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The Info List - Le Puy-en-Velay


1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(French pronunciation: ​[lə pɥiɑ̃vəlɛ]; Occitan: Lo Puèi de Velai [lu ˈpœj ðə vəˈlaj]) is a commune in the Haute-Loire
Haute-Loire
department in south-central France
France
near the Loire river. Its inhabitants are called Ponots. The city is famous for its cathedral, for a kind of lentil, and for its lace-making.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Our Lady of Le Puy

2 Climate 3 Main sights 4 Notable people 5 Twin cities 6 Gastronomy 7 Noteworthy events

7.1 Catholic Jubilee 7.2 Tour de France 7.3 Fête du Roi de l'Oiseau[9][better source needed]

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Further information: Bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
was a major bishopric in medieval France, founded early. Its early history is largely legendary. According to a martyrology compiled by Ado of Vienne, published in many copies in 858, and supplemented in the mid-10th century by Gauzbert of Limoges,[2] a priest named George accompanied a certain Front, the first Bishop of Périgueux, when they were sent to proselytize in Gaul. Front was added to the list of the apostles to Gaul, who in tradition are described as being sent out to reorganize Christians after the persecutions that are associated with Decius, circa 250. As with others of the group, notably Saint Martial
Saint Martial
of Limoges, later mythology pushed the activities of Saint Front and the priest George back in time. It tells that George had been restored to life with a touch of Saint Peter's staff. The expanding legend of this St. George, which, according to the Church historian Duchesne is not earlier than the 11th century, then makes that saint one of the Seventy Apostles
Seventy Apostles
of the Gospel of Luke. It tells that he founded the church of the [civitas] que dicitur Vetula in pago Vellavorum, the city "called Vetula in the pays of the Vellavi" was how a document of 1004 termed it. This was what the settlement of Ruessium began to be called during the 4th century.[3] Vetula means "the old woman", and pagans were still making small images of her as late as the 6th century in Flanders, according to the vita of Saint Eligius. This was the first cathedral at Le Puy.

Saint Michel d'Aiguilhe
Saint Michel d'Aiguilhe
Chapel.

Following St. George the founder, later medieval local traditions evoke a legendary list of bishops at this chief town of the pays of Le Velay: Macarius, Marcellinus, Roricius, Eusebius, Paulianus, and Vosy (Evodius), all of them canonized by local veneration. The Gaulish settlement of Ruessium/Vellavorum was given its Christianizing name, Saint-Paulien, from Bishop Paulianus. A bishop Evodius attended the Council of Valence in 374. In the early 1180s peasants of Le Puy, led by a carpenter named Durandus, formed a conspiratio (sworn association) called the Capucciati (because of the white hoods they wore as a sign of their conspiratio). They challenged seigneurial dominance in a short-lived attempt at reformation.[4] Our Lady of Le Puy[edit]

The Rocher Corneille, the Cathédrale Notre-Dame du Puy and the city.

