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The Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
(Icelandic: Vinstrihreyfingin – grænt framboð, also known by its abbreviation Vinstri Græn, VG) is a democratic socialist and green political party in Iceland. It is the second largest party in the Althingi, with 11 members of 63 in total, and is currently the leading party in a three-party coalition government formed after the 2017 elections. The party chair is Katrín Jakobsdóttir, MP and the 28th Prime Minister of Iceland
Prime Minister of Iceland
since 30 November 2017. The vice chair is Edward H. Hujibens. The secretary-general of the party is Björg Eva Erlendsdóttir. The Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
is a member of the Nordic Green Left Alliance.[7]

Contents

1 History 2 Ideology 3 Electoral results 4 Chairpersons 5 Members of Parliament 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The party was founded in 1999 by members of Althing
Althing
who did not approve of the merger of left-wing political parties in Iceland
Iceland
which resulted in the formation of the Social Democratic Alliance. In the 1999 parliamentary election, the Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
took 9.1% of the vote and six seats in the Althing. The party had five members in the 63-seat Icelandic parliament after the 2003 parliamentary election, where it polled 8.8% of the vote. After the 2007 parliamentary election, the party had 9 seats in parliament, having received 14.3% of the vote. In 2009, the Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
joined the first cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir as the minor partner to the Social Democratic Alliance after the previous coalition government of the Alliance and the centre-right Independence Party collapsed.[8] In the subsequent elections, it rose from 9 seats to 14, becoming Iceland's third-largest party (close behind the Independence Party) with 21.7% of the vote, which is the second largest outcome of a left-wing party in Iceland, after the post-communist People's Alliance in 1978 when it got 22.9% of the vote. The party gained one seat in addition, when a non-party parliamentarian joined the party.[9] Since then, three members of the parliamentary group have left the party. One joined the agrarian Progressive Party, and two others became non-partisans. After the elections of 2013, the party was in the opposition and had 7 seats in the parliament. In the 2016 parliamentary election, the Left-Green party polled 15.9% of the vote and 10 seats in the Althing
Althing
becoming the second largest party after the Independence Party. Ideology[edit] The Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
focuses on democratic socialist values, feminism, and environmentalism, as well as increased democracy and direct involvement of the people in the administration of the country. The party opposes Iceland's involvement in NATO, and also the U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq
Iraq
and Afghanistan. The party rejects membership of the European Union, and supports the Palestinian cause in the Middle East. It supports the mutual adaptation and integration of immigrants into Icelandic society as necessary.[10] Electoral results[edit]

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position Government

1999 15,115 9.1

6 / 63

6 4th Opposition

2003 16,129 8.8

5 / 63

1 4th Opposition

2007 26,136 14.3

9 / 63

4 3rd Opposition

2009 40,581 21.6

14 / 63

5 3rd Coalition

2013 20,546 10.8

7 / 63

7 4th Opposition

2016 30,166 15.9

10 / 63

3 2nd Opposition

2017 33,155 16.9

11 / 63

1 2nd Coalition

Chairpersons[edit]

Chairperson Period

Steingrímur J. Sigfússon 1999–2013

Katrín Jakobsdóttir 2013–

Members of Parliament[edit] Since the elections in 2016, the Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
has ten members of parliament.

Member of Parliament Since Title Constituency

Steingrímur J. Sigfússon

1983

Northeast Constituency

Katrín Jakobsdóttir

2007

Reykjavik Constituency North

Svandís Svavarsdóttir

2009 Leader of the Parliamentary Group Reykjavik Constituency South

Lilja Rafney Magnúsdóttir

2009

Northwest Constituency

Bjarkey Gunnarsdóttir

2013

Northeast Constituency

Steinunn Þóra Árnadóttir

2014 Became a Member of Parliament
Parliament
when Árni Þór Sigurðsson left office mid-term. Reykjavik Constituency North

Ari Trausti Guðmundsson

2016

South Constituency

Andrés Ingi Jónsson

2016

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Constituency North

Kolbeinn Óttarsson Proppé

2016

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Constituency South

Rósa Björk Brynjólfsdóttir

2016

Southwest Constituency

Ólafur Þór Gunnarsson

2017

Southwest Constituency

References[edit]

