discrimination which has been interpreted as a sign that the People's Republic is slowly coming around to the idea even as major Chinese businesses have already begun tapping into the purchasing power parity of the LGBT community.[14] Premiership (2013 to present)[edit] See also: Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
Government

July 2015, Li attends the Franco-Chinese economic summit and delivers a speech.

On 15 March 2013, Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
was, as expected, elected by the 12th National People's Congress
National People's Congress
as Premier.[15] At the same Congress, Party General Secretary Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping
was elected President.[16] Li replaced Wen Jiabao, who retired after serving two terms as premier. Of the nearly 3,000 legislators assembled at the Congress, 2,940 voted for him, three against, and six abstained.[15] He was elected for a five-year term, but was expected to serve two terms like his predecessor Wen.[15] On 16 March, the Congress selected Zhang Gaoli, Liu Yandong, Wang Yang, and Ma Kai
Ma Kai
as vice premiers following their respective nominations from Li Keqiang.[17] He gave his first major speech March 17 at the conclusion of the National Peoples Congress, calling for frugality in government, a fairer distribution of income and continued economic reform. Li has focused his attention on China
China
to move towards a consumption based economy instead of relying on export led growth.[18][19] Li was ranked 14th of the 2013 Forbes Magazine's List of The World's Most Powerful People, after taking the office of Chinese Premier.[20] Domestic policy[edit]

March 2015, Li attends the Chinese and foreign press conference.

Li has an academic background in economics and is therefore a firm believer in the use of robust economic data to aid in government decision making. He is known to study economic statistics and routinely questions the reliability of the data he works with. Li has been described by international media as the pioneer behind the so-called "Keqiang index",[21] an unconventional economic measurement indicator devised by Li that was said to bypass the often unreliable official GDP numbers and thus serves as a better indicator of economic health and a more useful barometer for decision-making. Instead of gathering data on total economic output alone, Li used three other indicators to keep tabs on the economy while working in Liaoning province. These were, the railway cargo volume, electricity consumption and total loans disbursed by banks. When Li initially entered office, China
China
was facing numerous structural problems inherited from the previous administration. Namely, the large abundance of non-performing loans, that many of the giant infrastructure projects the country embarked on since the global financial crisis was overloaded with crushing debt and lower than expected revenues, and the increasingly large wealth gap. Under these circumstances, Li was said to have responded with what became known as "Likonomics", a term coined by economists at the investment bank Barclays Capital. Likonomics consisted of a three-prong approach that included the across-the-board reduction of debt, an end to massive stimulus practices of the Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao
government, and structural reforms.[22] However, by 2014, global economic pressures and a decrease in demand of Chinese exports led to lower than expected economic growth rates. Year-on-year GDP growth amounted to less than 7.5% for the first time since 1989. Li's government then responded with tax cuts for small businesses, renovation projects of poor urban areas, and another round of rail construction, particularly focused on the country's interior.[23] After the announcement of comprehensive reforms at the Third Plenum in 2013, Li became a leading figure of the government's reform implementation efforts. The Third Plenum called for market forces to play a "decisive" role in the allocation of resources, ostensibly looking to decrease government regulation on the free market. In early 2014, Li said that local governments were still ineffective at following the central government's reform directives, and that "[some governments] meddle in affairs they shouldn't be involved in, and some don't pay attention to things they should be doing." Li emphasized that the success of reforms came down to "execution and implementation," and criticized local governments for failing to act in support of reforms.[24] Foreign policy[edit] Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
made his first foreign visit to India on 18 May 2013 in a bid to resolve border disputes and to stimulate economic relations.[25] He said the choice of India as the first international visit highlights Chinese importance in its relations with the country.[26] During Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to China
China
in 2015, Li and Modi took a selfie together at the Temple of Heaven. During his visit to Pakistan he met with top leadership of country and expressed his views "As Pakistan's closest friend and brother, we would like to provide as much assistance as we can for the Pakistani side".[27] Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
also visited Switzerland
Switzerland
and Germany
Germany
on his first Europe trip, and met with the two countries' leaders.[28]

June 2013, Li meets the South Korean president Park Geun-hye.

February 2014, Li meets the United States Secretary of State John Kerry.

May 2015, Li meets the then Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff.

July 2015, Li meets the French prime minister Manuel Valls.

