Lemkivshchyna or Lemkovyna (Polish: Łemkowszczyzna; Rusyn:
Лемковина/Lemkovyna; Ukrainian: Лемківщина
Lemkivshchyna) is a region in
Europe that is traditionally inhabited
Lemko people. While the
Lemko are a distinct ethnic group, they
consider themselves to be part of the broader Rusyn and/or Ukrainian
communities. Lemkovyna mostly stretches along the border between
Slovakia covering some western territories of Ukraine.
The region forms an ethnographic peninsula 140 km (87 mi)
long and 25–50 km (16–31 mi) wide from the Ukrainian
border within Polish and Slovak territory. The
Lemko region occupies
the lowest part of the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains—most of the
Low Beskids, the western part of the Middle Beskyd, and the eastern
fringe of the Western Beskyd. It includes the higher elevations of the
Carpathians of modern-day Poland, extending to around the Poprad River
to the west (see: Ruś Szlachtowska), and extending to the east as far
as the region around Sanok, where it meets the
Boyko region. The
corresponding latitudes of the adjacent highlands of present-day
Slovakia are also included by some in the description of Lemko-land.
Previously a frontier area under the nominal control of Great Moravia,
Lemkivshchyna became part of
Poland in medieval Piast times. It was
made part of the Austrian province of Galicia due to the First
Poland in 1772. Parts were briefly independent under
the Lemko-Rusyn Republic, and later annexed to Poland.
After the deportation of
Lemkos from the northern part of this area in
1946, only the southern section, southwest of the Carpathian
Mountains, known as the
Prešov region in Slovakia, has remained
inhabited by Lemkos.
The landscape is typical of medium-height-mountain terrain, with
ridges reaching 1,000 m (3,300 ft) and sometimes
1,300 m (4,300 ft). Only small parts of southern Low Beskids
and the northern San river region have a low-mountain landscape. A
series of mountain passes along the
Torysa River and Poprad
River—Tylych Pass (688 m (2,257 ft)), Dukla Pass
(502 m (1,647 ft)), and
Łupków Pass (657 m
(2,156 ft))—facilitate communications between Galician and
2 See also
4 External links
"Łemkowie Grupa Etniczna czy Naród"?, [The Lemkos: An Ethnic Group
or a Nation?], trans. Paul J. Best (pl)
Lemkos of Poland" - Articles and Essays, editor Paul Best and
Lemko Region, 1939–1947 War, Occupation and Deportation" -
Articles and Essays, editor Paul Best and Jarosław Moklak,
ISBN 978-1938292033 (avail. from: Inter-Ed, Inc, New Haven, CT)
Muzeum Budownictwa Ludowego w Sanoku
^ Levinson, David (1994). Friedrich, Paul; Levinson, David, eds.
Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Russia and Eurasia, China.
Encyclopedia of World Cultures. 6. Boston, Massachusetts: G. K. Hall.
p. 69. ISBN 978-0-8161-1810-6.
SFULO - World federation of Ukrainian
Coordinates: 49°34′00″N 20°59′00″E / 49.566667°N
20.983333°E / 49.56666