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Lech Aleksander Kaczyński (Polish pronunciation: [ˈlɛx alɛˈksandɛr kaˈt͡ʂɨɲskʲi] ( listen); 18 June 1949 – 10 April 2010) was a Polish lawyer and politician who served as the Mayor of Warsaw
Warsaw
from 2002 until 2005 and as the President of Poland
President of Poland
from 2005 until his death in 2010. Before he became president, he was also a member of the Law and Justice party. He was the identical twin brother of the former Prime Minister of Poland
Poland
and current Chairman of the Law and Justice
Law and Justice
party, Jarosław Kaczyński.[2][3] On 10 April 2010, he died in the crash of a Polish Air Force jet that occurred on a landing attempt at Smolensk North Airport in Russia.[4][5]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Opposition to communism 3 Political activity since 1989

3.1 Law and Justice 3.2 Mayor of Warsaw

3.2.1 Human rights violations

4 Presidency

4.1 Presidential election 4.2 Domestic policy 4.3 Presidential pardons 4.4 Foreign affairs

5 Marriage and family 6 Death

6.1 State funeral 6.2 Exhumation and post-mortem

7 Honours and awards 8 References 9 External links

Early life[edit] Kaczyński was born in Warsaw, the son of Rajmund (an engineer who served as a soldier of the Armia Krajowa
Armia Krajowa
in World War II and a veteran of the Warsaw
Warsaw
Uprising),[6] and Jadwiga (a philologist at the Polish Academy of Sciences).[7] As a child, he starred in a 1962 Polish film, The Two Who Stole the Moon (Polish title O dwóch takich, co ukradli księżyc) with his identical twin brother Jarosław. Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
was a graduate of law and administration of Warsaw University. In 1980 he was awarded his PhD by Gdańsk University. In 1990 he completed his habilitation in labour and employment law. He later assumed professorial positions at Gdańsk University
Gdańsk University
and Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw. Opposition to communism[edit] In the 1970s Kaczyński was an activist in the pro-democratic anti-communist movement in Poland, the Workers' Defence Committee, as well as the Independent Trade Union movement. In August 1980, he became an adviser to the Inter-Enterprise Strike Committee
Inter-Enterprise Strike Committee
in the Gdańsk Shipyard
Gdańsk Shipyard
and the Solidarity movement. After the communists imposed martial law in December 1981, he was interned as an anti-socialist element. After his release, he returned to trade union activities, becoming a member of the underground Solidarity. When Solidarity was legalized again in the late 1980s, Kaczyński was an active adviser to Lech Wałęsa
Lech Wałęsa
and his Komitet Obywatelski Solidarność in 1988. From February to April 1989, he participated in the Round Table talks. Political activity since 1989[edit]