November 2016, Li meets the Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Reduction of bureaucracy[edit] Li is especially critical of unnecessary government bureaucracy, particularly at the grassroots level. He believes that many lower-level officials fail to provide services to the public in an effective manner. Regarding his disdain for the matter, Li's many quotable anecdotes have become viral. Li referred to a case in which a citizen filling out a form to travel overseas had to write down an emergency contact (the citizen put down their mother as the contact), and the government official overseeing the matter asked the citizen to provide a notarized document to "prove your mom is your mom."[29] Li called this incident "absolutely preposterous." In another case, he referred to a grassroots civil servant who asked for proof that a one-year old does not have a criminal record in order to deliver a government service.[30] In yet another case, Li referred to a senior citizen applying for welfare benefits being forced by government employees to provide proof that "they are still alive." Regarding the latter two incidents, Li said, "this is not a joke, it's all real!"[30] Xi-Li Administration[edit] Main article: Xi-Li Administration At the Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee held in the fall of 2013, the Communist Party announced far reaching economic and social reforms. However, the document outlining the reforms was drafted under the leadership of Xi, Liu Yunshan and Zhang Gaoli, and Li was ostensibly not involved in preparing the document. This departure from convention ( Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao
was the principal drafter of documents behind the reforms announced at the Third Plenum of 2003) led to speculation that Li was becoming marginalized in the new administration, and that the widely touted "Xi-Li Administration" in fact did not exist, as power was increasingly being centralized under the hands of Xi as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.[31] Following the Third Plenum of 2013, Xi amassed a series of leadership roles on four new powerful supra-ministerial bodies overseeing "comprehensively deepening reforms", the internet, military reform, and also the National Security Commission. The "deepening reforms" leading group was said to be encroaching on the affairs in the economic realm normally handled by the Premier, and was seen as having the effect of reducing Li's institutional power. However, Li appeared in official press releases as Xi's foremost lieutenant, being named Vice Chairman of the National Security Commission,[32] in addition to becoming the deputy leader of leading groups on "deepening reforms", internet security, and the economy and finance. On March 18, 2018 Li was reappointed Premier after receiving 2,964 votes in favour and just two against by the National People’s Congress.[33] Personal life[edit] Li is married to Cheng Hong, a professor at Capital University of Economics and Business in Beijing. His father-in-law was once the deputy secretary of the Communist Youth League
Communist Youth League
Central Committee. He speaks conversational English.[34] See also[edit]

Biography portal China
China
portal

Xi-Li Administration Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
Government Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
Index Communist Youth League
Communist Youth League
of China

Notes[edit]

^ "Li's title has been variously translated as "Executive Vice Premier" or "First Vice-Premier", though the practice of making explicit reference to the Vice Premier's rank has gradually been phased out since Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
last assumed the title of "First Vice Premier" during the Cultural Revolution. In state media, Li has almost always been referred to as simply the "Vice Premier".

References[edit]