The Christianization
Christianization
legends of Mons Anicius relate that at the request of Bishop Martial of Limoges, Bishop Evodius/Vosy ordered an altar to the Virgin Mary to be erected on the pinnacle that surmounts Mont Anis. Some such beginning of the shrine Christianized the pagan site; it later became the altar site of the cathedral of Le Puy. This marked one starting-point for the pilgrim route to Santiago de Compostela, a walk of some 1600 km, as it still does today. The old town of Le Puy developed around the base of the cathedral. Pilgrims came early to Le Puy, and this was the most popular destination in France
France
during the Middle Ages. Charlemagne
Charlemagne
came twice, in 772 and 800. There is a legend that in 772, he established a foundation at the cathedral for ten poor canons (chanoines de paupérie), and he chose Le Puy, with Aachen
Aachen
and Saint-Gilles, as a center for the collection of Peter's Pence. Charles the Bald
Charles the Bald
visited Le Puy in 877, Odo, count of Paris
Paris
in 892, Robert II in 1029, and Philip Augustus
Philip Augustus
in 1183. Louis IX met James I of Aragon
James I of Aragon
there in 1245, and in 1254, when passing through Le Puy on his return from the Holy Land, he gave the cathedral an ebony image of the Blessed Virgin clothed in gold brocade. She is one of the many dozens of venerable "Black Virgins" of France. It was destroyed during the Revolution, but replaced at the Restoration with a copy that continues to be venerated. After him, Le Puy was visited by Philip the Bold
Philip the Bold
in 1282, by Philip the Fair in 1285, by Charles VI in 1394, by Charles VII in 1420, and by Isabelle Romée, the mother of Joan of Arc, in 1429. Louis XI made the pilgrimage in 1436 and 1475, and in 1476 halted three leagues from the city and walked barefoot to the cathedral. Charles VIII visited it in 1495, Francis I in 1533. The legendary early shrine on the summit of Mons Anicius, which drew so many, would seem to predate the founding of an early church of Our Lady of Le Puy at Anicium. It was attributed to Bishop Vosy, who transferred the episcopal see from Ruessium to Anicium. Crowning the hill was a megalithic dolmen. A local tradition rededicated the curative virtue of the sacred site to Mary, who cured ailments when a person touched the standing stone. When the founding bishop Vosy climbed the hill, he found that it was snow-covered in July; in the snowfall the tracks of a deer around the dolmen outlined the foundations of the future church.[5] The Bishop was apprised in a vision that the angels themselves had dedicated the future cathedral to the Blessed Virgin, whence the epithet "Angelic" given to the cathedral of Le Puy. The great dolmen was left standing in the center of the Christian sanctuary, which was constructed around it; the stone was re-consecrated as the Throne of Mary. By the 8th century, however, the stone, popularly known as the "stone of visions", was taken down and broken up. Its pieces were incorporated into the floor of a particular section of the church that came to be called the Chambre Angélique, or the "angels' chamber." It is impossible to say whether this St. Evodius is the same person who signed the decrees of the Council of Valence in 374. Neither can it be affirmed that St. Benignus, who in the 7th century founded a hospital at the gates of the basilica, and St. Agrevius, the 7th-century martyr from whom the town of Saint-Agrève Chiniacum took its name, were really bishops. Duchesne thinks that the chronology of these early bishops rests on very little evidence and that very ill-supported by documents. Before the 10th century, only six individuals are known of whom it can be said with certainty that they were bishops of Le Puy. The first of these, Scutarius, the legendary architect of the first cathedral, dates from the end of the 4th century according to an inscription that notes his name.. Adhemar, bishop of Le Puy was a central figure in the First Crusade. Pope Clement IV
Pope Clement IV
was also bishop of Le Puy. Though the ancient diocese was suppressed by the Concordat of 1801, it was re-erected in 1823. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 17.8 (64) 20.5 (68.9) 24.3 (75.7) 25.1 (77.2) 29.7 (85.5) 34.1 (93.4) 37.4 (99.3) 35.8 (96.4) 33.5 (92.3) 26.5 (79.7) 21.8 (71.2) 16.9 (62.4) 37.4 (99.3)

Average high °C (°F) 4.9 (40.8) 6.1 (43) 9.7 (49.5) 12.7 (54.9) 16.8 (62.2) 21.3 (70.3) 24.6 (76.3) 23.9 (75) 19.8 (67.6) 14.8 (58.6) 8.8 (47.8) 5.7 (42.3) 14.1 (57.4)

Average low °C (°F) −3.0 (26.6) −2.8 (27) −0.5 (31.1) 1.8 (35.2) 5.5 (41.9) 8.8 (47.8) 11.0 (51.8) 10.6 (51.1) 7.7 (45.9) 5.2 (41.4) 0.7 (33.3) −1.9 (28.6) 3.6 (38.5)

Record low °C (°F) −21.6 (−6.9) −20.8 (−5.4) −22.0 (−7.6) −10.2 (13.6) −4.4 (24.1) −1.3 (29.7) 1.8 (35.2) −0.8 (30.6) −2.5 (27.5) −9.2 (15.4) −13.4 (7.9) −18.2 (−0.8) −22.0 (−7.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.3 (1.587) 31.6 (1.244) 37.8 (1.488) 61.4 (2.417) 84.6 (3.331) 68.4 (2.693) 58.8 (2.315) 64.3 (2.531) 75.0 (2.953) 72.1 (2.839) 54.6 (2.15) 43.1 (1.697) 692.0 (27.244)

Average precipitation days 7.3 6.7 7.2 9.9 10.7 8.3 6.7 7.8 7.7 9.2 8.3 7.1 96.9

Mean monthly sunshine hours 93.7 111.1 166.9 163.8 191.0 221.4 261.2 234.6 179.7 126.7 84.0 75.5 1,909.6

Source: Météo France[6][7]

Main sights[edit]

