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The Leningrad
Leningrad
Front (Russian: Ленинградский фронт) was formed during the 1941 German approach on Leningrad
Leningrad
(now Saint Petersburg) by dividing the Northern Front into the Leningrad
Leningrad
Front and Karelian Front on August 27, 1941.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Structure 3 Commanders 4 See also 5 References

History[edit] The Leningrad
Leningrad
Front was immediately given the task of containing the German drive towards Leningrad
Leningrad
and defending the city from the approaching Army Group North. By September 1941, German forces to the south were effectively stopped on the outskirts of Leningrad, initiating the two-and-a-half-year-long Siege of Leningrad. Although Finnish forces to the north stopped at the old Finnish–Soviet border, the Leningrad
Leningrad
front suffered severe losses on the Finnish Front. From September 8, soldiers of the front were forced to conduct operations under the conditions of a blockade, with very little supply. Some supplies did reach the city however via the lake Road of Life. During the blockade, the front executed various offensive and defensive operations, until finally with the help of the Baltic and Volkhov Front, the blockade was lifted.[1] From June 1942, Leonid Govorov had been the commander of the front, and in June 1944, he was awarded the title Marshal of the Soviet Union. In January 1943, forces of the Leningrad
Leningrad
front made their first advances in years when they took the town of Shlisselburg
Shlisselburg
from German forces, thus restoring communications between Leningrad
Leningrad
and the rest of the country. In mid and late-January 1944 the Leningrad
Leningrad
front, along with the Volkhov Front, the 1st Baltic Front
1st Baltic Front
and the 2nd Baltic Front, pushed back Army Group North and broke the 28-month-long blockade. Several days later, these forces would completely liberate all of the Leningrad
Leningrad
Oblast and Kalinin Oblast. Six months later, the Leningrad
Leningrad
Front took over the town of Narva.[1] On April 21, 1944, parts of the Leningrad
Leningrad
front were broken off to create the 3rd Baltic Front. In June 1944, the Leningrad
Leningrad
front, along with the Baltic fleet
Baltic fleet
had successfully carried out the Vyborg operation. As a result of which, Finland
Finland
would later leave the German side of the war. From September–November 1944, the front participated in the Baltic Offensive, it advanced in the Narva-Tartu direction, and then towards Tallinn. Following the capture of continental Estonia, elements of the front, along with the Baltic fleet, took part in recapturing the Moonsund archipelago. These were the last offensive operations of the front. Forces of the Leningrad Front were then stationed on the Soviet-Finnish border, and all along the Baltic coast from Leningrad
Leningrad
to Riga. Later, the Leningrad
Leningrad
front was reinforced with elements of the recently disbanded 2nd Baltic Front. These forces were primarily stationed near the Courland Pocket, with the task of containing the German Army Group Courland, which would continue to resist Soviet forces up until the end of war in Europe.[1] On June 24, 1945, the Leningrad
Leningrad
front was reorganized into the Leningrad
Leningrad
Military District.[1] Structure[edit] Upon its creation in August 1941, the Leningrad
Leningrad
front included:

8th Army 23rd Army 48th Army Koporye
Koporye
operational group Southern operational group Slutsk
Slutsk
operational group Baltic Fleet

Following November 25, 1942, the structure of the Leningrad
Leningrad
front constantly increased, it subsequently included:

20th Army 21st Army 22nd Army 42nd Army 51st Army 52nd Army 54th Army(Until Oct 1944; then disbanded) 55th Army(Aug 1941 - Dec 1943; then disbanded) 59th Army 67th Army

1st Shock Army 2nd Shock Army 4th Shock Army 6th Guards Army 10th Guards Army 3rd Air Army 13th Air Army 15th Air Army

Commanders[edit]

Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
- Markian Popov (August–September 1941); Marshal of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
- Kliment Voroshilov
Kliment Voroshilov
(September 1941); General of the Army - Georgy Zhukov
Georgy Zhukov
(September–October 1941);[2] Major General
Major General
- Ivan Fedyuninski (October 1941); Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
- Mihail Khozin (October 1941 – June 1942); Marshal of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(as of June 1944) - Leonid Govorov
Leonid Govorov
(June 1942 – July 1945).

See also[edit]

Continuation War#Trench warfare 1942-1943

References[edit]

Любанская операция

^ a b c d e "Ленинградский фронт". Russian ministry of defense. Retrieved 2008-02-02.  ^ Zhukov, Georgy (1974). Marshal of Victory, Volume II. Pen and Sword Books Ltd. p. 7. ISBN 9781781592915. 

Fronts of the Red Army
Red Army
in World War II

1938–40

Northwestern Belorussian Ukrainian Far Eastern

June 1941

Northern Northwestern Western Southwestern Southern Far Eastern

Mid-war

Karelian Leningrad Volkhov Kalinin Central Bryansk Moscow Defence Zone Moscow Line of Defence Moscow Reserve Front Maritime Group of Forces Reserve Oryol Kursk Voronezh Don Stalingrad Southeastern Steppe North Caucasian Transcaucasian Caucasian Crimean

Late war

1st Baltic 2nd Baltic 3rd Baltic 1st Belorussian 2nd Belorussian 3rd Belorussian 1st Ukrainian 2nd Ukrainian 3rd Ukrainian 4th Ukrainian Transbaikal 1st Far Easte

.