^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram. "Parties and Elections in Europe". parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 15 October 2016.  ^ " Iceland
Iceland
could be EU member by 2011". EUobserver. Retrieved 26 November 2012.  ^ a b The Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Grapevine Election Guide 2013 Archived 14 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine., The Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Grapevine, April 5, 2013 ^ " Iceland
Iceland
forms left-right coalition government". Financial Times. Retrieved 30 November 2017.  ^ Icelandic Parliamentary Election 2017: Party Overview. Iceland Review. Author - Jelena Ćirić. Published 27 October 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2017. ^ Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Katrín Jakobsdóttir
tipped as Iceland's new Prime Minister. Nordic Labour Journal. Author - Guðrún Helga Sigurðardóttir. Published 17 November 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2017. ^ "The Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
of Iceland". Nordic Green Left Alliance. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ Wikinews:Icelandic centre-left coalition secures majority in parliamentary elections ^ "Independent Icelandic MP joins Left Greens". IceNews. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "The Left-Green Movement". Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
homepage. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 

External links[edit]

Official website The Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
page at the Nordic Green Left Alliance
Nordic Green Left Alliance
website

v t e

Political parties in Iceland

Althing
Althing
(63)

Independence Party (16) Left-Green Movement
Left-Green Movement
(11) Progressive Party (8) Social Democratic Alliance
Social Democratic Alliance
(7) Centre Party (7) Pirate Party (6) People's Party (4) Reform Party (4)

Extra-parliamentary

Bright Future Dawn Iceland
Iceland
Democratic Party Humanist Party Icelandic National Front People's Front of Iceland

Portal:Politics List of political parties Politics of Iceland

v t e

Green parties by country

Africa

Algeria Angola Benin Burkina Faso

Ecologist Party Greens of Burkina Rally of the Ecologists

Burundi Central African Republic Chad Cameroon Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Gabon Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Kenya Madagascar Mali Mauritius Morocco

The Greens Izigzawen

Mozambique Niger Nigeria Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia

Green Party Democratic Green Party

South Africa

Green Alliance Green Party

Togo Tunisia Uganda

Ecological Party Green Party

Zambia

Americas

Argentina Belize Bolivia Brazil Canada Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominican Republic Guatemala French Guyana Haiti Mexico Nicaragua Peru Puerto Rico Saint Vincent and the Grenadines United States Uruguay

Green Sol PERI

Venezuela

Asia-Pacific

Australia

Australian Greens Nuclear Disarmament (defunct) United Tasmania Group

Fiji French Polynesia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel

The Green Movement The Greens

Japan Kurdistan Lebanon Malaysia Mongolia

Civil Will–Green Green Party

Nepal

Hariyali Green Civil Society

New Caledonia New Zealand Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines South Korea Sri Lanka Taiwan Uzbekistan Vanuatu

Europe

(EGP FYEG)

Albania Andorra Austria Belarus Belgium

Flanders and Brussels Wallonia and Brussels

Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria

Green Party The Greens

Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic

Green Party Liberal-Environmental Party

Denmark

Socialist People's Party The Greens

Estonia Finland France

CAP21 Génération Écologie Europe Ecology – The Greens Les Verts Mouvement Ecologiste Indépendant

Georgia Germany

Alliance 90/The Greens Ecological Democratic Party

Greece Hungary

Dialogue for Hungary Politics Can Be Different

Iceland Ireland Italy

Federation of the Greens Green Italy

Kosovo Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania

Green Party Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union

Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands

GroenLinks The Greens

Norway Poland Portugal

Earth Party The Greens LIVRE

Romania

Ecologist Party Green Party

Russia

Civil United Green Alternative Ecological Party "The Greens" Union of Greens Alliance of Greens and Social Democrats

Serbia

Green Party Greens of Serbia

Slovakia Slovenia

Greens Youth Party

Spain

Catalonia Greens Confederation of the Greens Equo

Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

England and Wales (Wales) Northern Ireland Scotland

Italic links indicate non-members or observers of

.