^ "China's new top Party leaders make debut". China.org.cn. 15 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.  ^ http://baike.baidu.com/link?url=uzqanADM0FWqhPqS_Kr_QpVEhIe9SXa29iovzHPWmPl0eC_jbOA_vjQqY7xn5it5kKVkY6dz83SM-GE3EPljG_ ^ 《多维月刊》:李克强出身非平民,成长靠恩师(2) (in Chinese). Dwnews.com. 28 November 2008. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ "Profile: Chinese First Vice Prime Minister Li Keqiang". Radio Free Europe. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2013.  ^ 总理恩师厉以宁 [Li Yining: teacher of the premier] (in Chinese). Sohu. Retrieved 2015-02-20.  ^ "Duowei: Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
helps Henan
Henan
fight off the poverty". Chinese Newsnet (in Chinese). 10 June 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ a b "Power Players: Li Keqiang". The Diplomat. 28 September 2012. Archived from the original on 26 August 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ a b Maidment, Paul (28 January 2010). "China's Li Delivers A Polished Future". Forbes.  ^ Li, Keqiang. "Davos Annual Meeting 2010 – Special
Special
Address by Li Keqiang". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 4 June 2010.  ^ Li, Keqiang. "Questions Concerning Changes to China's Economic Structure (关于调整经济结构促进持续发展的几个问题)". Qiushi. Retrieved 1 June 2010.  ^ Society Global Times Archived 8 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Xinhua News Agency (11 October 2010). "China's vice premier urges accelerating industrialization, urbanization". Xinhuanet. Archived from the original on 14 October 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010.  ^ https://www.forbes.com/sites/ywang/2015/05/24/this-chinese-policeman-builds-the-worlds-top-gay-dating-app-now-he-wants-more-international-users/ ^ http://www.marketwatch.com/story/chinese-businesses-eye-purchasing-power-of-lgbt-community-2015-03-19 ^ a b c " China
China
confirms Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
as premier". BBC. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.  ^ " Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
named Chinese premier, government's second most powerful post". CNN. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ "Who's Who in China's New Government Leadership Lineup". Bloomberg. 16 March 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2013.  ^ DING QINGFEN (March 26, 2013). "Premier Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
focuses on consumption". China
China
Daily.  ^ "Premier Li calls for courage, wisdom in upgrading economy". Xinhua. 31 March 2013.  ^ "Li Keqiang". Forbes. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ "Keqiang ker-ching: How China's next prime minister keeps tabs on its economy". The Economist. December 9, 2010.  ^ "Likonomics: what's not to like". The Economist. July 1, 2013.  ^ Chen, George (April 7, 2014). "Forget 'Likonomics', it's all about economic stimulus in China
China
again". South China
China
Morning Post.  ^ "学者称李克强style为专家治国". Duowei News. July 21, 2014.  ^ "Chinese premier visits India". Al Jazeera English. 19 May 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.  ^ "Chinese PM vows to build trust with India". Al Jazeera English. 19 May 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.  ^ "Chinese premier hopes for more fruits in friendship with Pakistan". Xinhuane. 24 May 2013. Archived from the original on 15 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.  ^ Li visits four countries China
China
Daily ^ "李克强:证明"你妈是你妈"是天大笑话". Duowei News. May 6, 2015.  ^ a b "李克强屡斥"奇葩"证明 简政放权再推进". Chinanews. May 12, 2015.  ^ "习刘张起草三中 李克强未参与引争议". Duowei News. November 17, 2013.  ^ " Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping
to lead national security commission". China
China
Daily. January 24, 2014. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ http://www.scmp.com/news/china/economy/article/2137707/li-keqiang-endorsed-chinas-premier-while-military-commission ^ Li Keqiang's Wife and In-laws Archived 22 January 2013 at Archive.is Duowei Monthly

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Li Keqiang.

Premier Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
at the State Council website

Offices and distinctions of Li Keqiang

Political offices

Preceded by Ma Zhongchen Governor of Henan 1998–2003 Succeeded by Li Chengyu

Preceded by Ren Keli Chairperson of People's Congress of Henan 2003–2005 Succeeded by Xu Guangchun

Preceded by Wen Shizhen Chairperson of People's Congress of Liaoning 2005–2007 Succeeded by Zhang Xilin

Preceded by Wu Yi Acting First Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China 2008–2013 Succeeded by Zhang Gaoli

Preceded by Wen Jiabao Premier of the People's Republic of China 2013–present Incumbent

Party political offices

Preceded by Song Defu First Secretary of the Communist Youth League
Communist Youth League
of China 1993–1998 Succeeded by Zhou Qiang

Preceded by Chen Kuiyuan Provincial Committee Secretary of Henan 2002–2004 Succeeded by Xu Guangchun

Preceded by Wen Shizhen Provincial Committee Secretary of Liaoning 2004–2007 Succeeded by Zhang Wenyue

Preceded by Wen Jiabao Chairman of the State Commission for Public Sector Reform 2013–present Incumbent

Leader of the Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs 2013–present

New title Deputy Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms 2014–present

Vice Chairman of the National Security Commission 2014–present

Government offices

Preceded by Wen Jiabao Chairman of the National Defence Mobilisation Commission 2013–present Incumbent

Chairman of the National Energy Commission 2013–present

Director of the Three Gorges Project Committee 2008–2013 Succeeded by Zhang Gaoli

Director of the South–North Water Transfer Project
South–North Water Transfer Project
Committee 2008–2013

Order of precedence

Preceded by Xi Jinping as Vice President of the People's Republic of China Rank of the Communist Party of China 17th Politburo Standing Committee Succeeded by He Guoqiang as Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection

Preceded by Xi Jinping as CPC General Secretary and PRC President Rank of the Communist Party of China 18th Politburo Standing Committee Succeeded by Zhang Dejiang as Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

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Other members (surname stroke order)

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18th Politburo of the Communist Party of China
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1. Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping
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Other members (surname stroke order)