Notre-Dame de France

Le Puy-en-Velay's most striking attraction is the Cathédrale Notre-Dame du Puy, dating chiefly from the first half of the 12th century. The façade, striped in courses of white sandstone and black volcanic breccia, is reached by a flight of sixty steps, and consists of three orders, the lowest composed of three high arcades opening into the porch, which extends beneath the first bays of the nave. Above it are three central windows that light the nave, and above them are three gables on the gable-end of the nave, flanked by two openwork screening gables. The south transept doorway is sheltered by a Romanesque porch. Behind the choir rises a separate Romanesque bell-tower in seven storeys. The bays of the nave are roofed by octagonal cupolas, the cupola at the crossing forming a lantern; the choir and transepts are barrel vaulted. The striking parti-colored cloister is connected to remains of 13th-century fortifications that separated the cathedral precincts from the rest of the city. Near the cathedral, the 11th-century baptistery of St John is built on Roman foundations. The iron statue of Notre-Dame de France
France
(The Virgin Mary) overlooking the town was designed by the French sculptor Jean-Marie Bonnassieux, and is made from 213 Russian cannons taken in the Siege of Sevastopol (1854–1855).[8] It was presented to the town on 12 September 1860 in front of 120,000 people. Three miles from Le Puy are the ruins of the Château de Polignac, one of the most important feudal strongholds. Each morning, pilgrims gather to be blessed before starting their journey to Santiago de Compostela. The cathedral has been a Unesco World Heritage Site since 1998, as part of the "Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France". Fountain Crozatier is also a beautiful sight in the centre of the town.

Notable people[edit]

Adhemar of Le Puy
Adhemar of Le Puy
(c. 1045–1098), papal legate, one of the main leaders during the First Crusade

Auguste Aymard
Auguste Aymard
(1808–1889), prehistorian, palaeontologist. Marion Bartoli
Marion Bartoli
(b. 1984), tennis player, 2013 Wimbledon champion Peire Cardenal
Peire Cardenal
(1180–1278), Occitan troubadour Antoine Clet
Antoine Clet
(1705-1785), king's printer, writer Grégory Coupet
Grégory Coupet
(b. 1972), football player for Paris
Paris
Saint Germain, French national team Charles Dupuy
Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923), politician, president of the Council during the Third Republic Émile Fayolle
Émile Fayolle
(1852–1928), marshall, commanded troops in World War I Guy François (1578–1650), painter Sidney Govou
Sidney Govou
(b. 1979), football player for Evian TG, French national team Pierre Julien
Pierre Julien
(1731–1804), neoclassical sculptor Bruno Julliard
Bruno Julliard
(b. 1981), chairman of UNEF, son of mayor of Le Puy-en-Velay, Arlette Arnaud-Landau Julien Malzieu
Julien Malzieu
(b. 1983), rugby union player with ASM Clermont Auvergne, French national team Anne-Marie Martel
Anne-Marie Martel
(1644–73), founder of what is now the Congrégation des Sœurs de l’Enfant-Jésus Gustave Mesny (1886–1945), army general Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
(1757–1834), born near Le-Puy-en-Velay, supporter of US during the war of independence Jérémy Perbet (b. 1984), football player for RC Strasbourg
Strasbourg
and RAEC Mons François Peyrard (1760-1822), first librarian of the École Polytechnique, scholar at the Collège of Le Puy in the 1770s Charles-Émile Reynaud
Charles-Émile Reynaud
(1844–1918), inventor from a Le-Puy-en-Velay family, lived there for many years Jules Vallès
Jules Vallès
(1832–1885), born in Le Puy, writer and journalist, author of L'Enfant Louis Vigouroux (1865–1956), born in Le Puy, economist, deputy for Le Puy from 1900 to 1910

Twin cities[edit] Le-Puy-en-Velay is twinned with the following towns:

Meschede, Germany Tonbridge, United Kingdom Tortosa, Spain Brugherio, Italy Mangualde, Portugal