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Kaczyński was elected senator in the elections of June 1989, and became the vice-chairman of the Solidarity trade union. In the 1991 parliamentary election, he was elected to the parliament as a non-party member. He was, however, supported by the electoral committee Center Civic Alliance, closely related but not identical to the political party Centre Agreement
Centre Agreement
(Porozumienie Centrum) led by his brother. He was also the main adviser and supporter of Lech Wałęsa when the latter was elected President of Poland
President of Poland
in December 1990. Wałęsa nominated Kaczyński to be the Security Minister in the Presidential Chancellery but fired him in 1992 due to a conflict concerning Jan Olszewski's government. Kaczyński was the President of the Supreme Chamber of Control (Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, NIK) from February 1992 to May 1995 and later Minister of Justice and Attorney General in Jerzy Buzek's government from June 2000 until his dismissal in July 2001. During this time he was very popular because of his strong stance against corruption. Law and Justice[edit] In 2001 he founded the political party Law and Justice
Law and Justice
(Prawo i Sprawiedliwość – PiS), usually labelled 'conservative' by media, with his brother Jarosław. Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
was the president of the party between 2001 and 2003. His brother Jaroslaw is its current chairman. Mayor of Warsaw[edit] In 2002, Kaczyński was elected mayor of Warsaw
Warsaw
in a landslide victory. He started his term in office by declaring a war on corruption. He strongly supported the construction of the Warsaw Uprising Museum and in 2004 appointed a historical panel to estimate material losses that were inflicted upon the city by the Germans in the Second World War (an estimated 85% of the city was destroyed in the Warsaw
Warsaw
Uprising) as a direct response to heightened claims coming from German expellees from Poland. The panel estimated the losses to be at least 45.3 billion euros ($54 billion) in current value. He also supported the construction of the museum of Polish Jews in Warsaw
Warsaw
by donating city land to the project. Human rights violations[edit] Kaczyński banned the Warsaw
Warsaw
gay pride parade twice in 2004 and again in 2005, locally known as the Parada Równości
Parada Równości
(the Equality Parade), stating that the application of the parade organizers had not been properly filed,[8] and also that he did not respect homosexuals' right to demonstrate, "I respect your right to demonstrate as citizens. But not as homosexuals.”[8] Additionally, he feared the parade would promote a "homosexual lifestyle" and complained that police did not use enough force in breaking it up by stating “Why was force not used to break up an illegal demonstration?”.[8][9] Kaczyński referred to the organizers of the gay pride parades as "perverts".[10] In 2004 his opponents called his actions unconstitutional and he was repeatedly criticized by the Mazowieckie Voivodeship
Mazowieckie Voivodeship
administration, which officially supervises the Mayor of Warsaw. In 2005, Kaczyński allowed a counter-demonstration, the "Parade of Normality",[11] organized by the All-Polish Youth, a Catholic nationalist organization opposed to "liberalism, tolerance, and relativism." Although the president expressed respect to the homosexuals' right to demonstrate as citizens only, Poland
Poland
was found guilty by the European Court of Human Rights of violating the principle of freedom of assembly under Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights.[12][13][14] Presidency[edit] Presidential election[edit] Main article: Polish presidential election, 2005 On 19 March 2005, he formally declared his intention to run for president in the October 2005 election. In the first round of the elections he polled 33% of the vote, taking second place behind Donald Tusk. By the second round, however, he had gained the support of Radio Maryja, as well as of two other political parties besides his own: Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland, and the Polish People's Party. Elected President of the Republic of Poland
Poland
(he defeated the runner-up Donald Tusk
Donald Tusk
by polling 8,257,468 votes, constituting 54.04 percent of the vote), Kaczyński assumed office on 23 December 2005, taking an oath before the National Assembly. Domestic policy[edit]

Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
with U.S. President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in 2007

Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
with President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili
Mikheil Saakashvili
in 2007

In his first public speech as president-elect, Kaczyński said that his presidency would pursue the task of ameliorating the Republic, a process which he said would consist of "purging various pathologies from our life, most prominently crime (...), particularly criminal corruption – that entire, great rush to obtain unjust enrichment, a rush that is poisoning society, [and preventing the state from ensuring] elementary social security, health security, basic conditions for the development of the family [and] the security of commerce and the basic conditions for economic development.[15] During his inauguration he stated several goals he would pursue during his presidency. Among those concerning internal affairs were: increasing social solidarity in Poland, bringing justice to those who were responsible for, or were affected by communist crimes in the People's Republic of Poland, fighting corruption, providing security in economy, and safety for development of family. Kaczyński also stated that he would seek to abolish economic inequalities between various regions of Poland. In his speech he also emphasized combining modernization with tradition and remembering the teachings of Pope John Paul II. On 21 December 2008, Kaczyński became the first Polish head of state to visit a Polish synagogue and to attend religious services held there. His attendance coincided with the first night of Hanukkah.[16] Kaczyński memorialized many of Poland's national heroes known as cursed soldiers who perished at the hands of the Polish secret police, the Soviet NKVD, the SMERSH, and other repressive organs of communist rule. Presidential pardons[edit] From 2005 to 2007, in accordance article 133 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, Kaczyński pardoned 77 people and declined to pardon 550. Foreign affairs[edit]

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Meeting with his Lithuanian counterpart, Dalia Grybauskaitė, in Vilnius
Vilnius
at the Presidential Palace, 8 April 2010. This was to be Kaczyński's last meeting with a fellow head of state.