Ma Kai Wang Huning Liu Yandong Liu Qibao Xu Qiliang Sun Chunlan Sun Zhengcai
Sun Zhengcai
(expelled 2017) Li Jianguo Li Yuanchao Wang Yang Zhang Chunxian Fan Changlong Meng Jianzhu Zhao Leji Hu Chunhua Li Zhanshu Guo Jinlong Han Zheng

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17th Politburo of the Communist Party of China
China
(2007–2012)

Standing Committee

1. Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao
(general secretary) 2. Wu Bangguo 3. Wen Jiabao 4. Jia Qinglin 5. Li Changchun 6. Xi Jinping 7. Li Keqiang 8. He Guoqiang 9. Zhou Yongkang

Other members (surname stroke order)

Wang Gang Wang Lequan Wang Zhaoguo Wang Qishan Hui Liangyu Liu Qi Liu Yunshan Liu Yandong Li Yuanchao Wang Yang Zhang Gaoli Zhang Dejiang Yu Zhengsheng Xu Caihou Guo Boxiong Bo Xilai
Bo Xilai
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Vice Premiers of the People's Republic of China
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(list)

Provisional Cabinet

Dong Biwu Chen Yun Guo Moruo Huang Yanpei Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(added 1952)

1st Cabinet

Chen Yun Lin Biao Peng Dehuai Deng Xiaoping Deng Zihui He Long Chen Yi Ulanhu Li Fuchun Li Xiannian Nie Rongzhen (added 1956) Bo Yibo
Bo Yibo
(added 1956)

2nd Cabinet

Chen Yun Lin Biao Peng Dehuai Deng Xiaoping Deng Zihui He Long Chen Yi Ulanhu Li Fuchun Li Xiannian Nie Rongzhen Bo Yibo Tan Zhenlin Lu Dingyi Luo Ruiqing Xi Zhongxun

3rd Cabinet

Lin Biao
Lin Biao
(died 1971) Chen Yun
Chen Yun
(dismissed 1969) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(dismissed 1968, reinstated 1973) He Long
He Long
(died 1969) Chen Yi (died 1972) Ke Qingshi
Ke Qingshi
(died 1965) Ulanhu
Ulanhu
(dismissed 1968) Li Fuchun
Li Fuchun
(died 1975) Li Xiannian Tan Zhenlin Nie Rongzhen Bo Yibo
Bo Yibo
(dismissed 1967) Lu Dingyi
Lu Dingyi
(dismissed 1966) Luo Ruiqing
Luo Ruiqing
(dismissed 1966) Tao Zhu
Tao Zhu
(died 1969) Xie Fuzhi (died 1972)

4th Cabinet

Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(dismissed 1976, reinstated 1977) Zhang Chunqiao (dismissed 1977) Li Xiannian Chen Xilian Ji Dengkui Hua Guofeng Chen Yonggui Wu Guixian
Wu Guixian
(resigned 1977) Wang Zhen Yu Qiuli Gu Mu Sun Jian

5th Cabinet (1978)

Deng Xiaoping Li Xiannian Xu Xiangqian Ji Dengkui Yu Qiuli Chen Xilian Geng Biao Chen Yonggui Fang Yi Wang Zhen Gu Mu Kang Shi'en Chen Muhua Wang Renzhong
Wang Renzhong
(added 1979) Chen Yun
Chen Yun
(added 1979)

5th Cabinet (1980)

Yu Qiuli Geng Biao Fang Yi Gu Mu Kang Shi'en Chen Muhua Bo Yibo Yao Yilin Ji Pengfei Zhao Ziyang
Zhao Ziyang
(promoted to premier) Wan Li Yang Jingren Zhang Aiping Huang Hua

5th Cabinet (1982)

Wan Li Yao Yilin

6th Cabinet

Wan Li Yao Yilin Li Peng Tian Jiyun Qiao Shi
Qiao Shi
(added 1986)

7th Cabinet

Yao Yilin Tian Jiyun Wu Xueqian Zou Jiahua
Zou Jiahua
(added 1991) Zhu Rongji
Zhu Rongji
(added 1991)

8th Cabinet

Zhu Rongji Zou Jiahua Qian Qichen Li Lanqing Wu Bangguo
Wu Bangguo
(added 1995) Jiang Chunyun
Jiang Chunyun
(added 1995)