Gastronomy[edit] Le Puy is famous for a particular strain of green lentils and for its green liqueur "Verveine" flavored with verbena. The lentils, grown on the thin soils of the area, are very small and almost black in colour. Their unique quality and flavour derive from their high protein and relatively low carbohydrate content. They are widely used in soups and also to accompany goose, duck and sausage dishes. Le Puy green lentil
Le Puy green lentil
(Lentille Verte du Puy) is an appellation recognised throughout the European Union (Protected Designation of Origin). Noteworthy events[edit] Catholic Jubilee[edit] The town holds a famous jubilee in years when the feast of the Annunciation
Annunciation
falls on Good Friday. The Jubilee of Le Puy (see Jubilè du Puy-en-Velay in the French) occurred last in 2005 and will occur next in 2016, but the subsequent occurrence will not be until 2157. The Jubilee of Le Puy is the oldest aside from those of Rome and Jerusalem, taking its original cue from the statement of a monk Bernhard who predicted the end of the world in 992 when the feast of the Annunciation
Annunciation
would fall on Good Friday. The number of pilgrims to Le Puy was so remarkable that, after the dread date had safely passed, Pope John XV
Pope John XV
declared that each such date would be marked by a Jubilee.The first such anniversary occurred in 1065. In the Jubilee of 1407, the press of the crowd was so great that two hundred pilgrims suffocated. Of three Jubilees in the 20th century, the Jubilee of 1932 attracted over 300,000 pilgrims. Tour de France[edit] Le Puy has hosted the Tour de France
France
on six occasions. In 1954, it was the finish town of stage 15, from Millau, which was won by Dominique Forlini. The next day, Jean Forestier won the race from Le Puy to Lyon. The race did not return until 1990, when the riders retraced their predecessors' route to Millau. Marino Lejarreta won the day. In 1996 the town again hosted two stages, stage 12 from Valence, won by Pascal Richard, and stage 13 to Super-Besse, won by Rolf Sørensen. Recently, Giuseppe Guerini
Giuseppe Guerini
won the stage from Issoire
Issoire
in 2005. Stage 15 of the 2017 Tour de France
France
finished in Le Puy-en-Velay. It was won by Bauke Mollema
Bauke Mollema
of Trek-Segafredo. Fête du Roi de l'Oiseau[9][better source needed][edit] It is an annual event held for five days in late September, during which the attendants reenact a Renaissance style living, showcasing costumes, culinary traditions and spectacles inspired by the 16th century.[10] See also[edit]

Musée Crozatier List of the works of Charles Cottet depicting scenes of Brittany

References[edit]

^ Article in informational website ^ Catholic Encyclopedia, "Le Puy" ^ Lauranson-Rosaz, note 89 ^ Luchaire, Achille (1957). Social France
France
at the time of Philip Augustus. New York: Ungar Publishing Co. pp. 12–19.  ^ Snow in July would have been a likely feature of the post-volcanic summer of 535 and 536; the intervention of the deer may be compared to the legends attached to Saints Eustache and Hubert. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Le Puy" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Climat Auvergne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Le Puy", Marist Places ^ "Roi de l'Oiseau". Wikipédia (in French).  ^ [1]

Ean Begg. 1996 (rev. edition). The Cult of the Black Virgin
Black Virgin
(Penguin) ISBN 0-14-019510-6 Christian Lauranson-Rosaz, "La Paix des Montagnes: Les origines auvergnates de la Paix de Dieu"[permanent dead link] esp. note 89.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Le Puy-en-Velay.

Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
Hiking Trails: St James of Compostela Way, GR65 (in English) Robert Louis Stevenson Trail GR70 (in English) Regordane Info – The independent portal for The Regordane Way or St Gilles Trail (in English and French) GR700 Regordane Way or St Gilles Trail (in English) City council website (in French) Tourist Office website Catholic Encyclopedia: Le Puy Jean Daugis, "À propos du Velay" historical notes (in French) Le-Puy-en-Velay's page on French Wikipédia Sacred Sites: Cathedral
Cathedral
of Notre Dame at Le Puy Encyclopædia Britannica 1911: Le Puy