In foreign policy, Kaczyński noted that many of Poland's problems were related to the lack of energy security and this issue would have to be resolved to protect Polish interests. Strengthening ties with the United States while continuing to develop relations within the European Union are two main goals of Polish foreign affairs, as well as improving relations with France and Germany despite several problems in relations with the latter. Aside from those issues, his immediate goals were to develop tangible strategic partnership with Ukraine
Ukraine
and greater co-operation with the Baltic states, Azerbaijan and Georgia. He was greatly admired in Israel, because he promoted educating Polish youth about the Holocaust. There was widespread grief in Israel
Israel
over his death.[17] Defense Minister Radosław Sikorski
Radosław Sikorski
compared the planned Russia to Germany gas pipeline to the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact
Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact
and Foreign Minister Anna Fotyga stated that the pipeline was a threat to Poland's energy security.[18] In November 2006 in Helsinki, at a European Union—Russia meeting, Poland
Poland
vetoed the launch of EU-Russia partnership talks due to a Russian ban on Polish meat and plant products imports.[19]

Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
and president of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Ilham Aliyev, 2008.

As a reaction to claims by a German exile group Preussische Treuhand, which represents post-1945 German expellees from Eastern Europe, the Polish Foreign Minister Fotyga mistakenly threatened to reopen a 1990 Treaty fixing the Oder and Neisse rivers as the border between the two countries instead of the Neighborhood Treaty signed in the same year.[20][21] Following the military conflict between Russia and Georgia in 2008, Kaczyński provided the website of the President of Poland
President of Poland
for dissemination of information for blocked by the Russian Federation Georgian internet portals. During a state visit to Serbia
Serbia
in 2009, Kaczyński said that the Polish government, on the basis of its constitutional competences, decided to recognize Kosovo
Kosovo
and emphasized that he, as the President of the state, did not agree with that.[22] Marriage and family[edit]

Polish President Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
with his wife Maria Kaczyńska

Kaczyński married economist Maria Kaczyńska
Maria Kaczyńska
in 1978.[23] They had one daughter, Marta Kaczyńska-Dubieniecka, and two granddaughters named Ewa and Martyna. His brother is Jarosław Kaczyński, the former Prime Minister of Poland.[24] Death[edit] Main article: 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash

Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
lies in state in the Presidential Palace's chapel

Play media

Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Medvedev
signs a book of condolence at the Polish embassy in Moscow.

On 10 April 2010, a Tupolev Tu-154M plane was carrying Lech Kaczyński, his wife Maria Kaczyńska, and other members of a Polish delegation (top public and military figures) from Warsaw
Warsaw
to commemorate the Katyn massacre. The plane crashed while approaching Smolensk
Smolensk
Air Base in Russia. The governor of Smolensk
Smolensk
Oblast confirmed to the Russia 24
Russia 24
news channel that there were no survivors.[25] 96 people were killed in the crash, including many of Poland's highest military and civilian leaders.[26][27] Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Medvedev
ordered a government commission to investigate the crash. Russia's Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin, was placed in charge of the investigation.[28] State funeral[edit] Main article: Death and state funeral of Lech and Maria Kaczyńska On 11 April 2010, President Kaczyński's body was returned to Poland,[29] where he and his wife lay in state at the Presidential Palace in Warsaw.[30] The state funeral was held in Kraków
Kraków
on 18 April 2010. After a Roman Catholic mass at St. Mary's Basilica,[31] the presidential couple were laid to rest in a coffin, which was placed in the antechamber of the Crypt Under the Tower of Silver Bells beneath the Wawel Cathedral.[32][33][34] A significant number of foreign dignitaries were unable to attend the funeral as a result of air travel disruption in Europe following the eruption of the volcano Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland.[35] Exhumation and post-mortem[edit] Main article: Death and state funeral of Lech and Maria Kaczyńska In June 2016, the Polish government announced it would re-open the investigation into the Smolensk
Smolensk
jet crash with plans to exhume and autopsy all 96 of the victims.[36] On 14 November 2016, the first of ten bodies, including Kaczyński's, were exhumed.[37] Kaczyński and his wife were reburied on 18 November 2016 after autopsies.[38] By 1 June 2017, exhumations of 27 coffins had been completed and DNA tests confirmed that 24 of those coffins, Kaczyński's among them, showed evidence of mix-ups, including switched bodies, partial sets of remains and multiple remains in one grave.[39]

Honours and awards[edit]