9th Cabinet

Li Lanqing Qian Qichen Wu Bangguo Wen Jiabao

10th Cabinet

Huang Ju
Huang Ju
(died 2007) Wu Yi Zeng Peiyan Hui Liangyu

11th Cabinet

Li Keqiang Hui Liangyu Zhang Dejiang Wang Qishan

12th Cabinet

Zhang Gaoli Liu Yandong Wang Yang Ma Kai

13th Cabinet

Han Zheng Sun Chunlan Hu Chunhua Liu He

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13th State Council of the People's Republic of China
China
(2018–2023)

Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
(Premier)

Vice Premiers

Han Zheng Sun Chunlan Hu Chunhua Liu He

State Councilors

Wei Fenghe Wang Yong Wang Yi Xiao Jie
Xiao Jie
(Secretary-General) Zhao Kezhi

Ministers

Agriculture and Rural Affairs

Han Changfu

Civil Affairs

Huang Shuxian

Commerce

Zhong Shan

Construction

Wang Menghui

Culture and Tourism

Luo Shugang

Defense

Wei Fenghe

Ecology and Environment

Li Ganjie

Education

Chen Baosheng

Emergency Management

Wang Yupu

Finance

Liu Kun

Foreign Affairs

Wang Yi

Human Resources

Zhang Jinan

Industry and Information

Miao Wei

Justice

Fu Zhenghua

Public Security

Zhao Kezhi

Natural Resources

Lu Hao

Science and Technology

Wang Zhigang

State Security

Chen Wenqing

Transport

Li Xiaopeng

Veterans Affairs

Sun Shaocheng

Water Resources

E Jingping

Commissioners

NDRC

He Lifeng

Ethnic Affairs

Bagatur

Health

Ma Xiaowei

Other bodies

Auditor General

Hu Zejun

Central Bank Governor

Yi Gang

v t e

Political leaders of Henan
Henan
since 1949

CPC Committee Secretaries

Zhang Xi Pan Fusheng Wu Zhipu Liu Jianxun Wen Minsheng Liu Jianxun Duan Junyi Liu Jie Yang Xizong Hou Zongbin Li Changchun Ma Zhongchen Chen Kuiyuan Li Keqiang Xu Guangchun Lu Zhangong Guo Gengmao Xie Fuzhan Wang Guosheng

Chairmen of the People's Congress

Hu Lijiao Liu Jie Zhao Wenfu Zhang Shude Lin Xiao Yang Xizong Li Changchun Ren Keli Li Keqiang Xu Guangchun Lu Zhangong Guo Gengmao Xie Fuzhan Wang Guosheng

Governors

Wu Zhipu Wen Minsheng Liu Jianxun Duan Junyi Liu Jie Dai Suli Yu Mingtao He Zhukang Cheng Weigao Li Changchun Ma Zhongchen Li Keqiang Li Chengyu Guo Gengmao Xie Fuzhan Chen Run'er

CPPCC Chairmen

Pan Fusheng Wu Zhipu Liu Jianxun Zhao Wenfu Wang Huayun Song Yuxi Yan Jimin Lin Yinghai Fan Qinchen Wang Quanshu Ye Dongsong Liu Wei

v t e

Government leaders of Liaoning
Liaoning
since 1949

CPC Committee Secretaries

Huang Oudong Huang Huoqing Chen Xilian Zeng Shaoshan Ren Zhongyi Guo Feng Li Guixian Quan Shuren Gu Jinchi Wen Shizhen Li Keqiang Zhang Wenyue Wang Min Li Xi Chen Qiufa

People's Congress Chairmen

Huang Oudong Zhang Zhengde Wang Guangzhong Quan Shuren Wang Huaiyuan Wen Shizhen Li Keqiang Zhang Xilin Wang Min Li Xi

Governors

Du Zheheng Huang Oudong Chen Xilian Zeng Shaoshan Ren Zhongyi Chen Puru Quan Shuren Li Changchun Yue Qifeng Wen Shizhen Zhang Guoguang Bo Xilai Zhang Wenyue Chen Zhenggao Li Xi Chen Qiufa Tang Yijun

CPPCC Chairmen

Huang Oudong Huang Huoqing Huang Oudong Li Huang Song Li Xu Shaofu Sun Qi Xiao Zuofu Zhang Wenyue Guo Tingbiao Luo Lin Yue Fuhong Xia Deren

v t e

China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit
China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit
leaders and foreign ministers

Countries

 China  Japan  South Korea

Leaders

Li Abe Moon

Foreign ministers

Wang Kōno Kang

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 76117719

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