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Haute-Loire
department

Agnat Aiguilhe Allègre Alleyrac Alleyras Ally Araules Arlempdes Arlet Arsac-en-Velay Aubazat Aurec-sur-Loire Autrac Auvers Auzon Azérat Bains Barges Bas-en-Basset Beaulieu Beaumont Beaune-sur-Arzon Beaux Beauzac Bellevue-la-Montagne Berbezit Bessamorel La Besseyre-Saint-Mary Blanzac Blassac Blavozy Blesle Boisset Bonneval Borne Le Bouchet-Saint-Nicolas Bournoncle-Saint-Pierre Le Brignon Brioude Brives-Charensac Cayres Céaux-d'Allègre Cerzat Ceyssac Chadrac Chadron La Chaise-Dieu Chamalières-sur-Loire Chambezon Le Chambon-sur-Lignon Champagnac-le-Vieux Champclause Chanaleilles Chaniat Chanteuges La Chapelle-Bertin La Chapelle-d'Aurec La Chapelle-Geneste Charraix Chaspinhac Chaspuzac Chassagnes Chassignolles Chastel Chaudeyrolles Chavaniac-Lafayette Chazelles Chenereilles Chilhac Chomelix La Chomette Cistrières Cohade Collat Connangles Costaros Coubon Couteuges Craponne-sur-Arzon Cronce Cubelles Cussac-sur-Loire Desges Domeyrat Dunières Espalem Espaly-Saint-Marcel Esplantas-Vazeilles Les Estables Fay-sur-Lignon Félines Ferrussac Fix-Saint-Geneys Fontannes Freycenet-la-Cuche Freycenet-la-Tour Frugerès-les-Mines Frugières-le-Pin Goudet Grazac Grenier-Montgon Grèzes Javaugues Jax Josat Jullianges Lafarre Lamothe Landos Langeac Lantriac Lapte Laussonne Laval-sur-Doulon Lavaudieu Lavoûte-Chilhac Lavoûte-sur-Loire Lempdes-sur-Allagnon Léotoing Lissac Lorlanges Loudes Lubilhac Malrevers Malvalette Malvières Le Mas-de-Tence Mazerat-Aurouze Mazet-Saint-Voy Mazeyrat-d'Allier Mercœur Mézères Le Monastier-sur-Gazeille Monistrol-d'Allier Monistrol-sur-Loire Monlet Montclard Le Monteil Montfaucon-en-Velay Montregard Montusclat Moudeyres Ouides Paulhac Paulhaguet Pébrac Le Pertuis Pinols Polignac Pont-Salomon Pradelles Prades Présailles Le Puy-en-Velay Queyrières Raucoules Rauret Retournac Riotord Roche-en-Régnier Rosières Saint-André-de-Chalencon Saint-Arcons-d'Allier Saint-Arcons-de-Barges Saint-Austremoine Saint-Beauzire Saint-Bérain Saint-Bonnet-le-Froid Saint-Christophe-d'Allier Saint-Christophe-sur-Dolaison Saint-Cirgues Saint-Didier-en-Velay Saint-Didier-sur-Doulon Sainte-Eugénie-de-Villeneuve Sainte-Florine Sainte-Marguerite Sainte-Sigolène Saint-Étienne-du-Vigan Saint-Étienne-Lardeyrol Saint-Étienne-sur-Blesle Saint-Ferréol-d'Auroure Saint-Front Saint-Geneys-près-Saint-Paulien Saint-Georges-d'Aurac Saint-Georges-Lagricol Saint-Germain-Laprade Saint-Géron Saint-Haon Saint-Hilaire Saint-Hostien Saint-Ilpize Saint-Jean-d'Aubrigoux Saint-Jean-de-Nay Saint-Jean-Lachalm Saint-Jeures Saint-Julien-Chapteuil Saint-Julien-d'Ance Saint-Julien-des-Chazes Saint-Julien-du-Pinet Saint-Julien-Molhesabate Saint-Just-Malmont Saint-Just-près-Brioude Saint-Laurent-Chabreuges Saint-Martin-de-Fugères Saint-Maurice-de-Lignon Saint-Pal-de-Chalencon Saint-Pal-de-Mons Saint-Pal-de-Senouire Saint-Paul-de-Tartas Saint-Paulien Saint-Pierre-du-Champ Saint-Pierre-Eynac Saint-Préjet-Armandon Saint-Préjet-d'Allier Saint-Privat-d'Allier Saint-Privat-du-Dragon Saint-Romain-Lachalm Saint-Vénérand Saint-Vert Saint-Victor-Malescours Saint-Victor-sur-Arlanc Saint-Vidal Saint-Vincent Salettes Salzuit Sanssac-l'Église Saugues La Séauve-sur-Semène Sembadel Séneujols Siaugues-Sainte-Marie Solignac-sous-Roche Solignac-sur-Loire Tailhac Tence Thoras Tiranges Torsiac Valprivas Vals-le-Chastel Vals-près-le-Puy Varennes-Saint-Honorat Les Vastres Vazeilles-Limandre Venteuges Vergezac Vergongheon Vernassal Le Vernet Vézézoux Vieille-Brioude Vielprat Villeneuve-d'Allier Les Villettes Vissac-Auteyrac Vorey Yssingeaux

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 147339129 LCCN: n82052561 GND: 4111265-9 SUDOC: 026554305 BNF: cb1526


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