 Poland : Order of the White Eagle, Grand Master  Poland : Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta, Grand Master  Malta : Collar of Order of Merit of Malta
Malta
(14 May 2007)  Saudi Arabia : Collar of King Abdul Aziz (25 June 2007)  Croatia : Knight Grand Cross of the Grand Order of King Tomislav (10 January 2008)  Georgia : St. George's Order of Victory
St. George's Order of Victory
(23 November 2007)  Ukraine : The First Class of the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (6 December 2007)  Portugal : Collar of the Order of Prince Henry
Order of Prince Henry
(2 September 2008)  Malta : National Order of Merit of the Republic of Malta, First Class (26 January 2009)  Slovakia : Grand Cross (or 1st Class) of the Order of the White Double Cross (21 February 2009)[40]  Czech Republic : Order of the White Lion, First Class (21 January 2010)  Hungary : Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary
Hungary
(18 March 2009)  Lithuania : Grand Cross with Golden Chain of the Order of Vytautas the Great (16 April 2009)  Azerbaijan : Heydar Aliyev Order
Heydar Aliyev Order
( Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
– 2 July 2009)  Romania : Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Star of Romania
Romania
(7 October 2009)  Georgia : Order of National Hero of Georgia (posthumously, 10 April 2010)[41]  Georgia : Honorary doctorate from the Tbilisi State University in Georgia (16 April 2007)  South Korea : Honorary doctorate from Hankuk University
Hankuk University
of Foreign Language in Seoul
Seoul
(6 December 2008)  Poland : Honorary doctorate from Catholic University of Lublin (1 July 2009)  Poland : Honorary citizen of Warsaw
Warsaw
(15 April 2010)

References[edit]

^ "Polish president killed in plane crash". CNN. 10 April 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2010.  ^ "Kaczynski Often a Source of Tension Within E.U." Obituary New York Times, 11 April 2010; page A12. ^ "Polish leader known as a feisty battler" Obituary Los Angeles Times, 11 April 2010; page A13. ^ "Polish President Lech Kaczynski dies in plane crash". BBC News. 10 April 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2010.  ^ "Polish President Lech Kaczynski Killed When Plane Crashed on Approach To Smolensk
Smolensk
Airport in Russia". Sky News. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2010.  ^ "Rajmund Kaczyñski h. Pomian: genealogia (Potomkowie Sejmu Wielkiego)" (in Polish). Sejm-wielki.pl. 14 December 2004. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ "Jadwiga Jasiewicz h. Rawicz: genealogia (Potomkowie Sejmu Wielkiego)" (in Polish). Sejm-wielki.pl. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ a b c [1][dead link] ^ "BBC News: Gay marchers ignore ban in Warsaw". 11 June 2005. Retrieved 5 January 2010.  ^ "Two for the price of one, in the shape of Tweedledum and Tweedledee April 2007 New Internationalist". Newint.org. Retrieved 26 May 2010.  ^ "Pinknews: Anti-gay Warsaw
Warsaw
Mayor, Lech Kaczynski, wins Polish Presidential election".  ^ "Polish gay activists win human rights case". Poland.pl. 4 May 2007. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ ""CASE OF BĄCZKOWSKI AND OTHERS v. POLAND, Verdict". Page 31". Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2009.  ^ "whole text of the judgement (en)". Retrieved 24 July 2009. [permanent dead link] ^ "Speech of the president-elect on his official webpage".  ^ Associated Press. Polish president visits synagogue for Hanukkah. accessed and written 21 December 2008. ^ [2] Archived 15 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "ENERGY DELIVERIES – Gas Diplomacy". The Warsaw
Warsaw
Voice. 7 June 2006. Archived from the original on 15 June 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2006.  ^ "EU Divided After Poland's Veto Hosts Russia's Putin at Summit". MosNews. 24 November 2006. Archived from the original on 17 January 2004. Retrieved 16 January 2006.  ^ "Poles Angered by German WWII Compensation Claims". Der Spiegel. 18 December 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2006.  ^ "Furious Poland
Poland
Threatens to Re-Open German Border Treaty". Der Spiegel. 19 December 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2006.  ^ "Talks Tadic – Kacinsky". Glassrbije.org. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ "Biography". Notablebiographies.com. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ Dempsey, Judy (10 April 2010). "Kaczynski often a source of tension with E.U". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 May 2010.  ^ "Polish president feared dead in Russian plane crash". Reuters. 10 April 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2010.  ^ "Senior Polish figures killed in plane crash". BBC News. 11 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.  ^ "Poles to pay tribute to lost President Lech Kaczynski". BBC News. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2010.  ^ " President of Poland
President of Poland
Died (Погиб президент Польши)". Vesti.ru. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ "President Lech Kaczynski's body returns to Poland". BBC News. 11 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.  ^ "Polish President, Wife Lie in State". CBS News. 13 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.  ^ "Kaczynski to rest among Poland's kings, heroes". CBC News. 18 April 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2010.  ^ "Presidential resting place". Polskie Radio. 16 April 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2010.  ^ "Poland's President Will Be Buried in State Funeral on Sunday". Fox News. 13 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.  ^ "State funeral for Polish president Lech Kaczynski and wife". The Guardian. UK. 13 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.  ^ " Poland
Poland
holds state funeral for President Lech Kaczynski". BBC News. 18 April 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2010.  ^ " Poland
Poland
to dig up bodies of victims of 2010 Smolensk
Smolensk
presidential jet crash". The Guardian. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2017.  ^ " Poland
Poland
exhumes president Lech Kaczyński's remains". The Guardian. 14 November 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2017.  ^ " Poland
Poland
president Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
reburied after postmortem". The Guardian. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2017.  ^ "Parts of two bodies found in late Polish president's coffin: official". Radio Poland. IAR. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017.  ^ Slovak republic website, State honours : 1st Class in 2009 (click on "Holders of the Order of the 1st Class White Double Cross" to see the holders' table) ^ "Saakashvili: 'Kaczynski Played Amazing Role in Fight for Georgia's freedom'". Civil Georgia. 10 April 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikinews has related news:

Polish President Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
dies as his plane crashes in Russia Polish president and first lady lie in state ahead of funeral Burial site for Polish president Lech Kaczynski draws objections

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Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Learning resources from Wikiversity

(in Polish)/(in English) official website of the President of the Republic of Poland Full text of the speech that President Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
would have delivered at Katyn Full Genealogy "The Death of a President: Countdown To the Crash of Flight PLF 101" by Leszek Misiak, Grzegorz Wierzchołowski Lech Kaczyński
Lech Kaczyński
on IMDb

Film portal Poland
Poland
portal Politics portal

Political offices

Preceded by Walerian Pańko President of the Supreme Chamber of Control 1992–1995 Succeeded by Janusz Wojciechowski

Preceded by Jerzy Buzek Minister of Justice 2000–2001 Succeeded by Stanisław Iwanicki

Preceded by Wojciech Kozak Mayor of Warsaw 2002–2005 Succeeded by Mirosław Kochalski

Preceded by Aleksander Kwaśniewski President of Poland 2005–2010 Succeeded by Bronisław Komorowski Acting

v t e

Heads of state of Poland

Kingdom of Poland
Poland
(1916–1918)

Provisional Council Regency Council

Republic of Poland (1918–1939)

Józef Piłsudski Gabriel Narutowicz Maciej Rataj
Maciej Rataj
(Acting) Stanisław Wojciechowski Maciej Rataj
Maciej Rataj
(Acting) Ignacy Mościcki

Polish government-in-exile (1939–1990)

Władysław Raczkiewicz August Zaleski Stanisław Ostrowski Edward Raczyński Kazimierz Sabbat Ryszard Kaczorowski

People's Republic of Poland (1944–1989)

Bolesław Bierut Aleksander Zawadzki Edward Ochab Marian Spychalski Józef Cyrankiewicz Henryk Jabłoński Wojciech Jaruzelski

Republic of Poland (1990–present)

Wojciech Jaruzelski Lech Wałęsa Aleksander Kwaśniewski Lech Kaczyński Bronisław Komorowski
Bronisław Komorowski
(Acting) Bogdan Borusewicz
Bogdan Borusewicz
(Acting) Grzegorz Schetyna
Grzegorz Schetyna
(Acting) Bronisław Komorowski Andrzej Duda

v t e

Mayors of Warsaw

First Polish Republic

Józef Michał Łukasiewicz (1791) Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski
Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski
(1792) Andrzej Rafałowicz (1793) Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski
Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski
(1794) Józef Michał Łukasiewicz (1794) and Andrzej Rafałowicz (1794)

Prussian Occupation

Franz Schimmelpfennig von der Ove Friedrich Georg Tilly

Duchy of Warsaw

Joachim Moszyński Paweł Bieliński Stanisław Węgrzecki

Congress Poland

Karol Woyda Stanisław Węgrzecki Jakub Ignacy Łaszczyński Aleksander Graybner Teodor Andrault de Langeron Kazimierz Woyda Zygmunt Wielopolski Kalikst Witkowski Sokrates Starynkiewicz Mikołaj Bibikow Wiktor Litwiński Aleksander Miller

World War I

Zdzisław Lubomirski Piotr Drzewiecki

Second Polish Republic

Stanisław Nowodworski Władysław Jabłoński Zygmunt Słomiński Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski Stefan Starzyński

General Government

Julian Kulski Marceli Porowski Helmut Otto Oskar Rudolf Dengel Ludwig Leist

People's Republic of Poland

Marian Spychalski Stanisław Tołwiński Jerzy Albrecht Janusz Zarzycki Zygmunt Dworakowski Jerzy Majewski Mieczysław Dębicki Jerzy Bolesławski

Third Polish Republic

Stanisław Wyganowski Mieczysław Bareja Marcin Święcicki Paweł Piskorski Wojciech Kozak Lech Kaczyński Mirosław Kochalski (acting) Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
(acting) Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz

v t e

Ministers of Justice of the Republic of Poland

Aleksander Bentkowski Wiesław Chrzanowski Andrzej Marcinkowski (acting) Zbigniew Dyka Jan Piątkowski Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz Jerzy Jaskiernia Leszek Kubicki Hanna Suchocka Lech Kaczyński Stanisław Iwanicki Barbara Piwnik Grzegorz Kurczuk Marek Sadowski Andrzej Kalwas Zbigniew Ziobro Jarosław Kaczyński
Jarosław Kaczyński
(acting) Zbigniew Ziobro Zbigniew Ćwiąkalski Andrzej Czuma Krzysztof Kwiatkowski Jarosław Gowin Marek Biernacki Cezary Grabarczyk Borys Budka Zbigniew Ziobro

v t e

The Cabinet of Jerzy Buzek

Original members

Leszek Balcerowicz Jerzy Buzek Ryszard Czarnecki Bronisław Geremek Mirosław Handke Jacek Janiszewski Teresa Kamińska Longin Komołowski Jerzy Kropiwnicki Wojciech Maksymowicz Eugeniusz Morawski Janusz Onyszkiewicz Janusz Pałubicki Hanna Suchocka Janusz Steinhoff Jan Szyszko Janusz Tomaszewski Wiesław Walendziak Emil Wąsacz Andrzej Wiszniewski Joanna Wnuk-Nazarowa Marek Zdrojewski

Joined later

Artur Balazs Władysław Bartoszewski Jarosław Bauc Marek Biernacki Franciszka Cegielska Andrzej Chronowski Stanisław Iwanicki Lech Kaczyński Aldona Kamela-Sowińska Longin Komołowski Bronisław Komorowski Grzegorz Opala Maciej Srebro Tadeusz Syryjczyk Tomasz Szyszko Antoni Tokarczuk Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski Halina Wasilewska-Trenkner Jerzy Widzyk Edmund Wittbrodt Andrzej Wiszniewski Andrzej Zakrzewski Andrzej Zieliński

v t e

previous ← Candidates in the Polish presidential election, 1995
Polish presidential election, 1995
→ following

Winner

Aleksander Kwaśniewski

Lost in runoff

Lech Wałęsa
Lech Wałęsa
(incumbent)

Other candidates

Leszek Bubel Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz Janusz Korwin-Mikke Tadeusz Koźluk Jacek Kuroń Andrzej Lepper Jan Olszewski Waldemar Pawlak Jan Pietrzak Kazimierz Piotrowicz Tadeusz Zieliński

Withdrew

Lech Kaczyński Marek Markiewicz Leszek Moczulski Bogdan Pawłowski

v t e

previous ← Candidates in the Polish presidential election, 2005
Polish presidential election, 2005
→ following

Winner

Lech Kaczyński

Lost in runoff

Donald Tusk

Other candidates

Henryka Bochniarz Marek Borowski Leszek Bubel Liwiusz Ilasz Jarosław Kalinowski Janusz Korwin-Mikke Andrzej Lepper Jan Pyszko Adam Słomka Stanisław Tymiński

Withdrew

Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz Maciej Giertych Zbigniew Religa

Died before election

Daniel Podrzycki

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 44720209 LCCN: no2005090685 ISNI: 0000 0001 0893 8675 GND: 103565515 SUDOC: 125113994 BNF: cb162168006 (data) NKC: j

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